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Ayurvedic Pharmacology of Eclipta alba & its Pharmacognocy

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Ayurvedic Pharmacology of Eclipta alba & its Pharmacognocy

  1. 1.       Classical categorization :Latin Name:- Eclipta alba Hassk. Family Name:- Compositae Sanskrit Name:- bhringraj, maarkwa, keshranjan, keshraaj. Nepali Name:- Bhringraaj English Name:- Trailing eclipta
  2. 2.   A prostrate herb, 30-60cm tall, much branched annual herb with rooted nodes. Leaves simple, opposite, sessile, 2.5-7.5 cm long & variable in breath, lanceolate narrowed at both ends, oppressed hairs on both sides. Flower white in axillary or terminal heads; heads radiate, 0.5-1 cm in diameter. Fruit achene, cuneate, compressed & with a narrow wing. Flowering in rainy & Fruiting till winter.
  3. 3.  In Raaj Nighantu three varieties are mentioned on the basis of colour of flower. They are: (i) Sweta Bhringraj (Eclipta alba) (ii) Pitt Bhringraj (Wedelia calendulacea Less) (iii) Nill Bhringraj (Eclipta alba ?)
  4. 4. 200-1200mt east to west  Major chemical constituents:Ecliptal, wedelolactone, stigmasterol. Etc.
  5. 5.     Guna: ruksh, laghu Rasa: katu & tikta Vipak: katu Virya: ushna.
  6. 6.        Effect on Doshas : - kaph-vatt samak Systemic: External- sothhara, bednasthapan, vran-sodhan, vran-ropan, savarnikaran, chakshusya, keshvardhan & ranjan. Internal: NS: Bednasthapan DS: dipan, pachan, yakrit-utejak, sulprasaman. CS: rakrprasadan, raktvardhan, raktavarsamak sothhara. contd….
  7. 7.       RS: kaphaghna US: mutral Rep.S: seeds are vajikaran. Skin: Swedjanan,kusthghna Tem. Aampachan,Jwarghna Eye: Dristi sakti vardhak
  8. 8.  It is used in pandu, kamla, swas, kash, netrarog, hridrog, krimi, kustha, shirhasul, khalitya, palitya, yakritrog, kamla, plihabridhi. Etc.
  9. 9.     Plit rog – bhringaraj juice 2 prastha, yastimadhu 1 pal, ghrit 1 prastha, & tail 16 tola-sidh tail(C.D) Naktandhya- fish’s egg cooked in bhringaraj juice(C.D) Suryavrat- bhringraj juice mixed with goat milk then heated in sun light is applied as a nasya(VM) Kaphaj kash - bhringraj juice with honey. (c.ci-22)
  10. 10.   Dosage:- juice 5-10ml Important preparation:- bhringaraj tail, sadbindu tail, bhringrajadi churna, bhringrajghrit.

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