Smarter Cities briefing for the Technology Strategy Board's Future Cities Catapult

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I recently spent the afternoon briefing the UK Technology Strategy Board's Future Cities Catapult team on IBM's engagement in the Smarter Cities market. This presentation covers our Research projects and "Smarter Cities Challenge" through which we developed our understanding of urban challenges and the opportunities for technology to address them; through to our engagement with entrepreneurs and other innovative ecosystems; through to case studies from our work with customers. The downloadable powerpoint file has speaker notes and links to further material.

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Smarter Cities briefing for the Technology Strategy Board's Future Cities Catapult

  1. 1. Big data, open data and telepathy Technologies for sustainable cities and communities Dr Rick Robinson AoU CITP FRSA Executive Architect, IBM Smarter Cities Open Group Distinguished Certified IT Architect rick_robinson@uk.ibm.com @dr_rick http://theurbantechnologist.com/ http://ibm.com/smartercities/ Analysis of bus movements in Dublin http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/41068.wss Image captured by MRI scan by Shinji Nishimoto et al, UC Berkley, 2011 https://sites.google.com/site/gallantlabucb/publications/nishimoto-et-al-2011 Pedestrian roundabout in Shanghai, China, by Chris UK http://www.flickr.com/photos/_chrisuk/7580861928/ 3D printer by Media Lab Prado http://www.flickr.com/photos/medialab-prado/5839088528/
  2. 2. World Urbanization Prospects, 2007 Revision, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Competition
  3. 3. Survey of fund managers responsible for $14 trillion of assets “Global Investor Survey on Climate Change”, Global Investor Coalition on Climate Change, 2013 Financial impact of natural disasters EM-DAT Emergency Disasters Database Resilience $0m $350m 1900 2010 Honshu Tsunami Hurricane Katrina Wenchuan earthquake Kobe earthquake
  4. 4. (“Lives on the Line” by James Cheshire at UCL’s Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, showing the variation in life expectancy and correlation to child poverty in London. From Cheshire, J. 2012. Lives on the Line: Mapping Life Expectancy Along the London Tube Network. Environment and Planning A. 44 (7). Doi: 10.1068/a45341) Inequality
  5. 5. Images captured by MRI scan by Shinji Nishimoto, Alex G. Huth, An Vu and Jack L. Gallant, UC Berkley, 2011 https://sites.google.com/site/gallantlabucb/publications/nishimoto-et-al-2011 3D printed prosthetic leg by Bespoke Innovations http://www.bespokeinnovations.com/content/gallery Telepathy is now technology The IBM Watson Computer: http://www.ibm.com/innovation/us/watson/index.html http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2013/09/st art/print-your-sensors-then-plant-your-crops
  6. 6. IBM spends $6billion annually on pure Research and has filed more patents than any other company every year for nearly 20 years. Five scientists have won the Nobel Prize whilst working for IBM. Behavioral Sciences Life sciences Computer Science Electrical Engineering Materials Sciences Mathematical Sciences Physics Service Science, Management & Engineering Innovation that matters http://www.research.ibm.com/ http://www.research.ibm.com/client-programs/foak/
  7. 7. http://www.smartercomputingblog.com/smarter-computing/smarter-cities-rio/
  8. 8. http://www-03.ibm.com/press/uk/en/pressrelease/41097.wss https://www-304.ibm.com/connections/blogs/ibmireland/entry/innovative_new_data_sharing_network_to_create_commercial_opportunities1 Smarter Dublinked
  9. 9. City Planning & Operations • Infrastructure planning • Permit optimization • Tax & license fraud Intelligent Operations Center (IOC) • City wide situational awareness •Cross-department collaboration •Intelligent Response via integrated standard operation procedures •Performance monitoring with Dashboards and KPI’s • Decision Support Analytics • Mobile Stakeholders Connections with Citizen collaboration and Social media analytics Improved Outcomes for Citizen Benefit, Economic Vitality, Operational Excellence New in IOC 1.6 •User Experience •Easy to configure tools •Step by Step data integration •High availability •Increased Mobility Features For faster time to value Water • Water / wastewater operations • Water conservation • Water efficiency management Transportation •Transportation operations •Traffic prediction •Transit analytics Video Analytics •Event-based surveillance •Automated video analysis •Real-time alerts A platform for Smarter Cities: the Intelligent Operations Centre http://www-03.ibm.com/software/products/en/intelligent-operations-center
  10. 10. Kelvin Campbell’s “Massive/ Small” http://engagingcities.com/post/5012064472/massive-small-the-operating-system-for-smart-urbanism Town plan for Edinburgh’s New Town from the JR James archive http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrjamesarchive/ Photo of pedestrian roundabout in Shanghai, China, by Chris UK http://www.flickr.com/photos/_chrisuk/7580861928/ Photo of Masshouse Circus, Birmingham, before its redevelopment, by Birmingham City Council http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/cs/Satellite?c=Page&childpagename=Planning- Management%2FPageLayout&cid=1223092740947&pagename=BCC%2FCommon%2FWrapper%2FWrapper “Massive / Small” and Smart Digital Urbanism
  11. 11. http://smartercitieschallenge.org/ http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucerogers/2013/08/01/business-transformation-through-corporate-citizenship-how-stanley-litow-keeps- ibm-on-cutting-edge-of-innovation/
  12. 12. Photo of Jane Jacobs by Michèl Champagne http://www.mediamatic.net/104796/en/jane-jacobs-ideas-that-matter Photo of Christopher Alexander by Eugene Kim http://www.flickr.com/photos/eekim/5686194142/
  13. 13. Sunderland Software City: http://cities- today.com/2013/03/sunderlands- software-centre-gets-ibm-backing/ Sunderland Civic Centre by Paul Boxley http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulboxley/241434422/
  14. 14. www.ibm.com/isv/startup www.ibm.com/isv/startup/smartcamp http://www.softlayer.com/catalyst
  15. 15. http://bluemix.net/
  16. 16. http://www.ibm.com/smarterplanet/us/en/leadership/uofbari/assets/pdf/IBM_UofBari.pdf http://malaria.novartis. com/innovation/sms- for-life/index.shtml Business model: Collective Infrastructure Kilimo Salama: http://www.syngenta foundation.org/index .cfm?pageID=562
  17. 17. Smarter parking on a smarter high street Data from parking, traffic, events, etc. enables future conditions to be predicted. The effectiveness of “what-if” responses can be explored. Parking Sensors & Meters Cross-agency work can be planned and optimised. Traffic Information Weather Events Citizens and businesses can be updated and respond; travellers provided with predictive route and parking services; shops able to respond dynamically and interactively. www-01.ibm.com/common/ssi/cgi-bin/ssialias?infotype=PM&subtype=SP&htmlfid=GVS03037USEN f York Road, Kings Heath, in the 2009 Kings Heath Festival by Nick Lockley http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicklockey/
  18. 18. So what I a Smarter City? • A Smarter City systematically creates and consistently encourages innovations that: – change the relationships between the creation of economic and social value and the consumption of resources – contribute in a measurable way to achieving a vision and clear objectives that are supported by a consensus amongst city stakeholders – and are enabled by technology Seven steps to a Smarter City: http//theurbantechnologist.com/seven-steps-to-a-smarter-city/
  19. 19. Administration Environment Culture Economy Transportation Social Services Public Safety Energy Infrastructure Communities Planning and Management The city council which governs & provides public services? The energy, utility & infrastructure companies who build, manage & support the urban environment? The shops & farmers who feed us? The businesses who employ us, & the property developers who house us? Town plan for Edinburgh’s New Town from the JR James archive http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrjamesarchive/ Who will build a Smarter City? The urban lifestyle that we enjoy? The transport systems that move us?
  20. 20. Smarter care and communities http://www-03.ibm.com/press/uk/en/pressrelease/33818.wss
  21. 21. Minneapolis: Smarter city planning and operations IBM Intelligent Operations Centre: http://www-03.ibm.com/software/products/en/intelligent-operations-center12
  22. 22. IOC for Citizen Collaboration allows the general public to easily report issues they encounter using mobile and web apps. The new channel provides the local authority with new information on service requirements; and allows them to incorporate citizen observations into existing processes. 2. A traceable report can be sent to the IOC for validation and correlation; then to the relevant service. GraffitiGarbagePaving Stone 1. The general public can report they encounter via mobile devices. 3. The IOC manages a coordinated response 4. The issue is resolved and communicated back to citizens Citizen uploads Montpellier: improving services through collaborative innovation http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/06/27/montpellier-france-invites-citizens-author-smart-city
  23. 23. http://www.ibm.com/news/ca/en/2013/454e42662t01.html
  24. 24. Smarter homes and communities http://asmarterplanet.com/blog/2013/05/inspiring-social-sustainability-one-village-at-a-time.html
  25. 25. http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/34575.wss Business model: Cross-City Collaboration
  26. 26. Smarter Wimbledon … a city in miniature?
  27. 27. http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/business-brains/predictive-analytics-at-work-predicting-traffic-jams-before-they-occur/10543 http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/21971.wss Business model: Disruptive Business Platforms
  28. 28. Smarter infrastructure http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/41385.wss
  29. 29. All assets of the same type in this area highlighted in blue Search for all assets of the Type ‘natural channel’ with condition = 3 in this area. Results are highlighted in blue Wireless network links monitoring devices to central command center Sewer system data can also be linked with asset & workflow tools to manage any specific maintenance requests Innovative technologies such as Smart Manhole Covers are used to detect sewer flow levels Data can also drawn from more traditional SCADA/sensors systems. High resolution weather and flooding models are used to generate accurate flood maps with details for impacted areas Advanced analytics and optimization engines generate recommended actions for flood avoidance Stormwater Management Command Center Valves, pumps or inflatable dams are controlled dynamically to balance inline sewer storage and avoid potential overflows. Storm water: South Bend http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/38153.wss
  30. 30. http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/34575.wss Business model: Sustainable Business
  31. 31. Where next? “Cognitive cooking” Cognitive Cooking: http://www.fastcodesign.com/1672444/try-a-recipe-devised-by- ibms-supercomputer-chef
  32. 32. Thankyou Dr Rick Robinson AoU CITP FRSA Executive Architect, IBM Smarter Cities Open Group Distinguished Certified IT Architect rick_robinson@uk.ibm.com @dr_rick http://theurbantechnologist.com/ http://ibm.com/smartercities/ Analysis of bus movements in Dublin http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/41068.wss Image captured by MRI scan by Shinji Nishimoto et al, UC Berkley, 2011 https://sites.google.com/site/gallantlabucb/publications/nishimoto-et-al-2011 Pedestrian roundabout in Shanghai, China, by Chris UK http://www.flickr.com/photos/_chrisuk/7580861928/ 3D printer by Media Lab Prado http://www.flickr.com/photos/medialab-prado/5839088528/

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