Meaning & purposes of research


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Meaning & purposes of research

  1. 1.
  2. 2. • Research is a systematic inquiry that uses disciplinedmethod to answer questions or solve problems.• The word research means “to search again” or to“examine carefully”.• Research is diligent, systemic inquiry or study thatvalidates & refine existing knowledge & develop
  3. 3. According to Notter, “Research is the process thatsystematically searched for new facts & relationships”.According to French Ruth, “Research essentially is aproblem solving process, a systematic, intensive studydirected towards full, scientific knowledge of theobject studied”Research is the process of systematic obtainingaccurate answer to significant & pertinent questionsby the use of the scientific method of gathering &interpreting information-------(Clover & Balsley,1979)
  4. 4. DEFINTION OF NURSING RESEARCHNursing research is a way to identify newknowledge, improve professional education &practices & use of resources effectively(International Council of Nurses, 1986)Nursing research develops knowledge about health &promotion of health over the full lifespan, care ofperson with health problems & disabilities to respondeffectively to actual or potential health problems.(Commission of Nursing Research, AmericanNurses Association, 1981)
  5. 5. NEED AND PURPOSES OF NURSINGRESEARCHNursing research enables nurses in the following ways: Develop, refine, & extend & scientific base ofknowledge, which is required for quality nursingcare, education & administration. Enhance the body of professional knowledge innursing. Provide foundation for evidence-based nursingpractices. Help in expansion of knowledge, which is essentialfor continued growth of nursing
  6. 6. Count… Enhance their professional identity as research is anessential component of any profession. Define the parameters of nursing, which will helpnurses to identify boundaries of nursing profession. Refine & eliminate old knowledge so that it helps inelimination of nursing actions that have no effecton the achievement of desired client outcomes. Identify nursing care practices that make adifference in health care status of individuals &
  7. 7. Count… Enhance accuracy of different nursingeducational & administrative techniques. Develop & refine nursing theories &principles. Solve the problem or answer questions relatedto nursing practices, nursing education, &nursing
  8. 8. NursingeducationNursingadministration
  9. 9. 1. Research in nursing education• Health promotion, maintenance, & diseaseprevention.• Patient safety & quality of health care.• Promotion & risk reduction intervention of healthof vulnerable, minority groups & marginalizedcommunity.• Patient-centered care & care condition• Promotion of health & well-being of older people.• Palliative & end-of-life
  10. 10. Count…• Development of evidence-based practices &translational research.• Care implication of genetic testing & therapeutics.• Nurses’ working environment.• Home care & community health nursing care practices.• Treatment compliance & adherence to treatment.• Description of holistic nursing situation:social, cultural, religious, traditional, & familypractices, which have health implications & fall underthe nursing
  11. 11. 2. Research in nursing practices• Testing the effectivity & efficiency of the old teachingmethods/techniques, & generating newer effectiveteaching tools & techniques.• Curriculum taught & learning experiences of nursingstudents at undergraduate & postgraduate level.• Enhancing the psychometric domain of learning amongnursing students in clinical
  12. 12. Count…• Extent of strict discipline required for the nursingstudents to improve their learning & education• Promoting clinical & classroom learning among nursingstudents.• Refining & generating evaluation methods to judge theefficiency of the teaching – learning process.• Identify & managing problems of absenteeism & lackof motivation among nursing students.• Resolving any issue or phenomenon related to theteaching – learning process of the nursing
  13. 13. 3. Research in nursing administration• Assessing existing organizational structure, span ofcontrol, communication, staffingpattern, wages, benefits, performance evaluationpractices, etc. & their effectiveness. Inaddition, developing new knowledge or refining theold knowledge regarding nursing administrativephenomena.• Developing & testing different administrative modelsto enhance swift administrative , employees, &customer satisfaction.• Retention & effective use of nursing personnel inproviding the quality of nursing care.• Furthermore, research can be conducted on anyphenomenon related to nursing administration
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