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  1. 2. <ul><li>What is CPR? </li></ul><ul><li>It is the lifesaving technique useful in emergencies where a person’s breathing or heartbeat have stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>It involves chest compression and mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing, this process keeps oxygenated blood circulating to the brain and other vital organs until the heart can return to its natural rhythm. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Before You Begin <ul><li>Assess the situation </li></ul><ul><li>Is the person conscious or unconscious? </li></ul><ul><li>If they are conscious ask them if they are okay. </li></ul><ul><li>If they do not respond have someone else call Emergency, or if you are alone and have a phone, call Emergency yourself before beginning CPR. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Remember your ABC’s <ul><li>Airway: Clear the airway </li></ul><ul><li>Breathing: Breathe for the person </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation: Restore blood circulation with chest compressions. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Performing CPR <ul><li>Check for responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the airway and check for breathing. </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue breaths </li></ul><ul><li>Chest compressions </li></ul>
  5. 6. Open the Airway and Check for Breathing <ul><li>Open airway with head tilt –chin lift. </li></ul><ul><li>Check breathing: Look, listen, and feel for 5 –10 seconds. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Rescue Breaths <ul><li>Keep airway open. </li></ul><ul><li>Give two normal breaths. </li></ul><ul><li>Methods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth-to-barrier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth-to-nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth-to-stoma </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Chest Compressions <ul><li>Two hands for adults </li></ul><ul><li>One or two hands for children </li></ul><ul><li>Two fingers for an infant </li></ul><ul><li>Compression depth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult: 1.5 to 2 inches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child or infant: 1/3 to 1/2 depth of the chest </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Chest Compressions <ul><li>Adult and child: center of chest between nipples </li></ul><ul><li>Infants: just below nipple line </li></ul><ul><li>Five cycles of 30 compressions and 2 breaths </li></ul><ul><li>Continue CPR until: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AED becomes available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victim shows signs of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EMS takes over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You are too tired to continue </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Adult CPR <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call emergency and retrieve an AED if available. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Adult CPR <ul><li>Open the airway using the head tilt-chin lift method. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Adult CPR <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Adult CPR <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Child CPR <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the airway. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Child CPR <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Child CPR <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Infant CPR <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call emergency. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Infant CPR <ul><li>Open the airway by tilting the head back slightly and lifting the chin. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing for 5 to 10 seconds. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Infant CPR <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths (1 second each). </li></ul>
  19. 20. Infant CPR <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths for 2 minutes. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Airway Obstruction <ul><li>Partial air exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mild: coughing forcefully </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe: weak, ineffective cough </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complete blockage: unable to breath, speak, or cough </li></ul><ul><li>Common causes of obstruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tongue, vomit, foreign body, swelling, spasm </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child <ul><li>Check the victim for choking. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child <ul><li>Locate the navel. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child <ul><li>Place thumb side of fist just above the navel. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child <ul><li>Place other hand on top of first hand and give abdominal thrusts until object is removed. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Infant <ul><li>Have someone call emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Give five back blows between the infant’s shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Infant <ul><li>Give five chest thrusts on the infant’s sternum in the same location used in CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat until object is removed. If infant becomes unresponsive, begin CPR. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Bad CPR is better than no CPR <ul><li>Don’t worry about doing it wrong </li></ul><ul><li>After calling emergency begin CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>A bystander who witnesses someone collapse and is ready to perform CPR, can double or triple a person’s chances of surviving. </li></ul><ul><li>If nothing else, put your hands in the middle of the person’s chest, push and relax, push and relax. Keep repeating the same rhythm, and do not stop until help arrives. </li></ul>
  28. 29. What did you learn? <ul><li>When should CPR be used? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the first thing you or someone else should do before beginning CPR? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the ABC’s stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you do if you breathe into the victim’s mouth and their chest does not move? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the chest compressions do to help the victim? </li></ul><ul><li>If you don’t know how to do CPR should you try it anyway? Why or why not? </li></ul>
  29. 30. Thank You