Perspectives: Best Practice Guidelines in
Equitable Education Revisited with Imaginative
SFU Master’s in Education Student
Disability Resource Network Conference
Vancouver BC May 22, 2015
The goal of action research is to seek meanings and
understandings about practices and to consider new
approaches to the delivery of instruction.
Critical self-analysis is key
Speak about what worked - what did not
Propose more work or change in policy or practice
Imaginative Education: Kieran Egan
Master’s of Education: Instruction and Curriculum
Imaginative Education, Learning in Depth
Kieran has written extensively about the
development of cognitive tools that if utilized engage
the student emotionally with the content, learning
increases that shapes understandings of their world.
Lev Vygotsky: Russian Special Educator is one of the
original thinkers around learning/reflection/mediation
Kieran Egan’s Work
Focus Groups at all institutions
Various disabilities represented at the discussion
Did not use internet –distributed paper copies!
Perspectives Report 1995
SFU Cohorts & Instructor
More Critical Friends
Thompson Rivers University
ASE Articulation Committee
Meetings in person/on the phone
May 2014 session at the DRN Conference
The 4 Themes were….
Informing Potential Allies/Students
Providing a Range of Options
Disability Resource Network
Universal Design for Learning
Changing Student Profile
Themes for the Action Research
Roots in Architecture
IMAGE OF A CURB CUT
Note taking by all students taking turns and posting
Power points from instructor posted
Videos with open captioning and voice
Universal Design for Learning
Getting away from Special Education and planning
how to maximize learning for everyone
Every instructor considers student engagement
Plan before delivery to meet 3 principles
-Multiple means of representing the information
-Multiple means of expressing the knowledge
-Multiple means of engagement in learning
Paradigm Shift Special Education to
Mixed or Hybrid
Inclusive Individual Support
Grigal, M. & Hart, D. (2010). Think College: Post
Secondary Options for Students with Intellectual
Susan Scott-Parker from Business Disability Forum
A business would be confident in serving customers
with disabilities and hiring employees with disabilities
Employment Equity legislation in Canada
Diversity positions at post secondary institutions
Disability Smart or Confident
Implications for preparation in high school
Implications for classroom curriculum in ASE Career
Implications for Disability Supports Services
Autism Spectrum Disorder
IMPLICATIONS for curriculum?
English as An Additional Language
IMPLICATIONS for outreach by institutions?
Changing Profile of ASE Students
Think College chart on their website
Differences Between High School
Personal devices – tablet, ipad, iphone
More interviews with Disability Support Services
Wider range of accommodations maybe the approach
Students entering post secondary are more in tune
with technology (all students)
Definition: Individualized employment relationship
whereby the employee and the employer have their
needs met. Can include job-carving or self
employment and assumes accommodations available.
Do we use CE principles in ASE programs/services?
Where are the employment services for your
SFU Faculty Kieran Egan
What is the purpose of education?
What is Imagination? How do we measure
engagement of imagination in learning?
“To imagine something is to think of it as possibly
being so.” (White 1990)
What is Imagination?
Binary opposites – safe/not safe on time/late
Storytelling – there was a job where…
Role-playing – be the customer
Sense of Humour - videos
Images - photos or graphic organizers or schedules
Games ie. Jeopardy
Collections: what do Employers want in an employee?
Context change – be the employer or the expert
Extremes and limits – WORKSAFE BC
Search for truth – Employment standards! breaks
Sample of Applying IE to ASE
Which cognitive tools did we engage?
Know which ones your students use and push them
to add more to their toolkit!
Examples of Engaging Us
Changing Programs to meet today’s demands
BCCAT Career Exploration
Authentication of ASE
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance
by Robert Pirsig
Use of Cognitive Tools of Imaginative Education in
lesson planning and teaching
Implications for My Teaching
ASE community collaboration
Change agents and champions in their workplace
Leaders in Universal Design for Learning before it had
a trendy name!
Community engagement with families, schools,
employers, other ministries,
Unexpected Research Results
Think College advice on the website
How to work with a college to create a credential that
an employer would recognize?
Do we focus on a buffet of options in post secondary?
Philosophical vs Ironic