First Language Acquisition

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Lecture Notes for PBET 2113

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First Language Acquisition

  1. 1. INBORN KNOWLEDGE LAD / UG COGNITIVEFEEDBACK DEVELOPMENT ADULT CRITICAL SPEECH PERIOD Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  2. 2. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Inborn CRITICALFEEDBACK knowledge : PERIOD LAD ADULT SPEECH Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  3. 3.  nativism : grammatical knowledge – inborn LAD (Language Acquisition Device) children are born with prior knowledge of categories, operations, principles common to all human languages: UG (Universal Grammar) Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  4. 4.  Principle of word order UG X’ consists of X & Complement Principle (UG) : inborn Parameter : X + complement [head-initial] Complement + X [head final] parameters – language-specific/acquired Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  5. 5. XPspec X’ x comp Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  6. 6.  language acquisition – autonomous cognitive development 15 year old retardate: general cognitive ability – deficient non-linguistic ability – preschool child linguistic ability –fully developed cases of people normal IQ – have difficulty in inflections for past tense & plural  The boys eat four apple. Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  7. 7.  normal linguistic development is possible only if children are exposed to language during a particular time frame. Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  8. 8.  phonetic : slow carefully articulated higher pitched with longer pauses lexical & semantic : restricted vocabulary; concrete reference to here & now syntactic: few incomplete short sentences; imperative questions conversational: more repetitions; few utterances per conversation turn Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  9. 9.  correcting errors: Child: Want other one spoon, Daddy. Father: You mean, you want the other spoon. Child: Yes, I want other one spoon, please Daddy. Father: Can you say “the other spoon”? Child: Other . . . one . . . spoon. Father: Say “other”. Child: Other. Father: Spoon. Child: Spoon. Father: “Other spoon”. Child: Other. . .spoon. Now give me the other one spoon? (O’Grady & Archibald, 2009; p. 362) Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  10. 10.  recast : repeating the utterance, making adjustment to its form/content Child: Daddy here Mother: Yes, Daddy is here. Child: Him go. Mother: Yes, he is going. Child: Boy chasing dog. Mother: Yes, the boy is chasing the dog. Child: The dog is barking Mother: Yes, he is barking at the kitty. (O’Grady & Archibald, 2009; p. 363) Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  11. 11.  important factor in the child’s language acquisition process: actual use of sound and word combination in interaction or in word play. one, two, tie my shoe; three, four, shut the door; five, six, pick up sticks; seven, eight, lay them straight; nine, ten, a big fat hen. Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  12. 12. Stage Typical age DescriptionBabbling and Cooing 1 to 8 months Repetitive CV patterns – ba, pa, ma Hear the difference between [i] and [a] and syllables like [ba] and [pa]One-word stage 9-18 months Single terms: milk, cat, cupholophrastic stage Single form functioning as a phrase or sentenceTwo-word stage 18-24 months clauses with simple semantic relations – baby eat, dog bad, cat drinkTelegraphic stage or 24-30 months sentence structures of lexical ratherearly multiword stage than functional or grammatical morphemes- cat drink milk, this baby all wet, daddy goLater multiword stage 30+ months Grammatical or functional structures emerge Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL
  13. 13. Brown, H. Douglas. 2007. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, 5th Edition. White Plains, NY: Pearson Education.O’Grady, William and John Archibald. 2009. Contemporary Linguistics: An Introduction, 6th Edition. Canada: Pearson Education.Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubricowww.languagelinks.org Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, Faculty of Education Universiti Malaya KL

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