Introduction of psychotherapy

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Introduction of psychotherapy

  1. 1. “A method of treatment based on the development of intimate (therapeutic) relationship between client & therapist for the purpose of exploring & modifying the client behavior in a satisfying direction.” …By Lego S.4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 2
  2. 2. Count…• “A process in which a person who wishes to relieve symptoms or resolve problems in living or seeking personal growth enters in implicit or explicit contract to interact in a prescribed way with a psychotherapist.” …By – Psychiatric Glossary (1980)4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 3
  3. 3. • Changing maladaptive behavior pattern.• Reducing of elimination environmental conditions that may be causing such a behavior.• Improving interpersonal & other competencies i.e communication skill• Helping the patient to resolve inner conflict & overcome feelings of handicap• Modifying an individual’s accurate assessment of himself & the world around him• Helping him to develop a sense of self-identity. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 4
  4. 4. • Psychotic patient with severe behavior disturbance like excitement.• Organic psychosis (in acute phase)• Patient’s who are unmotivated & unwilling to accept it.• Group psychotherapy in hysteria, hypochondriasis etc.• Patient’s who are unlikely to respond, eg; personality disorder , specially antisocial personality.4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 5
  5. 5. • Patient may become excessively dependent on therapy or therapist.• Intensive psychotherapy may be distressing to the patient & result in exacerbation of symptoms & deterioration in relationship.• Disorder s for which physical treatment would be more appropriate may be missed• Ineffective psychotherapy waste time & money & changes in patient’s morale.4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 6
  6. 6. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 7
  7. 7. TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPYIndividual Psychotherapy Interpersonal Psychotherapy•Psychoanalysis •Marital therapy•Hypnosis •Family therapy•Abreaction •Transactional therapy•Reality therapy•Uncovering Behavioral Psychotherapy Group Psychotherapy •Behavior Modification •Systematic Desensitization •Aversion therapy •Assertiveness training Other Psycho-social •Cognitive behavior therapy therapy •Implosive (flooding) therapy •Therapeutic community •Positive reinforcement •Millieu therapy -Response shaping •Occupational therapy -Modelling •Play therapy -Token economy •Recreational therapy •Music therapy 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar •Dance therapy 8
  8. 8. 1. Milieu Therapy2. Therapeutic Community3. Attitude Therapy4. Occupational Therapy5. Play Therapy6. Music Therapy4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 9
  9. 9. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 10

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