The Reaction of the West
Soviets in Eastern Europe <ul><li>Western Powers understood need for some soviet influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted ...
Do these two political cartoons have the same message?  Explain.
Activity:  Soviet Political Cartoon <ul><li>Men: Design a Soviet cartoon or poster commenting on the USSR’s actions.  It c...
Greece <ul><li>1944: Nazis leave </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two Greek groups wanted to rule: Monarchists & Communists </li></ul...
The Truman Doctrine <ul><li>US intervention in Greece marked new era </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Truman Doctrine’ born </li></ul><...
Activity:  USA Political Cartoon <ul><li>Women: Design a USA cartoon or poster summarizing the Truman Doctrine.  It could ...
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Cld War04 Reactions Web

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Cld War04 Reactions Web

  1. 1. The Reaction of the West
  2. 2. Soviets in Eastern Europe <ul><li>Western Powers understood need for some soviet influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted USSR needed security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreed E Europe would be Soviet ‘sphere of influence’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alarmed at USSR’s complete domination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed democratic gov’ts that were friendly to USSR were possible in E Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalin saw moves as giving USSR security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Truman saw them as spreading Communism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1948: E Europe turns red </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only Greece & Czechoslovakia not Communist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US feared spread of Communism to (F) & Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events in Greece & Czech effected US policy </li></ul></ul>Police performing Every Move You Make
  3. 3. Do these two political cartoons have the same message? Explain.
  4. 4. Activity: Soviet Political Cartoon <ul><li>Men: Design a Soviet cartoon or poster commenting on the USSR’s actions. It could either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack the attitudes of the West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justify and explain Soviet actions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You will have 15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Blank paper & drawing materials will be at the front of the room </li></ul>Cartoon from a book called A Shattering Blow by Boris Efimov, Plakat, Moscow, 1985. The caption reads: &quot;Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe - These two old toads love croaking loudly. Their base in an old rubbish bin containing provocations, lies, slander, inventions The Russian folksong Volga Boatsman , sung by the Soviet Army Choir
  5. 5. Greece <ul><li>1944: Nazis leave </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two Greek groups wanted to rule: Monarchists & Communists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1945: Churchill sent (E) troops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Churchill claimed it was to restore order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In fact, it was to support Monarchists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1946: USSR protests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USSR protested to UN that (E) threatened peace in Greece. UN did nothing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communists in (G) began civil war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1947: (E) is broke, bankrupt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24 Feb: (E) announced it will pull out troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Truman paid for (E) troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchists stay in power, though weak </li></ul></ul>You are listening to Mikis Theodorakis performing Zorba the Greek
  6. 6. The Truman Doctrine <ul><li>US intervention in Greece marked new era </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Truman Doctrine’ born </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US prepared to send $$$ , equipment or advice to any countries threatened by Communism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal: stop the spread of Communism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ Containment’, George F. Kennan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Truman Doctrine’ really Kennan’s ‘containment’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some gov’t officials wanted containment to include active US military force against Soviet expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Korean War would be first use of US troops </li></ul></ul>You are listening to excerpts from President Truman’s March 12 1947 ‘Truman Doctrine’ speech to a Joint Session of Congress. It clearly outlines the concept of ‘containment’.
  7. 7. Activity: USA Political Cartoon <ul><li>Women: Design a USA cartoon or poster summarizing the Truman Doctrine. It could either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack the attitudes of the USSR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justify and explain US actions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You have 15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Blank paper & drawing materials are at the front of the room </li></ul>Smashmouth sings All Star
  8. 8. Fin

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