LB306
Writing a Literature Review
Lance Dann and Rob Greens
What is a Literature
Review?
“… a systematic… method for identifying,
evaluating and interpreting the… work produced
by re...
What is a Literature
Rebiew?
“An interpretation and synthesis
of published work”
Merriam, 1988
So what do you do?
READ PUBLISHED WORK
Study a wide range of
printed and web-based
materials
INTERPRETATION
Explain the si...
Why do this?
“I not only use all the brains that I have but all that I can borrow”
Woodrow Wilson
Research may be done alo...
Four Main Reasons for
Reviewing Literature
1) Critical overview of Previous Research
Four Main Reasons for
Reviewing Literature
2. Help you find GAPS in knowledge
Four Main Reasons for
Reviewing Literature
3) Work out the necessity and rationale for your
study (is it needed?)
Four Main Reasons for
Reviewing Literature
4. Set boundaries for your study
This will help you...
GET YOUR OWN
IDEA!
Planning
1. Define the topic (general reading and list of terms)
2. Think about the scope (what is the time from you
have?...
Questions to ask
• What is known about the broad topic?
• What are the landmark works in the field?
• What methodologies a...
Be Selective
You can’t read
everything… so
don’t.
Be Selective
Be Selective
How to manage your
research
Get Organised
• Summarise ideas
• Copy out or copy paste
key quotes
• Use bibliographic
softwa...
A research review will
• Include an assessment
of the strengths and
weaknesses of theories
• Demonstrate clear
understandi...
A research review will
• Include a definition of the
boundaries of your
research report
• A selection and synthesis
(combi...
A research review is not…
• A list of the work of
others.
• A review of the
literature.
• A history of your
subject.
• A p...
HOMEWORK
• Identify three topics you are interested.
• Go online or go to library and find out what are
the chief texts an...
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University of Brighton: What is a Literature Review? (BA (Hons) Broadcast Media)

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Short lecture introducing the Literature Review, including information on why students should carry out a review and the best way to start a review project.

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University of Brighton: What is a Literature Review? (BA (Hons) Broadcast Media)

  1. 1. LB306 Writing a Literature Review Lance Dann and Rob Greens
  2. 2. What is a Literature Review? “… a systematic… method for identifying, evaluating and interpreting the… work produced by researchers, scholars and practitioners.” Fink, A., 1998
  3. 3. What is a Literature Rebiew? “An interpretation and synthesis of published work” Merriam, 1988
  4. 4. So what do you do? READ PUBLISHED WORK Study a wide range of printed and web-based materials INTERPRETATION Explain the significance and interpret the evidence presented in each piece of literature – not simply listing what other have written Synthesise your readings and findings
  5. 5. Why do this? “I not only use all the brains that I have but all that I can borrow” Woodrow Wilson Research may be done alone – but it is never done in isolation. The production of new knowledge is fundamentally dependent on past knowledge.
  6. 6. Four Main Reasons for Reviewing Literature 1) Critical overview of Previous Research
  7. 7. Four Main Reasons for Reviewing Literature 2. Help you find GAPS in knowledge
  8. 8. Four Main Reasons for Reviewing Literature 3) Work out the necessity and rationale for your study (is it needed?)
  9. 9. Four Main Reasons for Reviewing Literature 4. Set boundaries for your study
  10. 10. This will help you... GET YOUR OWN IDEA!
  11. 11. Planning 1. Define the topic (general reading and list of terms) 2. Think about the scope (what is the time from you have?) 3. Think about the outcomes (what is it want to get out of the search) 4. Think how to management the search 5. Plan your sources (list and sequence sources to be searched)
  12. 12. Questions to ask • What is known about the broad topic? • What are the landmark works in the field? • What methodologies are people using in the fields I am interested in? • What frameworks and concepts are people using?
  13. 13. Be Selective You can’t read everything… so don’t.
  14. 14. Be Selective
  15. 15. Be Selective
  16. 16. How to manage your research Get Organised • Summarise ideas • Copy out or copy paste key quotes • Use bibliographic software if you can get it. • Organise your ideas by themes
  17. 17. A research review will • Include an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of theories • Demonstrate clear understanding. • Cite the key theories • Give a clear indication of how the review links to your research question.
  18. 18. A research review will • Include a definition of the boundaries of your research report • A selection and synthesis (combination) of existing arguments to form a new perspective. • Through gradual refinement, it will include a demarcation of the research problem.
  19. 19. A research review is not… • A list of the work of others. • A review of the literature. • A history of your subject. • A place where you get to sound off about your subject.
  20. 20. HOMEWORK • Identify three topics you are interested. • Go online or go to library and find out what are the chief texts and writers associated with them. • Work out what the key phrases, ideas and concepts you will be looking up. • Prepare a simple sheet with them on. • Next week we search out texts in earnest!

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