Theory of reality

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Theory of reality

  1. 1. Theory of Reality<br />Metaphysics<br />
  2. 2. Philosophy<br />Philosophy is the science of the logical foundation of all knowledge<br />It is the first logical science<br />Philosophy is the highest generalization which scientific research suggest.<br />It consist of great unifying truth, the science of sciences.<br />
  3. 3. philosophy<br />Philosophy is:     (a) the attempt to acquire knowledge     (b) by rational means    (c) about topics that do not seem amenable to empirical investigation. <br />Condition <br />(a) distinguishes philosophy from creative disciplines such as literature or music. <br />(b) distinguishes philosophy from mysticism and some varieties of religion. <br />(c) distinguishes philosophy from the empirical sciences.<br />
  4. 4. Metaphysics<br />The study of logical foundation of science or of the real<br />The theory of reality or the highest generalization regarding the real warranted by our present knowledge<br />(Compared to Theory of Ideal or ethics and aesthetics)<br />
  5. 5. Theory of reality<br />What kinds of things exist? <br />How many kinds of things are there? <br />How are they related to one another? (E.g.: do minds exist? Numbers? God? Forms?)<br />
  6. 6. Nature of information<br />See without knowing (dog watching a machine) is not information<br />See with knowing ( Dr seeing a patient) is information<br />
  7. 7. Nature of truth<br />Information may be true or false<br />To know something is the subject believes it to be true<br />
  8. 8. The nature of proposition<br />X implies Y means: “if X then Y”<br />if X is true, so is Y;<br />If Y is false, so is X;<br />But X may be false and Y still be true<br />For example, <br />if two sides of a triangle are equal, their opposite angles are equal.<br />If the volume of a gas decreases, its pressure will increase<br />If a body moves in empty space, it will move in a straight line with uniform velocity<br />
  9. 9. What is a proposition<br />
  10. 10. Knowledge of proposition<br />

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