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Work Space Wellness


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Work Space Wellness to World of Wellness

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Work Space Wellness

  1. 1. 12th April 2012 WORK SPACE WELLNESS TO WORLD OF WELLNESS - Dr Gowthaman Krishnamoorthy4/12/2012 1
  2. 2. ERGONOMICS• The term "ergonomics" is derived from two Greek words: "ergon," meaning work, and "nomoi," meaning natural laws. Ergonomists study human capabilities in relationship to work demands.• ERGONOMICS is essentially about "fitting work to people". Its the process of designing or arranging workplaces, products and systems so that they fit the people who use them.• This includes design of the home, design of public access buildings and public spaces, and design and operation of transport systems.4/12/2012 2
  3. 3. EMPLOYEE ERGONOMICS Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance. In recent years, ergonomists have attempted to define postures which minimize unnecessary static work and reduce the forces acting on the body.All of us could significantly reduce our risk of injury if we could adhere to the followingergonomic principles: All work activities should permit the worker to adopt several different, but equally healthy and safe postures. Where muscular force has to be exerted it should be done by the largest appropriate muscle groups available.4/12/2012 3
  4. 4. OFFICE ERGONOMICS4/12/2012 4
  5. 5. ERGONOMICS the task (job content & context) the the organization tool the the environment workstation4/12/2012 5
  6. 6. ERGONOMICS• Goal – to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) developed by workers• MSDs are injuries and illnesses that affect muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints or spinal discs.4/12/2012 6
  7. 7. ERGONOMICS Common Symptoms of MSDs • Painful joints • Pain, tingling, numbness in hands, wrists, forearms, shoulders, knees and feet • Shooting or stubbing pains • Swelling or inflammation4/12/2012 7
  8. 8. ERGONOMICS Common Symptoms of MSDs • Fingers or toes turning white • Back or neck pain • Stiffness4/12/2012 8
  9. 9. ERGONOMICS FOR ALL4/12/2012 9
  11. 11. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH ( ILO/WHO ) Promote and maintain the highest degree of physical, mental & social well-being of workers of all occupations Prevent workers from departures due to health caused by their working conditions Protect workers in their working environment from hazards and risks usually causing adverse health effects Place & maintain a worker in an occupational environment adapted to his/her physiological ability4/12/2012 11
  12. 12. HAZARD AND RISK HAZARD  RISK - any source of - the chance or potential damage, probability that a harm or adverse person will be health effects on harmed or something or experience an someone under adverse health effect certain conditions at if exposed to a work. hazard.4/12/2012 12
  13. 13. Genetic Multiplicity of factors exposure Lifestyle Duration of Age exposure WORK- Workplace Workers’ Factors Physical Susceptibility RELATED properties Race DISEASE Magnitude of Gender exposure Medical Timing of history exposure4/12/2012 13
  14. 14. Radiation Risk Electromagnetic Spectrum Source Frequency in hertz (Hz)X-rays, about1 billion 22billion Hz Gamma rays 10 20can penetrate 10the body and damage X-rays 18internal organs and tissues 10by damaging important 16molecules like DNA. Ultraviolet radiation 10 14This is called “ionization.” Visible light 10 12 Microwaves, several billion Hz, Infrared radiation 10 10 can have “thermal” or hearing 10 effects on body tissues Microwaves 8Power frequency EMFs 50 or 10 Radio waves 660 Hz carry very little energy, 10have no ionizing effects 800 - 900 MHz 4and usually no thermal 15 - 30 Hz & 50 - 90 Hz Very low frequency (VLF) 10 3,000 - 30,000 Hz 2effects. They can, however, Extremely low frequency 10cause very weak electric 60 Hz (ELF) 3 - 3,000 Hzcurrents to flow in the body. Direct current 0 4/12/2012 14
  15. 15. RADIATION Types Sources Health Effects Ionizing X-rays Cancer, congenital Gamma rays defects, death Non-ionizing Ultraviolet skin redness, premature skin ageing, and skin cancer Infrared corneal and conjunctival burns, retinal injury, cataract Laser Skin and eye problem4/12/2012 15
  17. 17. Selected Infectious Diseases and Occupations Agent / Disease Occupation Colds, influenza, scarlet fever, May be contracted anywhere diphtheria, smallpox Tuberculosis Silica workers, people exposed to heat and organic dusts, and medical personnel Anthrax Animal handlers and handlers of carcasses, skins, hides, or hair of infected animals, including wool carpet processors and handlers.4/12/2012 17
  18. 18. Selected Infectious Diseases and Occupations Agent / Disease Occupation Ringworm (in horses, cattle, Pet shop salesmen, stockmen, deer, pigs, cats, dogs, birds) breeders of cats and dogs, and other animal handlers Tetanus Farmers (spores in soil) or anyone in contact with manure.4/12/2012 18
  19. 19. STRESS The harmful physical and emotional responses that occurs when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources or needs of the worker.4/12/2012 19
  20. 20. STRESS: Effects4/12/2012 20
  21. 21. STRESS Manifestations of Stress PSYCHOLOGICAL PHYSIOLOGICAL BEHAVIORAL Fatigue  Heart rate  Drug use Anxiety  Blood pressure  Alcohol intake Tension  Indigestion  Heavy smoking Irritability  Impulsive emotional Depression behavior Boredom  Poor work & family Inability to concentrate relationship Low esteem  Social isolation  Family abandonment  Sleep problems 4/12/2012 21
  22. 22. Ayurveda and Health• Ayurveda brings about the balance between our Physical & Mental aspects and helps us to remain naturally beautiful. Herbs of tremendous medicinal values are found abundantly in nature.• Ayurveda uses these herbs individually and in special blends to treat every kind of Physical & Psychological Problems.• As the Stress builds up, we move towards the Lack of Confidence and a feeling of Inferiority becomes a part of our Life. Lest the Thorn / The Cause/ The Toxins/ Stress is removed only then the normal healing mechanism of the body is initiated or else it effects the other organs of the body & thus Uncurable Diseases are produced.4/12/2012 22
  23. 23. Yoga & Health• Many of the popular techniques found to reduce stress derive from yoga:• controlled breathing• meditation• physical movement• mental imagery• stretching• Yoga, which derives its name from the word, “yoke”—to bring together—does just that, bringing together the mind, body and spirit. But whether you use yoga for spiritual transformation or for stress management and physical well- being, the benefits are numerous.4/12/2012 23
  24. 24. YOGA• Yoga for Stress management• ! Breathing technique help relax and learn the various types of Pranayama.• ! Can be done either lying down or sitting posture to ensure rhythmic breathing in and out.• ! AUM chanting is soothing.• ! Practice joint relaxing exercises and instant• whole body relaxation techniques with deep breathing .• A) Shavasan B) Makarasan• C) Bhujangasan D) Shalabhasan• E) Suptavajrasan F) Vakrasan• G) Pranayama H) Meditation are use full4/12/2012 24
  25. 25. DEMO• If you are wearing tight, uncomfortable footwear remove them before starting the stretches. You may also wish to loosen your tie and belt.• Here are a few exercises you could try for a start:• Neck Roll• Close your eyes.• Let your chin drop down to your chest.• Begin the circular motion of your neck slowly, by moving the right ear to the right shoulder, taking the head backwards and then bringing the left ear to the left shoulder.• Keep your shoulders loose and relax.• Rotate your neck 3-5 times and then switch directions.4/12/2012 25
  26. 26. DEMO• Seated Forward Bend• Push your chair away from your desk.• Remaining seated, keep your feet flat on the floor.• Take your arms behind the lower back, keep your back straight and interlace your fingers behind your back.• Bending forward from the waist, bring your interlaced hands over your back.• Rest your chest on your thighs and relax your neck.4/12/2012 26
  27. 27. DEMO• Cow Stretch• Keep your feet on the floor.• Bring both hands on your knees.• While inhaling, stretch your back backwards and look towards the ceiling.• While exhaling, stretch your back forward and drop your head forward.• Repeat this exercise for 3-5 breaths.4/12/2012 27
  28. 28. DEMO• Eagle Arms• Stretch your arms straight in front of your body and parallel to the floor. Palms facing the ceiling.• Cross your right arm over the left (bend your arm slightly at the elbow if needed). Bring both palms together.• Lift both elbows. The shoulders slide down your back.• Repeat this exercise with the left arm over the right.4/12/2012 28
  29. 29. DEMO• Seated Spinal Twist• Sit sideways in your chair.• Place your feet flat on the floor.• Holding the back of the chair with both hands, twist your waist to the right towards the back of the chair.• Turn to the other side. Repeat this exercise a few more times.4/12/2012 29
  30. 30. DEMO• Temple Rub• Keep your elbows on your desk and place your hands on your temples.• With small circular motions gently rub your temples first clockwise and then anti- clockwise.• Do this for 10 – 15 long deep breaths.4/12/2012 30
  31. 31. THANK YOU • “I still need more healthy rest in order to work at my best. My health is the main capital I have and I want to administer it intelligently.” • ---Ernest Hemmingway • Nobel Prize winner for literature4/12/2012 31