Disaster mgmt

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Disaster mgmt

  1. 1. DisasterDisaster ManagementManagement InIn IndiaIndia byby Dr.Pravin A PawarDr.Pravin A Pawar [ B.H.M.S,M.B.A {HCM},PG-DHI ][ B.H.M.S,M.B.A {HCM},PG-DHI ] DisasterDisaster ManagementManagement InIn IndiaIndia byby Dr.Pravin A PawarDr.Pravin A Pawar [ B.H.M.S,M.B.A {HCM},PG-DHI ][ B.H.M.S,M.B.A {HCM},PG-DHI ]
  2. 2. Floods July 2005 Mumbai Terrorist Attacks (26/2011) Flood, Assam & Bihar 2004 MAJOR DISASTERS IN INDIA (1982-2013) June 2013,  Uttrakhand  Heavy Rainfall & Floods Earthquake, Bhuj Jan 2001 Earthquake, Latur Sept 1993 Tsunami Dec 2004 Bhopal Gas Disaster, Dec 1982 Earthquake, Oct 2005 Kosi Floods, Aug, 2008 Cyclone Aila, West Bengal, 2009
  3. 3. India in DisastersIndia in Disasters India is one of the most disaster prone countries in the worldIndia is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world.. Over 65% land area vulnerable to earthquakes; 70% of land under cultivation prone to drought; 5% of land (40 million hectares) to floods; 8% of land (8,000 km coastline) to cyclones. A Major Disaster occurs every 2-3 years; 50 million people affected annually 1 million houses damaged annually along with human,social and other losses During 1985-2003, the annual average damage due to natural disasters has been estimated at 70 million USD Source: Ministry of Agriculture, GOI: BMTPC, Ministry of Urban Development, GOI
  4. 4. DisasterDisaster A Disaster is an event that ,occurs in most casesA Disaster is an event that ,occurs in most cases suddenly and unexpectedly, causing severesuddenly and unexpectedly, causing severe disturbances to people, objects and environment,disturbances to people, objects and environment, resulting in loss of life , property and health of theresulting in loss of life , property and health of the population.population.
  5. 5. Types of DisastersTypes of Disasters  NaturalNatural  ManmadeManmade
  6. 6.  FloodsFloods  CyclonesCyclones  Tornadoes and HurricanesTornadoes and Hurricanes  Snow AvalanchesSnow Avalanches  DroughtsDroughts  Sea ErosionSea Erosion  Thunder & LightningThunder & Lightning Natural Disasters
  7. 7.  FiresFires  Air, road and rail accidentsAir, road and rail accidents  Chemical and industrial disastersChemical and industrial disasters  Nuclear disastersNuclear disasters  Mine floodingMine flooding  Oil spillOil spill  Major building collapseMajor building collapse  Serial bomb blastsSerial bomb blasts  Festival related disastersFestival related disasters Manmade DisastersManmade Disasters
  8. 8. • The Disaster Management Act, 2005The Disaster Management Act, 2005 • National Disaster Management AuthorityNational Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)(NDMA) • State governments Disaster ManagementState governments Disaster Management AuthoritiesAuthorities • District’s Disaster Management AuthoritiesDistrict’s Disaster Management Authorities Management of Disaster in India
  9. 9. DISASTER MANAGEMENTDISASTER MANAGEMENT ““AN APPLIED SCIENCE WHICH SEEKS,AN APPLIED SCIENCE WHICH SEEKS, BY THE SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION ANDBY THE SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS OF DISASTERS,ANALYSIS OF DISASTERS, TO IMPROVE MEASURES RELATING TOTO IMPROVE MEASURES RELATING TO PREVENTION, PREPAREDNESS ,PREVENTION, PREPAREDNESS , RESPONSE AND RECOVERYRESPONSE AND RECOVERY ..””
  10. 10.  Preparedness/PreparationPreparedness/Preparation  ResponseResponse  RecoveryRecovery  MitigationMitigation Disaster ManagementDisaster Management CycleCycle
  11. 11. Disaster ManagementDisaster Management
  12. 12. PREPAREDNESSPREPAREDNESS  Preparedness enablePreparedness enable governments,governments, organizations,organizations, communities ,communities , individualsindividuals to respond rapidly and effectively to disasterto respond rapidly and effectively to disaster situations.situations.
  13. 13. PREPAREDNESSPREPAREDNESS  Preparedness measures by :Preparedness measures by :  Up-to-date counter-disaster plansUp-to-date counter-disaster plans  Special provisions for emergency actionSpecial provisions for emergency action  The provisions of warning systemsThe provisions of warning systems  Emergency communicationsEmergency communications  Public education and awarenessPublic education and awareness  Training programs, including exercises and tests.Training programs, including exercises and tests.
  14. 14. RESPONSERESPONSE  Taken immediately prior to and following disasterTaken immediately prior to and following disaster impact.impact.  Typical measures include :Typical measures include :  Implementation of plansImplementation of plans  Search and RescueSearch and Rescue  Provision of emergency food, shelter, medicalProvision of emergency food, shelter, medical assistance etc.assistance etc.  Survey and assessmentSurvey and assessment
  15. 15. RECOVERYRECOVERY  Communities and the nation are assisted inCommunities and the nation are assisted in returning to their proper/normal level ofreturning to their proper/normal level of functioning following a disaster.functioning following a disaster.  Three main categories of activity are normallyThree main categories of activity are normally regarded as coming within the recoveryregarded as coming within the recovery segment:segment:  RestorationRestoration  ReconstructionReconstruction  RehabilitationRehabilitation
  16. 16. MITIGATIONMITIGATION  It is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lesseningIt is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters.the impact of disasters.  Mitigation is taking actionMitigation is taking action nownow —before the next disaster.—before the next disaster.  To reduce human and financial consequences later (analyzingTo reduce human and financial consequences later (analyzing risk, reducing risk, insuring against risk).risk, reducing risk, insuring against risk).
  17. 17. Disaster Hurts - its Management Doesn’tDisaster Hurts - its Management Doesn’t AspectsAspects Negative AspectsNegative Aspects Positive aspectsPositive aspects DD II SS AA SS TT EE RR DamageDamage InterruptionInterruption SevereSevere AntagonisticAntagonistic ScourgeScourge TraumaticTraumatic EmergencyEmergency RiskRisk DevelopmentDevelopment InnovationInnovation SharingSharing AwarenessAwareness Self sufficiencySelf sufficiency TransformationTransformation EducationEducation ResilienceResilience
  18. 18. THE ENDTHE END

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