Ayurvedic Pharmacology of Eclipta alba & its Pharmacognocy
Classical categorization :Latin Name:- Eclipta alba Hassk.
Family Name:- Compositae
Sanskrit Name:- bhringraj, maarkwa,
Nepali Name:- Bhringraaj
English Name:- Trailing eclipta
A prostrate herb, 30-60cm tall, much
branched annual herb with rooted nodes.
Leaves simple, opposite, sessile, 2.5-7.5 cm
long & variable in breath, lanceolate narrowed
at both ends, oppressed hairs on both sides.
Flower white in axillary or terminal heads;
heads radiate, 0.5-1 cm in diameter. Fruit
achene, cuneate, compressed & with a narrow
Flowering in rainy & Fruiting till winter.
In Raaj Nighantu three varieties are mentioned on
the basis of colour of flower. They are:
(i) Sweta Bhringraj (Eclipta alba)
(ii) Pitt Bhringraj
(Wedelia calendulacea Less)
(iii) Nill Bhringraj
(Eclipta alba ?)
200-1200mt east to west
Major chemical constituents:Ecliptal, wedelolactone, stigmasterol. Etc.
It is used in pandu, kamla, swas, kash,
netrarog, hridrog, krimi, kustha, shirhasul,
khalitya, palitya, yakritrog, kamla,
Plit rog – bhringaraj juice 2 prastha,
yastimadhu 1 pal, ghrit 1 prastha, & tail 16
Naktandhya- fish’s egg cooked in bhringaraj
Suryavrat- bhringraj juice mixed with goat
milk then heated in sun light is applied as a
Kaphaj kash - bhringraj juice with honey.
Important preparation:- bhringaraj
tail, sadbindu tail, bhringrajadi