fo"k; lwph
                                                                                                            i`"...
^leiZ.k*
gs ukFk!                                           gs ukFk!
thou ds daVdkdh.kZ iFk ij]                         tc...
fuosnu
     Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk osG vuqlkj ^oklqnso% loZe~* gh HkfDr rFkk Kku dk vfUre flºkUr gSA ;gh
ije lR; gSA bl fLFkfr es...
(iii)
'kqHkdkeuk lans'k
     yxHkx nl o"kZ iwoZ Mkå Jh fnus'k j[kstk dh vË;{krk eas dhfrZ uxj] ubZ fnYyh osG
lqÁfrf"Br xhrk efUn...
ekuo thou dk y{; ÁHkqÁkfIr gS] tks fd Lor% ÁkIr gksrs gq, Hkh Hkwyh gqbZ gSA Mkå lkfgc osG
lok±xh.k O;fDrRo ls Ásj.kk ikdj...
xzUFk ifjp;
                            olqnsolqra nsoa oaGlpk.kwj enZue~AA
                            nsodhijekuUna œ".k...
vFkkZr~] fli`Foh] ty] vfXu] ok;q] vkdk'k] eu] cqfº rFkk vgadkj_ bu vkB rRoksa ls cuh gqbZ
esjh v"VËkk Áœfr gSA bl ^vijk* uk...
muosG oa'k esa dkQh dky osG ckn ,d Árkih lezkV ^oqG#* gq,] ftuosG ckn ;g oa'k oqG#oa'k
dgyk;kA
     oqG#oa'k eas egkÁrkih ...
ÁkDdFku
                   u"Vks eksg% Le`fryZCËkk RoRÁlknkUe;kP;qrAA
                   fLFkrks∑fLe xrlansg% dfj";s opua ...
vkRek fuR;] vfouk'kh gS] vej gSA Kku] deZ] HkfDr] laU;kl] oSjkX; rFkk R;kx vkfn dh
mikns;rk crk dj lr~&vlr~ dk foosd tkxzr...
dgsaxsμ^dfj";s opua ro*A
      vtqZu dks fufeŸk cuk dj ekuo ek= osG dY;k.k osG fy, xhrk dk Á.k;u gqvk gSA ,slk le;
vo'; vk...
igyk vË;k;

                                      vtqZufo"kkn;ksx
     xhrk osG ÁFke vË;k; dk uke gS flvtqZufo"kkn;ksxfiA eg...
;s 'kCn Lo;a osnO;kl th us egkjkt Ëk`rjk"V™ dks lEcksfËkr djrs gq, dgs FksA
    ËkeZ vkSj Hkxoku nksuksa vfouk'kh gSa] fuR...
djsa] ftlls eSa Hkyh Ádkj ns[k low°G fd eq>s fduosG lkFk ;qº djuk gSA ns[kw° rks lgh ml nqcqZfº
nq;ksZËku dk fgr pkgus oky...
gfj Mj] xq# Mj] txr Mj] Mj djuh esa lkjAA
                        jTtc Mj~;k lks ≈cj~;k] xkfQy [kkbZ ekjAA
    vtqZu viuk ...
vFkkZr~ vxj ;s gkFk eas 'kL= fy, gq, Ëk`rjk"V™ osG iq=] eq> fugRFks ('kL=jfgr) vkSj ;qº eas
lkeuk u djus okys dks (eq>) ek...
vkSj vfUre ckr! Hkxoku Jhœ".k us vtqZu dks viuk fojkV:i fn[kk dj viuk ifjp; bl
Ádkj fn;kμ
            dkyks∑fLe yksd{k;œRÁ...
nwljk vË;k;

                                         lka[;;ksx
       vtqZu dh ekufld fLFkfr dk vuqeku yxkrs gq, ;gk° ls ...
viuk (O;fDrxr) ;qº ugha Fkk] ns'k dk ;qº FkkA og osGoy ,d lSfud Fkk] fufeŸk ek= FkkA ogk°
gkj ;k thr Hkh mldh O;fDrxr ugha...
;g 'yksd vË;kReekxZ osG lkËkdksa osG fy, ,d flº ea= gSA O;ogkj vFkok ijekFkZ esa oSGlh
Hkh my>u] oSGlh Hkh leL;k vFkok ≈gk...
bl Ádkj xhrk esa tho dks] iki&Hk; ls eqfDr ÁkIr djus osG fy, 'kj.kkxfr dks pje lkËku
crk;k x;k gSA
     vkt] oqG#{ks= osG ...
nwljs vË;k; osG X;kjgosa 'yksd ls ysdj rhlosa 'yksd rd Kku dh n`f"V ls] vFkkZr~ lka[; dh
n`f"V ls vtqZu dh leL;k ij fopkj ...
ekaMwD; dkfjdk esa dgk x;k gS fdμ
                             flvknkoUrs p ;UukfLr oŸkZekus∑fi rŸkFkkfi
      vFkkZr~ tks v...
lHkh lUr&egkiq#"k ,d gh ckr dks vyx&vyx 'kCnksa esa dgrs jgsA lEÁnk;&Hksn vkSj erHksn
rHkh rd gksrs gSa] tc rd rŸo dk vuqH...
fllalkj feF;k gSfi vkSj fllalkj HkxoR:i gSfi] ;s nksuksa ckrsa ,d&nwljs osG fo#º yxrh gSa] ysfdu
okLro esa nksuksa flºkUr ,d g...
vkSj le>krs gq, Hkxoku cksyμpyks FkksMh nsj osG fy, ge vxj vkRek dks ejus vkSj iSnk gksus
                                ...
dk dguk Fkk fd ^LoxZ pkfg,*] rks deZdkaM dk vkJ; yks vkSj LoxZ&ÁkfIr dks gh thou dk ije
y{; ekuk tkrk FkkA
       blosG ck...
deZ;ksx] Kku;ksx] HkfDr;ksx] Ë;ku;ksx vFkok vU;kU; lkËkuksa dh lkjHkwr ckr gS ^lerk*A
Hkxoku us ,d LFkku ij dgkμflfunksZ"ka...
rhljk vË;k;

                                       deZ;ksx
    rhljs vË;k; dk ÁkjEHk vtqZu osG ,d Á'u ls gqvk gSA vtqZu u...
cpkus osG fy, Hkxoku Kku dh ckr dj jgs Fks ftlls vtqZu dk foosd tkxzr gks tk, vkSj og ogh
djs] tks mldks djuk pkfg,A
     ...
;fn deZ djuk gh gS rks oqGN bl Ádkj ls fd;k tk, fd og deZ gesa tUe&e`R;q] nq%[k&lq[k
vkfn osG caËku esa u MkysA ftl Ádkj ,...
Hkxoku us vtqZu dks dgk fd thou esa oqG'kyrk ls deZ djus dh ;gh dyk gS fd flnwljksa dk
dY;k.k djus dh Hkkouk ysdj] fu"dke H...
Áœrs% fÿ;ek.kkfu xq.kS% dekZf.k loZ'k%AA
                              vgadkj foew<kRek drkZgfefr eU;rsAA
                ...
blfy, Hkxoku us dgk flfuxzg% foaG dfj";frfi vFkkZr~ ;gk° fdlh dk gB D;k djsxk ;gk°
Ë;ku nsus okyh ckr ;g gS fd lkËkd rks Áœf...
pkSFkk vË;k;

                                KkudeZlaU;kl;ksx
    Hkxoku Jhœ".k us vtqZu ls dgkμflgs vtqZu! deZ;ksx dk ;g ...
bl Á'u osG mŸkj eas Hkxoku us viuk ,d cgqr cM+k jgL; [kksydj j[k fn;kA Hkxoku
cksysμflgs vtqZu! rqEgkjs vkSj esjs cgqr ls t...
ls ijs crk;k x;kA og fÿ;k'khy gSA mlosG nks :i gSa] lxq.k rFkk fuxqZ.kA fÿ;k'khyrk osG dkj.k
;s nksuksa ,d&nwljs esa ifjof...
djosG] euq";rk ls vkxs fodkl djus dh vfUre lh<+h gSA vc eul~ rŸo ls vkxs fodkl djus
dk le; vk x;k gSA
(d) ^vkjksg.k* dh ;k...
Hkko ls ijefirk ijekRek dh 'kj.k esa tkrk gS] mls ÁHkq viuk ijein ns nsrs gSa] tgk° ls fQj ykSVuk
ugha gksrkA
     blosG c...
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta
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Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta

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Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta

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Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta

  1. 1. fo"k; lwph i`"B leiZ.k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (i) fuosnu -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (ii) 'kqHkdkeuk lans'k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (iii) 'kqHkdkeuk lans'k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (iv) xzUFk ifjp; -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (vi) ÁkDdFku ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ (ix) vË;k; igyk vË;k; vtqZufo"kkn;ksx -------------------------------------------------------------- 1 nwljk vË;k; lka[;;ksx ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 rhljk vË;k; deZ;ksx ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 pkSFkk vË;k; KkudeZlaU;kl;ksx ----------------------------------------------------------- 24 ik°pok° vË;k; deZlaU;kl ;ksx -------------------------------------------------------------- 31 NBk vË;k; vkRela;e;ksx ---------------------------------------------------------------- 36 lkrok° vË;k; KkufoKku;ksx ---------------------------------------------------------------- 41 vkBok° vË;k; v{kjcz„;ksx ----------------------------------------------------------------- 50 uok° vË;k; jktfo|k jktxq·;ksx -------------------------------------------------------- 55 nlok° vË;k; foHkwfr;ksx --------------------------------------------------------------------- 64 X;kjgok° vË;k; fo'o:in'kZu;ksx ----------------------------------------------------------- 69 ckjgok° vË;k; HkfDr;ksx ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 75 rsjgok° vË;k; {ks={ks=KfoHkkx;ksx ---------------------------------------------------------- 83 pkSngok° vË;k; xq.k=;foHkkx;ksx ------------------------------------------------------------ 89 iUÊgok° vË;k; iq#"kksŸke;ksx ------------------------------------------------------------------ 94 lksygok° vË;k; nSoklqjlEin~foHkkx;ksx ----------------------------------------------------- 101 l=gok° vË;k; Jºk=;foHkkx;ksx ----------------------------------------------------------- 106 vBkjgok° vË;k; eks{klaU;kl;ksx --------------------------------------------------------------- 112
  2. 2. ^leiZ.k* gs ukFk! gs ukFk! thou ds daVdkdh.kZ iFk ij] tc eSa lEeksfgr gksdj fo"k;kfXu esa >qylrk] larIr vkSj r`"kkrqj] Lo;a dks Hkwy tk≈°! O;kdqy lk gksdj tc&tc iqdkjk ;k HkVddj ekxZP;qr gks tk≈°] vkidk ikou uke! rks eq>s ;kn fnykuk! rks vkids œik&okfj ls&vfHkflafpr] lkFk fuHkkuk] ^Jhen~Hkxor~xhrk* :ih gkFk idM+dj jkg fn[kkuk! l?ku o`{k dh 'khry Nk;k esa ikbZ] rc&rc vkf[kjdkj vYiK tho gh g°w u! vfofPNUu] vifjfer 'kkafr ysfdu vkidk gh rks va'k gw°! vkSj ----------- ije foJke ! blfy, gs ukFk ! gs ukFk! ok.kh] eu vkSj cqfº dk D;k fo'okl gs esjs ukFk!! dc cny tk, vFkok dgha vxj] gksdj dHkh v'kDr] vlgk; ;k fujk'k ek;k ds o'k gksdj] foLe`r dj ns vkidk uke! eSa Hkwyw° rks Hkwyw° blfy, vki eq>s u Hkqykuk! dHkh u Hkqykuk!! gs ukFk! fl eSa vkidks dHkh u Hkwyw° fi gs ukFk! ,d ;gh nsuk ojnku! ËkekZËkeZ osG fu.kZ; esa vleFkZ] gs ukFk! cudj ^vtZqu*] lk°lksa dh Mksj dk D;k Hkjkslk tc djds iw.kZ leiZ.k] dc VwV tk, pyrs&pyrs vk≈° eSa vkidh 'kj.k! vkSj ------------ chp jkg esa ifFkd] rks gs œ".k! gs ukFk! jg tk, gkFk elyrs! gs esjs ukFk! u tkus dc vk tk, esjk eksg feVkuk] vafre iM+ko! eq>s Hkh xhrk lqukuk! thou ;k=k dk D;k fBdkuk eq>s Hkh xhrk lqukuk! & fnus'k j[kstk (i)
  3. 3. fuosnu Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk osG vuqlkj ^oklqnso% loZe~* gh HkfDr rFkk Kku dk vfUre flºkUr gSA ;gh ije lR; gSA bl fLFkfr esa fujUrj jgus dk uke gh Lo:i fLFkfr gSA blh ls lkËkd HkxoRÁkfIr dj ldrk gSA tks bPNk Hk; vkSj ÿksËk ls loZnk nwj gS og loZFkk eqDr gSA Lo;a dks eu&cqfº&bfUÊ;ksa lfgr Hkxoku osG viZ.k dj nsus okyk O;fDr xhrkth osG ve`r dks ihus dk vfËkdkjh curk gSA xhrkth xzUFk ,d ,slk ve`r&ljksoj gS ftlesa ftruh xgjh Mqcdh yxkbZ tk,] lkËkd mruk gh Hkhx dj o oqGN ikdj gh fudyrk gSA viuh vkË;kfRed mUufr o HkxoRÁkfIr dk bPNqd ÁR;sd O;fDr pkgs og fdlh o.kZ] vkJe] tkfr] lEÁnk; ;k ns'k dk gks] xhrkth osG iBu&ikBu ls ykHkkfUor gks ldrk gSA Hkxor~&ekxZ ij vkxs c<+us okyk] vkxs tkus dh bPNk j[kus okyk O;fDr bls i<+us dk vfËkdkjh gSA ;qº tSlh ?kksj ifjfLFkfr esa Hkh ;fn vtqZu xhrk&Kku ls ykHk mBk ldrk gS rks ge&vki D;ksa ugha mBk ldrsA nq%[k osG {k.kksa esa lq[k&ÁkfIr dh bPNk u j[kuk] o lq[k osG {k.kksa esa vkSj vfËkd lq[k&ÁkfIr dh bPNk u djus dk lans'k ge xhrkth esa gh ikrs gSaA ;gh thou thus dh dyk gS vkSj ;gh gS lkËkuk dk ewy&eU=A xhrk :ih ve`r&ljksoj esa ,sls dbZ jRu fNis gSaA vko';drk gS rks mUgsa xgjkbZ esa mrj dj <w°< dj ykus dhA xhrk :ih bl ve`r&ljksoj esa lkËkkj.k ls lkËkkj.k o fo}ku ls fo}ku O;fDr vius ykHk gsrq] lkËkuk osG iFk ij c<+us gsrq o HkxoRÁkfIr gsrq oqGN ykHk vo'; mBk losG] blh fopkj ls xhrkth osG ,d ls vBkjg vË;k;ksa dh laf{kIr O;k[;k ÁLrqr djosG Mkå j[kstk th us lkËkd leqnk; ij midkj fd;k gSA xhrkth esa vk, gq, lHkh Hkkoksa dh laf{kIr ÁLrqfr ljkguh; gSA vk'kk gS lqËkhtu bldk iBu o euu djosG bls thou esa mrkjus dk Á;kl djsaxsA μJherh jkt vjksM+k (ii)
  4. 4. (iii)
  5. 5. 'kqHkdkeuk lans'k yxHkx nl o"kZ iwoZ Mkå Jh fnus'k j[kstk dh vË;{krk eas dhfrZ uxj] ubZ fnYyh osG lqÁfrf"Br xhrk efUnj esa ^Jh xhrk jkek;.k laxks"Bh* dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ FkhA Hkkjrh; n'kZu esa #fp j[kus okys x.kekU; cgqr ls Áseh lTtu blosG lnL; cusA ÁkjEHk esa lHkh lnL; Áfrfnu xhrk eafnj eas ,d= gksrs Fks] tgk° ij Mkå j[kstk th xhrk osG ,d&,d 'yksd dh] ewy&ikB osG lkFk gj igyw ls O;k[;k djosG lkËkd lnL;ksa dks xhrke`r dk iku djkrs FksA Mkå lkfgc dh O;k[;k djus dh 'kSyh] xgu nk'kZfud fo"k; dks vR;Ur ljy <ax ls le>kus dh dyk] rFkk x`g&laU;klh :i us Jksrkvksa dks cgqr ÁHkkfor fd;kA ;g ÿe dbZ o"kZ rd pyrk jgkA mUgha fnuksa Mkå lkfgc us ^Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk dk ljy fgUnh eas i|kuqokn* fd;k] ftls ns'k&fons'k esa vkt Hkh cM+s lEeku osG lkFk i<+k tkrk gSA blh ÿe eas ^Jhjkepfjrekul* dh ,d&,d pkSikbZ dh O;k[;k rFkk ^Jhen~HkkxoRiqjk.k* dh ,d&,d 'yksd ysdj foLr`r O;k[;k gqbZA mlh le; ^Jhv"Vkoÿ xhrk* dh ,d lkjxfHkZr O;k[;k Mkå lkfgc us Ádkf'kr djosG Hkkjrh; n'kZu dh Ëkkjk esa ,d vf}rh; ;ksxnku fn;kA oLrqr% dgus ;ksX; ckr ;g gS fd Mkå lkfgc us lqIr iM+h Hkkjrh; n'kZu dh fopkjËkkjk dks fQj ls ltho fd;kA Hkys gh laxks"Bh osG lnL;ksa dh la[;k vfËkd ugha gS ijUrq lHkh lnL; ÁkS<+ rFkk lqy>s gq, fopkjksa okys ifjiDo lkËkd gSaA bldk Hkh lEiw.kZ Js; Mkå lkfgc dks tkrk gSA Mkå lkfgc dh vË;{krk esa laxks"Bh dh vksj ls dbZ ckj o`Unkou rFkk cjlkuk Ëkke dh ;k=k,° gks pqdh gSaA vkË;kfRed rFkk lkekftd dk;Zÿeksa eas Hkh xks"Bh osG lHkh lnL; Ák;% Hkkx ysrs jgrs gSaA vkt osG bl Vh-oh- Ápkj osG ;qx esa cgqr ls pSuyksa ij ËkkfeZd rFkk vkË;kfRed fopkj] cM+s&cM+s lUr] egkiq#"kksa }kjk Álkfjr fd;s tkrs gSaA ogk° gekjh laxks"Bh dh nsu Hkh fdlh ls de ugha gS] D;ksafd bleas tkfr&o.kZ&ËkeZ&lEÁnk; vkfn ls ≈ij mB dj osGoy Hkkjrh; n'kZu dh ekSfyd fopkjËkkjk dh ÁËkkurk gSA ÁLrqr iqLrd ^Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk&lkj la{ksi* vkË;kfRed txr eas ,d u;k vË;k; tksM+rh gSA bleas xhrk osG Hkkoksa dks Li"V ,oa lqxe cukus osG fy, Hkkjrh; n'kZu osG vusd mºj.k nsdj fo"k; dh xgurk dk ljyhdj.k fd;k x;k gSA lkFk gh lkFk bl ckr dk Ë;ku j[kk x;k gS fd iqLrd dk vkdkj o`gn~ u gksA oLrqr% ;g xkxj esa lkxj Hkjus dk lQy Á;kl gSA Mkå j[kstk th dk ;g Á;kl tho osG mºkj dh ;k=k osG ifjis{; esa ns[kk tk ldrk gSA (iv)
  6. 6. ekuo thou dk y{; ÁHkqÁkfIr gS] tks fd Lor% ÁkIr gksrs gq, Hkh Hkwyh gqbZ gSA Mkå lkfgc osG lok±xh.k O;fDrRo ls Ásj.kk ikdj rFkk muosG infpUgkas ij py dj ÁR;sd lkËkd ËkU; ,oa œrœR; gks ldrk gSA vUr esa] laxks"Bh osG ge lHkh lnL; Mkå lkfgc dh bl egrh vuqdEik ij muosG vR;Ur vkHkkjh gSaA muosG Áfr ge Jºk&lqeu vfiZr djrs gSa] rFkk vk'kk djrs gSa fd Hkfo"; esa Hkh og gekjh ftKklk rFkk Kku&fiiklk dks vius lfÿ; Kkuke`r ls r`Ir djrs jgsaxsA ^Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk&lkj la{ksi* uked bl xzUFk osG Ádk'ku ij laxks"Bh osG lHkh lnL; Mkå lkfgc dks gkfnZd ËkU;okn] lkËkqokn rFkk 'kqHkdkeuk vfiZr djrs gSaA fouhr % laxks"Bh osG lHkh lnL; ^uoo"kZ* Jhxhrk jkek;.k laxks"Bh foÿe laor 2067 H-29, dhfrZ uxj 16 ekpZ] 2010 ubZ fnYyh&110015 (v)
  7. 7. xzUFk ifjp; olqnsolqra nsoa oaGlpk.kwj enZue~AA nsodhijekuUna œ".ka oans txn~xq#e~AA ÁiUuikfjtkrk; rks=os=Sdik.k;s%AA KkueqÊk; œ".kk; xhrke`rnqgs ue%AA lfPpnkuUn:ik; fo'oksRiR;kfngsros%AA rki=;fouk'kk; Jhœ".kk; o;a uqe%AA œ".kk;] oklqnsok;] gj;s] ijekReus%AA Á.krDys'kuk'kk;] xksfoUnk; ueks ue%AA • Hkkjr dh Ëkjrh ij] ^oqG#{ks=* uked LFkku ij dkSjoksa rFkk ikaMoksa esa ,d cgqr cM+k ;qº yM+k x;kA ml ;qº dh dFkk egkHkkjr esa cgqr foLrkj ls dgh xbZA • Jhœ".k }Sik;u O;kl }kjk fojfpr egkdkO; ^egkHkkjr*] laLœr lkfgR; dh vewY; Ëkjksgj gSA ,slk dgk x;k gS fd fltks egkHkkjr esa ugha gS] og lkfgR; esa vkSj dgha ugha gSAfi lkfgR;] ËkeZ] laLœfr] uhfr] f'k{kk] dFkkud vkSj ukVdh;rk dh n`f"V ls egkHkkjr dk ,d fof'k"V LFkku gSA egkHkkjr eas oqGy 18 foHkkx gSa] ftUgsa ^ioZ* dgk tkrk gS] tSls 'kkafr ioZ] Hkh"e ioZ vkfnA Hkh"e ioZ esa ^vË;k; 25* ls ^vË;k; 42* rd Jhœ".k rFkk vtqZu osG laokn osG :i esa oqGy 700 'yksd ^Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk* osG uke ls Áflº gSaA vBkjg vË;k;h xhrk osG fo"k; eas ;gk° ,d ckr cgqr Ë;ku nsus ;ksX; gSA vBkjg (18) dk vad gekjs vkË;kfRed txr~ esa fo'ks"k LFkku j[krk gSA mnkgj.k osG fy, iqjk.kksa dh la[;k 18] miiqjk.k Hkh 18_ egkHkkjr eas ioZ 18] egkHkkjr dh yM+kbZ 18 fnu rd yM+h xbZ] Jhen~Hkkxor~egkiqjk.k esa 18000 'yksd gSaA Áeq[k Le`fr;k° Hkh 18 gSaA xhrk esa vË;k; Hkh vBkjg gSaA bl rjg lc oqGN ns[kus yxsa rks lwph cgqr yEch gks tk,xhA bldk D;k dkj.k gks ldrk gS ;g rks fo}kuksa osG 'kksËk dk fo"k; gS] ysfdu gesa ,slk yxrk gS fd 18 dh la[;k ,d cgqr cM+s vkË;kfRed lR; dh vksj laosGr djrh gSA ;g leLr l`f"V] ^iq#"k* vkSj ^Áœfr* osG la;ksx ls cuh gSA xhrk eas Hkxoku~ œ".k us dgkμ Hkwfejkiks∑uyks ok;q%] [ka euks cqfºjso pAA (7@4) vgadkj brh;a es] fHkUukÁœfrj"VËkkAA (7@4) vijs;ferLRoU;ka Áœfra fofº es ijke~AA (7@5) thoHkwrka egkckgks] ;;sna Ëkk;Zrs txr~AA (7@5) (vi)
  8. 8. vFkkZr~] fli`Foh] ty] vfXu] ok;q] vkdk'k] eu] cqfº rFkk vgadkj_ bu vkB rRoksa ls cuh gqbZ esjh v"VËkk Áœfr gSA bl ^vijk* uked Áœfr osG vfrfjDr ,d ^ijk* Áœfr Hkh gS ftlosG }kjk ;g txr~ Ëkkj.k fd;k tkrk gSA bl ijk Áœfr dks ^tho* dgk x;k gSAfi tc psru lŸkk] viuk lacaËk Áœfr osG lkFk eku ysrh gS] rks txr~ dh l`f"V gksrh gSA vkSj tc bu nksuksa dk lEcUËk&foPNsn gks tkrk gS] rks txr~ dh lŸkk lekIr gks tkrh gS vkSj ^tho* dh laKk Hkh tho ugha jgrh] og vius fuR; 'kqº] fufoZdkj] iw.kZ lŸk] fpr~] vkuUn Lo:i esa fLFkr gks tkrk gSA ^,d* (ijk) rFkk vkB (vijk) osG ijLij lacaËk dk ifjpk;d gS 18 dk vadA nksuksa eas lacaËk gqvkμrks caËku_ vkSj lacaËk&foPNsn gqvkμrks eqfDrA 'kk;n blhfy, ti ekyk esa 108 eudksa dk foËkku j[kk x;k gksxk fd gesa ;kn jgs fd ,d (tho) vkSj vkB (Áœfr) dk dksbZ lEcUËk ugha gS (lacaËk 'kwU; gS) ^ijk* vkSj ^vijk* Áœfr dk o.kZu dgha ^iq#"k* vkSj ^Áœfr* uke ls fd;k x;k gS] dgha mudks ^{kj* vkSj ^v{kj* dgk x;k_ vkSj dgha ^{ks=* rFkk ^{ks=K* dh laKk nh xbZA oqGN Hkh gks] ge lkËkdksa osG eryc dh ckr bruh gh gS fd ^tho* dk okLrfod Lo:i lr~] fpr~] vkuUn gSA tc og v"VËkk Áœfr osG lkFk viuk lEcUËk eku cSBrk gS rks Lo;a dks caËku esa eglwl djus yxrk gSA LoIuor~ leLr l`f"V dh Ëkkj.kk djus yxrk gS vkSj dHkh nq%[kh] dHkh ÁlUu] dHkh Hk;Hkhr] dHkh eksfgr vkSj dHkh 'kafdr gks tkrk gSA ^Jhjkepfjrekul* esa dgk x;kμ bZLoj val tho vfouklhAA psru vey lgt lq[kjklhAA lks ek;kcl Hk;m xqlkb±AA caË;ks dhj ejdV dh ukb±AA D;ksafd tM+] psrufga xzfUFk ifj xbZAA tnfi e`"kk NwVfg dfBubZAA blfy, gesa ;g le>uk gksxk fd ^,d* (tho) vkSj ^vkB* (Áœfr) dk lEcUËk okLrfod ugha] dkYifud gSA geas bl LoIu ls tkxuk gksxk] rHkh leLr nq%[kksa ls vkR;fUrd fuo`fŸk gks losGxhA Jhjkepfjrekul osG vuqlkjμ tkSa liusa flj dkVfg dksbZAA tkxs fcuq u nwfj nq%[k gksbZAA bl eksg fuÊk ls tkxus ij og tho] tks Lo;a dks cº vuqHko dj jgk Fkk] eqDr gks tkrk gSA bl voLFkk dks thoUeqfDr dgk tkrk gSA D;ksafd bl voLFkk esa lalkj iwoZor~ jgrs gq, Hkh ugha jgrkA lkËkd dh n`f"V esa mldh lŸkk gh lekIr gks tkrh gSA cl! caËku vkSj eqfDr dk bruk gh foKku gSA lalkj dk egRo jgk rks caËku] egRo lekIr gks x;k rks eqfDr! xhrk dk mins'k lquus osG ckn vtqZu us dgkμu"Vkseksg% Le`fryZCËkkA rks vkb,] xhrk dh ckr djsaA Ákphu dky esa ,d jktk ^nq";Ur* gq,] ftudk fookg Ωf"k ^d.o* dh iq=h ^'koqGUryk* ls gqvkA muosG ,d iq= gq, ^Hkjr*] tks cM+s ohj] ijkÿeh vkSj vkstLoh FksA mUgha osG uke ij gekjs ns'k dk uke ^Hkkjro"kZ* iM+kA (vii)
  9. 9. muosG oa'k esa dkQh dky osG ckn ,d Árkih lezkV ^oqG#* gq,] ftuosG ckn ;g oa'k oqG#oa'k dgyk;kA oqG#oa'k eas egkÁrkih ikaaMo vkSj dkSjo gq,A ikaMo la[;k eas ik°p Fks vkSj dkSjo lkS HkkbZ FksA gfLrukiqj osG jkT; osG fy, ifjokj osG yksxksa esa ;qº Bu x;kA ikaMo lR; osG ekxZ ij Fks] dkSjo nq"V Fks] vkSj vËkeZ osG ekxZ ij FksA oqG#{ks= dh Hkwfe ij tc nksuksa vksj ls lsuk,° ,d= gqb±] rks vtqZu dks caËkq&ckaËkoksa dks ns[k dj eksg gks x;kA og ;qº ls iyk;u dh ckr djus yxkA Hkxoku Jhœ".k Lo;a mlosG lkjFkh cus gq, FksA mUgksaus vius l[kk vtqZu dks le>kus osG fy, tks mins'k fn;k] mlh dks Hkxon~xhrk dgk tkrk gSA xhrkth dh ,d laf{kIr O;k[;k] ^lkj&la{ksi* osG :i esa foK ikBdksa osG le{k ÁLrqr gSA blesa fn, x, mnkgj.k rFkk Hkko Lo;a txn~xq# Hkxoku Jhœ".k dh Ásj.kk&ek= gSaA blesa esjk viuk oqGN ugha gS] tks gS og lUr&egkiq#"kksa dk Álkn gSA Hkxoku dh ok.kh dh O;k[;k dkSu dj ldrk gS tSlk lquk] i<+k vFkok oqGN viuh vYi cqfº ls le> ldk] og lc fo}ku lkËkdksa dh lsok eas ÁLrqr dj jgk gw°A ;fn blesa oqGN =qfV;k° ut+j vk,° rks os fu'p; gh esjh vYiKrk osG dkj.k gSaA fo}Ttuksa ls ÁkFkZuk gS] fd os blosG fy, eq>s {kek djsaxsA Jºk osG ;s lqeu ;ksx&;ksxs'oj] txn~xq# Hkxoku Jhœ".k osG pj.kdeyksa esa lefiZr gSaA Ronh;a oLrq xksfoUn rqH;eso leiZ;sA gfj ¨ rRlr~ fouhr % Mkå fnus'k j[kstk (viii)
  10. 10. ÁkDdFku u"Vks eksg% Le`fryZCËkk RoRÁlknkUe;kP;qrAA fLFkrks∑fLe xrlansg% dfj";s opua roAA Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk osG bl mi;qZDr 'yksd esa lEiw.kZ xhrk dk lkj] mÌs'; ,oa lans'k fufgr gSA vkb,] blosG ,d&,d in dk fo'ys"k.k djosG ns[krs gSaA u"Vks eksg% vtqZu us dgkμesjk eksg u"V gks x;kA xhrk dk ÁkjaHk ,slh fLFkfr esa gksrk gS] tgk° vtqZu (tho) dks ^vgark* (eSa 'kjhj gw°) rFkk ^eerk* (;g 'kjhj rFkk lacaËkh esjs gSa) us ?ksj fy;k gSA viuk dŸkZO; ({kk=ËkeZ) og Hkwy x;k gS] mldh ekufld fLFkfr fcxM+ xbZ gS vkSj mls oqGN Hkh ugha lw>rkA foaGdrZO;foew<+ gksdj og vius vfHkUu fe=&lkjfFk cus Jhœ".k ls viuh osnuk ÁdV djrk gSA eq[k lw[k jgk gS] gkFk&iSj dk°i jgs gSa] xkaMho Ëkuq"k gkFk ls NwV jgk gS] [kM+k jgus dh 'kfDr Hkh ugha jghA vtqZu dh ;g n'kk ;qº osG fy, rS;kj [kM+s ifjtuksa dks ns[k dj gqbZA blh eksg us vtqZu :ih tho dks ?ksjk gSA vtqZu :ih tho tc HkkSfrd foHkhf"kdkvksa ls Hk;Hkhr] tkxfrd larkiksa ls larIr gksdj vius drZO; deks± dks Hkwy tkrk gS] vkSj cz„:i Hkxoku Jhœ".k dh 'kj.k gksdj iqdkj mBrk gSμ^f'k";Lrs∑ga 'kkfËk eka Roka ÁiUue~*_ rc HkDroRly Hkxoku osG eq[kkjfoUn ls ,d ,slk fnO; lans'k ÁLiqGfVr gksrk gS tks eksgxzLr Ák.kh dks u osGoy drZO; dk ekxZ fn[kkrk gS] vfirq tM+&psru osG jgL;ksa dks [kksy dj ,slk ekxZ Á'kLr djrk gS] ftlosG fnO; Ádk'k esa tho dks uSf"Bd 'kkafr] 'kk'or r`fIr rFkk vkfRed larqf"V feyrh gSA ifj.kkeLo:i tho iqdkj mBrk gSμ^u"Vks eksg%*A Le`fryZCËkk vFkkZr~ tks Le`fr foLe`r gks xbZ Fkh] og ykSV vkbZ gSA vkRek dk ËkeZ gksus osG dkj.k Le`fr dk uk'k ugha gksrkA eksg vkSj Le`fr ijLij fojksËkh rRo gSaA eksg osG vk tkus ls Le`fr nc tkrh gS] vkSj eksg uk'k gksus ij Le`fr fey tkrh gSA vtqZu osG eksg dks u"V djus osG fy, vkSj lqIr Le`fr dks txkus osG fy, Hkxoku losZ'oj dks Hkh dkQh ifjJe djuk iM+k] D;ksafd eksgdfyy esa Ëk°ls fo"kknxzLr Ák.kh dks mckjuk dksbZ lkËkkj.k ckr ughaA Hkxoku us le>k;k fd ;s lc yksx tks ;qº osG fy, vk, gSa] muosG 'kjhj feVus okys gSa] ijUrq (ix)
  11. 11. vkRek fuR;] vfouk'kh gS] vej gSA Kku] deZ] HkfDr] laU;kl] oSjkX; rFkk R;kx vkfn dh mikns;rk crk dj lr~&vlr~ dk foosd tkxzr fd;kA uoe vË;k; rd Hkh vtqZu osG ‚n; esa vUr}ZU} py jgk gSA rc Hkxoku Jhœ".k dks viuh fnO; foHkwfr;ksa dk o.kZu djuk iM+k vkSj dguk iM+k fdμgs vtqZu! tks&tks Hkh foHkwfr] ,s'o;Z vFkok dkfUrlaEiUu oLrq gS] og esjs rst osG ,d va'kek= dh vfHkO;fDr gSA lEiw.kZ cz„kaM dks eSa vius ,d va'k eas Ëkkj.k djosG fLFkr gw°A rc vtqZu cksy mBkμesjk eksg pyk x;kμ^eksgks∑;a foxrks ee*A Le`fr nks Ádkj dh gksrh gSμ^lkalkfjd Le`fr* vkSj ^vkfRed Le`fr*A vtqZu dh ;gh Le`fr] ftldk lacaËk Lo;a ls gS] yqIr gks xbZ FkhA og Hkwy x;k Fkk fd og 'kjhj ugha] vkRek gSA fo'kqº lfPpnkuUn dk gh va'k gSA vlr~ lalkj dh lŸkk ugha gksrh] vkSj lr~ dk dHkh vHkko ugha gksrkA ;g foosd tkxzr gksrs gh og iqdkj mBkμ^Le`fryZCËkk*A RoRÁlknkUe;kP;qr vtqZu us dgkμ;g lc oqGN vkidh œik ls gqvk gSA vlr~ txr dk eksg nwj gksrs gh vtqZu osG ‚n; esa lr~ (Lo;a) dh Le`fr tkxzr gks xbZA vgark vkSj eerk vkfn lapkjh Hkkoksa dk uk'k gks x;k rFkk fueZyrk] 'kj.kkxfr vkSj fujfHkekurk vkfn fnO; Hkko tkx mBsA Jºk] leiZ.k rFkk ÁHkq osG Áfr fo'okl c<+ x;kA mldk vUr%dj.k iw.kZ:i ls cny x;k] mls viuh =qfV;ksa dk vkHkkl gks x;kA og tku x;k fd euq"; rks ijekRek osG gkFk dk f[kykSuk gS] ,d fufeŸk&ek= gS] ÁHkq dh bPNk osG foijhr oqGN gks gh ugha ldrkA mlosG eksguk'k ls tks Le`fr tkxzr gqbZ gS] og Hkh fo'ofu;Urk ÁHkq Jhœ".k dh œik osG dkj.k gSA fLFkrks∑fLe xrlansg% vtqZu us dgkμvkidh œik ls esjs lc la'k;] HkzkfUr;k°] lansg lekIr gks x, gSaA mldks igys ,slk yxrk Fkk fd ;fn og ;qº djsxk rks cgqr cM+k ujlagkj gksxk] fgalk gksxh] iki yxsxk] foËkok fL=;k° Hkz"V gks tk,°xh] o.kZladj gksxk vkfn&vkfnA og le> ugha ik jgk Fkk fd ;qº djs ;k u djsA Hkxoku osG mins'k dks lqu dj Ëkhjs&Ëkhjs mldh lc ftKklk,° 'kkUr gks xbZ] lansg u"V gks x, vkSj la'k; nwj gks x,A Hkxoku osG }kjk iw.kZ'kj.kkxfr dk vkns'k ikdj dksbZ Hkh lansg ckdh u jgkA og viuh lgt Lo:i fLFkfr esa vkdj deZ djus dks rS;kj gSA dfj";s opua ro vtqZu us dgkμgs ÁHkq! eSa vkidh vkKk dk ikyu d:°xkA f}rh; vË;k; esa vtqZu us Hkxoku dh 'kj.k gksdj ekxZn'kZu dh ÁkFkZuk rks dh Fkh] ysfdu lkFk gh lkFk ^u ;ksRL;s* dg dj ;qº u djus dk viuk fu.kZ; Hkh lquk fn;k FkkA og ;qº dks u djuk gh Js;Ldj ekurk FkkA Hkxoku mldh euksn'kk dks le>rs gq, vusd Ádkj ls le>krs gSa vkSj var eas dgrs gSaμ^eUeuk Hko] en~HkDrks] e|kth] eka ueLoqG#*A ;fn rw vgadkjiwoZd esjh ckr ugha ekusxk rks u"V gks tk,xk] vkSj eku ysxk rks eSa rq>s lc ikiksa ls eqDr dj nw°xkμ^vga Rok loZikisH;ks eks{kf;";kfe ek 'kqp%*A ;g lc lqu dj vtqZu dh feF;k ekU;rk,° feV xb± vkSj og dg mBkμvc eSa ogh d:°xkμtks vki (x)
  12. 12. dgsaxsμ^dfj";s opua ro*A vtqZu dks fufeŸk cuk dj ekuo ek= osG dY;k.k osG fy, xhrk dk Á.k;u gqvk gSA ,slk le; vo'; vkrk gS] tc tho dk eksg u"V gks tkrk gS] Lo:i Le`fr tkxzr gks tkrh gS vkSj og Hkxoku dh vuU; 'kj.k gksdj Hkolkxj ls rj tkrk gSA ;gh xhrk dk mins'k] lans'k vkSj vkns'k gSA Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk ij u tkus fdruh Hkk"kkvksa eas] vusd euhf"k;ksa }kjk Hkk"; vkSj Vhdk,° fy[kh xb±A mUgha euhf"k;ksa vkSj nk'kZfudksa dh dM+h esa Mkå j[kstk th dk uke Hkh vfxze iafDr esa vkrk gSA vki ,d eËkqjHkk"kh] vkd"kZd] feyulkj] ljy] lgt] ÁiqGfYyr] Álkne; O;fDrRo osG Ëkuh gSaA buosG lknxhiw.kZ thou dh ,d >yd ns[ksaxs rks ikBdx.k ik,°xs fd nks fojksËkkHkklh igyqvkas dk ,d vn~Hkqr lfEeJ.k gSA vki ,d mPpdksfV osG ‚n; fo'ks"kK vkSj lhfu;j fQthf'k;u gksus osG lkFk&lkFk ,d x.kekU; nk'kZfud Hkh gSaA Mkå lkfgc osG fueZy] ljy] nEHk&vfHkekujfgr xaHkhj] fpUru'khy] e`nq] vkstLoh] dkO;e;] lkfgfR;d rFkk fouez O;fDrRo dk lgh vkdyu Hkxoku Jhœ".k osG eq[kkjfoUn ls fu%l`r fuEu 'yksd }kjk fd;k tk ldrk gSμ fuekZueksgk] ftrlaxnks"kkμ vË;kRefuR;k fofuo`Ÿk dkek%A }U}SfoZeqDrk% lq[knq%[klaKS% xPNUR;ew<+k% ineO;;a rr~AA ÁLrqr xzaFk ,d uohu 'kSyh dks ysdj gekjs lkeus vk;k gSA ;g iqLrd bl mÌs'; ls fy[kh xbZ gS fd lkËku djus okyk lkekU; lkËkd Hkkjrh; n'kZu osG 'kh"kZLFk xzaFkjRu Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk osG xgu] vkË;kfRed rFkk lukru lR; ij vkËkkfjr xw<+ jgL;ksa rFkk mnkŸk Hkkoksa dks ljyrk ls ‚n;axe dj losGA ÁR;sd Hkko osG lkFk Mkå lkfgc dh viuh HkfDre; lefiZr Hkkouk tqM+h gqbZ gSA blesa T+kjk Hkh lansg ugha fd bl xzaFk dh mikns;rk ns'k esa gh ugha] fons'k eas Hkh flº gksxhA xhrk tSls egku xzaFk ij bl Ádkj dh ljy O;k[;k okyh lkjxfHkZr ,oa laf{kIr œfr;ksa esa bl iqfLrdk dk uke lcls vkxs jgsxkA bfr vye~A fouhr % fujatunso 'kkL=h (jtuhu) QkYxqu 'kqDy] f}rh;k ih-bZ-,l- (I) lsokfuo`Ÿk foÿe laor~ 2066 lhfu;j ÁoDrk rFkk laLœr&foHkkxkË;{k 6 Qjojh] 2010 xouZesaV dkyst vkWQ ,tqosG'ku] tkyaËkjA (xi)
  13. 13. igyk vË;k; vtqZufo"kkn;ksx xhrk osG ÁFke vË;k; dk uke gS flvtqZufo"kkn;ksxfiA egkHkkjr esa Hkh"e ioZ osG bl 25osa vË;k; eas ml le; dk o.kZu gS tc dkSjoksa rFkk ikaMoksa dh lsuk,a oqG#{ks= osG eSnku esa ;qº osG fy, rS;kj [kM+h FkhaA ,d rjg ls ;g ,slh fLFkfr Fkh tcfd ;qº vo';EHkkoh gks x;k Fkk] vc mlosG Vyus dh dksbZ vk'kk ugha FkhA dkSjoksa osG i{k esa oqGy X;kjg v{kkSfg.kh lsuk vkSj ikaMoksa osG i{k eas osGoy lkr v{kkSfg.kh*A dkSjo i{k eas ,sls&,sls ;ksºk [kM+s Fks ftudks gjkuk ;k ekjuk yxHkx vlEHko&lk yxrk FkkA mnkgj.k osG fy, ^Hkh"e firkeg* dks bPNke`R;q dk ojnku ÁkIr Fkk_ vkSj ^v'oRFkkek* rFkk ^œikpk;Z* fpjathoh dgykrs FksA mudh e`R;q vlEHko FkhA** t+jk nsf[k;sμ;s lHkh nq;ksZËku osG i{kikrh gSa vkSj dkSjo lsuk osG lkFk [kM+s gSaA vkSj rks vkSj] xq# Êks.kkpk;Z ftUgksaus vtqZu vkSj nq;ksZËku lfgr lc dkSjo&ikaMoksa dks gkFk idM+ dj 'kL= pykuk vkSj ;qº djuk fl[kk;k gS] og Hkh dkSjoksa osG lkFk [kM+s gSaA mudk lkeuk djosG] mudks Hkh gjkuk dksbZ lkËkkj.k ckr ugha yxrhA ,slh ifjfLFkfr esa ;fn lkËkkj.k cqfº ls lkspk tk,] rks dkSjoksa dk iyM+k gh Hkkjh yxrk gSA ysfdu ugha&ugha! t+jk bËkj Hkh n`f"V Mky dj ns[kk tk,A vjs ;g D;k ikaMo lsuk esa egkjFkh vtqZu dk jFk dkSu gk°d jgk gS ;g rks Lo;a }kjdkËkh'k Hkxoku ^Jhœ".k* gSaA Jhœ".k dh bl >k°dh dk n'kZu djosG yxrk gS fd tgk° ËkeZ gS] ogha Jhœ".k gSa vkSj fot; Hkh fuf'pr :i ls ogha gSA egkHkkjr eas dgk x;k gSμ fn"VesrUujO;k?kz ukfHk'kksfprqegZflAA u pSo 'kD;a la;Urq] ;rks ËkeZLrrks t;%AA vFkkZr~μflgs ujJs"B! ;g rks nSoh fu;e gS] foËkku gS! bls feVk;k ugha tk ldrkA blosG fy, rqEgsa 'kksd djuk ;ksX; ugha gSA tgk° ËkeZ gS] ogha fot; gSAfi * ,d v{kkSfg.kh lsuk esa 21]870 jFk] 21]870 gkFkh] 65]610 ?kksM+s vkSj 1]09]350 iSny lSfud gksrs gSaA ** lkr egkiq#"k fpjathoh dgs tkrs gSa ftudh dHkh e`R;q ugha gksrhA v'oRFkkek] cfyO;kZlks] guweka'p] foHkh"k.k%A œi% ij'kqjke'p] lIrSrs fpjthfou%AA (in~e iqjk.k) 1
  14. 14. ;s 'kCn Lo;a osnO;kl th us egkjkt Ëk`rjk"V™ dks lEcksfËkr djrs gq, dgs FksA ËkeZ vkSj Hkxoku nksuksa vfouk'kh gSa] fuR; gSa vkSj vts; gSaA leLr cz„k.M dh cM+h ls cM+h 'kfDr;k° ,d lkFk feydj Hkh budk fouk'k ugha dj ldrha D;ksafd HkkSfrd 'kfDr;k° pkgs fdruh gh cM+h D;ksa u gksa] gksrh rks uk'koku gh gSaA ;gk° ,d ckr vkSj Ë;ku nsus ;ksX; gSA egkHkkjr ;qº tSlk Hkh"k.k ujlagkj gksus tk jgk gSA ml le; osG egkiq#"kksa us fopkj fd;k gksxk fd tc ;qº Vy gh ugha ldrk] rks D;ksa u ,slk fd;k tk, fd ejus okyksa dk dY;k.k rks lqfuf'pr gks gh tk,A mlosG fy, ;qº osG eSnku osG :i eas ^oqG#{ks=* uked ^ËkeZ{ks=* dks pquk x;kA ,slh mŸke Fkh] gekjs iwoZtksa dh] euhf"k;ksa dh lksp! ËkeZ{ks= esa Ák.k R;kxus okys ÁR;sd O;fDr dh ln~xfr esa dksbZ lang ugha gSA ÁFke vË;k; dk uke (vtqZufo"kkn;ksx) s Hkh lksp&le> dj j[kk x;k gSA tc tho dk eksgtfur ^fo"kkn* vius dY;k.k osG Áfr lkspus ij etcwj djs_ rFkk og vius ije l[kk Jhœ".k dh 'kj.k gksdj] vFkkZr~ Hkxoku osG lEeq[k gksdj] ljy Hkko ls viuh leL;k muosG le{k j[k ns_ rFkk ekxZn'kZu osG fy, d#.k Loj esa] vkrZ gksdj ÁkFkZuk djs_ rks ;g ^fo"kkn* Hkh ^;ksx* cu tkrk gSA vFkkZr~ HkxoRÁkfIr dk lkËku cu tkrk gSA vius fÁ;re ije lq‚n] d#.kkfuËkku] 'kj.kkxroRly] Hkxoku Jhœ".k dh ve`re;h ok.kh osG :i esa fudyk gqvk ,d&,d 'kCn] ml vtqZu :ih ljy ^tho* (Ωtq æ ljy) osG ^fo"kkn* dks ^Álkn* esa cny nsrk gS vkSj og eqXËk gksdj dg mBrk gSμ flu"Vks eksg%] Le`fryZCËkk] RoRÁlknkUe;kP;qrAfi (18@73) vFkkZr~ flgs vP;qr! vkiosG œik&Álkn ls esjk eksg u"V gks x;k gS vkSj esjh Le`fr eq>s ÁkIr gks xbZ gSAfi vË;k; osG ÁkjEHk esa nq;kZËku us ikaMo lsuk dks ns[kdj] mlesa vk, gq, cM+&cM+s ;ksºkvksa dk s rFkk viuh lsuk osG Áeq[k egkjfFk;ksa dk o.kZu vius xq#nso Jh Êks.kkpk;Z ls fd;kA firkeg Hkh"e us ;qº dk igyk 'ka[k ctkdj ;qº dh ?kks"k.kk dj nhA bfrgkldkjksa dh n`f"V esa blh {k.k dkSjoksa dks ^vkÿked* dh inoh fey xbZA mŸkj esa ikaMoksa dh vksj ls igyk 'ka[k Jhœ".k us ctk;k vkSj pqukSrh Lohdkj djus dk laoGs r fn;kA ysfdu lsukvksa dks ns[kdj vtqZu osG gkFk&ik°o iwGy x,A rks D;k vtqZu dk;j gks x;k Fkk vtqZu us blls iwoZ vusdksa ;qº yM+s Fks vkSj muesa fot; ikbZ FkhA dkSjo lsuk esa [kM+s gq, yxHkx lHkh egkjfFk;ksa dks og fojkV osG ;qº esa ,d ckj gjk pqdk FkkA og dk;j rks dnkfi ugha gks ldrk! vtqZu osG ckjs esa ;g mfDr txRÁflº gSμ vtqZuL; ÁfrKs }s] u nSU;a] u iyk;ue~A nSU; vkSj iyk;u vtqZu osG LoHkko esa ugha FkkA ysfdu tc nksuksa lsuk,a lkeus vkb±] vtqZu us vius lkjfFk Hkxoku Jhœ".k ls ÁkFkZuk dh] flgs vP;qr! esjs jFk dks nksuksa lsukvksa osG eË; esa [kM+k 2
  15. 15. djsa] ftlls eSa Hkyh Ádkj ns[k low°G fd eq>s fduosG lkFk ;qº djuk gSA ns[kw° rks lgh ml nqcqZfº nq;ksZËku dk fgr pkgus okys dkSu&dkSu yksx ;gk° vk, gSaAfi Hkxoku Jhœ".k us jFk dks nksuksa lsukvksa osG eË; esa ogk° ys tkdj [kM+k fd;k] tgk° ls firkeg Hkh"e vkSj vkpk;Z Êks.k osG jFk vPNh Ádkj fn[kkbZ nsrs FksA Hkxoku cksy] flyks vtqZu! vPNh rjg s ls nksuksa lsukvksa esa [kM+s gq, oqG#oaf'k;ksa dks ns[k yksAfi Hkh"eÊks.k Áeq[kr% losZ"kka p eghf{krke~AA mokp ikFkZ i';Srku~ leosrkUoqG:fufrAA (1@25) Hkxoku osG bl dFku esa fdruh d#.kk fNih gSA dy;qxh thoksa osG dY;k.k dk fdruk mŸke Hkko bu 'kCnksa esa fNik gSA lcdks ^oqG#oa'kh* dgus dk rkRi;Z Fkk] fd pkgs ikaMo gksa ;k dkSjo_ gSa rks lc ,d gh ifjokj osG yksxA ;g lqudj vtqZu dks lHkh vius yxus yxsA mldks ,slk yxk fd ;gk° tks Hkh ujlagkj gksus tk jgk gS mlesa gksus okyh gkfu vtqZu dh gkfu gSA 'kk;n Hkxoku pkgrs Fks fd vtqZu esa vius ifjokj dks ns[kdj eksgtfur oSjkX; tkxzr gks tk,A og ftKklq cudj dY;k.k osG fy, Á'u djs vkSj xhrk dk egku mins'k ÁdV gks losGA blosG Bhd foijhr] vË;k; osG ÁFke 'yksd esa ^Ëk`rjk"V™* osG Á'u eas oqGN vkSj gh ckr fn[kykbZ nsrh gSA Ëk`rjk"V™ us ^lat;* ls iwNkμ ËkeZ{ks=s] oqG#{ks=s leosrk ;q;qRlo%AA ekedk% ik.Mok'pSo fdeoqGoZr lat;AA (1@1) vFkkZr~ flËkeZHkwfe oqG#{ks= esa ;qº dh bPNk ls ,d= gq, esjs (ekedk%) vkSj ikaMq osG iq=ksa (ikaMok%) us D;k fd;k Ëk`rjk"V™ osG eu esa ^esj* vkSj ^ijk;s* dk Hksn gSA ;gh la?k"kZ dk cht gSA ftlosG eu esa Hksn gksrk s gS] og le>kSrk ugha djrkA ;qº ls foeq[k gksus dk rks Á'u gh ugha mBrkA D;ksafd tgk° Hksnn`f"V gksrh gS] ogha ?k`.kk gS] bZ";kZ gS] }s"k gS] yksHk gS vkSj fgalk gSA vtqZu us tc nksuksa lsukvksa dks ns[kk rks og ?kcjk x;kA dk°ius yxk] xkaMho Ëkuq"k gkFk ls fQly dj uhps fxjus yxk] eq[k lw[kus yxk] jksaxVs [kM+s gks x,] vk°[kksa esa vk°lw vk x,A ,d fo'ofotsrk egkjFkh vtqZu dh ,slh n'kk egku vk'p;Z! vtqZu esa ;g dk;jrk dgk° ls vk xbZ ge igys dg pqoGs gSa fd vtqZu dk;j ugha FkkA og ;qº ls ugha Mjrk Fkk] e`R;q ls Hkh ugha Mjrk FkkA og rks ^iki* ls Mjrk FkkA ;g dk;jrk ugha Fkh] vius dY;k.k dh ftKklk FkhA lUrksa dk ekuuk gS fd ijekRek dk Hk;] xq# dk Hk;] 'kkL= fo#º vkpj.k dk Hk;] ;s lc dY;k.kdkjh gksrs gSaA lkËkd osG eu eas bl Ádkj dk Hk; vko';d gSA 3
  16. 16. gfj Mj] xq# Mj] txr Mj] Mj djuh esa lkjAA jTtc Mj~;k lks ≈cj~;k] xkfQy [kkbZ ekjAA vtqZu viuk dY;k.k pkgrk FkkA blhfy, mlus dgkμ ;PN™s;% L;kfUuf'pra czwfg rUesAA f'k";Lrs∑ga 'kkfËk eka Roka ÁiUue~AA (2@7) vFkkZr~ gs Hkxoku! tks fuf'pr fd;k gqvk dY;k.kdkjh lkËku gks] og esjs fy, dfg,] D;ksafd eSa vkidk f'k"; gw°] vkidh 'kj.k gq, esjs dks f'k{kk nhft,! vkSj--- u p Js;ks∑uqi';kfe gRok Lotuekgos--- (1@31) vFkkZr~ flLotuksa dks ;qº eas ekjus ij eq>s viuk dY;k.k fn[kkbZ ugha nsrkAfi vtZqu dY;k.k dk bPNqd gS] ftKklq gS vkSj og iki ls Mjrk gS] ejus ls ugha] ekjus ls Mj jgk gSA vtqZu dk dguk gSμ fugR; ËkkrZjk"V™kUu% dk Áhfr% L;kTtuknZuAA ikies o kJ;s n LekUgRoS r kukrrkf;u%AA (1@36) vFkkZr~ bu Ëk`rjk"V™ osG iq=ksa dks ekj dj ge yksxksa dks D;k ÁlUurk gksxh bu vkrrkf;;ksa dks ekjus ij Hkh geas iki gh yxsxkA vtqZu dks bl ckr dk Hk; gS fd dgha mlls vËkeZ u gks tk,A dgha og vËkeZ dh o`fº esa lgk;d u cu tk,A vtqZu dk ekuuk gS fd fl;qº esa oqGy u"V gksrs gSa rks muosG lkFk&lkFk oqGy dh ijEijk,°] oqGyËkeZ vkSj tkfrËkeZ Hkh u"V gks tkrs gSaA vËkeZ cgqr c<+ tkrk gSA Hkh"k.k ujlagkj gksus ij oqGy dh fL=;ksa esa O;fHkpkj c<+ ldrk gS] o.kZladj lUrku mRiUu gks ldrh gSA o.kZladj lUrku dks 'kkL=kuqlkj firjksa dk riZ.k djus dk Hkh vfËkdkj ugha gksrkA bu lcdk ifj.kke gksxk firjksa dk iru vkSj vËkeZ dh o`fºA bl fouk'k osG fy, tks yksx ft+Eesnkj gksrs gSa] mudk vuUr dky rd ujd eas okl gksrk gSA vtqZu cksyk] gs osG'ko! eSa vËkeZ dh o`fº] oqGy osG uk'k] oqGyËkeZ vkSj tkfrËkeZ osG uk'k osG fy, ft+Eesokj cu dj ujd eas ugha tkuk pkgrkA eSa rks viuk dY;k.k pkgrk gw°A eSa e`R;q ls ugha Mjrkμ ;fn ekeÁrhdkje'kL=a 'kL=ik.k;%AA ËkkrZjk"V™k j.ks gU;qLrUes {kserja Hkosr~AA (1@46) 4
  17. 17. vFkkZr~ vxj ;s gkFk eas 'kL= fy, gq, Ëk`rjk"V™ osG iq=] eq> fugRFks ('kL=jfgr) vkSj ;qº eas lkeuk u djus okys dks (eq>) ekj Mkysa] og Hkh esjs fy, dY;k.kdkjh (fgrdj) gksxkA s oqGN yksx vtqZu }kjk ÁLrqr rdks± dks fcyoqGy Bhd ekurs gSaA os yksx dgrs gSa fd vtqZu ;qº ls foeq[k gks jgk Fkk] ujlagkj Vy ldrk Fkk ysfdu Jhœ".k us mldks ;qº eas Ásfjr fd;kA xhrk dk mins'k vtqZu dks ;qº eas yxkus osG fy, fn;k x;kA okLro eas ,slk ugha gSA bfrgkl bl ckr dk lk{kh gS fd ;g ;qº ,slh fLFkfr esa igq°p x;k Fkk] tgk° ls Vyuk laHko ugha FkkA pkgs vtqZu Lo;a ;qº djs ;k u djs] ;qº rks gksuk gh FkkA ekrk oqGUrh us vius iq=ksa dks ;qº eas yxus dh vkKk nh Fkh vkSj ikaMo] ekrk dh vkKk dks fdlh Hkh dher ij Vky ugha ldrs FksA ekrk oqGUrh cgqr lgu'khy Fkha] ysfdu Ëk`rjk"V™ dh lHkk esa viuh iq=oËkq ÊkSinh dk vieku og dHkh {kek ugha dj ikb±A mUgksaus vius iq=ksa osG fy, lUns'k Hkstkμ ,rn~ Ëkuat;ks okP;ks] fuR;ks|qDrks o`dksnj%AA ;nFk± {kf=;k lwrs%] rL; dkyks∑;ekxr%AA (egk-) m-i- vFkkZr~ rqe vtqZu ls] rFkk ;qº osG fy, ges'kk rS;kj jgus okys Hkhe ls dguk] fd ftl dke osG fy, {kf=; ekrk iq= mRiUu djrh gS] og dk;Z djus dk le; vc vk x;k gSA ,d nwljs LFkku ij Lo;a ^ÊkSinh* us dgkμ ;fn HkhektqZukS œ".k] œi.kkS lafËkdkeqdkSAA firk es ;ksRL;rs o`º%] lg iq=SeZgkjFkS%AA iap pSo egkoh;kZ% iq=k es eËkqlwnuAA vfHkeU;qa iqjLœR; ;ksRL;Urs oqG#fHk% lgAA (egk-) m-i- vFkkZr~ vxj lafËk osG bPNqd Hkhe vkSj vtqZu vkfn esjs ifr ;qº ugha djsax] rks gs œ".k! esjs o`º s firk (Êqin) vius iq= (Ëk`"V|qEu) lfgr ;qº djsaxA buosG vykok esjs ik°pksa iq= rFkk vfHkeU;q s dkSjoksa ls ;qº djsaxAs rhljh ckr] Hkhe us dkSjoksa dks ekjus dh ÁfrKk dj j[kh FkhA og Hkh ;qº ls foeq[k ugha gks ldrs FksA egkijkÿeh Hkhe us dgk Fkkμ ËkkrZjk"V™ku~ j.ks gRok fe"krka loZËkfUouke~AA 'kea xUrkfLe ufpjkr~ lR;esrn~ czohfe rsAA (egk- lHkk) fleSa lp dgrk gw°] og le; cgqr 'kh?kz vkus okyk gS fd eSa tc lc ËkuqËkkZfj;ksa osG ns[krs&ns[krs Ëk`rjk"V™ osG lc iq=ksa dks j.k esa ekj dj 'kkfUr dks ÁkIr d:°xkAfi 5
  18. 18. vkSj vfUre ckr! Hkxoku Jhœ".k us vtqZu dks viuk fojkV:i fn[kk dj viuk ifjp; bl Ádkj fn;kμ dkyks∑fLe yksd{k;œRÁo`ºks yksdkUlekgrqZfeg Áo`Ÿk%AA Ωrs∑fi Roka u Hkfo";fUr losZ ;s∑ofLFkrk% ÁR;uhosG"kq ;ksËkk%AA (11@32) vFkkZr~ fleSa lEiw.kZ yksdksa dk uk'k djus okyk c<+k gqvk dky gw° vkSj bl le; bu lcdk loZuk'k djus osG fy, vk;k gw°A Áfri{kh lsuk osG tks ;ksºk yksx rqEgkjs le{k [kM+s gSa] os lc] rqEgkjs ;qº u djus ij Hkh ugha jgsaxAfis blosG vkxs Hkxoku ;gk° rd dg nsrs gSa fd fleSaus njvly mu lcdks igys gh ekj fn;k gS] rqe osGoy fufeŸk ek= cu tkvksAfi bu lHkh ckrksa ls bruk Li"V gS fd ;qº gksuk gh FkkA vtqZu ;qº djus gh vk;k Fkk] mldks bl ;qº dk cM+h cslczh ls bUrtkj FkkA ysfdu ËkeZ&vËkeZ] drZO;&vdrZO;] dY;k.k&vdY;k.k lEcUËkh Á'uksa dh vkx esa og >qyl jgk FkkA vtqZu vkt osG ekuo dk Árhd gSA thou esa vuojr pyus okys egkHkkjr eas nSoh xq.k ikaMoksa osG :i esa vkSj vklqjh Áo`fŸk;k° dkSjoksa osG :i esa vkeus&lkeus [kM+h gSaA bu nksuksa dk Bhd&Bhd vkdyu djus osG fy, tc tho nksuksa lsukvksa ls rVLFk gksdj eË; eas [kM+k gksrk gS] fpUru djrk gS] rks drZO;&vdrZO; vkSj ËkeZ&vËkeZ lEcUËkh vusdksa Á'u mlosG le{k ÁLrqr gks tkrs gSaA dY;k.k dh ftKklk mRiUu gksrh gS] og ijekRek dks vius jFk dh ckxMksj lkSai dj 'kj.kkxfr Lohdkj djrk gS] rks lHkh Á'uksa osG mŸkj Lor% ÁkIr gks tkrs gSaA dkSjo lsuk pkgs fdruh cM+h gks] cyoku vkSj vts; yxrh gks] fQj Hkh fot; ikaMoksa dh gh gksrh gS] D;ksafd muosG ekxZn'kZd Hkxoku Jhœ".k gSaA ;gh Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk osG ÁFke vË;k; dk lUns'k gSA ˚ gfj ¨ rRlr~ ˚ 6
  19. 19. nwljk vË;k; lka[;;ksx vtqZu dh ekufld fLFkfr dk vuqeku yxkrs gq, ;gk° ls ge nwljs vË;k; eas Áos'k djrs gSaA vtqZu dk 'kjhj dk°i jgk Fkk] eq[k lw[k jgk Fkk] BaMs ilhus ls og yFkiFk Fkk] 'kjhj osG jkse (jksaxVs) [kM+s gks x, Fks] pDdj vk jgk Fkk vkSj gkFkksa&iSjksa esa det+ksjh vk jgh FkhA u rks og [kM+k jg ik jgk Fkk vkSj u vius Ëkuq"k dks laHkky ldrk FkkA us=] vJqvksa ls ifjiw.kZ FksA thou Hkj esa vusdksa ;qº djus okyk egkËkuqËkZj ijkÿeh vtqZu_ vkt thou osG fu.kkZ;d ;qº eas foaGdŸkZO;foew<+&lk gks x;k FkkA mldk eu oqGN vkSj dg jgk Fkk] cqfº oqGN vkSj dgrh FkhA mls le> ugha vk jgk Fkk] og D;k djs vkSj D;k u djsA vxj og ;qº djrk gS rks vius xq#tu] vkpk;Z] firkeg] 'olqj] lkys] caËkqckaËko] fe=] Lotu vkfn dks ejrs gq, ns[ksxkA dkSjokas dk lagkj gks] ;k ikaMoksa dks ejuk iM+s] vtqZu osG fy, rks nksuksa gh vius ^Lotu* gSaA vkSj fQj] ;qº ls cp dj tk, Hkh dgk° vkSj oSGls cM+h leL;k FkhA vtqZu us 'kkL= Hkh i<+s FksA 'kkL=ksa osG Kku osG vuqlkj ;qº gksus ij tks oa'k u"V gksaxs] vËkeZ c<+ tk,xk] firjkas dk iru gks tk,xk_ ml lc iki osG fy, og gh ft+Eesnkj gksxk] vkSj ujd dk vfËkdkjh gksxkA ;g fpUrk vkSj Hk; mldks ;qº ls foeq[k gksus osG fy, Ásfjr dj jgs FksA lkËkkj.k cqfº ls ns[kus ij vtqZu osG }kjk ;qº osG fo#º nh xb± lHkh nyhysa Bhd gh yxrh gSaA ysfdu ;gk° xkSj nsus yk;d ,d ckr lkeus vkrh gS] ftlls irk pyrk gS fd xyrh dgk° gks jgh FkhA ,d lsuk osG toku dk mnkgj.k nsdj bl ckr dks le>k tk ldrk gSA eku yhft, ,d lSfud ns'k dh lhek ij] 'k=q ls ;qº eas yxk gSA bl ;qº eas og vusdksa 'k=q lSfudksa dks ekj Mkyrk gS vkSj fot; ÁkIr djosG ;qº dh lekfIr ij vius ?kj vkrk gSA ?kj esa vkus ij mldk fdlh ls >xM+k gks tkrk gS vkSj og viuh cUnwd ls ml vkneh dks ekj Mkyrk gSA ;qº esa vusd yksxksa dks ekjus ij ljdkj dh vksj ls mlosG fy, iqjLdkj vkSj esMy dh ?kks"k.kk gksrh gS] ysfdu mlh cUnwd ls] ?kj vkus ij osGoy ,d vkneh dks ekj Mkyus ij] ml ij gR;k dk eqdnek pyk;k tkrk gSA fÿ;k Hkh ogh (gR;k)_ drkZ Hkh ogh (lSfud) vkSj dj.k (cUnwd) Hkh oghA ysfdu Qy vyx&vyx gks x;kA D;ksafd lhek ij yM+k x;k ;qº mldk 7
  20. 20. viuk (O;fDrxr) ;qº ugha Fkk] ns'k dk ;qº FkkA og osGoy ,d lSfud Fkk] fufeŸk ek= FkkA ogk° gkj ;k thr Hkh mldh O;fDrxr ugha Fkh] ns'k dh Fkh] jk"V™ dh Fkh] lsuk dh FkhA blosG foijhr] ?kj vkus ij yM+h xbZ yM+kbZ] mldh viuh Fkh] O;fDrxr FkhA mleas gksus okyh gkj&thr Hkh mldh viuh FkhA blhfy, gksus okyh gR;k osG fy, mls ft+Eesnkj Bgjk;k x;kA ;gk°] oqG#{ks= osG eSnku esa Hkh] tks ;qº gksus tk jgk gS] mldks ;fn vtqZu viuk O;fDrxr ;qº ekusxk rks iki dk Hkkxh gks ldrk gSA ysfdu ;fn og bldks ËkeZ vkSj vËkeZ dk ;qº ekusxk vkSj Lo;a dks ËkeZ osG i{k esa [kM+h lsuk dk lSfud&ek= ekusxk rks iki dk Hkkxh Hkh ugha cusxkA cl! ;gk° vtqZu dks eksg osG dkj.k] oqGVqEc dh eerk osG dkj.k] oqG#{ks= dk ;qº] O;fDrxr ;qº tSlk yx jgk Fkk] vkSj oqGVqEc&uk'k osG iki osG fy, og Lo;a dks ft+Eesnkj eku jgk FkkA vc ns[ksa] œ".k us bl leL;k osG lekËkku osG fy, D;k fd;k lcls igys rks ^fgLVhfj;k* tSlh voLFkk ls ckgj ykus osG fy, Hkxoku us vtqZu dks ,d >Vdk&lk fn;kA og cksysμ DySC;a ek Le xe% ikFkZ uSrŸo∏;qii|rsAA {kqÊa ‚n; nkScZY;a R;DRoksfŸk"B ijUriAA (2@3) vFkkZr~ gs ikFkZ! uiqaldrk dks er ÁkIr gks] D;ksafd rsjs esa ;g mfpr ugha gSA gs ijUri! ‚n; dh bl rqPN nqcZyrk dks R;kx dj ;qº osG fy, [kM+k gksA bl Ádkj ^uiqald* tSls dBksj vkSj viekutud 'kCn ls vtqZu dks lEcksfËkr djosG Hkxoku us mls yrkM+ yxkbZA vxj dksbZ O;fDr fgLVhfj;k dk nkSjk iM+us ij yxkrkj jksrs&jksrs] fllfd;k° ysrs gq, cksyrk tk, vkSj oqGN lquus dks rS;kj u gks_ vkSj mldks vpkud dksbZ nwljk O;fDr ,d FkIiM+ ekj ns_ rks og ,dne pqi gks tkrk gSA ;s dBksj 'kCn vtqZu dks FkIiM+ tSls yxs gksaxsA vtqZu 'kkL=ksa dh ckr dj jgk Fkk] ;qº u djus dh nyhysa ns jgk FkkA vc og cksyk] gs eËkqlwnu! vius ijeiwT; xq#nso Jh Êks.k rFkk firkeg Jh Hkh"e ij eSa oSGls ck.k pyk≈° eq>s ugha ekywe] bl ;qº esa ge thrsaxs ;k dkSjo thrsaxs] ysfdu ,d ckr rks fuf'pr gS fd vius caËkq&ckaËkoksa dks ekj dj eSa =SyksD; dk jkT; Hkh ugha pkgrk] thuk Hkh ugha pkgrkA gs œ".k! eq>s ugha ekywe] eq>s ,slh ifjfLFkfr eas D;k djuk pkfg,] vki gh esjk ekxZn'kZu djasA og cksykμ dkiZ . ;nks " kks i grLoHkko% i` P Nkfe Roka ËkeZ l a e w < ps r k%AA ;PN™s;% L;kfUuf'pra czwfg rUes] f'k";Lrs∑ga 'kkfËk eka Roka ÁiUue~AA (2@7) vFkkZr~ fldk;jrk :ih nks"k djosG] migr gq, LoHkko okyk] ËkeZ osG fo"k; eas eksfgr fpŸk okyk eSa vkils iwNrk gw° fd tks fuf'pr dY;k.kdkjh lkËku gks og esjs fy, dfg;sA eSa vkidk f'k"; gw° vkSj vkiosG 'kj.kkxr gq,] esjs dks f'k{kk nhft,Afi 8
  21. 21. ;g 'yksd vË;kReekxZ osG lkËkdksa osG fy, ,d flº ea= gSA O;ogkj vFkok ijekFkZ esa oSGlh Hkh my>u] oSGlh Hkh leL;k vFkok ≈gkiksg dh ifjfLFkfr gks] bl 'yksd dk JºkiwoZd ikB vkSj ti djus ls leL;k dk lekËkku gks tkrk gSA ,slk vusd lkËkdksa] egkiq#"kksa vkSj larksa dk vuqHko gSA ;g iw.kZ 'kj.kkxfr dk 'yksd gSA okLro esa blh 'yksd osG ckn xhrk dk mins'k ÁkjaHk gksrk gSA vtqZu] Hkxoku Jhœ".k osG lcls vUrjax l[kk FksA gj le; lkFk&lkFk jguk] g°luk&[ksyuk] [kkuk&ihuk] lksuk&mBuk] g°lh&et+kd] vius eu dh ckr fe= ls dg nsuk vkSj fe= osG eu dh ckr dks fcuk dgs gh tku ysukA ,slh Fkh nksuksa dh fe=rkA ysfdu xhrk dk mins'k blls iwoZ Jhœ".k us vtqZu dks dHkh ugha fn;kA bldk ,d egRoiw.kZ dkj.k FkkA ^Kku* f'k"; dks fn;k tk ldrk gS] fe= dks ughaA nwljh ckr! xq# ls Kku ÁkIr djus osG fy, fouez Hkko ls 'kj.kkxfr Lohdkj djuh iM+rh gS] ftKklq cudj Á'u iwNk tkrk gS] rc xq# œik ls Kku feyrk gSA ;g 'kkL= dk fu;e gSA vkt ;qº osG eSnku eas vtqZu] vius fÁ; l[kk Jhœ".k dh f'k";rk Lohdkj djrk gS] 'kj.kkxr gksdj fouez Hkko ls vius dY;k.k osG fy, Á'u djrk gSA lHkh 'krs± iwjh gksus ij Hkxoku Jhœ".k xhrkKku :ih ve`r dh o"kkZ djrs gSaA bl Ádkj xhrk dk Kku 'kj.kkxfr ls gh vkjaHk gksrk gS_ vkSj vfUre vË;k; esa 'kj.kkxfrijd 'yksdksa esa gh lekIr gksrk gSA Hkxoku us vUr esa dgk gSμ eUeuk Hko] en~HkDrks] e|kth eka ueLoqG#AA ekesoS";fl lR;a rs Áfrtkus fÁ;ks∑fl esAA (18@65) vkSj loZËkekZUifjR;T; ekesoaG 'kj.ka oztAA vga Rok loZikisH;ks eks{kf;";kfe ek'kqp%AA (18@65) vFkkZr~ flrw eq>esa eu okyk gks] esjk HkDr cu] esjk iwtu djus okyk cu] vkSj eq>s gh ueLdkj djA bl Ádkj rw eq>s gh ÁkIr gks tk,xk] eSa lR; ÁfrKk djrk gw°] D;ksafd rw esjk fÁ; gSA lHkh Ëkeks± dk vkJ; NksMdj rw osGoy esjh 'kj.k esa vk tkA eSa rq>s lc ikiksa ls eqDr dj nw°xk] rw fpUrk er + djAfi Jh jkepfjrekul esa Hkh Hkxoku jke osG 'kCn gSaμ lueq[k gksb tho eksfga tcghAA tUe dksfV v| uklfga rcghaAA vFkkZr~ tho ftl {k.k esjs lUeq[k gksrk gS (esjh 'kj.k gksrk gS)] mlh {k.k mlosG djksMk+ as tUeksa osG iki u"V gks tkrs gSaA 9
  22. 22. bl Ádkj xhrk esa tho dks] iki&Hk; ls eqfDr ÁkIr djus osG fy, 'kj.kkxfr dks pje lkËku crk;k x;k gSA vkt] oqG#{ks= osG eSnku esa lsukvksa osG chp esa [kM+k gqvk vtqZu ;qº djus dh vis{kk] laU;kl ysdj] fHk{kk dk vUu [kkdj xqtk+ jk dj ysuk gh csgrj le> jgk FkkA vius vfHkUu l[kk osG lkeus enn osG fy, vkSj ekxZn'kZu osG fy, dkrj vkSj fouez Hkko ls ÁkFkZuk dj jgk FkkA vc Hkxoku eqLdjkrs gq, cksy mBsμ v'kksP;kuUo'kkspLRoa ÁKkoknka'p Hkk"klsAA xrklwuxrklwa'p ukuq'kkspfUr iafMrk%AA (2@11) vFkkZr~ flrw 'kksd u djus ;ksX; osG fy, 'kksd djrk gS vkSj fo}kuksa tSlh Hkk"kk cksyrk gSA ysfdu ftuosG Ák.k pys x, gSa] muosG fy,_ vkSj ftuosG Ák.k ugha x, gSa] muosG fy, iafMr yksx 'kksd ugha djrsAfi 'kksdfuo`fŸk osG fy, dgk x;k ;g 'yksd fopkj.kh; gSA fdlh dfo us dgk gSμ dksbZ vkt x;k] dksbZ dky x;k] dks b Z tkougkj rS ; kj [kM+ k --- D;ksafd ---txr pcsuk dky dk] oqGN eq[k esa oqGN xksnA Áœfr dk vVy fu;e gS fd tks vkrk gS] mls tkuk iM+rk gSA 'kjhj dk uk'k rks dksbZ jksd ugha ldrk_ vkSj vkRek dk uk'k dksbZ dj ugha ldrkA ftldk uk'k vo'; gksxk] og fujUrj e`R;q osG eq[k eas tk gh jgk gSA ml 'kjhj vkSj lalkj dks ^xrklwu* ekuuk pkfg,A mlosG fy, 'kksd djus ls D;k Qk;nk blosG foijhr] ftldk uk'k gks gh ugha ldrk] og 'kqº psru rŸo gj ns'k] dky] ifjfLFkfr esa lnk fo|eku gSA mldks ^vxrklwu* ekuuk pkfg,A mlosG fy, oSGlk 'kksd Jhjkepfjrekul esa ckyh mºkj osG Álax esa ckyh dh iRuh rkjk dks le>krs gq, Hkxoku Jhjke us dgkμ fNfr ty ikod xxu lehjkAA iapjfpr vfr vËke ljhjkAA ÁxV lks ru ro vkxs lksokAA tho fuR; osGfg yfx rqe jksokAA vFkkZr~ i`Foh] ty] vfXu] ok;q vkSj vkdk'kμbu ik°p rRoksa ls ;g vR;Ur vËke 'kjhj jpk x;k gSA og 'kjhj rks ÁR;{k rqEgkjs vkxs lks;k gqvk gS] vkSj tho fuR; gS] vfouk'kh gSA mldk uk'k gqvk gh ughaA fQj rqe fdlosG fy, jksrh gks vtqZu osG 'kksd fuokj.k osG fy, Hkxoku us vkRek vkSj vukRek osG foosd ls xhrk&Kku dk ÁkjEHk fd;kA 10
  23. 23. nwljs vË;k; osG X;kjgosa 'yksd ls ysdj rhlosa 'yksd rd Kku dh n`f"V ls] vFkkZr~ lka[; dh n`f"V ls vtqZu dh leL;k ij fopkj fd;k x;k gSA blesa nsg vkSj nsgh dks vyx&vyx crkdj foospu fd;k x;k gSA Hkxoku us dgk] gs vtqZu! ,slk ugha gS fd fdlh dky esa eSa ugha Fkk] rw ugha Fkk vFkok ;s jktk yksx ugha FksA u gh ,slk gS fd vkxs (Hkfo"; esa) ge ugha jgsaxA osGoy :i cnyrs gSa] lŸkk dk uk'k s ugha gksrkA bfUÊ; vkSj fo"k;ksa osG la;ksx ls tks lq[k feyrk gS] og vkus tkus okyk gS] vLFkk;h gSA blfy, rw 'kkjhfjd nq%[k&lq[k ls fopfyr er gksukA vkSj Áœfr rks ifjorZu'khy gSA 'kjhj dk tUe gksus osG ckn ckyd cM+k gksdj fd'kksj gks tkrk gSA fd'kksjkoLFkk dk vUr gksus ij ;qokoLFkk vkrh gS vkSj ;qokoLFkk osG vUr gksus ij o`ºkoLFkk vkrh gSA bu vo';EHkkoh ifjorZuksa osG gksus ij ge 'kksd ugha djrsA Bhd blh Ádkj ls o`ºkoLFkk lekIr gksus ij nwljs 'kjhj dh ÁkfIr gks tkrh gSA vc blesa 'kksd djus dh D;k ckr gS osn dgrk gS ^e`R;qjh'ks*A vFkkZr~ e`R;q lkjs lalkj ij 'kklu djrh gSA lalkj dh gj oLrq ej.kËkekZ gSA egkHkkjr eas dgk x;k gSμfldky% ipfr Hkwrkfufi vFkkZr~ dky lHkh Ákf.k;ksa dks idk jgk gSA blhfy, osn esa dgk gSμflv'oRFks oks fu"knue~ i.ksZ oks olfr"œrkAfi vFkkZr~ euq"; dk thou ihiy o`{k ij yxs gq, iŸks dh rjg gksrk gS] u tkus dc VwV dj vyx gks tk,A bl Ádkj 'kjhj dk ifjorZu vkSj uk'k rks vo'; gksuk gh gSA 'kksd djsa ;k 'kkfUr ls Lohdkj djsa] gksuk rks ogh gS tks Áœfr dk fu;e gSA blosG foijhr nwljh vksj ns[ksaA vkRek fuR; gS] vfouk'kh gS] vifjorZu'khy gSA 'kjhjksa osG uk'k gksus ij Hkh mldk uk'k ugha gksrkA ml vfouk'kh osG fy, 'kksd vkSj fpUrk djus okyksa dks le>nkj dkSu dg ldrk gS Hkxoku us dgkμ uklrks fo|rs Hkkoks] ukHkkoks fo|rs lr%AA mHk;ksjfi n`"Vks∑UrLRou;ksLrŸonf'kZfHk%AA (2@16) vFkkZr~ flvlr~ dh rks lŸkk ugha gksrh vkSj lr~ dk dHkh vHkko ugha gksrkA bu nksuksa dk gh rŸo] rŸon'khZ egkiq#"kksa }kjk ns[kk x;k gSAfi vc t+jk ns[kk tk,] ;s ^lr~* vkSj ^vlr~* vkf[kj gSa D;k 'kkL= dgrs gSa fd tks rhuksa dkyksa esa ,d&lk jgrk gS] ogh lr~ gSA vFkkZr~ tks igys Hkh Fkk] vkxs Hkh jgsxk] og fuf'pr~ :i ls vkt Hkh vo'; gSA gesa ;g fn[kkbZ ns ;k u ns_ mldk gesa vuqHko gks vFkok u gks ml ^lr~* rŸo dk vHkko gks gh ugha ldrkA Bhd mlh Ádkj vlr~ mldks dgrs gSa tks igys fdlh dky eas u gksA vFkkZr~ tks igys fdlh le; ugha Fkk] vkxs Hkh ugha jgsxkA og fuf'pr :i ls vkt Hkh ugha gks ldrkA pkgs og lk{kkr~ :i ls gekjs lkeus ut+j vkrk gks] okLro eas mldh viuh LorU= lŸkk gks gh ugha ldrhA 11
  24. 24. ekaMwD; dkfjdk esa dgk x;k gS fdμ flvknkoUrs p ;UukfLr oŸkZekus∑fi rŸkFkkfi vFkkZr~ tks vkfn vkSj vUr esa ugha gksrk] og orZeku esa ugha gks ldrkA bl ifjHkk"kk osG vuqlkj 'kjhj vkSj lalkj vlr~ gSa vkSj tho rFkk ijekRek lr~ gSaA ysfdu ;gk° ,d Á'u [kM+k gks tkrk gS fd tks ^vlr~* gS] og rks ÁR;{k fn[kkbZ nsrk gS] ysfdu ^lr~* dk vuqHko ugha gksrkA blh dks 'kkL=ksa us ek;k dgk gSA Jhen~HkkxoRiqjk.k esa dgk x;k gSμ Ωrs ∑ Fk± ;RÁrh;s r u Árh;s r pkRefuAA rn~fo|k∑Reuks ek;k ;Fkk∑Hkklks ;Fkk re%AA vFkkZr~ ftl Ádkj dksbZ oLrq u gksrs gq, vKku ls Árhr gksrh gS] ,sls gh lalkj Hkh u gksrs gq, Hkh s esjs esa Árhr gksrk gSA vkSj Kku:i Ádk'k gksrs gq, Hkh fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk] mlh Ádkj eSa gksrs gq, Hkh fn[kkbZ ugha nsrkA blh dks esjh ek;k le>uk pkfg,A bl ek;k dk foLrkj Hkh cgqr vfËkd gSA ^Jhjkepfjrekul* esa dgk x;k gSμ xks xkspj tg° yfx eu tkbZAA lks lc ek;k tkugq HkkbZAA vFkkZr~ vf[ky cz„kaM osG vUrxZr] tks oqGN Hkh bfUÊ;ksa rFkk eu dh igq°p esa vkrk gS] og lc ^ek;k* gh gSA ge tks Hkh ns[k ldrs gSa] lqu ldrs gSa] lwa?k ldrs gSa] p[k ldrs gSa vFkok Nw ldrs gSa] og lc oqGN ek;k gS_ vlr~ gSA osGoy bruk gh ugha] tgk° rd ge lksp ldrs gSa vFkok ftldh dYiuk Hkh dj ldrs gSa] og Hkh ^ek;k* gSA mldk vius&vki esa oqGN Hkh LorU= vfLrRo ugha gSA laLœr Hkk"kk esa ^ek* dk vFkZ gS ^ugha* vkSj ^;k* dk vFkZ gS ^tks*A bldk rkRi;Z ;g gqvk fd tks flughafi gS] og ek;k gSA mlh dks xhrk esa vlr~ dgk x;kA vc ge ewy Á'u ij vkrs gSa fd tks gS gh ugha] mldk vuqHko D;ksa gks jgk gS bldk ,d cgqr lqUnj lekËkku Jhjkepfjrekul esa fn;k x;kμ tklq lR;rk rsa tM+ ek;kAA Hkkl lR; bo eksg lgk;kAA vFkkZr~ ^vlr~* dks lŸkk Ánku djus okyk rRo Hkh ^lr~* gSA lr~ rRo dh lR;rk osG dkj.k vlr~ esa Hkh lr~ dk vkHkkl gksrk gSA lkËkkj.k 'kCnksa esa blh ckr dks bl Ádkj dgk tk ldrk gS fd ^gS* osG dkj.k ^ugha* dks lŸkk feyrh gSA blhfy, ^ugha :i* lalkj] gesa ^gS :i* ls fn[kkbZ nsus yxrk gS] D;ksafd bldks ns[kus okyk rRo lr~ gh gSA gekjs 'kkL=ksa esa dgk x;k gS fl,oaG ln~ foÁk cgqËkk onfUrAfi vFkkZr~ lR; rks ,d gksrk gS] og rhuksa dkyksa esa] gj voLFkk esa] gj ifjfLFkfr esa ,d tSlk jgrk gSA ysfdu mldk o.kZu vyx&vyx rjhdksa ls] vyx&vyx 'kCnksa esa fd;k x;kA blhfy, dbZ er] erkUrj vkSj lEÁnk; rFkk mikluk iºfr;k° cu xb±A lHkh yksx vius er dks nwljksa ls Js"B dgus yxsA tcfd okLrfodrk ;g Fkh fd 12
  25. 25. lHkh lUr&egkiq#"k ,d gh ckr dks vyx&vyx 'kCnksa esa dgrs jgsA lEÁnk;&Hksn vkSj erHksn rHkh rd gksrs gSa] tc rd rŸo dk vuqHko ugha gksrkA igq°ps&igq°ps ,d er] vuigq°ps er vkSjAA lUrnkl ?kM+h vjV dh] <qjs ,d gh BkSjAA tc jgV pyrk gS rks lc ?kfM+;k°] vFkkZr~ fMCcs vyx&vyx voLFkkvksa ea] vyx&vyx s fn'kkvksa esa fn[kkbZ nsrs gSa] ysfdu lcosG [kkyh gksus dk LFkku rks ,d gh gksrk gSA Bhd mlh Ádkj ls fHkUu&fHkUu 'kCnksa eas lHkh 'kkL=] lUr vkSj egkiq#"k ,d lR; dh vksj laoGs r dj jgs gSaA vkSj og ^lR;* gSμ uklrks fo|rs Hkkoks] ukHkkoks fo|rs lr%AA blhfy, 'kadjkpk;Z th us dgkμ 'yksdkºsZu Áo{;kfe ;nqDra xzaFkdksfVfHk%AA cz„ lR;a] txfUeF;k] thoks cz„So ukij%AA vFkkZr~ tks ckr djksMk+ as xzUFkksa esa dgh xbZ gS] og ckr eSa vkËks 'yksd esa dg jgk gw°A cz„ lR; gS] txr~ feF;k gSA tho cz„ gh gS] nwljk dksbZ ughaA bl ?kks"k.kk osG vuqlkj lalkj feF;k gqvkA ysfdu HkDrksa us ?kks"k.kk dj nh] fd txr~ rks ijekRek dk Lo:i gS] og feF;k oSGls gks ldrk gS fllc tx bZ'oj :i gS] Hkyks cqjks ugha dks;fi ^mifu"kn~* us Hkh ?kks"k.kk dj nhμ bZ'kkokL;fena lo± ;fRoaGp txR;ka txr~AA ^Jhen~HkkxoRiqjk.k esa dgk x;kμ vgesoklesokxzs ukU;R;RlnlRije~A vFkkZr~ l`f"V ls igys Hkh eSa Fkk] esjs vfrfjDr vkSj oqGN Hkh ugha FkkA l`f"V osG ckn eSa gh gw°A lr~] vlr~ vkSj mlls ijs Hkh ;fn oqGN gks ldrk gks rks og Hkh eSa gh gw°A ,d vU; LFkku ij Jhen~HkkxoRiqjk.k esa dgk x;kμ eulk] oplk n`"V~;k] x`·rs∑U;SjihfUÊ;S%AA vgeso u eŸkks∑U;r~ bfr cqË;ËoeatlkAA vFkkZr~ eu ls] ok.kh ls] n`f"V ls rFkk vU;kU; bfUÊ;ksa ls Hkh tks oqGN xzg.k fd;k tkrk gS] og lc eSa gh gw°A esjs vfrfjDr vkSj oqGN ugha gksrk] ;g flºkUr vki tYnh ls le> ysaA gekjs 'kkL=ksa esa tks ckrsa dgh tkrh gSa] gekjh vYicqfº osG }kjk mudk rŸokFkZ u le> ikus osG dkj.k gh erHksn gks tkrs gSa vkSj ge mudk vU;Fkk vFkZ yxkus yxrs gSaA 13
  26. 26. fllalkj feF;k gSfi vkSj fllalkj HkxoR:i gSfi] ;s nksuksa ckrsa ,d&nwljs osG fo#º yxrh gSa] ysfdu okLro esa nksuksa flºkUr ,d gh ckr dg jgs gSaμ uklrks fo|rs Hkkoks] ukHkkoks fo|rs lr%AA vlr~ dh lŸkk ugha gS vkSj lr~ dk dHkh vHkko ugha gksrkA blhfy, ^lr~* osG }kjk lŸkk Ánku fd, tkus osG dkj.k ^vlr~* dk vuqHko Hkh lr~ osG :i esa gks tkrk gSA lkËkd dh n`f"V esa ;s nksuksa rŸo (lr~ vkSj vlr~) fHkUu&fHkUu gSa] ysfdu rŸo ÁkfIr gksus ij flº dh n`f"V esa osGoy ,d ^lr~* rŸo gh jg tkrk gSA lr~ Hkh ^lr~* gS vkSj vlr~ Hkh lr~ gSA bl Ádkj dh n`f"V fodflr gksus ij lr~ vlr~ dh lhek,° vkSj ifjHkk"kk,° csekuh gks tkrh gSa vkSj okLrfod rŸo dks u rks lr~ dgk tkrk gS vkSj u vlr~A rRon'khZ egkiq#"k ewd gks tkrk gS D;ksafd rŸo rks dkykrhr] voLFkkrhr] 'kCnkrhr rFkk dYiukrhr gSA blfy, tks egkiq#"k osGoy ^lr~* vFkkZr~ vfouk'kh rŸo dk vuqHko djrs gSa vFkkZr~ ftudh n`f"V esa nwljk rŸo gksrk gh ugha] os yksx lalkj ek= dks Hkxon~:i ns[krs gSaA vkSj tks lkËkd txr vkSj txnh'k dks vyx&vyx ns[k jgs gSa] os Hkh lalkj dks feF;k dg dj ,d ^lr~* rŸo osG vuqHko rd igq°pus dk Á;kl dj jgs gSa] tgk° igq°pus ij ^nwljk* dksbZ u jgsxkA vc ge ykSV dj okfil ;qº osG eSnku dh vksj pysaA vtqZu dh leL;k osG lekËkku esa Hkxoku Jhœ".k us igys 'kjhj rFkk 'kjhjh (vkRek) dks vyx&vyx crk;kA Hkxoku cksyμ s oklkafl th.kkZfu ;Fkk fogk; uokfu x`g~.kkfr ujks∑ijkf.kAA rFkk 'kjhjkf.k fogk; th.kkZfu vU;kfu la;kfr uokfu nsghAA (2@22) ftl Ádkj euq"; iqjkus QVs gq, oL= R;kx dj u;s oL= Ëkkj.k djrk gS] Bhd mlh Ádkj ls tho Hkh iqjkus 'kjhj (:ih oL=) R;kx dj u;s 'kjhj Ëkkj.k djrk gSA tc ekuo oL= cnyus esa nq%[kh ugha gksrk rks 'kjhj cnyus esa D;ksa nq%[kh gksrk gS bldk dkj.k gS ^vKku*A tSl] ,d NksVs ls vcksËk ckyd dks ugyk&Ëkqyk dj rS;kj djus osG fy, mldh ekrk ckyd s osG oL= mrkjrh gS rks og jksus yxrk gSA og ugha tkurk fd ;s oL= mrkjs tk,°x] rHkh rks s lqUnj&lqUnj u;s oL= iguus dks feysaxA bl Ádkj 'kksd dk dkj.k gqvk ^vKku* vkSj 'kksd fuo`fŸk s dk ,dek= mik; gSμKku vFkkZr~ lr~&vlr~ dk foosdA blhfy, Hkxoku us dgkμvkRek dks u 'kL= dkV ldrs gSa] u vfXu tyk ldrh gS] u ty xhyk dj ldrs gSa vkSj u iou mls lq[kk ldrh gSA D;ksafd vkRek vPNs|] vnk·] vDys|] v'kks";] fuR;] loZO;kid] fLFkj jgus okyk] vpy] lukru] vO;Dr] vfpUR; vkSj vfodkjh gSA vkRek dks ,slk tkudj rq>s 'kksd ugha djuk pkfg,A (2@23] 24] 25) 14
  27. 27. vkSj le>krs gq, Hkxoku cksyμpyks FkksMh nsj osG fy, ge vxj vkRek dks ejus vkSj iSnk gksus s + okyk Hkh eku ysa] (;|fi ;g lp ugha) rks Hkh tUe ysus okys dh e`R;q vo'; gksxh vkSj ejus okys dk tUe Hkh vo'; gksxkA rks 'kksd djus dk D;k dkj.k jgk bl Ádkj vkRek vkSj vukRek ('kjhj) nksuksa osG fy, 'kksd djuk mfpr ugha gSA 'kjhj rks vo'; u"V gksxk] mldks lnk osG fy, cpk ugha ldrs vkSj vkRek vfouk'kh gS] mls ekj ugha ldrsA rks fdlosG fy, 'kksd djsa bl Ádkj Hkxoku Jhœ".k us 'kjhj vkSj 'kjhjh (vkRek) dk Kku nsrs gq, vtqZu osG 'kksd&fuo`fŸk vkSj eksg Hkax dk igyk Á;kl fd;kA mlosG ckn Hkxoku us vtqZu dks ml Hkk"kk esa le>k;k ftls og Hkyh&Hkkafr tkurk FkkA vFkkZr~ ^LoËkeZ* vkSj dŸkZO; dh Hkk"kkA Hkxoku us dgkμflgs vtqZu! vius ËkeZ dks ns[krs gq, Hkh rqEgsa bl ËkeZ;qº dks djuk pkfg,A rqe {kf=; gks vkSj ,d {kf=; osG fy, ËkeZ;qº ls c<+dj dY;k.k djus okyk vkSj dksbZ lkËku ugha gksrkA fQj] ;g ;qº rks rqEgsa vius vki ÁkIr gqvk gS] vFkkZr~ vkÿe.k djus okys rqe ugha gks] dkSjo gSaA bl Ádkj dk ;qº fdlh HkkX;'kkyh {kf=; dks feyrk gSA gs ikFkZ! rqe le>rs gks fd rqe ;qº djksxs rks rqe iki osG Hkkxh cuksx] ysfdu lPpkbZ ;g gS fd s rqe ;fn ;qº ugha djksx] rks vius ËkeZ dk ikyu u dj ikus osG dkj.k rqEgsa iki yxsxkA tks yksx rqEgsa s egkjFkh dgrs gSa] egkohj dgrs gSa vkSj rqedks vius thou dk vkn'kZ ekurs gSa] ogh yksx rqEgkjh fuUnk esa u tkus D;k&D;k dgsaxA rqEgsa Hk; osG dkj.k ;qº ls Hkkx tkus okyk dk;j Hkh dgsaxA ;g s s rks ejus ls Hkh vfËkd Hk;adj ifjfLFkfr gksxhA blfy, vtqZu! rqEgkjs nksuksa gkFkksa esa yM~Mw gSaA ;fn rqe thr x, rks Ëku ËkkU; ls Hkjh i`Foh dk jkT; ikvksx_ vkSj ;fn gkj x,] rks ohjxfr ikvksxs vkSj LoxZ dk jkT;&lq[k HkksxksxA blfy,μ s s lq[k nq%[ks les œRok] ykHkkykHkkS t;kt;kSAA rrks ;q º k; ;q T ;Lo uS o a ikieokIL;flAA (2@38) vFkkZr~ fllq[k&nq%[k] ykHk&gkfu vkSj t;&ijkt; dks leku le>rs gq, ;qº esa yx tkvksA bl Ádkj ;qº djus ls rqEgsa iki ugha yxsxkAfi okLro esa ;s 'kCn dgdj Hkxoku us thou dh ,d 'kSyh dk lw=ikr dj fn;kA ml 'kSyh dk uke gS ^fu"dke deZ;ksx*A bldks xhrk esa ^cqfº;ksx*] ^;ksx* vkSj ^deZ;ksx* vkfn ukeksa ls dgk x;kA xhrk osG vusd O;k[;kdkjksa us ^deZ;ksx* dks gh xhrk dk osGUÊh; Áfrik| fo"k; ekuk gSA bldks le>us osG fy, Hkkjrh; laLœfr dh ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe dks le>uk gksxkA ^oSfnd dky* esa osnksa dk vkSj deZdkaM dk cksyckyk FkkA osnksa esa vfËkdrj ea= deZdkaM&ijEijk dk ikyu djrs gq, fofHkUu ;Kksa rFkk vuq"Bkuksa dk leFkZu djrs FksA gj dkeuk dh flfº osG fy, ,d ;K ;k vuq"Bku gksrk Fkk] tSlμiq= ÁkfIr osG fy,] 'k=q ij fot; ÁkfIr osG fy,] lq[k&le`fº s vFkok 'kkfUr osG fy,] o"kkZ osG fy,] d"Vksa dk fuokj.k djus osG fy,] ;K fd, tkrs FksA fo}kuksa 15
  28. 28. dk dguk Fkk fd ^LoxZ pkfg,*] rks deZdkaM dk vkJ; yks vkSj LoxZ&ÁkfIr dks gh thou dk ije y{; ekuk tkrk FkkA blosG ckn vk;k ^mifu"kn~ dky*A mifu"kn~ esa ?kks"k.kk dh xbZ] fd ekuo&thou dk y{; ^LoxZ&ÁkfIr* ugha gS] vfirq ^eks{k&ÁkfIr* gSA ;K vkSj deZdkaM dk vkJ; ysdj eks{k ugha feysxkμ Iyok ·srs vn`<+k% ;K:ikAA mifu"kn~ dky osG fo}kuksa osG vuqlkj ^eks{k ÁkfIr* dk ,dek= lkËku gS ^laU;kl*A lHkh deZ] caËku djus okys gSa] blfy, deZ NksM+ dj laU;klh gks tkvksA bldk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd nksuksa fopkjËkkjkvksa esa erHksn iSnk gks x;kA lkËkd blh ≈gkiksg esa jgrs Fks fd deZ Js"B gS ;k laU;kl ge deZdkaM dk vkJ; ysa ;k Kku dks viuk,° ,sls le; esa Hkxoku Jhœ".k osG :i esa ,d egku nk'kZfud] fopkjd dk ÁknqHkkZo gqvkA mUgksaus deZdkaM dk ^deZ* vkSj ^laU;kl* dk ^R;kx* ysdj nksuksa dk leUo; fd;k vkSj ,d ubZ fopkjËkkjk dk Áfriknu fd;kA mUgksaus dgkμdeZ vo'; djks] ysfdu Qy dh dkeuk dk laU;kl dj nksA bl Ádkj fd;k x;k deZ] caËku ugha djsxk cfYd bl ^fu"dke deZ* osG lkËku ls eks{k ÁkfIr gksxh] tUe&ej.k osG caËku ls NqVdkjk gksxkA Hkxoku us dgkμ deZ.;sokfËkdkjLrs ek Qys"kq dnkpuAA ek deZQy gsrqHkwZekZ rs laxks∑LRodeZf.kAA ;ksxLFk% oqG# dekZf.k laxa R;DRok Ëkuat;AA flº~;flº~;ks leks HkwRok] leRoa ;ksx mP;rsAA (2@47&48) vFkkZr~ flrsjk vfËkdkj osGoy deZ djus esa gS] Qyksa esa dnkfi ughaA rw deZQy dk gsrq er cu] (drkZiu dk R;kx dj) vkSj rsjh Áhfr deZ u djus esa Hkh u gksA (deZ dk R;kx er djA) gs Ëkuat;! rw ;ksx vFkkZr~ lerk esa fLFkj jgdj] vklfDr dk R;kx djosG] flfº vkSj vflfº esa leHkko j[krk gqvk lc deks± dks djA bl ^lerk* dks gh ;ksx dgrs gSaAfi ^;ksx* 'kCn laLœr esa ^;qftj~* Ëkkrq ls cuk gSA bldk vFkZ gS ^tqM+ tkuk*A blfy, tks lkËku ;k tks fÿ;k tho dks ijekRek ls tksM+ ns] mldk uke ^;ksx* gSA ;gk° Hkxoku us Li"V 'kCnksa esa ?kks"k.kk dj nh] fd lerk gh ;ksx gSA ftl voLFkk esa] lq[k&nq%[k] ykHk&gkfu] t;&ijkt;] fuUnk&Lrqfr] eku&vieku] flfº&vflfº] vPNk&cqjk] fÁ;&vfÁ;] vuqowGyrk&ÁfrowGyrk bR;kfn esa tho fcyoqGy fopfyr ugha gksrk] ml voLFkk dk uke gS ^lerk*A mlh dk uke gS ^;ksx*_ vkSj mlesa n`<rk vkus ij HkxoRÁkfIr gks tkrh gS_ dY;k.k gks tkrk gS vkSj euq"; œrœR;] ÁkIr&ÁkIrO; + rFkk Kkr&KkrO; gks tkrk gSA Hkxoku Jhœ".k us xhrk esa dbZ LFkkuksa ij ^lerk* dh efgek dk xku fd;k gS vkSj thou esa lerk oSGls vk,] mlosG mik; cryk, gSaA 16
  29. 29. deZ;ksx] Kku;ksx] HkfDr;ksx] Ë;ku;ksx vFkok vU;kU; lkËkuksa dh lkjHkwr ckr gS ^lerk*A Hkxoku us ,d LFkku ij dgkμflfunksZ"ka gh lea cz„fi] vFkkZr~ iw.kZ:i ls funksZ"k vkSj le] osGoy cz„ gksrk gS] blfy, lerk esa fLFkr jgus okys egkiq#"k dh cz„ esa fLFkfr gks tkrh gSA bldks xhrk esa czk„h&fLFkfr dgk x;kA Hkxoku us bl lerk dh ckr vkxs c<+krs gq, vtqZu ls dgkμfl;ksx% deZlq dkS'kye~fi vFkkZr~ ;ksx (lerk) gh deks± esa oqG'kyrk gSA euq"; ;fn thou osG lHkh deZ iwjh oqG'kyrk ls djrk gqvk] thou esa lQy gksuk pkgs rks mls lerk dks viukuk gksxkA ^lerk* dk foijhr gS ^fo"kerk*A dkeuk] eerk] vgadkj vkSj vklfDr ls thou esa fo"kerk vkrh gS vkSj ;gh fo"kerk nq%[kksa dk dkj.k cu tkrh gSA blfy, Hkxoku us vgark eerk o dkeuk osG R;kx dh ckr vtqZu ls dgh gSA nwljs vË;k; osG 'yksd 55 ls 72 rd ,d ,sls lkËkd dk o.kZu fd;k gS] ftlosG thou esa ^lerk* dh Hkkouk vk xbZ gSA mldks xhrk us ^fLFkrÁK* dgk gSA jk"V™firk egkRek xkaËkh dks ;s 'yksd cgqr fÁ; Fks vkSj bu 18 'yksdksa dks ckiw ^laf{kIr xhrk* dgrs FksA vtqZu us ,d Á'u osG ekË;e ls fLFkrÁK osG y{k.k iwNs vkSj Hkxoku Jhœ".k us dgkμ fltc lkËkd eu esa fLFkr lHkh dkeukvksa dk R;kx dj nsrk gS vkSj vkRek ls vkRek esa larq"V jgrk gS] ml le; og fLFkrÁK dgk tkrk gSA nq%[kksa osG vkus ij nq%[kh ugha gksrk] lq[kksa dh Li`gk (dkeuk) ugha djrk] ftlosG jkx] Hk;] ÿksËk u"V gks x, gSa] og fLFkrÁK gSA tks loZ= Lusgjfgr gqvk] 'kqHk&v'kqHk dh ÁkfIr esa u ÁlUu gksrk gS vkSj u }s"k djrk gS] og fLFkrÁK gSA tc ;g lkËkd fo"k;ksa dh vksj ls lc bfUÊ;ksa dks bl Ádkj lesV ysrk gS] tSls dNqvk vius vaxksa dks_ rc mls fLFkrÁK le>uk pkfg,Afi (2@55&56] 57] 58) Hkxoku us dgkμflgs vtqZu! bfUÊ;k° cgqr cyoku gSa] ftldh vklfDr iwjh rjg u"V ugha gq,] mlosG eu dks ;s bfUÊ;k° t+cjnLrh gj ysrh gSaA blfy, ftlus bfUÊ;ksa dk la;e fd;k gS vkSj tks esjs ijk;.k gksdj Ë;ku esa cSBrk gS] ogh fLFkrÁK gSAfi (2@60&61) eu esa fo"k;ksa dk fpUru djus ls muesa vklfDr gks tkrh gS] vklfDr ls dkeuk dk tUe gksrk gSA dkeukiwfrZ u gksus ij ÿksËk mRiUu gksrk gS] ÿksËk ls ew<Hkko gksrk gS] ew<Hkko ls Le`frHkze_ rFkk + + Le`fr esa Hkze gksus ls cqfº dk uk'k gksrk gS rFkk euq"; dY;k.k ekxZ ls fxj tkrk gSA (2@62&63) Hkxoku vkxs dgrs gSaμfltks lkËkd lEiw.kZ dkeukvksa dks R;kx dj vgadkjjfgr vkSj eerkjfgr] fuLi`g gksdj vkpj.k djrk gS] mlh dks 'kkfUr feyrh gSA ;g ^czk„h fLFkfr* gS vFkkZr~ lerk esa fLFkr gq, egkiq#"k dh fLFkfr gS] tgk° ls ;ksxh fQj dHkh eksfgr ugha gksrk vkSj ejrs le; bl fLFkfr esa jgrk gqvk ^cz„fuokZ.k* vFkkZr~ eks{k ;k cz„kuUn dks ÁkIr gks tkrk gSA ;gk° ij nwljs vË;k; osG mins'k dks fojke fn;k x;kA ˚ gfj ¨ rRlr~ ˚ 17
  30. 30. rhljk vË;k; deZ;ksx rhljs vË;k; dk ÁkjEHk vtqZu osG ,d Á'u ls gqvk gSA vtqZu us iwNkμgs tuknZu! ;fn vkidh ekU;rk ls deZ dh vis{kk KkuJs"B gS] rks eq>s bl ;qº :ih ?kksj deZ esa D;ksa yxkrs gks bl Ádkj osG feys&tqys 'kCnksa ls esjh cqfº eksfgr&lh djrs gksA ,d ckr fuf'pr djosG crkb;s] ftlls esjk dY;k.k gksAfi bl Ádkj dk Á'u vtqZu osG eu esa D;ksa vk;k nwljs vË;k; esa Hkxoku us dgk Fkkμ ,"kk rs∑fHkfgrk lka[;s] cqfº;ksZxs fRoeka ‹k`.kq--- vFkkZr~ ;g cqfº rsjs fy, Kku;ksx osG fo"k; esa dgh xbZ] vc rw mls fu"dke deZ osG fo"k; esa lquA (2@39) fQj vkxs dgkμ nwjs.k ·oja deZ cqfº;ksxkn~Ëkuat;AA vFkkZr~ cqfº;ksx ls deZ vR;Ur uhps dh Js.kh dk gSA ;gk° vtqZu us cqfº;ksx dk vFkZ ^Kku;ksx* le>k gksxk] D;ksafd cqfº esa Kku jgrk gSA blosG vuqlkj Kku] deZ ls Js"B gqvkA ,d ckj Hkxoku dgrs gSa fd rq>s lerk esa fLFkr jgdj deZ djuk pkfg,] lq[k&nq%[k] ykHk&gkfu] t;&ijkt; dks leku le> dj ;qº djuk pkfg,_ vkSj nwljs Álax esa dgus yxrs gSa fd tc rsjh cqfº eksg:ih nyny dks ikj dj tk,xh rks rq>s oSjkX; gks tk,xk vkSj Hkk°fr&Hkk°fr osG flºkUr lquus ls fopfyr gqbZ rsjh cqfº tc ijekRek osG Ë;ku esa vpy vkSj fLFkj gks tk,xh rks rw ijekRek dks ÁkIr gks tk,xkA bl Ádkj dh ckrsa Kku&ijd yxrh gSaA vc vtqZu D;k djs og rks ,d fuf'pr mŸkj pkgrk gSA mldk eu ;qº ls Hkkxuk pkgrk gS] cqfº dŸkZO; ekxZ esa yxus dks dgrh gSA vc og Kku dk vkJ; ysdj laU;kl ekxZ ij py iM+ ;k ;qº:ih Hk;adj deZ dks s viuk dŸkZO; ekudj mlesa yx tk, ;g Á'u vtqZu dks ijs'kku dj jgk gSA okLro esa Hkxoku us vtqZu dks eksfgr djus okyh dksbZ ckr ugha dgh Fkh] mudk mŸkj Li"V Fkk ^deZ djks*μysfdu 'kksd osG lkxj esa Mwcrs gq, vtqZu dks 18
  31. 31. cpkus osG fy, Hkxoku Kku dh ckr dj jgs Fks ftlls vtqZu dk foosd tkxzr gks tk, vkSj og ogh djs] tks mldks djuk pkfg,A blhfy, 'kjhj vkSj vkRek dk foospu djrs gq, 'kjhj dks vo'; gh u"V gksus okyk rFkk vkRek dks dHkh u ejus okyk crk;kA vUr esa Hkxoku us vgark] eerk] dkeuk dk R;kx djrs gq,] bfUÊ;ksa dk la;e djus dh ckr dgh] rFkk fLFkrÁK dk y{k.k crkrs gq, mldh loksZPp czk„h fLFkfr }kjk HkxoRÁkfIr dk ekxZ crk;kA bl Ádkj osG fefJr okD;ksa ls vtqZu dh leL;k dk lekËkku u gks ldk] blhfy, mlus Á'u dj MkykA Hkxoku Jhœ".k us dgkμflgs vtqZu! lalkj esa nks Ádkj dh fu"Bk (lkËku dh mPpre voLFkk) gksrh gSμKkfu;ksa dh Kku;ksx ls] rFkk ;ksfx;ksa dh fu"dke deZ;ksx lsAfi tho dks eq[;rk nsus ls Kku;ksx gks tkrk gS vkSj lalkj dks eq[; le>us ls deZ;ksx gks tkrk gSA deZ;ksx dk lkËkd dgrk gS fd lekt dh lsok djuk esjk dŸkZO; gS] D;ksafd esjs ikl tks Hkh Ëku] lEifŸk] ;ksX;rk] cy o vfËkdkj gSa os lc lekt ls feys gSaA mu ij lekt dk gd gSA blfy, flesjk oqGN ugha gSAfi Kku;ksx dk lkËkd dgrk gS fd eSa vfouk'kh vkRek gw°] 'kjhj ugha gw°A blfy, esjs ikl tks Hkh Ëku] lEifŸk] ;ksX;rk] cy ;k vfËkdkj gSa] os 'kjhj osG gSa] esjs ughaA vFkkZr~ flesjk oqGN ugha gSAfi bl Ádkj ls nksuksa gh fu"Bkvksa esa flesjk oqGN ugha gSfiμ,slk Hkko vkus ij vgark] eerk rFkk dkeuk feVus yxrh gSA Hkksx rFkk laxzg dh bPNk de gks tkrh gSA thou esa lerk vkus yxrh gSA nksuksa gh lkËkuksa dk mÌs'; gS ^lerk*A ysfdu vtqZu osG LoHkko dks ns[krs gq, Hkxoku us deZ djrs gq, lerk esa fLFkr gksus dk vkns'k fn;k] deZ NksMdj ughaA mUgksaus dgkμ + dksbZ Hkh euq"; fdlh Hkh {k.k fcuk deZ fd, jg gh ugha ldrk] D;ksafd tho us Áœfr dks viuk eku dj mlosG lkFk lEcUËk cuk;k gSA vkSj Áœfr dk LoHkko gSμfujUrj xfr'khy jguk] fujUrj ifjorZu'khy jguk vFkkZr~ Áœfr osG o'k esa jg dj tho dks deZ djuk gh iM+rk gSA bu deks± ls Mj dj ;fn dksbZ O;fDr lHkh bfUÊ;ksa dks fu;fU=r dj ys vkSj lc dk;Z NksM+ dj [kkyh cSB tk,] rks Hkh eu ls rks lalkj dk fpUru vo'; gksrk jgsxkA eu dHkh [kkyh ugha cSBxkA eu }kjk s fd;k x;k fpUru Hkh deZ dh Js.kh esa vk tkrk gSA ,sls O;fDr dks Hkxoku us feF;kpkjh vFkkZr~ <ksaxh dgk gSA O;kdj.k dh n`f"V ls ns[kk tk, rks Hkh iw.kZ :i ls fÿ;k lekIr gksuk laHko ugha gSA D;ksafd ^djuk* Hkh fÿ;k gS] vkSj ^u djuk* Hkh fÿ;k gSA ^pyuk* fÿ;k gS rks ^cSBuk*] ^[kM+s jguk* ;k ^lksuk* Hkh rks fÿ;k gSA ;fn 'kjhj ls oqGN Hkh u djs rks Hkh lk°l ysuk] fny ËkM+duk] Hkkstu dk ipuk] bR;kfn fÿ;k,° (deZ) rks gksrh gh jgrh gSaA blfy, Hkxoku dk dguk gS fdμ 19
  32. 32. ;fn deZ djuk gh gS rks oqGN bl Ádkj ls fd;k tk, fd og deZ gesa tUe&e`R;q] nq%[k&lq[k vkfn osG caËku esa u MkysA ftl Ádkj ,d lisjk] fo"kSys lk°i osG t+gj okys nk°r fudky nsrk gS vkSj ml lk°i osG lkFk rjg&rjg osG [ksy [ksy ldrk gS] mls fo"k dk dksbZ Mj ugha gksrk_ Bhd mlh Ádkj ,d oqG'ky lkËkd vius deZ :ih fo"kSys liZ osG ^vgadkj* vkSj ^eerk* :ih fo"k osG nk°r fudky nsrk gS vkSj vuklDr Hkko ls lalkj osG lHkh dk;ks± dks djrk gSA Hkxoku us dgkμ ;fLRofUÊ;kf.k eulk fu;E;kjHkrs∑tqZuAA desZfUÊ;S% deZ;ksxelDr% l fof'k";rsAA (3@7) vFkkZr~ gs vtqZu! tks euq"; eu ls bfUÊ;ksa dk fu;U=.k djosG] vklfDr jfgr gksdj fu"dke Hkko ls leLr bfUÊ;ksa }kjk deZ;ksx dk vkpj.k djrk gS] og Js"B gSA blfy, tks deZ 'kkL=lEer gks] o.kZ] vkJe rFkk ifjfLFkfr osG vuqowGy gks] ËkeZlEer gks] og deZ fu"dkeHkko ls] ;K dh Hkkouk ls djuk pkfg,A ;gk° Hkxoku us ^;K* dh ,d ÿkfUrdkjh ifjHkk"kk dj nhA mUgksaus dgkμ ;KkFkkZRdeZ.kks∑U;= yksdks∑;a deZcaËku%AA rnFk± deZ dkS U rs ; eq D rla x % lekpjAA (3@9) vFkkZr~ fl;K osG fy, fd, tkus okys deks± osG vfrfjDr vkSj lHkh deks± esa yxk gqvk ;g yksd (lalkj) deks± ls caËkrk gSA blfy, gs dkSUrs;! rw vklfDrjfgr gksdj ml ;K osG fy, gh deZ djAfi ;gk° ^;KkFkZ deZ* dk vFkZ gS fl;K dh Hkkouk ls] leiZ.k dh Hkkouk ls] nwljksa osG dY;k.k osG fy, fd;k tkus okyk dŸkZO; deZ!fi vr% ;K dh Hkkouk ls fd, x, fu"dke deZ osG vykok tks vU; deZ gSa] (vius fy, fd, x, tks deZ gSa) ogh caËku djrs gSaA ;K dk o.kZu djrs gq, Hkxoku Jhœ".k us dgk fd l`f"V osG vkjaHk esa cz„k th us ;K dh jpuk dhA vFkkZr~ nwljksa dk dY;k.k djus dh Hkkouk mlh le; mRiUu gqbZ] tc l`f"V dh mRifŸk gks jgh FkhA cz„k th us lHkh Ákf.k;ksa dks vkSj Áœfr dks ;K (ijksidkj) dk vkns'k nsrs gq, dgk fd rqe ;K }kjk nsorkvksa dks ÁlUu djks] nsork yksx rqEgsa bfPNr Hkksx Ánku djsaA ,d nwljs dh o`fº djrs gq, rqe ije dY;k.k dks ÁkIr gks tkvksxA s okLro esa ;fn ns[kk tk, rks ;g lkjh l`f"V ;K dh Hkkouk ls gh py jgh gSA lw;Z dk Ádk'k nwljksa osG fy, gSA og leqÊ ls ty dk 'kks"k.k djosG Lo;a ugha j[krk] ckny dks ns nsrk gSA ckny Hkh ty dks vius fy, u j[krs gq, Ëkjrh dks ns nsrk gSA unh dk ty vius fy, ugha gS] o`{k dHkh vius Qy Lo;a ugha [kkrk] nwljksa dks nsrk gS] i`Foh esa Mkyk x;k cht vuUr xq.kk gksdj okfil fey tkrk gSA dYiuk dhft,] ;fn ^;K* dh ;g Hkkouk u gksrh] rks l`f"V dk D;k gksrk 20
  33. 33. Hkxoku us vtqZu dks dgk fd thou esa oqG'kyrk ls deZ djus dh ;gh dyk gS fd flnwljksa dk dY;k.k djus dh Hkkouk ysdj] fu"dke Hkko ls] vuklDr gksdj deZ djuk pkfg,Afi nwljksa osG fgr osG fy, fd;k x;k deZ dHkh caËkudkjh ugha gksrkA ;gh fu"dke deZ;ksx dk ewyHkwr flºkUr gSA deZ;ksx osG lkËkd dks ges'kk ;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd ;g 'kjhj vkSj lalkj dh oLrq,° esjh ugha gSa] esjs fy, Hkh ugha gS vkSj eq>s vius fy, oqGN ugha pkfg,A lekt us eq>s bruk oqGN fn;kμ;ksX;rk] fo}Ÿkk] cy] vfËkdkj] Ëku] lEeku bR;kfn lHkh oqGN lekt ls gh rks feyk gSA vc esjk dŸkZO; gS lekt }kjk nh xbZ oLrqvkas ls lekt dh lsok djukA Hkxoku us dgkμfl;K'ks"k dk lsou djus okys euq"; lc ikiksa ls NwV tkrs gSa vkSj tks yksx osGoy vius fy, idkrs gSa] os iki dks gh [kkrs gSaAfi ;Kf'k"Vkf'ku% lUrks eqP;Urs loZfdfYc"kS%AA Hkqatrs rs Ro|a ikik ;s ipUR;kRedkj.kkr~AA (3@13) ;gk° ;K'ks"k dk vFkZ gS fu"dke deZ:ih ;K osG ifj.kkeLo:i O;ogkj esa vkus okyh lerk vkSj 'kkafrA blosG lsou ls iki dk uk'k gks tkrk gSA ;g l`f"Vpÿ blh Ádkj nwljksa dks nsus dh Hkkouk ls pyrk jgs] blh esa lcdh HkykbZ gSA ysfdu tks O;fDr bl pÿ dks rksMrk gS] vFkkZr~ lekt ls osGoy ysrk gh ysrk gS] nsrk oqGN ugha_ og + O;fDr v?kk;q gS vFkkZr~ ikih gSA mldk thuk Hkh O;FkZ gSA blfy, Hkxoku Jhœ".k us vtqZu ls dgkμ rLeknlDr% lrra dk;± deZ lekpjAA vlDrks ·kpjUdeZ ijekIuksfr iw#"k%AA (3@19) vFkkZr~ flblfy, rw fujUrj vklfDrjfgr gksdj dŸkZO; deZ dk vPNh Ádkj ls vkpj.k djA vuklDr Hkko ls deZ dk vkpj.k djus okyk euq"; ijekRek dks ÁkIr gksrk gSAfi blosG ckn Hkxoku us] egkjkt tud dk mnkgj.k nsrs gq, dgk fd jktk tud us Hkh deZ djrs gq, ijekRek dh ÁkfIr dj yh FkhA nwljk mnkgj.k Lo;a Hkxoku us viuk fn;kA og cksys fd gs vtqZu! eq>s rhuksa yksdksa esa dksbZ Hkh oLrq vÁkI; ugha gSA vxj eSa oqGN u d:° rks Hkh lalkj dh gj oLrq eq>s miyCËk gks ldrh gS] ysfdu ns[k] eSa Hkh deZ djrk gw°A rsjs lkeus rsjs jFk dk lkjfFk cu dj cSBk gw°A D;ksa D;ksafd Js"B iq#"k tSlk vkpj.k djrk gS] mldh ns[kk&ns[kh vkSj yksx Hkh oSlk gh djus yxrs gSaA blfy, yksdlaxzg dks ns[krs gq,] vFkkZr~ vU; yksxksa dks Ásj.kk nsus osG fy, Hkh deZ djuk vko';d gSA thou eas deZ dks bruk vko';d crk dj Hkxoku Jhœ".k us ,d vkSj cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ ckr dg MkyhA mUgksaus dgkμ 21
  34. 34. Áœrs% fÿ;ek.kkfu xq.kS% dekZf.k loZ'k%AA vgadkj foew<kRek drkZgfefr eU;rsAA rŸofoŸkq egkckgks xq . kdeZ f oHkkx;ks % AA xq.kk xq.ks"kq orZUr bfr eRok u lTtrsAA (3@27&28) vFkkZr~ fllEiw.kZ deZ] Áœfr osG xq.kksa }kjk gh fd, tkrs gSa] ijUrq vgadkj ls eksfgr gq, fpŸk okyk euq"; vius vki dks drkZ eku ysrk gSA ijUrq gs egkckgks! xq.k foHkkx vkSj deZ foHkkx dks tkuus okyk egkiq#"k ^lEiw.kZ xq.k gh xq.kksa esa cjr jgs gSa* ,slk ekudj muesa vklDr ugha gksrkAfi bu nks 'yksdksa esa Hkxoku ;g lUns'k nsuk pkgrs gSa fd okLro eas tho esa ^drkZiu* ugha gksrkA Áœfr osG lkFk viuk lacaËk ekudj] Áœfr esa gksus okys ifjorZu dks og vius esa gksus okyk le> ysrk gSA Áœfr esa gksus okyh fÿ;kvksa dks vius }kjk fd;k ^deZ* eku ysrk gSA drkZ curs gh og lq[k&nq%[k o iki&iq.; dk ^HkksDrk* Hkh cu cSBrk gSA ysfdu blosG foijhr] rRoosŸkk egkiq#"k bl ckr dks le> pqdk gS fd Áœfr osG ^xq.k foHkkx* (inkFkZ] O;fDr] ifjfLFkfr bR;kfn) rFkk ^deZ foHkkx* (fÿ;k vkSj ifj.kke) ls mldk dksbZ lacaËk ugha gSA blhfy, og Ê"Vk&ek= cu dj Áœfr esa gks jgh fÿ;kvksa o ifjorZuksa dks ns[krk jgrk gSA ,slk egkiq#"k deks± ls eksfgr ugha gksrk] vklDr ugha gksrk rFkk dHkh caËku esa ugha iM+rkA tc og ^drkZ* gh ugha gS] rks ^HkksDrk* oSGls gks ldrk gS Hkxoku osG bl mins'k esa KkuekxZ dh >yd fey jgh gSA deZ;ksx dh lQyrk osG fy, foosdorh cqfº furkUr vko';d gSA blfy, Hkxoku us deZ dk flºkUr crkrs gq, vtqZu ls dgkμ ef; lokZf.k dekZf.k lÈ;L;kË;kRepsrlkAA fujk'khfuZeZeks HkwRok ;qË;Lo foxrToj%AA (3@30) vFkkZr~ flrw vkË;kfRed cqfº osG }kjk lEiw.kZ drZO;deks± dks esjs viZ.k djosG] dkeuk&jfgr] eerk&jfgr vkSj lUrki&jfgr gksdj ;qº:ih drZO; deZ dks djAfi bl Ádkj deZ;ksxh dks Kku rFkk HkfDr] nksuksa dk lekos'k vius thou esa djrs gq,] vkpj.k djuk gksxkA cqfº eas foosd dk tkxzr gksuk Kku dk y{k.k gS rFkk lHkh deZ Hkxoku dks lefiZr djuk HkfDr dk y{k.k gSA tc ;s nksuksa gh deZ;ksx osG lkFk tqM+ tkrs gSa rks deZ;ksx HkxoRÁkfIr dk LorU= lkËku cu tkrk gSA ;gk° ,d ckr vkSj le> ysuk vko';d gSA tc rd lkËkd Áœfr osG lkFk lEcUËk eku jgk gS] rc rd rks og Áœfr osG ijo'k gksdj deZ dj gh jgk gS_ ysfdu Kkuh egkiq#"k] ftldk vUr%dj.k 'kqº gS] tks Áœfr ls viuk lEcUËk ugha ekurk] mldk O;ogkj Hkh iwoZ laLdkjksa osG dkj.k oqGN u oqGN Áœfr osG ÁHkko ls gh gksrk gSA 22
  35. 35. blfy, Hkxoku us dgk flfuxzg% foaG dfj";frfi vFkkZr~ ;gk° fdlh dk gB D;k djsxk ;gk° Ë;ku nsus okyh ckr ;g gS fd lkËkd rks Áœfr ls ÁHkkfor gksdj lq[kh&nq%[kh gksrk gS] ysfdu Kkuh egkiq#"k Áœfr osG ÁHkko esa lq[kh&nq%[kh ugha gksrkA osGoy bruk gh vUrj gksrk gSA bl Ádkj deZ flºkUr dh O;k[;k djus osG ckn Hkxoku us jkx vkSj }s"k uked nks 'k=qvksa ls lkoËkku jgus dh vkKk nhμ bfUÊ;L;sfUÊ;L;kFksZ jkx}s"kkS O;ofLFkrkSAA r;ksuZo'kekxPNsŸkkS·L; ifjifUFkukSAA (3@34) vFkkZr~ flÁR;sd bfUÊ; osG fo"k; esa jkx vkSj }s"k jgrk gSA euq"; dks bu nksuksa osG gh o'k esa ugha gksuk pkfg,] D;ksafd ikjekfFkZd ekxZ esa fo?u djus okys ;s nksuksa gh egku 'k=q gSaAfi fdlh oLrq] O;fDr] ifjfLFkfr vkSj fÿ;k dks ge vPNk le>rs gSa] vuqowGy le>rs gSa vkSj mlosG foijhr oLrq] O;fDr] ifjfLFkfr ;k fÿ;k dks ge cqjk le>rs gSa D;ksafd og gekjs ÁfrowGy gSaA ftldks ge vPNk dgrs gSa mlosG lkFk ^jkx* gks tkrk gS vkSj ftls ge cqjk dgrs gSa] mlosG lkFk }s"k djus yxrs gSaA Hkxoku dgrs gSa fd HkxoRÁkfIr dh jkg ij pyus okys lkËkd dks bu nksuksa ls gh cp dj jguk pkfg,A vc vtqZu us ,d Á'u dj fn;kA gs œ".k! euq"; ;|fi ;g tkurk gS fd D;k djuk Bhd gS] D;k xyr gSA fQj Hkh ;g euq"; u pkgrk gqvk Hkh iki D;ksa dj cSBrk gS tSls fdlh us mls tcjnLrh Ásfjr fd;k gks JhHkxoku us dgkμfljtksxq.k ls mRiUu gksus okyk dke] vFkkZr~ dkeuk gh og 'kfDr gS tks euq"; dks cyiwoZd iki esa yxkrh gSA ;gh dkeuk ^ÿksËk* dk :i Hkh ys ysrh gSA gs vtqZu! ;g ^dke* cgqr [kkus okyk vFkkZr~ dHkh r`Ir u gksus okyk egkikih gS] bldks rw lcls cM+k 'k=q le> ysA ;g dkeuk] foosd (Kku) dks bl Ádkj <d ysrh gS tSls Ëkq,° ls vfXu] ey ls niZ.k rFkk t+j s ls xHkZ <dk jgrk gSA vfXu osG leku dHkh r`Ir u gksus okyh ;g dkeuk jgrh gS bfUÊ;ksa esa] eu esa vkSj cqfº eaA ;g 'kjhjËkkjh euq"; osG Kku dks <d dj mls eksfgr dj nsrh gSA s gs vtqZu! lcls igys viuh bfUÊ;ksa dks o'k esa djosG rw bl Kku foKku dk uk'k djus okys egku ikih dke dks ekj MkyA bfUÊ;k° cgqr gh lw{e rFkk cyoku gksrh gSa] bfUÊ;ksa ls Hkh lw{e rFkk cyoku gS euA rFkk eu ls lw{e] eu ls Hkh cyoku cqfº gksrh gSA vkSj tks cqfº ls Hkh vfËkd lw{e vkSj cyoku gS] og gSμ^vkRek*A gs vtqZu! rw l'kDr gS] leFkZ gS] dke dk uk'k dj ldrk gSA ,slk fu'p;iwoZd tku dj rw bl dke:i nqtZ; 'k=q dk uk'k dj nsA bl lUns'k osG lkFk ^deZ;ksx* uked rhljs vË;k; dks fojke fn;k x;kA ˚ gfj ¨ rRlr~ ˚ 23
  36. 36. pkSFkk vË;k; KkudeZlaU;kl;ksx Hkxoku Jhœ".k us vtqZu ls dgkμflgs vtqZu! deZ;ksx dk ;g flºkUr dksbZ u;k ugha gSA bldh ijEijk cgqr gh iqjkuh gSA lcls igys ;g mins'k Lo;a eSaus lw;Z ls dgk Fkk] lw;Z us euq dks fn;k vkSj euq us b{okoqG dks fn;kA bl Ádkj ijEijk ls pyrs&pyrs ;g Kku jktf"kZ;ksa us tkukAfi Ákphu dky esa jktk yksx cgqr ËkekZRek vkSj fopkj'khy gqvk djrs FksA fu"dke Hkko ls Átk dh lsok djuk vkSj vius fy, oqGN u pkguk] ;gh muosG thou dk mÌs'; gqvk djrk FkkA blhfy, Átk Hkh jktk dk vknj djrh Fkh vkSj mldks vius firk osG leku I;kj djrh FkhA jktk rks Átk osG fgr esa dke djs] vkSj Átk vius jktk osG dY;k.k dh dkeuk djs] ;g Fkk iqjkus jktrU= dk flºkUrA ysfdu ;g ijEijk vfËkd py ugha ikbZA Ëkhjs&Ëkhjs LokFkZo'k jktk yksx vius fgr esa lkspus yxs] Hkksx&foykl esa O;Lr jgdj Átk dk fgr Hkwy x;sA vkSj Átk Hkh osGoy vius fgrksa dh j{kk osG ckjs esa lkspus yxhA Hkxoku dgrs gSa fd gs vtqZu! le; osG lkFk&lkFk ;g deZ;ksx dk Kku yqIr&lk gks x;k FkkA ogh fu"dke deZ;ksx dk Kku eSaus vkt rqedks fn;k] D;ksafd rqe esjs HkDr gks vkSj l[kk Hkh gksA ;g jgL;e; mŸke Kku gj fdlh dks ugha fn;k tkrkA Hkkjrh; laLœfr dh ,d fo'ks"krk gS fd dksbZ Hkh flºkUr] ;k rF;] ;k misn'k] vxj cgqr Ákphu gksrk gS] rks mls ge fufoZokn :i ls lj >qdk dj vklkuh ls eku ysrs gSaA tcfd ik'pkR; lH;rk esa fcyoqGy mYVk gksrk gSA os yksx ubZ&ubZ ckrksa dh 'kh?kzrk ls idM+rs gSa vkSj iqjkuh ckrksa dks NksM+rs tkrs gSaA blhfy, tc Hkxoku us ;g dgk fd deZ;ksx dk flºkUr dksbZ vkt dk ugha gS cgqr iqjkuk gS_ rks ;g dgdj Hkxoku crkuk pkgrs gSa fd bldks rqe Lohdkj dj yksA ysfdu vc vtqZu osG lkeus ,d vkSj leL;k vk [kM+h gqbZA og cksykμflgs œ".k! vki rks vHkh iSnk gq, gksA esjs l[kk osG :i esa] lkjfFk osG :i esa esjs lkeus [kM+s gks_ ysfdu lw;Z dh mRifŸk rks l`f"V osG vkfndky esa gqbZ FkhA eSa oSGls eku yw° fd ;g mins'k Lo;a vkius lw;Z dks l`f"V dh mRifŸk osG le; fn;k Fkkfi 24
  37. 37. bl Á'u osG mŸkj eas Hkxoku us viuk ,d cgqr cM+k jgL; [kksydj j[k fn;kA Hkxoku cksysμflgs vtqZu! rqEgkjs vkSj esjs cgqr ls tUe gks pqosG gSaA mu lcdks eSa tkurk gw°] rqe ugha tkursA eSa vtUek vkSj vO;; gw°] vFkkZr~ u rks esjk tUe gksrk gS vkSj u e`R;q gksrh gSA ,slk gksrs gq, Hkh eSa dHkh&dHkh Áœfr dks vius o'k esa djosG viuh bPNk ls 'kjhj Ëkkj.k djosG ÁdV gks tkrk gw°A dc ÁdV gksrk gw° ;nk ;nk fg ËkeZL; XykfuHkZofr HkkjrAA vH;qRFkkueËkeZL; rnkRekua l`tkE;ge~AA ifj=k.kk; lkËkwuka] fouk'kk; p nq"œrke~AA ËkeZlaLFkkiukFkkZ;] lEHkokfe ;qxs ;qxsAA (4@7&8) vFkkZr~] gs vtqZu! tc&tc ËkeZ dh gkfu rFkk vËkeZ dh o`fº gksrh gS] rc&rc gh eSa vius vkidks ÁdV djrk gw°A lkËkqvksa dh j{kk osG fy, rFkk ikfi;ksa dk fouk'k djus osG fy, vkSj ËkeZ dh Hkyh&Hkk°fr LFkkiuk djus osG fy, eSa ;qx&;qx esa ÁdV gksrk gw°A bl Ádkj xhrk th esa Hkxoku us vorkjokn osG flºkUr dh iqf"V dh gSA ysfdu cgqr ls yksx ,sls gSa tks Hkxoku osG vorkj ysus okyh ckr dks ugha ekursA xhrk dk mins'k ,d fufoZokn lR; gS ftldks lc ekurs gSaA blhfy, bldh O;k[;k v}Sr flºkUr osG Áfriknd Hkxoku 'kadjkpk;Z us Hkh dh gS] rks fof'k"Vk}Sr flºkUr osG ÁorZd Jh jkekuqtkpk;Z us Hkh dh gS vkSj 'kqº }Sroknh Jh ekËkokpk;Z rFkk iqf"V ekxZ osG ÁorZd Jh cYyHkkpk;Z us Hkh dh gSA tks }Sroknh gSa] mudks rks ^vorkjokn* dks ekuus esa dksbZ dfBukbZ ugha gS] ysfdu vkSj yksxksa us xhrk osG bu 'yksdksa dk vFkZ vius&vius er ,oa lEÁnk; dh ekU;rkvksa osG vuqlkj yxk;k gSA s vfËkd foLrkj esa tkuk gekjk mÌs'; ugha gS] ysfdu oqGN ckrksa dh ppkZ ;gk° djuk vÁklafxd ugha gksxkA vkËkqfud fopkjdksa dk er gS fd ;g l`f"V ^pqukSrh rFkk Áfrfÿ;k* (Challenge and Response) osG flºkUr ij pyrh gSA tc&tc cqjh rkdrsa T+;knk ÁHkko'kkyh gks tkrh gSa] mudk cksyckyk gksus yxrk gS] rks bl pqukSrh dk mŸkj nsus osG fy, dksbZ u dksbZ O;fDr mB [kM+k gksrk gS ftlesa vnE; 'kfDr] lkgl rFkk mRlkg gksrk gSA mldh lgk;rk Áœfr Hkh djrh gSA ml egku vkRek osG usr`Ro esa vklqjh 'kfDr;ksa dk uk'k gksrk gSA bfrgkl mlh dks iSxEcj] ihj] egkRek ;k Hkxoku dg dj ;kn djrk gSA Áœfr dh vts; 'kfDr;ksa dk fdlh fof'k"V tho esa mrj vkuk gh ^vorkj* dgykrk gSA vorkjokn dh O;k[;k djus okyksa esa egf"kZ vjfoUn dk ,d fof'k"V LFkku gSA ^egf"kZ vjfoUn* dh fopkjËkkjk v}Srer ls esy [kkrh gSA ysfdu ,d ckr ij og 'kadjkpk;Z th ls lger ugha gSaA 'kadjkpk;Z th rks Áœfr dks ek;k] feF;k vkSj LoIuor~ ekurs gSa] ysfdu egf"kZ vjfoUn Áœfr dks feF;k u ekudj lfPpnkuUn cz„ dk gh ^O;Dr :i* ekurs gSaA mudk dguk gS fd] ^lŸkk* rks ,d gh gS] ftldks cz„ dgk x;k] lfPpnkuUn dgk x;k] usfr&usfr dg dj eu&cqfº 25
  38. 38. ls ijs crk;k x;kA og fÿ;k'khy gSA mlosG nks :i gSa] lxq.k rFkk fuxqZ.kA fÿ;k'khyrk osG dkj.k ;s nksuksa ,d&nwljs esa ifjofrZr gksrs jgrs gSaA ml lŸkk dk 'kqº :i gS fuxqZ.kA og vtUek] lr~] fpr~] vkuUn] vO;;] vukfn&vuUr] ,d vkSj vO;Dr gSA rFkk mlh dk nwljk igyw gS lxq.k] O;Dr] vkSj vusdA ;s nksuksa :i vius vki] ,d nwljs esa ÁdV gksrs jgrs gSaA tc fuxqZ.k dh vfHkO;fDr lxq.k :i esa gksrh gS rks mlosG lr~] fpr~ rFkk vkuUn frjksfgr gksrs tkrs gSa] fNi tkrs gSa] (u"V ugha gksr)A vO;Dr ls O;Dr gksus dh bl Áfÿ;k dk vfUre iM+ko s gSμtM+ Áœfr] vFkkZr~ i`Foh] ioZr] unh&ukys vkfn] ftuesa lr~] fpr~] vkuUn vkfn dh vfHkO;fDr de ls de gksrh gSA fuxqZ.k] fujkdkj vkSj vO;Dr :i ls ÿe'k% O;Dr gksr&gksrs cz„] lxq.k&lkdkj gksdj tM+ s Áœfr osG :i esa O;Dr gks tkrk gSA ysfdu ;gk° rd igq°p dj dgkuh lekIr ugha gksrhA bl Ádkj tM+rk dh voLFkk rd ^O;Dr* gksdj ^fÿ;k'khy cz„*] fQj ls viuh fuxqZ.k rFkk vO;Dr voLFkk dh vksj py iM+rk gSA bldks ^vkjksg.k* vFkkZr~ Evolution dgk tkrk gSA cz„ dh fÿ;k'khyrk gh mldks iqu% tM+ ls psru dh ;k=k esa ys tkrh gSA bl ;k=k esa dbZ iM+ko vkrs gSaA lcls igys 'kjhj vkSj thou] mlosG ckn Ák.k] fQj mlosG ckn eul~ rRo] rFkk vUr esa vfrekul osG :i esa psruk ÁdV gksrh gSA bl lkjh Áfÿ;k esa lr~] fpr~ rFkk vkuUn] (tks frjksfgr gks x, Fks) vfËkd ls vfËkd ÁdV gksrs tkrs gSaA bu lcosG ckjs eas FkksMk+ &FkksMk+ le> fy;k tk,A (a) lcls igys 'kjhj rFkk thou dh mRifŸk gqbZA isM&ikSËks ouLifr;k° bR;kfn ÁdV gq,A muesa + o`fº] {k; rFkk fouk'k osG xq.k vk,A ;g 'kjhj osG ÁdV gksus dh voLFkk gSA (b) mlosG ckn ^Ák.k* rRo ÁdV gqvk] dbZ Ádkj osG tho] i'kq] i{kh vkfn cu x,A muesa xfr vFkkZr~ pyuk&fQjuk ÁdV gqvkA (c) mlosG ckn vk;k ^eul~* rRo] ftlosG ÁdV gksus ls euq"; cukA vkjksg.k dh ;k=k esa ge ^eul* osG Lrj rd igq°p pqoGs gSaA blfy, euq"; dks lcls fodflr tho ekuk tkrk gSA mlesa lkspus&le>us osG fy, foosd 'kfDr gksrh gS] ubZ&ubZ [kkst djus osG fy, cqfº gksrh gS] Hkkouk,° gksrh gSa vkSj vgark rFkk eerk gksrh gSA ysfdu ^eul~ rRo* osG bl iM+ko ij lHkh yksx ,d tSls ugha gksrA eul~ rRo Hkh fodkl s djrs&djrs ik°p Lrjksa ls xqtjrk gSμ(i) lkËkkj.k eu (Ordinary Mind)μtks vius [kkus&ihus] + lq[k&lqfoËkk rFkk LokFkZiwfrZ osG vkxs oqGN ugha lksprkA (ii) mPprj eu (Higher Mind)μtks lekt osG ckjs esa] ns'k osG ckjs esa rFkk vkRedY;k.k osG ckjs esa lkspus yxrk gSA (iii) vUr%ÁKk (Intuition)μosG fodflr gksus ij vius vki vkxs dk fn[kkbZ nsus yxrk gS] leL;kvksa osG mŸkj lw>us yxrs gSaA (iv) Ácqº eu (Illumined Mind)μosG vk tkus ij Ádk'k gh Ádk'k gks tkrk gS] 'kqº lRoxq.k rFkk nSoh lEifŸk dk fodkl gksrk gSA (v) vfËkekul (Overmind)μ;g ^eul~ rRo* dh mPpre voLFkk gSA blesa vKku dk ys'kek= Hkh ugha gksrkA ;g ^eul~* dk vfrÿe.k 26
  39. 39. djosG] euq";rk ls vkxs fodkl djus dh vfUre lh<+h gSA vc eul~ rŸo ls vkxs fodkl djus dk le; vk x;k gSA (d) ^vkjksg.k* dh ;k=k esa eul~ osG ckn ÁdV gksxk flvfrekulfi rRo (Supramental Conciousness) bl voLFkk esa ;s 'kjhj cny tk,ax] ^deZ* cny tk,ax] nq%[k] 'kksd] eksg rFkk vKku dh iw.kZ s s fuo`fŸk gks tk,xhA lc oqGN ^fnO;* gks tk,xk] osGoy vkuUn gh vkuUn jgsxkA bl i`"BHkwfe osG lkFk ge vc egf"kZ vjfoUn osG vorkjokn osG flºkUr dks le>saxA egf"kZ s dgrs gSa fd ^eul* ls ^vfrekul* rd tkus dh ;g Áfÿ;k lkËkuk ls Hkh gks ldrh gS] rFkk LokHkkfod :i ls Hkh gks ldrh gS] gks gh jgh gS] bldks jksdk ugha tk ldrkA ysfdu u tkus] blesa fdruh lfn;k° vkSj ;qx chr tk,a! tc&tc i`Foh ij vËkeZ c<+rk gS rks ^vfrekul* :ih psruk] euq";&ek= osG dY;k.k osG fy, fdlh ^vfËkekul* esa mrjrh gSA (D;ksafd ;gh nksuksa Lrj ,d&nwljs osG lcls ut+nhd gSaA) bl psruk dk uhps mrjuk gh ^vorkj* dgykrk gSA blfy, vorkj osG lHkh deZ rFkk tUekfn fnO; gksrs gSa] (tUe&deZ p es fnO;e~---) rFkk 'kjhj Hkh fnO; gksrk gS (fpnkuUne; nsg rqEgkjh---) mlesa u jkx gksrk gS] u o`ºkoLFkk] u fodkjA pkgs dksbZ oqGN Hkh dgs] psruk ÁdV gksrh gS] Áœfr dh 'kfDr;k° ÁdV gksrh gSa] vFkok vkSj oqGN gksrk gS_ bruh ckr rks Li"V gS fd bu lHkh Áfÿ;kvksa esa ,d ije lŸkk dke djrh gS] ftldh ^œik&'kfDr* osG fcuk nq"Vksa dk fouk'k] lkËkqvksa dh j{kk vkSj ËkeZ dh LFkkiuk laHko ugha gksrhA vius vorkj ysus dk jgL; crkus osG ckn Hkxoku Jhœ".k us dgk fd tks O;fDr esjs bl rŸo dks tku ysrk gS] og tUe&ej.k ls eqDr gksdj eq>s ÁkIr dj ysrk gSA Hkxoku us vkxs dgkμ ;s ;Fkk eka Ái|Urs] rkaLrFkSo HktkE;ge~AA ee oRekZuqorZUrs euq";k% ikFkZ loZ'k%AA (4@11) vFkkZr~ tks HkDr ftl Ádkj ls esjh 'kj.k gksrs gSa] eSa Hkh mudks mlh Ádkj ls 'kj.k esa ys ysrk gw°] pkgs dksbZ fdlh Hkh ekxZ ij pys] og esjk gh vuqlj.k djrk gSA (D;ksafd lHkh ekxZ esjs gh rks gSaA) Hkxoku osG vfrfjDr vf[ky&cz„kaM esa nwljk dksbZ ugha gSA lHkh :i Hkxoku osG gSa] lHkh lkËkuk,° Hkxoku dh gSa] lHkh ekxZ Hkxoku osG gSaA vius laLdkjksa rFkk #fp osG vuqlkj dksbZ HkDr f'ko dh mikluk djrk gS] dksbZ 'kfDr dh mikluk djrk gS] vkSj dksbZ lw;Z] x.kifr] vFkok vU; nsoh&nsork dh mikluk djrk gSA Hkxoku dgrs gSa fd os Hkh esjs gh fofHkUu :i gSaA mudh mikluk okLro eas esjh gh mikluk gSA mudh iwtk ls feyus okyk Qy rFkk flfº;k° vkfn esjs gh foËkku ls deks± osG vuqlkj feyrh gSaA ysfdu Lo:i osG vuqlkj yhykHksn rks gksrk gh gSA gj ea= dk] gj mikluk dk] gj nsoh&nsork dk viuk ,d ÁHkko gksrk gS] tks ifj.kke esa lkËkd dks fey tkrk gSA blfy, bl Hksn dks feVk dj tks fu"dke 27
  40. 40. Hkko ls ijefirk ijekRek dh 'kj.k esa tkrk gS] mls ÁHkq viuk ijein ns nsrs gSa] tgk° ls fQj ykSVuk ugha gksrkA blosG ckn Hkxoku us ^deZ* osG flºkUr ij foLrkj ls Ádk'k Mkyrs gq, dgkμ foaG deZ] fdedesZfr do;ks∑I;= eksfgrk%AA (4@16) rŸks deZ Áo{;kfe ;TKkRok eks{;ls∑'kqHkkr~AA (4@16) deZ.kks ·fi cksºO;a] cksºO;a p fodeZ.k%AA (4@17) vdeZ.k'p cksºO;a] xguk deZ.kks xfr%AA (4@17) deZ.;deZ ;% i';sndeZf.k p deZ ;%AA(4@18) l cqfºekUeuq";s"kq] l ;qDr%] œRLudeZœr~AA (4@18) vFkkZr~ deZ D;k gS vdeZ D;k gS bl fo"k; esa cM+&cM+s fo}ku Hkh eksfgr jgrs gSaA blfy, s og deZ rŸo eSa rq>s crk≈°xk] ftls tkudj rw deZ caËku ls eqDr gks tk,xkA deks± dk Lo:i Hkh tkuuk pkfg,] vkSj vdeZ dk rŸo Hkh tkuuk pkfg, rFkk fodeZ dks Hkh tkuuk pkfg,] D;ksafd deks± dh xfr xgu gS] le> esa ugha vkrhA tks euq"; deZ esa vdeZ dks] rFkk vdeZ esa deZ dks ns[krk gS og euq";ksa esa cqfºeku gS] ;ksxh gS rFkk œrœR; gSA mls oqGN Hkh djuk ckdh ugha jgrkA ;gk° rhu u;s 'kCn Á;qDr fd, x, gSμdeZ] vdeZ vkSj fodeZA la{ksi esa buosG ckjs esa fopkj a djuk Hkh vko';d gSA ^fodeZ* dk vFkZ gS fuf"kº deZ] vFkkZr~ 'kkL= ftldh vkKk ugha nsrk ,slk deZA mlosG ckjs esa oqGN dgus dh vko';drk ugha gSA blfy, deZ osG nks Hksn gq,μdeZ rFkk vdeZA eu] ok.kh rFkk 'kjhj dh lHkh fÿ;kvksa dks xhrk ^deZ* dgrh gSA deZ esa Qy dh bPNk] eerk rFkk vklfDr u jgus ij og deZ] ^vdeZ* gks tkrk gSA osGoy deks± dks Lo:i ls R;kxuk gh vdeZ ugha gksrkA vkSj Lo:i ls deks± dk R;kx laHko Hkh ugha gSA blhfy, gekjk mÌs'; gksuk pkfg,μeu] ok.kh rFkk 'kjhj ls gksus okyk gjsd deZ] dkeuk rFkk Qy dh vklfDr ls eqDr gksdj vdeZ gks tk,A Hkxoku us dgkμdeks± dh xfr xgu gSA dHkh&dHkh ge deZ djrs gSa] rks og fodeZ gks tkrk gSA dHkh ge vdeZ djrs gSa rks og deZ gks tkrk gS D;ksafd mlesa dgha u dgha dkeuk jg xbZ FkhA tc lkËkd dkeuk ls eqDr gksdj deZ djrk gS rks og ^deZ eas vdeZ* gks tkrk gS vkSj tc lHkh deks± dk R;kx djus osG ckotwn og eu ls deZ&Qy dk fpUru djrk jgrk gS rks ^vdeZ esa deZ* gks tkrk gSA la{ksi esa ge bruk dg ldrs gSa fd tc rd gekjk lEcUËk 'kjhj rFkk lalkj osG lkFk jgrk gS] rc rd gjsd deZ caËku djus okyk gksrk gS] vkSj tc lkËkd Lo;a dks 'kjhj rFkk lalkj ls vyx ekurk gqvk] Lo;a dks dŸkkZ u ekurk gqvk deZ djrk gS] rks ,slk deZ caËkudkjh ugha gksrkA deZ osG bl jgL; dks tkuus okyk gh ^cqfºeku* rFkk ^œrœR;* gksrk gSA ladYi&fodYi rFkk dkeuk gh deZ&caËku dk dkj.k gSaA 'yksd la[;k 19 ls 23 rd ,sls lkËkd dk o.kZu fd;k x;k gS] tks ^deZ jgL;* dk tkuus okyk gS rFkk lQyrkiwoZd deZ dks vdeZ esa cny ldrk gSA 28

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