Nature of Emotions

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Lecture on what emotions are and how they work

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Nature of Emotions

  1. 1. Dr. Marquita ByrdCommunication Studies Department San Jose State University byrd.marquita@yahoo.com
  2. 2. What’s Love Got to Do with It? What’s Love, but a Second Hand Emotion? Tina Turner, 1993
  3. 3. Humans Can Respond to theEnvironment in Four Ways Cognitive :Think Affective: Feel Behave: Act Spiritual: Immaterial world, Other reality, Inner Life
  4. 4. Emotions are often Absent fromAcademic Discussions Considered inferior to intellect Uncontrollable Weak Causes Confusion Try to control , ignore or remove Impossible because emotions are a central part of our psychological filters
  5. 5. Four Components of Emotions Physiological changes in autonomic systems: hormones, respiratory, cardiovascular Nonverbal face, gestures, posture, movement, eyes Cognitive: labeling Verbal expression: what is said
  6. 6. Six Factors Influencing Emotions Personality Culture Gender: anger, vulnerability, crying, expression of Social Conventions: how to interpret, what to feel, when to express Risks in Self-Disclosure Emotional Contagion
  7. 7. Emotions Exist on a Continuum No good or bad emotions Continuum from Facilitative to Debilitative Facilitative Debilitative• All emotions can be used in facilitative or debilitative manners Love, hate, fear, happiness
  8. 8. Fallacious Thinking Erroneous conclusions based upon faulty information or logic Irrational Thinking Cause us to use emotions in negative ways
  9. 9. Irrational Thinking• Approval• Perfection: self and others• Catastrophic expectations• Helplessness• Control• Wrongness of difficulty• Overgeneralization• Past is inescapable• You do not matter
  10. 10. Rational Emotive Responses Does it do harm: self or others Why should it change Must you always be right Is it within your power to change it Is it your responsibility or right to change it Are you perfect enough to cast a stone Is it still relevant today Can you ignore the small stuff
  11. 11. Guidelines for Expressing Emotions Recognize them Difference between thinking, feeling and acting Expand emotional vocabulary Share multiple Right time, place, person, and motive Take responsibility: use “I” language not “You” language• Mindful of how you communicate it• Take a deep breath before you start
  12. 12. Conclusion Emotions are integral to the human experience Recognition and management of them is essential for good living Increase your Emotional Quotient

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