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Writing research objectives


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Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine

Writing research objectives

  1. 1. MR. JAYESH
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Research is an organized investigation of aproblem in which there is an attempt to gainsolution to a problem. To get right solution of a right problem,clearly defined objectives are very important. Clearly defined objectives enlighten the wayin which the researcher has to
  3. 3. MEANING ‘A research objective is a clear, concise,declarative statement, which providesdirection to investigate the variables.’ Generally research objective focus on theways to measure the variables , such as toidentify or describe them. Sometime objectives are directed towardsidentifying the relationship or differencebetween two
  4. 4. COUNT… Research objective are the results sought bythe researcher at the end of the researchprocess, i.e. what the researcher will be ableto achieve at the end of the research study. The objectives of a research projectsummarize what is to be achieved by thestudy. Objective should be closely related to thestatement of the
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Research objectives is a concrete statementdescribing what the research is trying toachieve. A well-worded objective will beSMART, i.e Specific, Measurable, Attainable,Realistic, & Time-bound. Research objective should be Relevant,Feasible, Logical, Observable, Unequivocal &Measurable. Objective is a purpose that can be reasonablyachieved within the expected timeframe &with the available
  6. 6. COUNT… The objective or research projectsummarizes what is to be achieved by thestudy. The research objectives are the specificaccomplishment the researchers hopes toachieve by the study. The objective include obtaining answers toresearch questions or testing the
  7. 7. NEED OF RESEARCH OBJECTIVESThe formulation of research objectives will helpresearcher to With clearly defined objectives, theresearchers can focus on the study The formulation of research objectives helpsthe researcher avoid the collection of datawhich are not strictly necessary forunderstanding & solving problem that he orshe has
  8. 8. COUNT… The formulation of objectives organize thestudy in clearly defined parts or phases. Properly formulated, specific objectives willfacilitate the development of researchmethodology & will help to orient thecollection, analysis, interpretation, &utilization of
  9. 9. TYPES OF RESEARCH OBJECTIVES1. General objective General objectives are broad goals to beachieved. The general objectives of the study statewhat the researcher expects to achieve bythe study in general terms. General objectives are usually less
  10. 10. COUNT…2. Specific objective Specific objectives are short term & narrow infocus. General objectives can broken into small logicallyconnected parts to form specific objectives. General objective is met through accomplishingall the specific objective. The specific objectives are more in number & theysystematically address various aspects ofproblem as defined under ‘the statement ofproblem’ & key factor that is assumed toinfluence or causes the problem. They should specify what the researcher will do inthe study, where, & for what
  11. 11. EXAMPLES OF GENERAL & SPECIFIC OBJECTIVESResearch statement: “Effectiveness of planned teaching onthe knowledge of staff nurses working in psychiatric unitregarding Physical Restraints for psychiatric patient inselected hospital of Vidharbha region”.General objective: To asses the knowledge of staff nursesworking in psychiatric unit regarding physical restraint.Specific objective: To assess the knowledge regarding Physical Restraintsamong nurses working in psychiatric unit. To evaluate the effect of planned teaching on PhysicalRestraints among nurses. To associate the knowledge with selected
  12. 12. METHODS OF STATING OBJECTIVESWhile stating objectives of the study, the followingguidelines must be taken care of: The objectives should be presented briefly &concisely. They cover the different aspects of the problem &its contributing factors in a coherent way & in alogical sequence. The objectives are clearly phrased in operationalterms, specifying exactly what researcher is goingto do, where, & for what purpose. They are realistic considering local conditions. Use action verbs that are specify enough to
  13. 13. COUNT… Examples of action verbs are: to assess, toidentify, to find out, to determine, to compare,to find, to verify, to calculate, to describe, toanalyse, to establish,
  14. 14. THANK