Malnutrition description

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Malnutrition description

  1. 1. MALNUTRITIONMALNUTRITION
  2. 2. WHAT IS MALNUTRITION?WHAT IS MALNUTRITION?Malnutrition is:Malnutrition is: poor nutrition due to an insufficient, poorlypoor nutrition due to an insufficient, poorlybalanced diet, faulty digestion or poor utilizationbalanced diet, faulty digestion or poor utilizationof foods. (This can result in the inability toof foods. (This can result in the inability toabsorb foods.)absorb foods.) Malnutrition is not onlyMalnutrition is not only insufficientinsufficient intake ofintake ofnutrients. It can occur when an individual isnutrients. It can occur when an individual isgettinggetting excessiveexcessive nutrients as well.nutrients as well.
  3. 3. WHAT CAUSES MALNUTRITION?WHAT CAUSES MALNUTRITION?Human beings need a wideHuman beings need a widevariety of nutrients to supplyvariety of nutrients to supplyessential energy. Do youessential energy. Do youknow what nutrients weknow what nutrients weneed?need? proteinprotein vitaminsvitamins mineralsmineralsIf any one of these nutrientsIf any one of these nutrientsis deficient in a persons diet,is deficient in a persons diet,he/she may suffer fromhe/she may suffer frommalnutritionmalnutrition
  4. 4. WHAT CAUSES MALNUTRITION?WHAT CAUSES MALNUTRITION?(continued)(continued)Malnutrition also occurs when there is anMalnutrition also occurs when there is animbalance of energy and protein in animbalance of energy and protein in anindividual’s diet. The body may becomeindividual’s diet. The body may becomeunable to absorb the nutrients it requiresunable to absorb the nutrients it requiresto function properly.to function properly.**For example, if a child is suffering from energyFor example, if a child is suffering from energyand protein malnutrition, they will most likelyand protein malnutrition, they will most likelyhave deficiencies in iron, calcium, and otherhave deficiencies in iron, calcium, and othervitamins and minerals.vitamins and minerals.
  5. 5. WHO IS AFFECTED BYWHO IS AFFECTED BYMALNUTRITION?MALNUTRITION? Individuals who are dependent on others forIndividuals who are dependent on others fortheir nourishment. (infants, children, thetheir nourishment. (infants, children, theelderly, prisoners)elderly, prisoners) Mentally disabled or ill because they are notMentally disabled or ill because they are notaware of what to eat.aware of what to eat. People who are suffering from tuberculosis,People who are suffering from tuberculosis,eating disorders, HIV/AIDS, cancer, or whoeating disorders, HIV/AIDS, cancer, or whohave undergone surgical procedures arehave undergone surgical procedures aresusceptible to interferences with appetite orsusceptible to interferences with appetite orfood uptake which can lead to malnutrition.food uptake which can lead to malnutrition.
  6. 6. BUT DO YOU KNOW THE NUMBERBUT DO YOU KNOW THE NUMBERONE FACTOR THAT CAUSESONE FACTOR THAT CAUSESMALNUTRITION?MALNUTRITION?POVERTY!
  7. 7. POVERTY…POVERTY… Nearly 3 billion people in the world are living on lessNearly 3 billion people in the world are living on lessthan $1 a day. They have little access to their basic needs,than $1 a day. They have little access to their basic needs,including adequate nutrition to help their bodies stay inincluding adequate nutrition to help their bodies stay inbalance. Poverty may also prevent individuals frombalance. Poverty may also prevent individuals fromaccessing education, which can lead to misinformationaccessing education, which can lead to misinformationabout adequate nutrition.about adequate nutrition.
  8. 8. Effects of malnutritionEffects of malnutritionNutritional deficiencies can contribute toNutritional deficiencies can contribute tovarious diseases which can be foundvarious diseases which can be foundeverywhere, but most often go withouteverywhere, but most often go withoutcures/treatment in Less Developedcures/treatment in Less DevelopedCountries (LDCs).Countries (LDCs).
  9. 9. Kwashiokor/MarasmusKwashiokor/Marasmus Kwashiokor, which means “disease of the displacedKwashiokor, which means “disease of the displacedchild” in the Ga language of Ghana is a protein deficiencychild” in the Ga language of Ghana is a protein deficiencywhich results is characterized by inability to gain weight,which results is characterized by inability to gain weight,diarrhea, lethargy and a swollen belly. Kwashiokor candiarrhea, lethargy and a swollen belly. Kwashiokor canlead to comatose as well as death.lead to comatose as well as death. Similarly, Marasmus is a disease resulting from proteinSimilarly, Marasmus is a disease resulting from proteindeficiency which affects chidlren early in life (typically indeficiency which affects chidlren early in life (typically inthe 1the 1ststyear) slowing growth, decreasing weight andyear) slowing growth, decreasing weight andhindering proper development.hindering proper development. Nutrition supplements, rehydration and education allNutrition supplements, rehydration and education allcan all serve to cure and prevent these diseases.can all serve to cure and prevent these diseases.
  10. 10. BeriberiBeriberi Beriberi is a thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency which isBeriberi is a thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency which iscommon in South East Asia where many diets consistcommon in South East Asia where many diets consistsolely of white rice.solely of white rice. Beriberi affects the proper functioning of the nervousBeriberi affects the proper functioning of the nervoussystem as well as the circulatory system and heart.system as well as the circulatory system and heart. Pregnancy, breast feeding mothers and those who are illPregnancy, breast feeding mothers and those who are illwith fever may have a heightened dependency onwith fever may have a heightened dependency onthiamine and may develop a deficiency.thiamine and may develop a deficiency. Thiamine is best acquired through foods such as pork,Thiamine is best acquired through foods such as pork,beef and whole grain (unrefined) breads and grains.beef and whole grain (unrefined) breads and grains.
  11. 11. PellagraPellagra Pellagra ”rough skin” is a niacin (orPellagra ”rough skin” is a niacin (orTryptophan) deficiency which often resultsTryptophan) deficiency which often resultsin the “3 Ds”; diarrhea, demetia andin the “3 Ds”; diarrhea, demetia anddermatitis.dermatitis. The large scale consumption of corn hasThe large scale consumption of corn hasresulted in many cases of pellagra becauseresulted in many cases of pellagra becausecorn is poorly absorbed in the body. Thecorn is poorly absorbed in the body. Thebest sources of Niacin are broccoli, eggs,best sources of Niacin are broccoli, eggs,dates, beef, salmon, seeds and peanuts.dates, beef, salmon, seeds and peanuts.
  12. 12. ScurvyScurvy Scurvy is a disease which is born ofScurvy is a disease which is born ofVitamin C deficiency. It is characterized byVitamin C deficiency. It is characterized bybleeding around hair follicles, anemia andbleeding around hair follicles, anemia andgingivitis.gingivitis. Scurvy may occur in those who consumeScurvy may occur in those who consumelarge amounts of junk foods, smokers (aslarge amounts of junk foods, smokers (assmoking depletes Vitamin C) and thosesmoking depletes Vitamin C) and thosewho don’t have proper access to sources ofwho don’t have proper access to sources ofvitamin C. Namely, the poor.vitamin C. Namely, the poor.
  13. 13. RicketsRickets Vitamin D deficiencies may result in “Rickets”Vitamin D deficiencies may result in “Rickets”which is a lack of proper calcium characterizedwhich is a lack of proper calcium characterizedby poorly developed and deformed bones.by poorly developed and deformed bones. Vitamin D can be best found in beef productsVitamin D can be best found in beef products(especially cows milk) but is very low in breast(especially cows milk) but is very low in breastmilk. Thus, women in developing countries aremilk. Thus, women in developing countries arecontributing to this disease if their babies solecontributing to this disease if their babies solesource of nourishment is breast milk.source of nourishment is breast milk.

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