Study less , Gain more


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study strategies and techniques for high achievement with less effort.

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  • Passive – exerting minimal effort, hear, but don’t comprehend. “Elevator Music” at WalMart Active – focusing, attending, thinking! The same as when you are on a date with someone you are really interested in! Substantial effort is involved! System of Notetaking – key words – 1 st , Note that, You may see this again! Somehow divide information into main, subordinate, details…Try to anticiapate thenext point, ask questions Shorthand eg, w/ w/o, bc/ practice it. Recall column – Handout! Look at how things are divided – Leave recall blank unless you think of a question.
  • You have to work at it! If you don’t have a study plan, you will not perform at your top level.
  • What is cramming? Not an efficient way to study! Reviewing – involves more than rereading notes. Comprehension – memorization – deep thinking Daily – 10 minutes within 24 hours Use recall now for questions, comments, summaries, important points. To add in what you forgot to write.
  • Weekly May need to review more than one weeks material depending on length of time between tests. Keep it current in mind. Very Important – KEY to studying for exams! Most is already done! You should only have to work on difficult concepts the night before a test, maybe memorize a few terms, but not reread the textbook or memorize your notes.
  • Reading Instructions: how many questions do you need to answer? What are the point values Is there a penalty for wrong answers Where do I write the answers? General Content Determine the general topics. What is easier? What is the format and point values? Time Look at the point values. Spent more time on the questions that are worth more Easy Questions First Boosts confidence Activates memory and triggers recall of more information Don’t waste time guessing at questions unless to have already answered all the questions you can. NEATNESS Studies have shown a neat answer gets higher marks than a messy one. It gives the impression you care what you are writing about. PACE: It’s not a race – there are no rewards for finishing first and no penalties for finishing last.
  • Highlight as little as possible. This is for short-term memory support key operative words (eligible content words) odd words that they might recall again when they see them in the passage such as the name Sara Jackson Milford. Locations (in the 3 rd paragraph, at the end of the story, etc) Suggested Instructional Methods : You may wish to do this as a whole group or model a few then let students work independently, pair share and share with whole class discussion
  • Overview of study techniques. Beginning of semester – Great time to get a fresh start with your study habits! If time – Questions?
  • Study less , Gain more

    1. 1. Sameh Shehata
    2. 2. Study smarter <ul><li>Your brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning. </li></ul><ul><li>During class. </li></ul><ul><li>Study. </li></ul><ul><li>Exam. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Your brain
    4. 4. How does Brain Work?
    5. 5. The neuron
    6. 6. How many <ul><li>10 billion neurons </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>It is immensely powerful – to build a computer with the same capability it would need to be as big as: </li></ul><ul><li> Canary Wharf </li></ul>
    8. 8. Where do we store inf0? <ul><li>Each single brain neuron has from 1,000 to 10,000 connections with other neurons, </li></ul><ul><li>making up to 10 trillion neuron connections. </li></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>Use it or lose it!! </li></ul>
    10. 11. How much we are using of our brains?? <ul><li>2-10% </li></ul>
    11. 12. How to increase it?
    12. 13. Recall how much?
    13. 15. Decide how you are going to study Mind map Spyder Diagram Mnemonics Flow Diagrams List - Bullet points Flash Cards Songs/Raps
    14. 19. Uses of mind map <ul><li>class. </li></ul><ul><li>Study. </li></ul><ul><li>Revision. </li></ul><ul><li>Exam. </li></ul><ul><li>Oral exam . </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping ! </li></ul>
    15. 20. How much you retain after 1 month?
    16. 21. Revise <ul><li>Immediately after class . : 5 mints. </li></ul><ul><li>One day: 10 mints </li></ul><ul><li>One week : 15 mints </li></ul><ul><li>One month : 30 mints. </li></ul>
    17. 22. mnemonics <ul><li>Vascular ischemia: </li></ul><ul><li>P ain </li></ul><ul><li>P allor </li></ul><ul><li>P arasthesia </li></ul><ul><li>P aralysis </li></ul><ul><li>P ulseless </li></ul>
    18. 23. mnemonics <ul><li>Tom does very nice hats! </li></ul><ul><li>T om (tibialis ant.) </li></ul><ul><li>D oes (digitorum) </li></ul><ul><li>V ery (vein) </li></ul><ul><li>N ice (Nerve) </li></ul><ul><li>H ats (Hallucis) </li></ul>
    19. 24. Flow charts
    20. 27. Strangulated hernia systemic <ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HR </li></ul></ul>abdominal <ul><ul><li>Int Obs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No obst </li></ul></ul>local <ul><ul><li>Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irreducible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No impulse </li></ul></ul>
    21. 29. Study while you sleep?
    22. 32. Use both of them <ul><li>Color . </li></ul><ul><li>Sound . </li></ul><ul><li>Imagination . </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion. </li></ul>
    23. 33. During class
    24. 34. Read before class
    25. 35. Active listening
    26. 36. Taking Notes in Class <ul><li>Active vs. Passive Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date and number pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen for key words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Roman numerals, letters, numbers, or indent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop your own shorthand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave a recall column </li></ul></ul>10/04/09
    27. 38. When you study
    28. 39. Plan for academic success <ul><li>Students don’t plan to fail, </li></ul><ul><li>they fail </li></ul><ul><li>to plan. </li></ul>10/04/09
    29. 42. <ul><li>فرق تسد </li></ul>
    30. 44. Study plan <ul><li>Anatomy of thyroid: 30 mints . </li></ul><ul><li>Complications of hernia :45 mints </li></ul><ul><li>Draw mind map for portal hypertension 45 mints. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer surgery exam 2007 30 mints. </li></ul>
    31. 45. How much?
    32. 46. How long per session?
    33. 47. SQ3R Method <ul><li>S = Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Look for structure & organization of chpt. </li></ul><ul><li>Q = Question </li></ul><ul><li>Turn each heading into question </li></ul><ul><li>3 R’s = Read, Recite, & Review </li></ul><ul><li>Read to answer above question </li></ul><ul><li>Recite the answer to question </li></ul><ul><li>Review – immediate & delayed </li></ul>10/04/09
    34. 48. review <ul><li>Review (Reading and Comprehending) </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take 10 minutes after each lecture to review the days material. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do this within 24 hours. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use the recall column now. </li></ul></ul></ul>10/04/09 Repetition Aids Retention
    35. 49. Review <ul><li>Weekly Reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow one hour per class each week to review all material for the week. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate all the information to get the “big picture.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekends are a good time. </li></ul></ul>10/04/09
    36. 50. During exam!
    37. 51. Taking the test … <ul><li>Successful test-taking techniques: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identify key words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scanning for general content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning your time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answering easy questions first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answering all the questions you are supposed to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making neatness count </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pacing yourself </li></ul></ul>The Writing Centre, St. Francis Xavier University © 2006
    38. 53. Strategies for answering…. <ul><li>Read the question for key words: Does the instructor want you to analyze, compare, criticize, defend, describe, discuss, evaluate, illustrate, explain, justify, trace or summarize? </li></ul><ul><li>When you have the question clearly in mind, don’t immediately start writing. </li></ul>The Writing Centre, St. Francis Xavier University © 2006
    39. 54. Create an essay plan … <ul><li>Jot down specific supporting information. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a rough outline that sketches the main points you will cover and an effective order for presenting them. </li></ul>The Writing Centre, St. Francis Xavier University © 2006
    40. 55. Are they the same? <ul><li>Clinical picture of </li></ul><ul><li>Portal hypertension. </li></ul><ul><li>Esophageal varices . </li></ul><ul><li>Acute variceal bleeding. </li></ul>
    41. 57. Read carefully
    42. 59. Can you direct the examiner?
    43. 61. Never exceed allocated time <ul><li>3 hours </li></ul><ul><li>5 questions </li></ul><ul><li>=36 mints. </li></ul>
    44. 62. Answer 1 st <ul><li>Easy question? </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult question? </li></ul>
    45. 63. Consider busy examiner
    46. 64. Golden tools <ul><li>Mind maps </li></ul><ul><li>Flow charts </li></ul><ul><li>review </li></ul><ul><li>Active listening . </li></ul><ul><li>Note taking . </li></ul>
    47. 65. Success is within your reach <ul><li>Increase motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Find a positive study environment </li></ul><ul><li>Actively listen and take accurate class notes </li></ul><ul><li>Read text before class </li></ul><ul><li>Review daily and weekly </li></ul>10/04/09