2Medicines are DrugsMedicines are DrugsA medicine or drugA medicine or drug……– changes how your body works, or– treats or prevents a disease orsymptom
3Who Has Used an OverWho Has Used an Over--thethe--CounterCounterMedicine This Week?Medicine This Week?What are some reasons for using anWhat are some reasons for using anOTC medicine?OTC medicine?
4Prescription and OverPrescription and Over--thethe--CounterCounterMedicinesMedicinesHow are they different?How are they different?How are they the same?How are they the same?
5Prescription and OverPrescription and Over--thethe--Counter MedicinesCounter MedicinesHow are they different? How are they the same?How are they different? How are they the same?Prescription1. Ordered by adoctor2. Bought at apharmacy3. Ordered for andused by only onepersonOver-the-Counter1. Can buy without adoctor’s order2. Bought off the shelfin store aisles3. May be used bymore than oneperson for the samesymptom orproblemBoth types ofmedicine:• Directions must befollowed carefullyand correctly• Children should useonly with permissionof a parent orguardian• A pharmacist cananswer questions
63 Important Medicine RulesNever share your prescription medicinewith someone else.Never use someone else’s prescriptionmedicine.With OTC medicine, always check thedose.– The right dose for you may be differentthan for your friend or family member.
7Read theRead the Drug FactsDrug Facts labellabelAll OTC medicines have aAll OTC medicines have a Drug FactsDrug Facts labellabelHow do you decide which medicineHow do you decide which medicineis the right OTC medicine for you?is the right OTC medicine for you?
8DrugDrugFactsFactsLabelLabelActive IngredientsAnd what they do
9Active Ingredients:Active Ingredients:The parts of the medicine that make itThe parts of the medicine that make itwork.work.What doesWhat does Drug FactsDrug Facts tell us about each activetell us about each activeingredient ???ingredient ???ItsIts namenameHow much is in each pill or teaspoon (5 mL)What it does (itsWhat it does (its purposepurpose or job)or job)The problems it treats (itsThe problems it treats (its usesuses))
10What does this medicine treat?What does this medicine treat?
11What does this medicine treat?What does this medicine treat?
12This medicine treats:This medicine treats:FeverHeadacheMinor body achesand painsSore throatStuffy noseNasal and sinuscongestion
13KeishaKeisha stayed home from schooltoday because she is sick.She has a stuffy nose, sorethroat, and aches all over.Mom gives her some Get Bettercold and fever medicine beforeleaving for work.Two hours later, Keisha gets oneof her really bad headaches.
14KeishaKeisha wants to take her usualheadache medicine to make theheadache go away.She calls mom at work.Mom asks Keisha to get bothmedicines and look at the labels.Mom asks Keisha about the activeingredients in her medicines.
15Can Keisha take theseCan Keisha take thesemedicines together?medicines together?
16Both medicines contain the same activeBoth medicines contain the same activeingredientingredient –– acetaminophen.acetaminophen.Keisha can not take them together.Keisha can not take them together.NO
17WhatWhat’’s alls allthis stuff?this stuff?Warnings
18WarningsWarningsThe warnings section tells you:When you should not use the medicine at allWhen you should talk to your doctor firstHow the medicine might make you feelWhen you should stop using the medicineThings you should not do while taking the medicine.
19Allergy AlertAllergy AlertWhen your body has an allergic reaction, you may haveWhen your body has an allergic reaction, you may have–– ItchingItching -- SwellingSwelling–– RashRash -- FaintingFainting–– HivesHives -- Trouble breathingTrouble breathingIf you think you are allergic to a medicine, do not useIf you think you are allergic to a medicine, do not useit.it.If you think that you or someone else is having anIf you think that you or someone else is having anallergic reaction,allergic reaction,–– tell an adult right away.tell an adult right away.–– Call 911 for trouble breathing or fainting.Call 911 for trouble breathing or fainting.
20Ask a doctor before useAsk a doctor before use……Ask a doctor or pharmacistAsk a doctor or pharmacistbefore usebefore use……When to ask a doctor, nurse, or pharmacistBEFORE using the medicine.–– Some medical problems can make using aSome medical problems can make using amedicine less safe.medicine less safe.–– Some medicines should never be used together.Some medicines should never be used together.
21When using this productWhen using this product……Special information about using the medicine.Special information about using the medicine.ExamplesExamples……–– Do not use more than directedDo not use more than directed–– Take with food or milk if stomach upset occursTake with food or milk if stomach upset occurs–– Drowsiness may occurDrowsiness may occur–– Avoid contact with eyes.Avoid contact with eyes.
22Stop use and ask a doctor ifStop use and ask a doctor if……Reasons to stop taking a medicineReasons to stop taking a medicineinclude:include:–– If you have an allergic reactionIf you have an allergic reaction–– If you have new problems like stomach pain,If you have new problems like stomach pain,throwing up, or dizzinessthrowing up, or dizziness–– If you are not feeling better after a certainIf you are not feeling better after a certainnumber ofnumber of daysdays
23Keep out of reach ofKeep out of reach ofchildrenchildrenYoung children may think medicine tastesYoung children may think medicine tastesREALLY GOOD.REALLY GOOD.Medicine is not candyMedicine is not candy and can harm them ifand can harm them ifthey take too much.they take too much.If someone you know takes too much medicineIf someone you know takes too much medicineor the wrong medicine, tell an adult rightor the wrong medicine, tell an adult rightaway. Call theaway. Call the Poison Control CenterPoison Control Center for help.for help.
24Anthony12 years old.Soccer goalie.Championship game today.Anthony has allergies: stuffy, runny noseand sneezing; watery eyes.What can he do?Anthony speaks with his parents. Together, theylook at the 2 allergy medicines in their home.
26Under warnings, the label says:“When using this product, youmay get drowsy”This is not the best choicebefore the championship game.Tony’s mom reads theDrug Facts label:The ingredient that treats allergysymptoms is chlorpheniramine
27Mom and dad look at thesecond allergy medicine.It has the same “FeelBetter” nameBut the ingredient thattreats allergy symptoms isdifferent: loratadine.This medicine also has aningredient to treat nasalcongestion (stuffy nose)They all read the Drug Factslabel
28Feel Better: Allergy and Congestion ReliefTaking more than directed maycause drowsiness.Under warnings,the label says:“When using thisproduct, takingmore thandirected maycausedrowsiness”Tony should never take more medicine than directed on the label.With his parents permission, Tony takes the correct dose.He soon feels better.
29Once you think you have found theright medicine for your problem…What else do you need to knowbefore you use your medicine?
30How toHow touse theuse themedicinemedicineDirectionsDirectionsFor UseFor Use
31DirectionsDirectionsHow much medicine to useHow much medicine to useHow often to use itHow often to use itHow long you can use itHow long you can use itHow should you measure your dose ofmedicine?
32Measuring ToolsMeasuring Toolsfor Medicinesfor MedicinesUse the measuring spoon, cup, or syringe that comes withyour medicine. This is the most exact way to measure yourdose.If your medicine doesn’t come with a special measuring tool,ask for one at the pharmacy.A silverware spoon may hold the wrong amount of medicine.Make sure the tool can measure the right dose – check themarkings on the tool.
33Other informationOther information andand InactiveInactiveingredientsingredientsOther information tells youOther information tells you–– How to keep your medicine when you are notHow to keep your medicine when you are notusing it.using it.Inactive ingredients are used to:Inactive ingredients are used to:–– Form a pillForm a pill–– Add flavor or colorAdd flavor or color–– Make a tablet or film dissolve quickly on yourMake a tablet or film dissolve quickly on yourtonguetongue–– Help a medicine last longer on the shelfHelp a medicine last longer on the shelf
34Questions or CommentsQuestions or CommentsWhere to find a telephone numberWhere to find a telephone numberor website to:or website to:ask questions about the medicineask questions about the medicinereport an unexpected reaction toreport an unexpected reaction tothe medicinethe medicineHmmm…
35Questions or CommentsQuestions or CommentsIf you have an unexpected reaction to a medicine, itis very important to call and let the company know.The companies that make medicines have to keeptrack of all unexpected reactions to their medicines.They must report serious reactions to the Food andDrug Administration within 15 days.The doctors and other scientists at the FDA look atthese reports and watch for signs that a medicinemay not be as safe as they thought.Hmmm…
36Use your OTC medicines wiselyUse your OTC medicines wiselyBe Safe!!
37Take Home MessagesTake Home MessagesSpeak with a parent or adult before usingSpeak with a parent or adult before usingany medicine.any medicine.Read the label carefully.Read the label carefully.–– The information you need to use your OTCThe information you need to use your OTCmedicine safely and correctly is in the Drugmedicine safely and correctly is in the DrugFacts Label.Facts Label.OTC medicines are serious medicines.OTC medicines are serious medicines.–– Be smart about what you put into your bodyBe smart about what you put into your body ––itit’’s the only body you have.s the only body you have.We hope you will share this informationWe hope you will share this informationwith your family.with your family.Thank you.Thank you.