Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

droidcon 2012: The Android passenger, Joerg Decker, Capgemini


Published on

The combination of smartphone and vehicules allows the seemless integration of the digital world of the driver with the vehicules.

Possibilities of Android in cars are shown

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

droidcon 2012: The Android passenger, Joerg Decker, Capgemini

  1. 1. The Android PassengerTowards Android-based In-Vehicle Service PlatformsJörg Decker, Capgeminidroidcon 2012, March, 14th
  2. 2. Due to its openness and attractive ecosystem, Androidalready appeared on all kinds of platforms ... ?... will Android also make it into cars? © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 2
  3. 3. Agenda• Bringing the smart phone experience into cars• Opportunities for vehicle apps• The vehicle context matters: challenges and limitations• Distribution and control: vehicle app stores?• Integration approaches• Android as an in-vehicle service platform © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 3
  4. 4. Today’s smart phone users demand for seamless integration of their existing digital world into vehicles Mail & Phone & • Users are spoiled by the fast-pace Contacts IM entertainment industry with small Business Notifi- innovation cycles Calendar cations • Digital services become an important differentiating factor for the OEMs Docu- Feeds, ments News Audio Favourite Content Apps Social Pictures Media Video Games• Drivers and passengers want to stay online when entering their car• Consumers want to connect their devices and expect the same digital services and data within their car © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 4
  5. 5. There are many opportunities for new and innovative servicesand apps for cars! Is there a car app for that? © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 5
  6. 6. What are the major challenges for bringing apps intovehicles? Angry birds while driving? All lifestyle! No real need ... How about safety? Are we able to control and maintain this? Who pays for that? What about security? Nice – but let’s build cars ... App quality? Fear of image loss Challenges for the Automotive Industry • Keeping driving safe and avoiding distraction • Focussing on the important use cases and innovations that make the difference and that customers want to pay for • Finding the right platform, distribution model and degree of control • Coping with increasing complexity and higher costs due to testing and certification © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 6
  7. 7. How open should the app platform be? Who builds and controls the vehicle apps? Closed Third-party Certified Open platform apps apps platform Proprietary Ordered by Controlled almost no apps OEMs openness restrictions OEM Dev CommunityDegree of theOEM’s overallcontrolControl ofsafetyregulations andintegrationInnovationpotentialApp diversity =sales argument © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 7
  8. 8. The driving context matters - avoiding distraction and driving safety must stay a top priority “Of those people killed in distracted-driving-related crashes, 995 “Of those injured in distracted-driving-related crashes, 24,000 involved reports of a cell phone as a distraction involved reports of a cell phone as a distraction (18% of fatalities in distraction-related (5% of injured people in distraction-related crashes)”.*) crashes)”.*) Human–Machine–Interfaces (HMI) Input Controls (Touch) Speakers / Mics Displays• In-car apps and services should – Have an optimized UI/UX for in-vehicle usage In-Vehicle – Use existing car interfaces and speech control Service Platform – Have common access points and navigation patterns – Be context-aware (driving situation, parking, passenger seat) *) TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS, Distracted Driving 2009 NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 8
  9. 9. Integration Example: mirroring the smart phone screen to the head unit display Human–Machine–InterfacesSpeechcontrol Input (Touch) Displays ControlsText-to- SpeakersSpeech / Mics In-Vehicle Service Smart Phone Platform • There is no common standard for App App App external device integration today – basic support exists via Bluetooth and media protocols – A bunch of devices and some new car models expected in 2012 with support • Apps share the display and can run on the for MirrorLink™ service platform and on the smart phone – “Headless” Integration Example: Ford • App controlled by the physical vehicle SYNC ® AppLink™ : e.g. web radio, interfaces TTS twitter client, news client © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 9
  10. 10. Vehicle data apps example: social networking fuelconsumption contest Who of you is the greenest driver? Besides me ... FORD OpenXC, “Fuel Efficiency Monitor” Renault R-Link, LeWeb 11 TechCrunch 2011 – Open Hardware Approach © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 10
  11. 11. Vehicle data access today: we developed an Android appprototype that accesses real-time data via On-Board Diagnostics Vehicle Vehicle Network OBD Port Data App ECU ECU OBDBluetooth OBD II OBD BT Adapter CAN Use-Cases: Challenges: • Fuel consumption • Access is very low-level via OBDII messages calculation • Fuel consumption calculation for different fuel • Social media features, types based on standard OBD data trip recording • Access to vendor-specific data usually not published The Future: • No external hardware should be required • The vehicle service platform should provide data access via a standard Car- API © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 11
  12. 12. VISION: in-vehicle service platform running native Android Human–Machine–Interface (HMI) • Native Android apps can be installed by the user and run directly on the service platform • User Interface – Navigation based on a directional controller In-Vehicle Service Platform without touchpad possible (focusable=true) – Enhanced speech-control and text-to-speech App Mgmt. support(OEM-Spec Implementation) (OEM) Service (OEM) • Vehicle-API provides access to vehicle data and App controls Vehicle-API (Certified) Apps – <uses-feature Market name=“”> App (OEM) – Sensor.TYPE_VEHICLE_SPEED (Devs) • Car-specific providers, services, intents – VehicleSpecificationProvider Android – RealTimeCarDataService [AIDL] – android.intent.action.CAR_PARKED – android.intent.action.BATTERY_LOW • App distribution Vehicle Network (Low-Level) – Google Market: your car is just another device showing up in your Android market account © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 12
  13. 13. Android’s arriving - Renault R-Link: tablet-based service platform running AndroidAnnouncements (Sept. 2011):• 50 Apps will be available in the “Renault Market”• Starting in 2012: Renault Clio• Distribution model: app certification by vendor• Dashboard-mounted tablet• Opportunity for App developers and companies © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 13
  14. 14. Android has great a potential for being the first-choice openplatform for innovative vehicle apps and servicesSummary • Vehicle-context: driving safety and distraction Challenges • Degree of control: open vs. closed platform • Still no established standards: OEMs still in the phase of finding the best solution • Security and patch management • Portable, extensible, powerful open source stack Android’s • Open architecture, strong security concepts Pole Position • Proven solutions and use-cases for management and distribution of apps • Low risk for a “dead end solution” for the OEMs • Developer community eager to conquer new platforms • Excellent chances for Android to become the first-choice platform for innovative vehicle apps and services - beyond infotainment • Certification-based app platform fits best for a safety- critical vehicle environment with demand for high quality © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 14
  15. 15. More information About Capgemini Capgemini, one of the worlds get the right balance of the best talentforemost providers of consulting, from multiple locations, working as onetechnology and outsourcing services, team to create and deliver the optimumenables its clients to transform and solution for clients.perform through technologies. Present in more than 35 countries,Capgemini provides its clients with Capgemini reported 2010 globalinsights and capabilities that boost their revenues of EUR 8.7 billion andfreedom to achieve superior results employs over 112,000 peoplethrough a unique way of working, the worldwide.Collaborative Business ExperienceTM. More information is available at:The Group relies on its global delivery www.capgemini.commodel called Rightshore®, which aims to © 2012 Capgemini. All rights reserved. 15