Schizophrenia1

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Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder. This mental condition can manifest itself in a variety of ways. The predominant difficulties associated with schizophrenia are related to a person's thinking, which is unusual or bizarre. Because the person's thinking is intermittently disordered, a person with schizophrenia may have a variety of behaviors that appear odd or strange to others. In addition, the person's speech is irrational or disjointed.

Schizophrenia1

  1. 1. … one of the most disabling and emotionally devastating illnesses known SCHIZOPHRENIA
  2. 2. FACTS ABOUT SCHIZOPHRENIA <ul><li>Schizophrenia affects men and women equally </li></ul><ul><li>About 1% of the population suffers from schizophrenia. </li></ul><ul><li>About 75% of patients developed schizophrenia between the ages of 15-25. </li></ul>
  3. 3. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Changes in work performance </li></ul><ul><li>Disordered thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Talking in nonsense </li></ul><ul><li>Hallucinations and delusions </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual perceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in social relationships </li></ul>
  4. 4. SYMPTOMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA <ul><li>HALLUCINATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>BIZARRE DELUSIONS </li></ul><ul><li>DISORGANIZED SPEECH </li></ul><ul><li>GROSSLY DISORGANIZED BEHAVIOR </li></ul><ul><li>OR CATATONIC BEHAVIOR </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS </li></ul>
  5. 5. Contributory Factors <ul><li>Genetics factors (80% to 85%) </li></ul><ul><li>Early environment & Neurobiology </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological and social processes </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition during the pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Infections in the second trimester </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis use during adolescence </li></ul>
  6. 6. POSITIVE vs. NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS <ul><ul><ul><li>POSITIVE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HALLUCINATIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DELUSIONS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DISORGANIZED THINKING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AGITATION </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LACK OF DRIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APATHY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EMOTIONAL UNRESPONSIVENESS </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. TYPES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA <ul><li>PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA </li></ul><ul><li>A person feels extremely suspicious, persecuted, grandiose, </li></ul><ul><li>or experiences a combination of these emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA </li></ul><ul><li>A person is often incoherent but may not have delusions. </li></ul><ul><li>CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA </li></ul><ul><li>A person is withdrawn, mute, negative and often assumes very unusual postures. </li></ul><ul><li>RESIDUAL SCHIZOPHRENIA </li></ul><ul><li>A person is no longer delusion or hallucinating, but has no motivation </li></ul><ul><li>or interest in life. These symptoms can be most devastating. </li></ul>
  8. 8. PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA <ul><li>Parveen Babi accused many foreign dignitaries and her former co-star, Amitabh Bachchan, of conspiring to kill her </li></ul>Parveen Babi
  9. 9. CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>In 1928 he was young and genius. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He became a brilliant Princeton Mathematician in the 1950s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He suffered terribly from schizophrenia. </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Johnny Nash
  11. 11. Treatment <ul><li>This disorder must be constantly </li></ul><ul><li>managed and monitored. </li></ul><ul><li>Antipsychotic Medications </li></ul><ul><li>Individual psychotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Family intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Develop your social life </li></ul>
  12. 12. Treatment Continued… <ul><li>Find your mate </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Develop skills & Find a steady job </li></ul><ul><li>Do exercise & Take Diet control </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t exaggerate </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid smoking, drugs, drink </li></ul>
  13. 13. Final Words <ul><li>Long-term, unemployment, and poverty </li></ul><ul><li>run hand in hand with the disorder </li></ul><ul><li>It is essential to treat mental health and substance abuses </li></ul><ul><li>Empirical evidence demonstrates both require a lifetime of attention. </li></ul>
  14. 14. By – Dr. MANOJ THANKS

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