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Ayurvedic therapy for urinary system disorders


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Ayurvedic therapy for urinary system disorders

  1. 1. Ayurvedic Therapy for Urinary SystemDisordersByadmin– February 9, 2010Posted in: Ayurveda Basics, Treatments in AyurvedaWhat are urinary system disorders?Urinary tract infections (UTI) are disorders affecting the various parts of the urinary system.It affects women more frequently than men due to basic anatomical differences. It canbecome a serious problem if the infection spreads to the kidneys. In Ayurveda, UTI is knownas mutravahi sankraman. It can be treated with Ayurvedic herbs like Gokshura and Shatavarias well as Yogic practices.Ayurvedic therapy for urinary system disordersThere are many herbs as well as other recommendations in Ayurveda to treat variousdisorders of the urinary system without any side effects. They are easily available and can beused by everyone. These disorders are mainly due to the Pitta dosha that governs thesesystems. An imbalance in this Dosha usually leads to respiratory infection. Shatavari: This herb has cooling properties that helps relieve inflammation due to Pitta imbalances. It helps in fighting bacteria that might be causing or aggravating the condition. Purnanava and Gokshura: These herbs are known for their ability to stimulate the urinary system, improving its functioning. They soothe the complete system in case of infections. Cilantro or coriander, fennel and cumin: You can have fresh juice of coriander or mix the three herbs in a brew and have it. This helps in reducing inflammation and balancing Pitta Dosha. Yogic practices: Postures that concentrate on the kidneys and abdomen like Dhanurasana (Bow pose), Bhujangasana (Cobra pose) and some others are beneficial as they improve the functioning of the kidneys and the whole system.Herbs for Urinary Tract InfectionsHere are some of the herbs that are recommended for urinary tract infections: Cranberry Juice: This herb is used to treat or prevent urinary tract infection. This juice has constituents called the proanthocyanins that prevents the bacteria from adhering to the urinary tract. Uva Ursi: This is a herb that is a old folk remedy and was used to treat different kinds of urinary tract infections. The component called arbutin is divided and then excreted through the kidneys. It is believed to have antiseptic properties. However, people with liver disease, kidney problem, nursing or pregnant women must not take this herb. Some of the side effects are nausea, indigestion, ringing in the ears, and green or brown colored urine.Other HerbsSome of the other herbs used are:
  2. 2. Horsetail Corn silk Buchu Marshmallow root GoldensealLifestyle changes for urinary system disordersOne of the main reasons for urinary infections is moisture and dampness in and around theurethra. You should make sure that you wear dry cotton undergarments and outer clothes thatare not very tight. Dry yourself well after a shower or being in moist conditions. It isadvisable not to control urination for very long frequently. Use of sanitary pads is consideredsafer than tampons. It is also important to have a calm and relaxed mind.Causes of urinary system disorder Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages Spicy and sour foods Excessive exposure to sunlight Dehydration Frequently controlling urination for extended periods of time Too much of negative emotions like anger and jealousySigns and Symptoms of a Urinary Tract InfectionHere are some of the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection: Urine looks cloudy, red, or milky Pain or burning sensation while urinating Passing small amount of urine Frequent urge to urinateOther Signs of Urinary Tract InfectionHere are some of the other signs, which is an indication that the infection has spread to thekidneys: Fever Chills Nausea Constant pressure or pain in the abdomen or lower back VomitingIf you experience these signs and symptoms, then immediate treatment is necessary toprevent further damage of the urinary system. So, follow the above ayurvedic therapies forurinary system disorders to have a healthy lifeUrinary Disordersin Women Health
  3. 3. Generally we do not pay much altention to proper maintence of the organs of Urinary system;at least not as much as the attention we pay to heart.Our Urinary system is very much prone to infections. The system consists of a pair ofkidneys, Bladder, Ureters and Urethra. A common disorder that afflicts the Urinary tract isinfection by the bacteria – Escherichia coli. Escherichia is a genus of Gram negative, rod likebacteria that have the ability to ferment carbohydrates with production of gas. They reside inthe intestines of men. E. coli, under certain circumstances, causes infection of the Uro –genital tract. One such infection is Dysuria – difficult or painful urination. Dysuria is usuallyassociated with frequent urge for passing Urine if the cause is due to “cystitis” or“Uretheritis”, cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder often caused by E. coli.Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra due to gonarrhoea etc.Causes 1. More than 85% of Urinary tract infections (UTI) are caused by bacteria. Cystitis is the common cause especially in women with UTI. 2. The other cause is Uretheritis – infection of the Urethera by bacteria, fungi or viruses. The sexually transmitted organism like Neisseri Gonnorrhoea can afflict Urethra. Chlamydia and the herps simplex Urius can also cause Urethritis. 3. Candidiasis caused by the candida fungi is also a UTI. 4. Parasites – and worms can also infect the urinary tract. 5. Stones in the kidney or bladderSymptoms 1. Frequent urge to pass urine. 2. Scanty urine 3. Feeling of fullness in the bladder even after passing urine 4. Pain and burning sensation while passing urine 5. Feeling of pain in the pelvis, lower abdomen, and in the urinary Tract. 6. Feeling of heaviness in the renal region and scrotum (Men). 7. Blood in the urine. On examination of urine, presence of puscells and blood confirms UTI. 8. Chills, feverUrinary tract infections are much more common among women than inmen. The reason is women have shorter Urethra – 3.5 cm long and the urethra is closer tovagina and anus, where bacteria thrive. The bacteria easily travels up the short urethra andcause infections. Men‟s urethra are longer – 20 cm long. Hence urinary infections are less.Home remedies 1. Drink 8-10 glasses of water. This will benefit the kidneys. The water, at least 60% of it has to pass through kidneys, which filters out toxins and germs. Water eases the kidney‟s functoning. 2. Drink a quarter glass of onion juice sweetened with 1 tsp of sugar. It relieves the urinary irritation. Try this daily till you obtain relief. 3. Mix 1/2 tsp of Jeera (powdered) with 1 tsp of sugar and consume, twice a day.
  4. 4. 4. Drink 25 ml of Radish Juice twice daily 5. Mix 1/2 cup lemon juice and one tablespoon of honey with 1 cup of hot water. Drink this thrice a day for quick relief. Cucumber juice (1 cup) can also beadded for better effect. 6. Fresh tender coconut water is a sure remedy. Sugar cane juice also is beneficial. 7. Take 6 gms of Amla and Jaggery every day. This will provide essential vitamin „C‟ to resist bacterial infection. 8. Barley water also helps smooth urination. 9. Intake of curd daily, curd has lactobacillus acidophilus that may inhibit growth of harmful bacteriaOther guide lines 1. Keep your body well hydrated. 2. Avoid hot, spicy food, coffee and tea. 3. Keep your genitals clean. As the bacteria exist along with feces, use the front – to – back washing of the anal region. Wash and wipe properly after urination. 4. Use cotton undergarments 5. Urinate before and after coitus. 6. Urinate as soon as you feel the urge. 7. Sitz batha alternating with hot and cold water once in a day for at least 2 monthsAyurvedic remedies 1. Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) is a good home – remedy. Remove skin, take out the pulp, clean it and squeeze it to get the juice – extract. Add equal quantity of milk boil it till the mixture is reduced to half. Add sugar – candy and drink. 2. Grind separately choti elachi (E. cardamomum), Tail pepper (Piper cubeba) and Gokshura, into powder, in equal measures. Mix these powder and take one teaspoon of this chooranam followed by Tender coconut water. Urinary irritation will disappear. 3. Prepare sandalwood paste, dry it and keep. Take 1/2 teaspoon of this powder and add to 2 cups of milk. Boil the milk over a small flame till the quantity is reduced to half. Consume this, sweetened with sugar candy.Good Ayurvedic medicines like chandanasavama Gokshurathi chooranam, shatavari lehiyam,chandanathi vati, Eladdi choorana, Naga Bhasma etc etc are available – consult an Ayurvedicphysician.Urinary IncontinenceThe children and the elderly are commonly afflicted with urinary incontinence (bed –wetting).Home remedy 1. Dry and powder „Jamun‟ seeds. Take a teaspoon, mix in a cup of water and drink twice a day. 2. Take walnuts with 20 numbers of Raisins every day after dinner for 15 to 20 days.
  5. 5. 3. Honey is a good cure for bed – wetting especially for children. It absorbs water. For kids less than 6 years old, give a teaspoon of honey before going to bed. For those over 6 years, 2 teaspoons of honey can be given.Diet and lifestyle 1. One good exercise for the elderly with urine incontinence problems is the “Kegel exercise”. This exercise will strengthen pelvic muscles, primarily those around the recturn, urethra and vagina. 2. Alternate hot and cold fomentation of the abdomen may help. 3. Limit intake of tea, coffee and chocolates 4. Treat the children who wet the bed during the night, kindly. Do not abuse or insult them. This kind of harshness may aggravate the problems. Make them pass urine before going to bed. 5. Massaging with “Bala Aswagandha” Thailam may help. 6. Intestinal worms may cause urinary incontinence. Till the worms are eradicated, bed wetting can not be treated.Diseases of the Urinary BladderDiseases of the urinary tract and kidneys are broadly classifed under the heading of“Mutravahasrota Roga”. In general, diseases of the bladder and urthera are called“Mutraghata” whereas metabolic diseases marked by polyuria (excessive urination) aretypically classified under the heading of “Prameha”. Urinary diseases under the headingMutraghata can also be classified into thirteen categories: Vatakundalika, Vatasthila,Vatavasti, Mutratita, Mutrajathara, Mutrasanga, Mutrakshaya, Mutragranthi, Usnavata,Vastikundalam, Vidvidhata, Mutrasada and Ashmari. Prameha and other kidneys disordersare discussed in the next chapter. The general remedies for disorders of the urinary tract arediuretics (mutravirechana), which promote the flow of urine and correct the downward flowof Vata dosha. This chapter will make frequent reference to diuretics, some of which can bechosen from this list of useful remedies: 1. Gokshura fruit (Tribulus terrestris) 2. Pashanabheda root (rockfoil / Bergenia ligulata) 3. Pueraria tuber (vidari / Pueraria lobata) 4. Punarnava plant/root (Boerhavia difusa) 5. Shilajita Rasayana 6. Shukti Bhasma (oyster shell ash /Ostrea gigas) 7. Soraka (Potassium chloride) 8. Yava seed (barley / Hordeum vulgare)
  6. 6. 9. Yavakshara alkaline ash (barley plant / Hordeum vulgare)The last item on this list is Yavakshara alkaline ash, which is a very strong diuretic that isused only in minute quantities. For example, to make the mildly diuretic Guduchi stem(Tinospora cordifolia) into a strong diuretic, one gram of Yavakshara is added to 400 gramsof Guduchi.Besides diuretic remedies, a “urinary pipe enema” (uttaravasti) is also commonly used indisease of the urinary bladder. In this procedure, the enema is made with remedies thatstimulate the urinary system to completely eliminate. This is given after the pre-operativeprocedures of pancha karma have been implemented, including oil massage and steambath, aswell as laxatives to promote the passage of urine, feces and gas. One useful formula forurinary enema is a decoction made from two parts Devadaru wood (Himalayan cedar /Cedrus deodara) and one part Mustaka tuber (Cyperus rotundus), mixed with one partmadhu (honey), one part Saindhavam (mineral salt) and four parts Tila seed oil (sesame /Sesamum indicum).Medicated rectal suppositories are also used often for the same purpose of stimulatingelimination. For example, a medicated suppository can be made from two parts Sarsapi seed(black mustard / Sinapis juncea), one-half part Trikatu (Piper longum, Piper nigrum,Zingiber officinalis), and one part Yavakshara alkaline ash (barley plant / Hordeumvulgare), mixed with two parts gou mutra (cow urine) and one part Matsyandika(molasses).Mutraghata As a non-specific diagnosis, mutraghata is essentiallysynonymous with urethritis, as a “disease of the urinary pipe. It can be divided into eightcategories, with the characters of Vataja, Pittaja, Kaphaja, Sannipataja, Aghantuja, Purisaja,Shukraja and Asmarija.General TreatmentWhatever may be the cause and condition of urethritis, dysuria is always a symptom. Plentyof water must be drunk by the patient. Drinking water stimulates mucous membrane secretionfor protection of the urethra and also causes a natural diuretic action.There are some specific remedies against urethritis that can be prescribed in any condition,including: 1. Gokshuradi guggulu, 2 pills twice daily 2. Shitarasa vati, 2 pills twice daily 3. Chandraprabha vati, 2 pills twice daily
  7. 7. Vataja UrethritisDysuria or dysuria with the character of Vata has symptoms of dryness of the urethra. It istreated with the regular Vata treatments along with diuretic remedies and urinary pipe enemamade with greasy remedies. One useful remedy is a medicated oil prepared with equal partsPunarnava (Boerhavia difusa), Eranda root (Castor / Ricinus communis) and Shatavari(Asparagus racemosa) in a base of ghee or sesame oil that can be massaged over the lowerpubic region.Pittaja UrethritisUrethritis with the character of Pitta is related to an inflamed urethra. It is treated with theregular Pitta treatments along with diuretic remedies, enema through the urinary pipe andlaxative remedies. One useful intervention is a cold fomentation applied topically to pubicregion, prepared with 4 parts honey, 2 parts each Amalaki fruit (Indian gooseberry / amla /Phyllanthus emblica) and Madhukam root (licorice / Glycyrrhiza glabra) and one partDevadaru wood (Himalayan cedar / Cedrus deodara), prepared with rice water or coldwater.Kaphaja UrethritisKapha urethritis is concerned with swelling of the urethra. It is treated with the regular Kaphatreatments along with diuretic remedies and enema through the urinary pipe. Useful therapiesinclude Pravala Bhasma (purified coral oxide), taken with cold water, or a cooled decoctionof Guduchi stem (Tinospora cordifolia) taken with honey.Sannipataja UrethritisUrethritis with the character of Sannipata presents with complicated urinary symptoms. It isvery difficult to cure, however is can be treated with symptomatic treatments based on thetreatments for Vataja, Pittaja and Kaphaja urethritis.Aghantuja UrethritisUrethritis with the character of Aghantuja is concerned with a traumatic injury causingurethritis. It is treated with the same remedies of urethritis with the character of Vata, alongwith remedies such as Chandraprabha vati (2 pills twice daily) and Gokshuradi gugguluvati (2 pills twice daily).Purisaja UrethritisUrethritis with the character of Purisaja is related to constipation. It is treated with the regularVata treatments and laxative remedies.Shukraja UrethritisUrethritis with the character of Shukraja is related to prostatitis. It is treated with the sameremedies used for prostatitis.
  8. 8. Asmarija UrethritisUrethritis with the character of Asmarija is caused by urinary lithiasis. It is treated with thesame remedies used for urinary lithiasis.Additional headings in this chapter*Vatakundalika (Spasmodic Stricture Of The Bladder)Vatasthila (Prostatitis / Neoplasm Of The Prostate Gland)Vatavasti (Outlet Obstruction Of The Bladder)Mutratita (Decrease In Force Of Urinary Stream)Mutrajathara (Distended Bladder With Urine And Gas)Mutrasanga (Anuria)Mutrakshaya (Anuria Caused By Dehydration)Mutragranthi (Malignant Neoplasm Of The Bladder)Usnavata (Cystitis)Vastikundalam (Dislocation Of The Bladder)Vidvidhata (Pneumaturia)Mutrasada (Crystalluria)Ashmari (Urinary Lithiasis)Urinary tract infections (UTIs), the second most common type of infection in the body is one the mostserious health problem affecting millions of people each year. The urinary tract infection (UTI)involves infection in the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra. These are the organs that urine passesthrough when eliminated from the body. Women are especially prone to UTIs, even though theygenerally have anatomically and physiologically normal urinary tract.[1] Reasons for this are not yetwell understood. These infections can be very serious when they do occur in men; however, UTIs inmen are not as common as in women. A urinary tract infection (UTI) also known as Fearnessyndrome is a microbial infection that affects any part of the urinary tract. Normally, urine is sterile. Itis usually free of microbes but does contain fluids, salts and waste products. The main cause agent inat least 90% of uncomplicated infections is Escherichia coli, which live in the bowel (colon) andaround the anus. An infection occurs when bacteria get into the bladder or kidney and begin to grow.The infection often starts at the opening of the urethra where the urine leaves the body and movesupward into the urinary tract. Abnormalities of the urinary tract that hinder the flow of urine set thestage for an infection.Although modern antibiotics are being used in UTIs, urinary tract infections can be quickly and easilytreated with a herbal treatment with no side effects. Herbs known for the management of urinary tractInfections and other urinary disorders divided in important categories: (a) Urinary antiseptic and anti-adhesion herbs like Juniperus spp., Vaccinium macrocarpon, Salvia officinalis, Punica granatum,Tribulus terrestris, Terminalia chebula, Ocimum sanctum, Cinnamomum cassia, Azadirachta indicaand Ocimum sanctum,[2,3] which are effective against major urinary tract pathogens namely E. coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecalis (d) Bladder protectivesthat control bladder and protect from infections comprising of Equisetum arvense, Hydrangeapetiolaris and Zea mays[4] (e) Kidney care for instance, Boerhaavia diffusa, Eupatorium purpureum,Agropyron repens and Berberis vulgaris and (f) Herbs for symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia,most notably Serenoa repens and Prunus africana. All these herbs are discerned to know differenttype of phytoconstituents and show potential in the treatment of urinary disorders and could bealternative to uropathogen resistance to the antibiotic during a UTI.