Millennium development goals final

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Millennium development goals final

  1. 1. Dr Moazzam A Khan. MSPH 2014-15 Health services academy Islamabad,Pakistan .
  2. 2. Outline  MDG,s history  MDG,s and 2013 progress chart  Regional targets achievement south Asia  MDG,s and Pakistan ,2013 planning commission report summery  Recommendations
  3. 3. MDGs History  Millennium summit from 6 September to 8 September 2000  A largest gathering of world leaders ,189 United Nations member states and 23 international organizations.  A series of 8 goals address to assign at the end of 2015
  4. 4. Road map towards the implementation  The complete list of Millennium Development Goals, Targets and Indicators first appeared in September 2001 in a UN Document called “Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration”. The declaration had been approved in September 2000 and the goals were a follow up to ideas in the section on ‘Development and Poverty Eradication’.
  5. 5. MDGs Goals, Target And Indicators. 8 goals 18 60 targets indicators
  6. 6. 8 Millennium goals.
  7. 7. Eradication extreme poverty and hunger.     Targets. Reduce by half the no of peoples living less then 1 $ per day Creation of decent work for all. Reduce by half no of peoples suffer from hunger. “But I, being poor, have only my dreams. I have spread my dreams under your feet; tread softly, because you tread on my dreams.” -William Butler Yeats quotes (Irish Poet. Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923) @Pakistan youth alliance Canada
  8. 8. Achieve universal primary education. Target.  Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
  9. 9. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women. Targets.  Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
  10. 10. Reduce Child Mortality. Target.  Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
  11. 11. Improve Maternal Health Target  Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
  12. 12. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases  Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS  Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
  13. 13. Ensure Environmental Sustainability  Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources  Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation  Have achieved by 2020 a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
  14. 14. Develop a Global Partner for Development.
  15. 15. South Asian perspective  South Asia with GNI per capita at $460  Rapid GDP growth has been observed, average 5.4% a year since 1990 in this region  People living on less than 1 dollar a day in South Asia is 428 million (31.1%) in 2001 compared to 462 million (40.1%) in 1990
  16. 16. Eradication of poverty and hunger  The rapid growth in GDP of south Asia helped substantially in reduction of poverty  Remarkable poverty reduction noticed in India, 5-10% since 1990  Only exception is Pakistan, which is an early achiever of income poverty target, still there is slow improvement in reduction of hunger
  17. 17. Halves between 1990 & 2015 the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day
  18. 18. Primary education  Except Maldives', all countries in south Asia are on track of achieving primary education  Although, sub regions are slow in achieving the target of primary completion rate, For example, in India, only less than two-thirds of school entrants reach grade 5
  19. 19. Primary education in south Asia
  20. 20. Gender equality and women empowerment  In South Asia, only 61% of girls complete primary school compared with 86% of boys  Impressive progress is observed in strengthening the fair sex, particularly in India, Nepal and Bangladesh  However Afghanistan and Pakistan are lagging behind in achieving this target
  21. 21. CMR  Remarkable progress is observed in child mortality rate  It drops from 130 to 95/1000 live births between 1990-2002  IMR in Bangladesh reduced significantly from 144-73/1000 live births
  22. 22. Child mortality rates in south Asia
  23. 23. Improve maternal health  About 250,000 mothers in Asia pacific pass away each year during pregnancy and child birth  Hub of tragedy is India and Pakistan (2/3rd)  This reflects minor importance is given to maternal health in south Asia except Bangladesh
  24. 24. HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis  Remarkable progress is made by south Asia in the context of HIV/AIDS, only exception is India with highest number of infected cases  Malaria and TB still stick to the region despite efforts had been made in recent years
  25. 25. Ensure environmental sustainability  In south Asia environmental sustainability is remarkably affected with deforestation and industrialization  All south Asian countries are unable to on track in reducing CO2 emission  While Bhutan, Sri Lanka and India had implemented sustainable development strategies
  26. 26. Key Challenges for South Asia  Highest growth rate (more than 6%/anum) during last decade  Governance Issues  Weakness of institutional setups  Regional cooperation
  27. 27. PAKISTAN-MGS’s an overview
  28. 28. MDG,s Targets MDG,s Pakistan Indicators 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger 2 3 2 Achieve Universal Primary Education 1 3 3 Promote Gender Equality & Women Empowerment 1 4 4 Reducing Child Mortality 1 6 5 Improving Maternal Health 1 5 6 Combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases 2 5 7 Ensuring Environmental Sustainability 3 8 8 Develop a Global Partnership for Development 5 7 16 37
  29. 29. MDG 1 Poverty and Hunger Attained/ Desired  Calorie based food/non food poverty  Below 2350 cal / Day  Underweight children (under 5) 13 / 12.4 13 / 58 20 / 31
  30. 30. MDG 2 Universal Prim; Edu
  31. 31. EDUCATION-RURAL URBAN DEVIDE
  32. 32. MDG 3 Gender Equality Indicator Year 1990-1991 Year 2011-2012 MDG,s target 2015 Gender parity Index primary education 0.73 0.90 1.00 Secondary education NA 0.81 0.94 15-24 age group education 0.51 0.81 1.00 Share of women in non agriculture sector 8.07 10.45(2010-2011) 14.0 %age in legislation none 22 NA
  33. 33.  MDG 4 DECREASE CHILD MORTALITY
  34. 34. CHILDERN-OUR FUTURE Indicator Year 1990-1991 Year 2011-2012 MDG,s target 2015 IMR Deaths /1000 live births 102 74 40 Under 5 MR 117 89 52 Fully immunized child 12-13 months 75 80 >90
  35. 35. MDG 5- WHAT WE DID FOR MOMS Indicator Year 1990-1991 Year 2011-2012 MDG,s target 2015 MMR/100,000 533 260* 140 SBA 18 52 90 Contraceptive prevalence 12 35 55 TFR 5.4 3.8 2.1
  36. 36. MDG 6
  37. 37. Indicator Year 1990-1991 A RAYOF HOPE HIV, 15-40 pregnant women NA Year 2011-2012 Year 2011-2012 NA IDU: FSW: MSW: HSW: 37% 0.8% 3.1% 7.3% Baseline to b reduce 50% HIV in sex workers and drug users NA Malaria, effective treatment and prevention NA 40% 75% T.B/100,000 171 230 45
  38. 38. Sustainable Development
  39. 39. IN NUTSHELL  ONLY TWO TARGETS ACHIEVED  MDG 6 - combat HIV/AIDS, malaria , TB  MDG 7 – Ensure environment sustainability Develop Global Partnership for Dev:   No data is available on UNDP web site. Visit UNDP.ORG for details MDG infographic-November13.pdf
  40. 40. UNDER ACHIEVMENT-REASONS  INTERNAL Low growth and investment  Underemployment  Governance issues  Unequal public expenditure and its quality EXTERNAL Natural and manmade disasters Global recession Food price hike
  41. 41. Building the global partnership  Develop a transparent, principled, predictable, non discriminatory process of lending money  Needs and issues of least developed countries should be at top priority  Deal effectively with the debt problem of developing countries  In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies affordable drugs should be provided to developing countries
  42. 42. UN IMF Who decided on the MDGs OECD WORLD BANK
  43. 43. plans into action?  Local communities  Private sector organizations  Elected politicians and government officials  Civil society organizations  Employees in the UN family organization www.emoclear.com
  44. 44. LOCALIZATION should be first. “To accelerate the progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), it is necessary to localize the MDGs - to translate the national goals into goals that are relevant, applicable and attainable at the local level. MDGs need to be meaningful for people living in these communities, so that they have ownership of their development plans, can hold their governments accountable and are involved in local action to achieve these goals” Reference http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/povertyreduction/focus_areas/focus_mdg_strategies/mdg_localization/
  45. 45. MDG,s state state Regional, sub regional. Regional,sub state regions Local bodies Local bodies
  46. 46. How can the UN be assured that we are following the MDGs?  UNDP works with its partners to support governments through the     four steps of preparing an MDG-based national development strategy: Launching an inclusive planning process; Reviewing existing strategies and defining the baseline; Conducting a detailed, long-term assessment to estimate the infrastructure, human resources, and financial requirements required to achieve the MDGs; Developing a short-to-medium-term national strategy drawing upon the MDG needs assessment.
  47. 47. How will we know if the plans are working?  The UN Development Group will act as ‘scorekeeper’ and ‘campaign manager’ for the MDGs.  It will produce special reports on global progress every year and comprehensive reports every five years. These reports will remind the world when things are working and will point to areas which need to be improved.  The task is to spread awareness within the system and across the world and to make the MDGs an essential part of the UN system’s work.
  48. 48. References  http://www.unmillenniumproject.org  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennium_Development_Goals  UNDP Pakistan  http://www.undp.org/content/pakistan/en/home.html  http://pyacanada.wordpress.com/,.  Planning commission report 2013 MDG,s

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