Use of alternative medicine in surgical diseases of animals.


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Use of alternative medicine in surgical diseases of animals.

  1. 1. Use of Alternative Medicine in Surgical Diseases <ul><li>Presented by:-- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SAURAV PAUL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INTERNEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roll no– 34/02-03 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RVC RANCHI </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Alternative Medicine <ul><li>Alternative Medicine, also called unconventional medicine, therapeutic practices, techniques, and beliefs that are outside the realm of mainstream </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative medicine emphasizes therapies that improve quality of life, prevent disease, and address conditions that conventional medicine has limited success in curing, </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include Acupuncture, Ayurvedic medicine, Homeopathy,Unani medicine,Physiotherapy,Chiropractic, </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatherapy,Shenmen and Naturopathy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1) Homeopathy <ul><li>Developed in Germany by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann in the late eighteenth century </li></ul><ul><li>Is chosen to treat the whole animal, including their mental, emotional and physical symptoms. This </li></ul><ul><li>Is in contrast to conventional or allopathic medicine where symptoms are suppressed or removed by the use of drugs such as antibiotics or pain killers </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Homeopathic Drugs are extremely dilute substances, which may be from the plant, mineral or animal kingdoms, that are used to treat many types of disease process. </li></ul><ul><li>Homeopathic Drugs use minute amounts of substances to act as a trigger to the body and stimulate its natural immune system </li></ul><ul><li>THE HEALING EFFECT </li></ul><ul><li>VACCINATION EFFECT </li></ul>
  5. 5. Homeopathic drugs used in surgical management <ul><li>SULPHER --- it is used in the begining of the treatment of chronic disease ,skin irruptions,injuries due to burns. </li></ul><ul><li>Brionia alba —frequently used in acute & sub acute ranging from aching of limbs to congestion & swelling , ordinary dry cough , pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Allium cepa —Inflammation of mucous membrane ,burning,watery discharge or bleeding from nose & eye. </li></ul><ul><li>Lapis albus – Uterine ,thyroid carcinoma with copious haemorrage & burning ,cancer of stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>Ladum palustre It is the grand medicine for punctured wound,pain on walking. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Thuja —Warts, interdigital fibroma,prostratic enlargement,gum retraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Terebinthina remedy for congestion & inflammation of kidney&bladder & also for the haemorrhage of lungs,intestine & uterus. </li></ul><ul><li>Aesculus hip —piles </li></ul><ul><li>Aconite —Fever, retention of foetus. </li></ul><ul><li>Nux ---Acute and chronic elements especially gastroabdominal complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Herbal Antibiotics --Echinacea/Goldenseal Blend </li></ul>
  7. 7. 2) Ayurveda <ul><li> Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent </li></ul><ul><li>Some simple remedies: </li></ul><ul><li>General tonic for health : Boiled extract ( decoction) of the roots of Sida cordifolia 1 -2 ounces every morning is recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>Another tonic : Finely powdered roots of Withania somniferum cooked in half a litre of milk till the water evaporates, is a very effective tonic. </li></ul><ul><li>Dandruff : Leaves of Neem ( Azadirachta indica) or Indian hemp applied in paste form to the scalp, and kept for half an hour. A lukewarm shower to follow, removes dandruff. ( neem contains several powerful substances like azadirachtin. Indian hemp is well known.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Corns : The milky sap of the papaya tree/unripe fruit applied to corns or warts removes them. ( there is a digestive enzyme called papain in it, and is used in todays's tenderisers.) </li></ul><ul><li>Bad taste in the mouth : Pomegranate juice, rock salt and honey in equal quantities to be kept in the mouth for a while is very effective. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Gas&quot; rumblings in the belly and elsewhere : A mixture of Fried asafoetida ( a resin), black salt, cardamom and ginger 30mg per day in divided doses is very effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Cough and hacking cough : equal parts of honey and juice of baked lemon,( i.e. sour citrus fruit) or 10 -15 drops of betel leaf juice with honey three times a day. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3)Physiotherapy <ul><li>It helps to correct the deformities,prevents atropy of muscle paralysis of muscle & make the joints movement more easy </li></ul><ul><li>It is mainly helpful in rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Cold therapy, hydro therapy. </li></ul><ul><li>Heat therapy,Therapeutic Ultrasound, </li></ul><ul><li>Diathermy,Infrared therapy, </li></ul><ul><li>UV therapy,Electrotherapy,Massage </li></ul>
  10. 10. 4) Chiropractic <ul><li>The field of chiropractic was founded by David Daniel Palmer in the 1890s. He believed that joint subluxation, or a partial dislocation, is a causal factor in disease and that removal of the subluxation by thrusting on the bony projections of the vertebrae restores health. </li></ul><ul><li>Chiropractors are most widely recognized for providing drug-free, non-surgical management of back and neck pain as well as of headaches. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 5) Aromatherapy <ul><li>Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine that uses volatile liquid plant materials, known as essential oils (EOs), and other aromatic compounds from plants for the purpose of affecting a person's mood or health </li></ul><ul><li>Basil is used in perfumery for its clear, sweet and mildly spicy aroma. </li></ul><ul><li>Bergamot is one of the most popular oils and may be helpful for both the urinary tract and for the digestive tract. It is useful for skin conditions linked to stress, such as cold sores and chicken pox, especially when combined with eucalyptus oil. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Black pepper stimulating the circulation and for muscular aches and pains. Skin application is useful for bruises, since it stimulates the circulation. </li></ul><ul><li>Citronella oil from a relative of lemongrass is used as an insect repellent and in perfumery. </li></ul><ul><li>Clove oil is a topical analgesic, especially useful in dentistry. It is also used an antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, and antiemetic. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Eucalyptus oil is often used in combination with peppermint to provide relief for the airways in case of cold nor flu </li></ul><ul><li>Geranium oil is used as an astringent, antiseptic and diuretic. </li></ul><ul><li>Jasmine is used as an aphrodisiac </li></ul><ul><li>Lavender oil is used as an antiseptic, to soothe minor cuts and burns, to calm and relax, and to soothe headaches and migraines. </li></ul><ul><li>Lemon oil is uplifting and anti-stress/anti-depressant In a Japanese study, lemon essential oilin vapour form has been found to reduce stres in mice </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Roses oil used as an aphrodisiac </li></ul><ul><li>Sandalwood oil is used as an aphrodisiac </li></ul><ul><li>Tea tree oil have topicl(external) antimicrobial (i.e. antibacterial antifungal antivira, or antiparasitic infestation) activity and are used as antiseptics and disinfectants. </li></ul><ul><li>Yarrow oil reduce joint inflammation and relieve cold and influenza symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Ylang-ylang oil is used as an aphrodisiac </li></ul>
  15. 15. 6) Unani medicine <ul><li>In the history of medicine, Islamic medicine or Arabic medicine refers to medicine developed in the medieval Islamic civilization and written in Arabic. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Cancer therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Hindiba , Ibn al-Baitar was patented in 1997 by Nil Sari, Hanzade Dogan, and John K. Snyder. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>chemicals included vitriol, copper, mercuric and arsenic salts, sal ammoniac, gold scoria, chalk, clay, coral, pearl, tar, bitumen and alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Phytotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Taxus baccata (Zarnab ) </li></ul><ul><li>Urology </li></ul><ul><li>pioneered advanced surgical approaches to the treatment of bladder stones as well as penile and scrotal problems, using techniques that are still used by modern physicians </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Lithotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Abulcasis performed the first successful extraction of bladder and kidney stones from the urinary bladder using a new instrument </li></ul><ul><li>He invented—a lithotomy scalpel with two sharp cutting edges—and a new technique he invented—perineal cystolithotomy—which allowed him to crush a large stone inside the bladder before its removal </li></ul>
  18. 18. 7) Hirudotherapy <ul><li>Hirudotherapy the use of medicinal leech for medical purposes, </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced by Avicenna in The Canon of Medicine (1020s). </li></ul><ul><li>He considered the application of leech to be more useful than cupping in &quot;letting off the blood from deeper parts of the body.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>skin disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Abd-el-latif in the 12th century, </li></ul><ul><li>used for cleaning the tissues after surgical operations. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Acupuncture <ul><li>Latin word Acus means needle </li></ul><ul><li>The technic involves the insertion of specially designed needle at specific points to produce analgesia. </li></ul><ul><li>Acupoints are located on imaginary horizontal line k/a meridian </li></ul><ul><li>360 point </li></ul><ul><li>12 organ meridian & 2 non organ </li></ul>
  20. 20. 8) Shenmen <ul><li>Shenmen (Traditional Chinese: , also called in English &quot;Spirit Gate&quot;) or HT7 is an acupoint a point of the skin that is stimulated, with various techniques, in the practice of acupuncture </li></ul><ul><li>. Shenmen or HT7 is located on the heart meridian (HT ) </li></ul>
  21. 21. THANK YOU