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CALL and SLA

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Computer Assisted Language Learning as shared by Group 7a with their co-participants in PBET 2113 (TESL), Sem 2 AY 2009-2010, Faculty of Education, University of Malaya KL.

Published in: Education, Technology

CALL and SLA

  1. 1. CALL<br />(Computer Assisted Language Learning)<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010<br />Language & Literacy Education <br />Faculty of Education <br />University of Malaya KL<br />
  2. 2. Amy Yu Shi Chia<br />Marina Melissa Ng<br />Tan Kai Chur<br />Tan Shin Yen<br />TianZhongWeng<br />Group 7a<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  3. 3. Topics<br />What is CALL? <br />History<br />Types of CALL programs<br />Types of CALL activities<br />Reasons for using CALL (Principles)<br />What computers can and can’t do<br />Roles of teachers in CALL<br />Roles of students in CALL<br />Barriers of using CALL<br />Conclusion<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  4. 4. What is CALL?<br /><ul><li> used widely to refer to the area of technology </li></ul> and second language teaching and learning <br /><ul><li> the search for and study of applications of </li></ul> the computer in language teaching and learning<br /><ul><li> any process in which a learner uses a computer</li></ul> and, as a result, improves his or her language<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  5. 5. History<br />1960’s<br />3 phases – Behaviouristic CALL (1960’s)<br /> - Communicative CALL <br /> (1970’s)<br /> - Integrative CALL <br /> (1990’s-present)<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  6. 6. Behavioristic CALL<br />1960’s-1970’s<br />View of language: Structural<br />English Teaching Paradigm: Grammar- Translation & Audio-Lingual<br />Principle use of computer: <br /> Drill and Practice<br />Principal Objective: Accuracy<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  7. 7. BehavioristicCALL<br />Characteristics: <br />Repeated exposure to the same material<br />A computer is ideal for carrying out repeated drills, since the machine (i) does not get bored with presenting the same material and (ii) it can provide immediate non-judgmental feedback. <br />A computer is used as a tutor<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  8. 8. Communicative CALL<br />1970’s-1980’s<br />View of language: Cognitive<br />English teaching paradigm: Communicative language teaching<br />Principle use of computers: Communicative exercises<br />Principal objective: Fluency<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  9. 9. Communicative CALL<br />Characteristics:<br />Grammar is taught implicitly<br />Computers are used to stimulate discussion, writing or critical thinking. <br />Programs avoid telling students they are wrong.<br />Flexible to a variety of student responses. <br />Computers are used as a tool (e.g., word processors, spelling and grammar checkers) and the target language is used exclusively. <br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  10. 10. Integrative CALL<br />1980’s-present<br />View of language: Sociocognitive<br />English teaching paradigm: Content-based<br />Principle use of computers: Authentic discourse<br />Principal objective: Agency<br />types: Multimedia CALL (CD-ROMs)<br /> Web-based CALL (CMC & <br /> Internet)<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  11. 11. Interactive CALL -Multimedia CALL<br />Characteristics:<br />Create a more authentic learning environment using different media. <br />Language skills are easily integrated through multimedia.<br />Students have a high degree of control over their learning through hypermedia. <br />Facilitates a principle focus on the content. <br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  12. 12. Interactive CALL -Web-based CALL<br />Computer Mediated Communication (CMC)<br /><ul><li>provides authentic synchronous and </li></ul> asynchronous communication channels.<br /><ul><li>can be carried out in several forms; it </li></ul> can be one-to-one, one-to-many, or <br /> many-to-one. <br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  13. 13. Interactive CALL-Web-based CALL<br />The Web<br />Students can search through millions of files around the world within minutes<br />Students can use the Web to publish their texts or multimedia materials to share with partner classes or with the general public. <br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  14. 14. TYPES OF CALL PROGRAMS<br />CALL-specific software<br /><ul><li>applications that designed to develop </li></ul>and facilitate the language learning such <br /> as CD-ROMs, web-based interactive <br /> language learning exercises/ quizzes.<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  15. 15. TYPES OF CALL PROGRAMS<br />Generic software<br /><ul><li>Applications that designed for general </li></ul>purposes like Words, Powerpoint, Excel <br />that can be used to support the <br /> language learning and teaching. <br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  16. 16. TYPES OF CALL PROGRAMS<br />Web-based learning programs<br /><ul><li>online dictionaries, online encyclopedias, online concordancers, news/magazine sites, e-texts, web-quests, web publishing, blog, wiki, etc.</li></ul>PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  17. 17. TYPES OF CALL PROGRAMS<br />Computer-mediated communication (CMC) programs<br />- synchronous - online chat; asynchronous - email, discussion forum, message board<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  18. 18. TYPES OF CALL ACTIVITIES<br />Multiple choices<br />Online communication<br />Crossword puzzles<br />Writing & word processing<br />Web publishing<br />Gap filling<br />Web quests/ searching<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  19. 19. Reasons For Using CALL<br />1) Experiential learning<br />2) Motivation<br />3) Enhance student’s achievement<br />4) Authenticity<br />5) Greater interaction<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  20. 20. Reasons For Using CALL<br /> Individualization<br /> Independence from a single source of information<br /> Global understanding<br /> Adapting learning to the students<br /> Critical thinking skills <br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  21. 21. What Computers Can & Can’t “Do” ?<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  22. 22. PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  23. 23. Differences of teachers’ roles<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  24. 24. Roles of teacher<br /><ul><li>Familiarize with the resources
  25. 25. Encourage students to participate
  26. 26. Reassure and motivate students
  27. 27. Review and reinforce what was </li></ul> learned<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  28. 28. Differences of students’ roles<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  29. 29. Roles of students<br /><ul><li> negotiate meaning and assimilate </li></ul> new information<br /><ul><li> interpret new information and </li></ul> experiences on their own term.<br /><ul><li> Participate actively in classroom </li></ul>PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  30. 30. Barriers of using CALL<br />*Financial<br />*Availability of computer hardware and <br /> software<br />*Technical and theoretical knowledge<br />* Acceptance of technologies<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  31. 31. Barriers of using CALL<br />* Lack of human-like interaction during <br /> study<br />* Wrong perception of teachers and <br /> administrators<br />*Teachers lack of training on creating CALL<br />*Lack of unified theoretical framework for designing and evaluating CALL systems<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  32. 32. TRY THIS!!!<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  33. 33. A B C D E F G H I J<br />1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10<br />K L M N O P Q R S T<br />11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20<br />U V W X Y Z<br />21 22 23 24 25 26<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  34. 34. 3. 15. 14. 7. 18. 1. 20. 21. 12. 1. 20. 9.15. 14. 19<br />CONGRATULATIONS<br />25. 15. 21<br />YOU<br />7. 15. 20<br />GOT<br />9. 20<br />IT<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  35. 35. Conclusion<br />Use of computer technology in classrooms is generally<br />reported to:<br />More student-centered learning and engagement in the learning process<br />More active processing resulting in higher-order thinking skills and better recall<br />Gain confidence in directing their own learning<br />Make learning more interesting<br />Creates motivation for the students<br />Computers can give a new role to teaching materials<br />Students learn faster and better with computer-mediated communication<br />This is true for both language and non-language classrooms. <br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  36. 36. Sources:<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer-assisted_language_learning<br />http://www2.nkfust.edu.tw/~emchen/CALL/unit1.htm<br />http://quizstar.4teachers.org/freetrial.jsp<br />Created for: PBET 2113 Participants (TESL)<br /> Semester 2, AY 2009-2010<br /> Department of Language & Literacy<br /> Faculty of Education<br /> University of Malaya KL<br />Created by: Amy Yu Shi Chia, Marina Melissa Ng, <br />Tan Kai Chur, Tan Shin Yen, <br />TianZhongWeng<br />Facilitator: Jessie Grace U. Rubrico, PhD<br />PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Sem 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />
  37. 37. PBET 2113 Group 7a (TESL) Semester 2 AY 2009-2010, Department of Language & Literacy Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya KL<br />

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