An Introduction to Open
David Lippman
Math content and MyOpenMath lead, Lumen Learning
Santa Ana Open Math Forum

lumenlea...
Agenda
• What is “open”?
• Take a look at a course and at MyOpenMath
• Considerations when evaluating open
materials
• Ove...
Before we start…

Are you trying sell me something?

lumenlearning.
3 types of “free”

1) YOU are the product

Ex: Facebook, Google, Twitter

lumenlearning.
3 types of “free”

2) Free for now

Ex: FlatWorldKnowledge, Alleyoop, Ning,
Wikispaces

lumenlearning.
3 types of “free”

3) “Freemium” models

Ex: Dropbox, Prezi, MyOpenMath

lumenlearning.
Candela Math OER Services
from Lumen Learning
Free and Open

•
•
•
•
•

Candela OER
Services

•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Open textbook...
Education is Sharing

lumenlearning.
Ideas are Nonrivalrous
Physical expressions are not

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Expressions Are Different

• To give a book you must give it away

lumenlearning.
When expressions are digital
They become nonrivalrous

lumenlearning.
lumenlearning.
lumenlearning.
Unprecedented Capacity
to share as never before

lumenlearning.
Except we can’t

lumenlearning.
What the Internet Enables
Copyright Forbids

lumenlearning.
lumenlearning.
Use copyright to enforce sharing

lumenlearning.
OER: The 4R Permissions
Sharing and creativity are inherent in OER:

Reuse

• Use the content in its unaltered form

Revis...
Open ≠ Digital
Open ≠ Free
FREE
DIGITAL

OPEN

lumenlearning.
“Open”
Open Educational Resources (OER)
Open Textbooks
Open Courses

lumenlearning.
Open Source Software
Free as in “free beer”
Free as in “free speech”
Collaboration

lumenlearning.
The Promise of Open

lumenlearning.
From http://www.aei-ideas.org/2012/12/the-college-textbook-bubble-and-how-the-open-educational-resources-movementis-going-...
Textbook Costs
$900 / year
Online access codes
Time-bombed eBooks

lumenlearning.
The Direct Relationship Between
Textbook Costs and Student Success
60%+ do not purchase textbooks at
some point due to cos...
Food Machine

CC-BY, http://www.flickr.com/photos/cvander/

lumenlearning.
Learning Machine

lumenlearning.
Why Open (not cost)
Copy = no broken links
Copy = no surprise changes
Open = right to make changes

lumenlearning.
In Education
Free of cost
Improved access
Customization
Quality improvement
Collaboration

lumenlearning.
In Education
Affordability
Faculty Control
Peer Collaboration

lumenlearning.
The Vision



100% of students have
free, digital access to all materials on day 1
And, continual access for rev...
Examples of OER
Open textbooks
Workbooks
Handouts
Worksheets
Activities
Videos
etc.

lumenlearning.
Open Courseware
Reading assignments
Sometimes videos / notes
Homework assignments
Assessments

lumenlearning.
OER to Improve Student Success
1. Eliminate textbook cost as a barrier
2. Analytics-driven enhancement of course
designs a...
Continuous
Improvement

Predict and
Intervene with
At-Risk
Students

Improve OER
+ Assessment
Design

Students Use
OER and...
lumenlearning.
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We considered about two dozen texts in
our adoption process […] Once the
finalists were selected, it became clear
that the...
Considerations
Role and purpose of text materials
Approach
Suitability to your outcomes

lumenlearning.
Considerations
License Freedoms
Printability
Practical Remixability

lumenlearning.
Open Licenses
Creative Commons

lumenlearning.
Courses
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Arithmetic
Prealgebra
Beginning and Intermediate Algebra (x2)
College Algebra / Precalculus (x2)
...
lumenlearning.
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lumenlearning.
A brief history of MyOpenMath
Started as WAMAP 8 years ago
Didn’t want students to have to pay for codes
Open source platf...
A brief history of MyOpenMath
Faculty creating content because it is useful to
them
Collaborative community

lumenlearning...
Demo
Course page view
Discussion forums
Assessment view
Gradebook
Item analysis
Copy a course
Rearrange content
Add/remove...
Customizing courses
Start with the outcomes
Get detailed if they’re not already

lumenlearning.
Customizing courses
Select your primary content based on
Outcomes alignment
Approach

lumenlearning.
Customizing courses
Rearrange content if needed
Remove unneeded content
Identify gaps

lumenlearning.
Customizing courses
Pull from other courses
Find text material,
build homework from the libraries

lumenlearning.
Why NOT use open educational resources?
1.
2.
3.
4.

Quality of materials and systems
Time to transition
Support
Sustainab...
Candela Math OER Services
from Lumen Learning
Free and Open

•
•
•
•
•

Candela OER
Services

•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Open textbook...
Spring Pilot
• One course for one academic term
• Support to create course with curated open
content and problem sets
• Tr...
Questions?
David Lippman
dlippman@lumenlearning.com

lumenlearning.
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Santa Ana Open Math Forum

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  • (starts to charge after they get popular, hopes to get bought out, has no revenue strategy, or gets overtaken by venture capitalists)
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
  • just to clear up some potential confusion Open does *not equal digital, and *open does not equal free.  Perhaps * a Venn diagram would helpThere are free materials online that are not open, and there are open materials that are not online. *
  • Open materials in Education look like - * open educational resources, * open textbooks, and * open coursesMy interest in open began with * open source software …
  • open source software - the idea is fascinating.  For the end user, * free is often the main driver, but for the techie, * the bigger driver is the ability to study and modify the code.  And for the big projects, * there was a community of developers, contributing to the creation of this product, often not because it was their job, but because they cared about the end product being better.  By pooling their skills, they could create a better product faster than any one person working alone.  To me, this is * the promise of open.
  • To me, this is the promise of open.The obvious benefit is the cost.
  • Textbook prices have been increasing much faster than inflation. *
  • Students spend * an average of $900 per year on textbooks.   Additionally, * online homework access codes force students to buy new books or pay additional costs on top of the used book, usually making it cheaper to buy the new book.  * Even time-bombed eBooks often sell for $75-$100.For me, I really became aware of the cost impact on students while reading scholarship applications for a math textbook program we have.  I would regularly read statements from students like these: *
  • David: Recent research (conducted by the Florida Virtual Campus) quantifies the ways high textbook costs affect student persistence and success. More than 60% of students report not having purchase textbooks at some point due to the costNearly a quarter (23%) of students regularly go without textbooks due to their costDue to the high cost of textbooks:35% of students report taking fewer courses31% report not registering for a course14% have dropped a course10% have withdrawn from a courseLink to research source: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Exec_Sum_Student_Txtbk_Survey.pdf
  • Cable Green from Creative Commons puts it this way: Imagine that could produce food with a marginal cost near 0.  Should we invest the money to build that food machine?  Of course.  We have at our hands the ability to build learning materials that can be distributed with a marginal cost near zero – the question is whether we invest the money and time to turn on that learning machine on.
  • But of course there’s more than cost.
  • First * there’s the practical matter of broken links. When you link to materials free online, you never know if they might suddenly disappear, or * if the owner might decide to change the material or start charging for it, or change editions on you. Most importantly, * Open gives you the right to make changesIn education, * open means:
  • In education, open means:- * free of cost - saves students money - * improved access to materials (since they’re usually online)- * flexiblity for the instructor to customize/modify the content, * enabling continuous quality improvement- * ideally, can prompt conversation and collaboration around curriculum in a much richer way than is currently existing
  • In other words…
  • The most obviously useful example of OER is, I suppose, an *open textbook. But there is *more than that. OER can be as fine grained as individual worksheets and handouts, activities, and videos. Being open means we know we’re allowed to adapt and use the materials with our classes.
  • Open Courseware are efforts to put entire course designs online under open licenses.  They typically include *reading assignments, *other learning materials, *homework, and *assessments.  These have been around for quite a while.Early open courseware projects, like MIT OCW, were created with the thought that teachers out in the world might use it, but it ended up being students who used it.  Honestly, as a teacher, I’ve watched a few videos, but nothing on MIT OCW made me think “gee, I think I’ll take this and start using it as my course.”  The Kaleidoscope project, however, takes a directly instructor-focused approach.
  • The project works by using the best of existing OER to reduce textbook costs to $0; use learning analytics analyze assessment, activity and success data to guide faculty members in continually improving the effectiveness of the open resources; supporting faculty within and across institutions to collaborate, share, and build community
  • ImprovOER: students use materials, analyze the results, and informs improvements
  • The book was written with an emphasis on contextual motivation. So, for example, we start out exponentials talking about India’s population growth. We then step aside and look at two companies, one growing linearly and one growing exponentially, and we look at it using the rule of 4: starting with words, building tables and graphs, then finally deriving an algebraic formula for exponential growth.
  • Only then do we give a definition, then return back to the question that opened the section and find a formula to make a prediction.
  • we’ve had really positive feedback from both our students about the quality and readability of the material.
  • We’ve also had positive feedback from reviewers and adopters about the usability of the materials.
  • Which allows the creators to explicitly state the permissions they were allowing, The idea of “some rights reserved”You’ll notice a collection of licenses – each provides a different set of permissions. The Attribution license simply requires that attribution to the original creator is retained. The Sharealike license requires any adaptations be shared under the same license – it can’t be made more restrictive. This one is most similar to the “copyleft” license used on a lot of open source software, so I really like this one. The Non-commercial licenses prohibit commercial use, though that can get messy with things like printing books, so I steer clear of that one if I can.These licenses allowed the author to easily indicate that they were OK with others using and adapting their materials without needing to ask permission.
  • There are two distinct flavors of Elementary and Intermediate algebra on MOM. The first is in the same format as the other courses I’ve shown, and is based on text materials from CK12. The other is a bit different, so I’m going to show a bit of that one.
  • Santa Ana Open Math Forum

    1. 1. An Introduction to Open David Lippman Math content and MyOpenMath lead, Lumen Learning Santa Ana Open Math Forum lumenlearning.
    2. 2. Agenda • What is “open”? • Take a look at a course and at MyOpenMath • Considerations when evaluating open materials • Overview of all the courses available • A deeper intro to MyOpenMath • Approaching adopting open materials lumenlearning.
    3. 3. Before we start… Are you trying sell me something? lumenlearning.
    4. 4. 3 types of “free” 1) YOU are the product Ex: Facebook, Google, Twitter lumenlearning.
    5. 5. 3 types of “free” 2) Free for now Ex: FlatWorldKnowledge, Alleyoop, Ning, Wikispaces lumenlearning.
    6. 6. 3 types of “free” 3) “Freemium” models Ex: Dropbox, Prezi, MyOpenMath lumenlearning.
    7. 7. Candela Math OER Services from Lumen Learning Free and Open • • • • • Candela OER Services • • • • • • • Open textbooks, video resources Algorithmically generated online homework Unlimited student practice Instant feedback and scoring Fully functional learning management system Faculty training Best practices for implementation Online and phone support for faculty Content and learning analytics Data-driven recommendations to improve OER LMS integration Service-level agreement for uptime, response time, backups • Long-term access to course data lumenlearning.
    8. 8. Education is Sharing lumenlearning.
    9. 9. Ideas are Nonrivalrous Physical expressions are not lumenlearning.
    10. 10. Expressions Are Different • To give a book you must give it away lumenlearning.
    11. 11. When expressions are digital They become nonrivalrous lumenlearning.
    12. 12. lumenlearning.
    13. 13. lumenlearning.
    14. 14. Unprecedented Capacity to share as never before lumenlearning.
    15. 15. Except we can’t lumenlearning.
    16. 16. What the Internet Enables Copyright Forbids lumenlearning.
    17. 17. lumenlearning.
    18. 18. Use copyright to enforce sharing lumenlearning.
    19. 19. OER: The 4R Permissions Sharing and creativity are inherent in OER: Reuse • Use the content in its unaltered form Revise • Adapt, adjust, modify, improve, or alter the content Remix • Combine the original or revised content with other OER to create something new Redistribute • Share copies of the original content, revisions or remixes with others lumenlearning.
    20. 20. Open ≠ Digital Open ≠ Free FREE DIGITAL OPEN lumenlearning.
    21. 21. “Open” Open Educational Resources (OER) Open Textbooks Open Courses lumenlearning.
    22. 22. Open Source Software Free as in “free beer” Free as in “free speech” Collaboration lumenlearning.
    23. 23. The Promise of Open lumenlearning.
    24. 24. From http://www.aei-ideas.org/2012/12/the-college-textbook-bubble-and-how-the-open-educational-resources-movementis-going-up-against-the-textbook-cartel/ lumenlearning.
    25. 25. Textbook Costs $900 / year Online access codes Time-bombed eBooks lumenlearning.
    26. 26. The Direct Relationship Between Textbook Costs and Student Success 60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to textbook cost            Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus lumenlearning.
    27. 27. Food Machine CC-BY, http://www.flickr.com/photos/cvander/ lumenlearning.
    28. 28. Learning Machine lumenlearning.
    29. 29. Why Open (not cost) Copy = no broken links Copy = no surprise changes Open = right to make changes lumenlearning.
    30. 30. In Education Free of cost Improved access Customization Quality improvement Collaboration lumenlearning.
    31. 31. In Education Affordability Faculty Control Peer Collaboration lumenlearning.
    32. 32. The Vision   100% of students have free, digital access to all materials on day 1 And, continual access for review and remediation throughout their college experience lumenlearning.
    33. 33. Examples of OER Open textbooks Workbooks Handouts Worksheets Activities Videos etc. lumenlearning.
    34. 34. Open Courseware Reading assignments Sometimes videos / notes Homework assignments Assessments lumenlearning.
    35. 35. OER to Improve Student Success 1. Eliminate textbook cost as a barrier 2. Analytics-driven enhancement of course designs and materials 3. Connect to a global collaborative community to share learning and investment lumenlearning.
    36. 36. Continuous Improvement Predict and Intervene with At-Risk Students Improve OER + Assessment Design Students Use OER and Assessments Determine OER Effectiveness Assessment and Behavioral Student Data lumenlearning.
    37. 37. lumenlearning.
    38. 38. lumenlearning.
    39. 39. lumenlearning.
    40. 40. lumenlearning.
    41. 41. lumenlearning.
    42. 42. lumenlearning.
    43. 43. lumenlearning.
    44. 44. lumenlearning.
    45. 45. lumenlearning.
    46. 46. lumenlearning.
    47. 47. lumenlearning.
    48. 48. lumenlearning.
    49. 49. lumenlearning.
    50. 50. lumenlearning.
    51. 51. lumenlearning.
    52. 52. We considered about two dozen texts in our adoption process […] Once the finalists were selected, it became clear that the Lippman/Rasmussen text was equal or superior to the others in quality and far outpaced them in cost. The vote of our full-time faculty was, in fact, unanimous. MAA Review by Mike Kenyon, Green River Community College, 10/15/2012 lumenlearning.
    53. 53. Considerations Role and purpose of text materials Approach Suitability to your outcomes lumenlearning.
    54. 54. Considerations License Freedoms Printability Practical Remixability lumenlearning.
    55. 55. Open Licenses Creative Commons lumenlearning.
    56. 56. Courses • • • • • • • • Arithmetic Prealgebra Beginning and Intermediate Algebra (x2) College Algebra / Precalculus (x2) Trigonometry Business Calculus Calculus 1 (second coming soon) Math for Liberal Arts / Quantitative Reasoning lumenlearning.
    57. 57. lumenlearning.
    58. 58. lumenlearning.
    59. 59. lumenlearning.
    60. 60. lumenlearning.
    61. 61. lumenlearning.
    62. 62. lumenlearning.
    63. 63. lumenlearning.
    64. 64. lumenlearning.
    65. 65. lumenlearning.
    66. 66. lumenlearning.
    67. 67. lumenlearning.
    68. 68. lumenlearning.
    69. 69. lumenlearning.
    70. 70. lumenlearning.
    71. 71. lumenlearning.
    72. 72. lumenlearning.
    73. 73. lumenlearning.
    74. 74. lumenlearning.
    75. 75. lumenlearning.
    76. 76. A brief history of MyOpenMath Started as WAMAP 8 years ago Didn’t want students to have to pay for codes Open source platform Also powers myQuantway, xyzHomework, and a number of college-specific installs lumenlearning.
    77. 77. A brief history of MyOpenMath Faculty creating content because it is useful to them Collaborative community lumenlearning.
    78. 78. Demo Course page view Discussion forums Assessment view Gradebook Item analysis Copy a course Rearrange content Add/remove questions Mass change dates lumenlearning.
    79. 79. Customizing courses Start with the outcomes Get detailed if they’re not already lumenlearning.
    80. 80. Customizing courses Select your primary content based on Outcomes alignment Approach lumenlearning.
    81. 81. Customizing courses Rearrange content if needed Remove unneeded content Identify gaps lumenlearning.
    82. 82. Customizing courses Pull from other courses Find text material, build homework from the libraries lumenlearning.
    83. 83. Why NOT use open educational resources? 1. 2. 3. 4. Quality of materials and systems Time to transition Support Sustainability lumenlearning.
    84. 84. Candela Math OER Services from Lumen Learning Free and Open • • • • • Candela OER Services • • • • • • • Open textbooks, video resources Algorithmically generated online homework Unlimited student practice Instant feedback and scoring Fully functional learning management system Faculty training Best practices for implementation Online and phone support for faculty Content and learning analytics Data-driven recommendations to improve OER LMS integration Service-level agreement for uptime, response time, backups • Long-term access to course data lumenlearning.
    85. 85. Spring Pilot • One course for one academic term • Support to create course with curated open content and problem sets • Training in use of the MyOpenMath system • Support and uptime guarantees • Content analytics and improvement recommendations • Pilot evaluation report lumenlearning.
    86. 86. Questions? David Lippman dlippman@lumenlearning.com lumenlearning.

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