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Community participation issues


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Community participation issues

  1. 1. MSPH 2014- 2015 (evening) Dr Moazzam A Khan
  2. 2. Outline  Introduction and definitions  Role of community participation  Recommendation & Surveillance of the system
  3. 3. Define Civil Society & Organizations  “non-governmental and not-for-profit organizations that have a presence in public life, expressing the interests and values of their members or others, based on ethical, cultural, political, scientific, religious or philanthropic considerations. Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) therefore refer to a wide of array of organizations: community groups, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), labor unions, indigenous groups, charitable organizations, faith-based organizations, professional associations, and foundations”. 
  4. 4. Community A Shared Understanding  A Community: “is that group of a race of people sharing beliefs that allow a single shared understanding that insensibly incorporates the racial character of the group.  Hence all communities, from tribes to nations, are founded by a particular race with a unique understanding “ A Study Of Our Decline' by P Atkinson
  5. 5.  Occupation  Language  Beliefs  Religion  Values  Terrt0ry  Culture
  6. 6. WHO define Community participation  a process by which people are enabled to become actively and genuinely involved in defining the issues of concern to them, in making decisions about factors that affect their lives, in formulating and implementing policies, in planning, developing and delivering services and in taking action to achieve change’ (WHO, 2002, p.10).
  7. 7.  Education & Advocacy  Social Behaviors
  8. 8.  Mobilization of community  Resource Identification
  9. 9.  Problem Identification  Bridging to any agency
  10. 10. PARTICIPATION ISSUES  Spectrum of program should be broad  Aim of participation should be well being for whole community  Participation should be voluntary  Participation should be on different stages of welfare program
  11. 11. PARTICIPIENT ISSUES  Participants should have control over development initiatives  Participants should be resourceful  Participants must be issue and goal oriented
  12. 12.  As an individual I could do nothing. As a group we could find a way to solve each other’s problems” 
  13. 13. Suggestions and Recommendations
  14. 14. Policy making  Representing public interest in policy making.  Developing policy consensus and enhancing public support.  Promoting equity in provision of services and funds.
  15. 15. Allocation of resources  Equity and Equality .  Need based resource allocation.  Mobilizing and organizing community for financial assistance.  Initiating Public accountability and transparency in resource allocation.
  16. 16. SOME COMMON SENSE  Prioritize the urgency of the needed help  Intercommunity advocacy( different age groups, gender)  Identify own sources and limitation to combat that public health challenge  Seeking appropriate help  Civil society  Government
  17. 17. GETTING STARTED  Bridging, persuation  Helping the helping agency in understanding the local sensitivities  Trust building  Appropriate timing to initiate the goal achievement  Prioritization of population(housing, microfinance etc for marginalized on priority)
  18. 18. ROLE OF EXSISTING CUMMUNITY INSTITUTIONS  Religious institutions  Schools  bhaithak / elders/ jirga  CHW  Dispensary /BHU/RHC  Doctors  Families
  19. 19. Reference  World bank.  Who  A Study Of Our Decline' by P Atkinson  Alma Ata declaration  Google photoshare