Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. Behaviorism<br />From skinner’s thought<br />Fatima Ali<br />Masooma Alkhayat<br />Zahra Ibrahim<br />FatehSaleh<br />
  2. 2. Skinner’s Background<br />Name at birth: Burrhus Frederic Skinner.<br /> Born at 20th March 1904,at Pennsylvania .U.S.<br />one of the 20th century's most famous psychologists, known especially for his emphasis on behaviourism.<br />
  3. 3. Skinner’s Background<br />Best known as: The behaviourist who invented the Skinner Box.doctorate in 1931.<br />Skinner authored several books like:<br /><ul><li>The Behaviour of Organisms (1938)
  4. 4. Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971).
  5. 5. The novel Walden Two (1948).</li></ul>died at 18th August 1990 at the age of 86 .<br />
  6. 6. Why we chose the theory?<br /><ul><li>controlling students behaviors : (increase or decrease)
  7. 7. manage classroom discipline
  8. 8. Creating an orderly and stable classroom environment</li></li></ul><li>Skinner – BoxThe theory<br />A video about Skinner’s Box.<br />Click here<br />
  9. 9. The Principles.<br />
  10. 10. How can we apply it in class?<br />Setting rules and consequences <br />“Reinforcement schedules “ <br />
  11. 11. Contingency Contracting<br />
  12. 12. Prompting “ cueing “<br />
  13. 13. Prompting “ cueing “<br />
  14. 14. <ul><li> Modeling
  15. 15. Rehearsing appropriate behavior </li></li></ul><li>punishment<br />
  16. 16. Activity<br />Listening to the rules<br />Competition<br />Choice<br />Reward <br />
  17. 17. Our Reflections<br />Fatima Ali’s reflection<br />Masooma Alkhayat’sreflection<br />Zahra Ibrahim’s reflection<br />FatehSaleh’sreflection<br />
  18. 18. The references<br /><ul><li>Marlowe,BruceA,Canestrai,Alan S,2006,Educational psychology in context,USA,Sagepublications,Inc.
  19. 19. Estes,William k,1970,Learning Theory and mental Development, New York and London,Academic press.
  20. 20. Hayes, S.C., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Roche, B. (2001) Relational Frame Theory: A Post-Skinnerian account of human language and cognition. Kluwer Academic: New York.
  21. 21. Miller, Katherine (2005). Communication Theories: Perspectives, Processes, and Contexts (2nd ed.). New York, New York: McGraw-Hill.</li>

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