Smarter cities: design thinking and market forces

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A presentation to the UK Government Office for Science describing the design thinking and awareness of urban design necessary for "Smarter City" technology solutions to improve lives, communities and economies in cities. Includes a set of early "design patterns" for re-applying successful "Smarter City" ideas in new contexts; and a high-level analysis of the market drivers and barriers that are determining the speed at which investment can be unlocked to apply these ideas in cities everywhere.

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Smarter cities: design thinking and market forces

  1. 1. © 2014 IBM Corporation1 Smarter Cities: design thinking and market forces Dr Rick Robinson AoU CITP FRSA, Executive Architect, IBM Smarter Cities Open Group Distinguished Certified IT Architect @dr_rick http://theurbantechnologist/com/rick_robinson@uk.ibm.com
  2. 2. © 2014 IBM Corporation
  3. 3. © 2014 IBM Corporation Images captured by MRI scan by Shinji Nishimoto, Alex G. Huth, An Vu and Jack L. Gallant, UC Berkley, 2011 https://sites.google.com/site/gallantlabucb/publications/nishimoto-et-al-2011 Photo of Jan Scheuermann controlling a robot arm: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-20731973
  4. 4. © 2014 IBM Corporation The consequences of over-reliance on satelite navigation http://www.insuranceclaims.co.uk/news/freaky-car-crashes/ CCTV cameras installed to pry on residents of Sparkhill,Birmingham http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2010/jun/17/birmingham-stops-muslim-surveillance-scheme12 Packages from Amazon delivered to Google employees https://www.flickr.com/photos/9880707@N02/ A 3D-printed gun http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22421185
  5. 5. © 2014 IBM Corporation Kelvin Campbell’s “Massive / Small” http://engagingcities.com/post/5012064472/massive-small-the-operating-system-for-smart-urbanism Town plan for Edinburgh’s New Town from the JR James archive http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrjamesarchive/ Photo of pedestrian roundabout in Shanghai, China, by Chris UK http://www.flickr.com/photos/_chrisuk/7580861928/ Photo of Masshouse Circus, Birmingham, before its redevelopment, by Birmingham City Council http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/cs/Satellite?c=Page&childpagename=Planning- Management%2FPageLayout&cid=1223092740947&pagename=BCC%2FCommon%2FWrapper%2FWrapper “Massive / Small” and smart digital urbanism
  6. 6. © 2014 IBM Corporation Photo of Jane Jacobs by Michèl Champagne http://www.mediamatic.net/104796/en/jane-jacobs-ideas-that-matter Photo of Christopher Alexander by Eugene Kim http://www.flickr.com/photos/eekim/5686194142/ 1. Broadband connectivity 2. Cloud computing 3. Mobile and smartphones 4. Social media 5. The touchscreen 6. Open source software 7. Intelligent hardware 8. Open APIs 9. Open data 10. Open standards 11. Mundane interfaces 12. Identity stores 13. Maps and geolocation 14. Social enterprise 15. Alternative currencies 16. The “sharing economy” 17. Information partnerships 18. Regeneration & incubation 19. Sustainable business 20. Intelligent infrastructure 21. Local energy 22. Insight without certainty Smarter City Design Patterns: http://theurbantechnologist.com/design-patterns/ http://theurbantechnologist.com/2014/07/01/12-simple-technologies-for-cities-that-are- smart-open-and-fair/
  7. 7. © 2014 IBM Corporation http://asmarterplanet.com/blog/2013/05/inspiring-social-sustainability-one-village-at-a-time.html http://www.syngentafoundation.org/index.cfm?pageID=562 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sponsored/sport/rugby-trytracker/10630406/ibm-big-data-analytics-dublin.html Smarter cities “as if people mattered”
  8. 8. © 2014 IBM Corporationhttp://www.ibm.com/news/ca/en/2013/454e42662t01.html http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/06/27/montpellier-france-invites-citizens-author-smart-city Paving Stone Montpellier: citizens as the authors and sensors of a Smarter City
  9. 9. © 2014 IBM Corporation Data from parking, traffic, events, etc. enables future conditions to be predicted. The effectiveness of “what-if” responses can be explored. Parking Sensors & Meters Cross-agency work can be planned and optimised. Traffic Information Weather Events Citizens and businesses can be updated and respond; travellers provided with predictive route and parking services; shops able to respond dynamically and interactively. http://www-01.ibm.com/common/ssi/cgi-bin/ssialias?infotype=PM&subtype=SP&htmlfid=GVS03037USEN Photo of York Road, Kings Heath, in the 2009 Kings Heath Festival by Nick Lockley http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicklockey/ Smarter parking on a smarter high street
  10. 10. © 2014 IBM Corporation Administration Environment Culture Economy Transportation Social Services Public Safety Energy Infrastructure Communities Planning and Management The city council which governs & provides public services? The energy, utility & infrastructure companies who build, manage & support the urban environment? The shops & farmers who feed us? The businesses who employ us, & the property developers who house us? Town plan for Edinburgh’s New Town from the JR James archive http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrjamesarchive/ The urban lifestyle that we enjoy? The transport systems that move us? Who will build a Smarter City?
  11. 11. © 2014 IBM Corporation Administration Environment Culture Economy Transportation Social Services Public Safety Energy Infrastructure Communities Planning and Management Local Government • Drivers: finance, demographics, inequality • Barriers: financing autonomy, capacity Infrastructure & utilities • Drivers: resilience, outcomes-based procurement criteria • Barriers: national nature of ESCO licenses Food & consumer goods • Driver: sustainability as a business driver • Barrier: local transport models Business & development • Drivers: sustainability as a business driver • Barriers: public / private understanding of risk / reward, planning policy Town plan for Edinburgh’s New Town from the JR James archive http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrjamesarchive/ Culture • Limiting factor: consumer adoption Transport • Barrier: cross-modal business models Market drivers and barriers
  12. 12. © 2014 IBM Corporation12 Thankyou Dr Rick Robinson AoU CITP FRSA, Executive Architect, IBM Smarter Cities Open Group Distinguished Certified IT Architect rick_robinson@uk.ibm.com @dr_rick http://theurbantechnologist/com/

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