Cld War03 Begins Web


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Cld War03 Begins Web

  1. 1. The Cold War
  2. 2. <ul><li>By 1946 wartime Allies now hostile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distrust so great that US & USSR talked openly of threat of war between the two countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Propaganda war developed w/ each side denouncing policies of the other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The term ‘Cold War’ began to be used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold War lasted from late 1940s to 1991 </li></ul></ul>The cold War Begins Write your own definition of the term ‘Cold War’ as it might appear in a historical document Mr. Grinch, from the 1966 Dr. Seuss cartoon-story, How The Grinch Stole Christmas
  3. 3. What point is the cartoonist making about the alliance?
  4. 4. Why was the USA so worried about Communism? <ul><li>Wartime alliance due to common enemy, not mutual friendship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FDR & S got along well, but not countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< WWII each had distrusted the other greatly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US troops sent to fight Reds in Russia (1918-21) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before war US citizens trusted USSR less than Nazi Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA appalled @ Nazi-Soviet Pact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(E) & US delay @ 2 nd front always angered S </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences too great to be overcome easily </li></ul>Righteous Brothers’ You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feelin’ from their Best Of … album Russia U S A
  5. 5. Fact File: USA compared to USSR <ul><li>Democracy: gov’t chosen by the people </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalist: Businesses & property privately owned </li></ul><ul><li>World’s wealthiest country, but extremes of rich & poor </li></ul><ul><li>Americans believed freedom from gov’t control more important than economic or social equality </li></ul><ul><li>Americans believed other countries should run ‘the American way’ </li></ul><ul><li>Many Americans bitterly opposed to atheist communism </li></ul><ul><li>Communist one-party state: elections held, but only party candidates could run </li></ul><ul><li>Economic superpower because of 5-year plans, but standard of living much lower than USA. Still, unemployment low, and extreme poverty almost non-existent </li></ul><ul><li>Communists believed rights of individuals less important that society as a whole, so OK to tightly control peoples’ lives </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet leaders believed in Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Many people in USSR bitterly opposed to ‘decadent’ capitalism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comparisons Elections Industries Individual Rights USSR - Communist USA – Capitalist & Democratic Communist Communist Democrat Republican State-Owned Private Property
  7. 7. <ul><li>On the left is a reconstruction of Norman Rockwell’s Four Freedoms poster promoting the causes for which the USA was purporting to fight WWII (you have already seen this) </li></ul>… freedom of speech … freedom of worship … freedom from want … freedom from fear Ours to fight for … <ul><li>Which of these freedoms do you think the Soviet Union would also believe in? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Which would it think unimportant? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>What might be an equivalent poster (with four freedoms Soviet-style) for the USSR in WWII? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Differences existed in 1920s, ’30s w/o Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>1940s differences more significant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> WWII both were only superpowers left </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(E), (F), (G) (J) now 2 nd rate powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>USA now willing to take on respons-ibilities as only democratic superpower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Til 1930s USA was isolationist … no more! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not willing to repeat mistakes of the past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more appeasement of dictators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every Communist action would meet strong American response </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ [America] will have to take responsibility for world collaboration or we shall have to bear the responsibilities for another world conflict’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FDR to Congress, March 1945, after Yalta </li></ul></ul>Why was the USA so worried about Communism? Kate Smith performing God Bless America . To many Americans, she owned this song!
  9. 9. Focus Task: How did the USSR gain control of Eastern Europe? <ul><li>It is 1948. As a high-ranking member of the State Department’s Europe Bureau, produce a briefing paper to update President Truman on the situation in Eastern Europe. Your report should mention: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Communist successes in Eastern Europe between 1945 & 1948 and the reasons for them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalin’s plan for Eastern Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The methods being used by Stalin to control Eastern Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whether you think the USA should be worried and why </li></ul></ul>Tears for Fears’ much maligned hit, Everybody Wants To Rule The World
  10. 10. Fin
  11. 11. PSDs for the Cold War <ul><li>Unless Russia is faced with an iron fist and strong language another war is in the making. Only one language do they understand – ‘how many [army] divisions have you got?’ … I’m tired of babying the Soviets. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President Truman, writing to his Secretary of State in January 1946 </li></ul></ul>