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Individual psychotherapy


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Individual psychotherapy

  1. 1. MR. JAYESH PATIDARwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com4/24/2013 1Jayesh Patidar
  2. 2.  It is conducted on a one to one basis i.e. thetherapist treat on client at a time By this therapist helps the patient to come to agreater understanding of himself & to find a way ofdealing with his problem. Indication: stress-related disorder, alcohol & drugdependence, sexual disorder & maritaldisharmony.4/24/2013 2Jayesh Patidar
  3. 3. TYPES OF INDIVIDUALPSYCHOTHERAPY1. Psychoanalysis2. Hypnosis3. Abreaction4. Reality therapy5. Uncovering6. Supportive therapy4/24/2013 3Jayesh Patidar
  4. 4. 1. Psychoanalysis Psychoanalytical therapy was developed byFreud. It focus on unconscious forces such asrepressed impulses & memories, internalconflicts & childhood trauma on mental life &adjustment of the individual. The most important indication forpsychoanalytical therapy is the presence oflongstanding mental conflicts, which may beunconscious but produce symptoms.4/24/2013 4Jayesh Patidar
  5. 5. Count… The aim of therapy is to bring all repressedmaterial to unconscious awareness so thatthe patient can work towards a healthyresolution of his problems, which are causingthe symptoms. Psychotherapy as a form of therapy is usedprimarily in psychoneuroses by bringingabout basic modification in the personality.This is done by establishing a constructivetherapeutic relationship.4/24/2013 5Jayesh Patidar
  6. 6. Count…The specific methods used to achievethe effect of therapy are; freeassociation, dream interpretationanalysis of resistances & defenses usedby the patient, working through thefeelings & experiences revealed by thepatient during transferring.Every interaction lasts for 45 minutes. 4-5 days a week for approximately 3-5years.4/24/2013 6Jayesh Patidar
  7. 7. 2. Hypnosis• Hypnosis is a superficial or deep trance (asomnolent state/sleep like) resembling sleep.• It induced in a patient by suggestions of relaxation& concentrating attention on a single object.• The client becomes highly suggestible, submissive &abandons control & response to therapist influence.• He can be induced to recall forgotten events,becomes insensitive to pain, gain relief fromtension, anxiety & other psychological symptoms.• It affects behavioral change & control of attitude4/24/2013 7Jayesh Patidar
  8. 8. Count…Changes that occur during hypnosis:The person becomes highly suggestibleto the commands of the therapist.There is an ability to produce or removesymptoms or perceptions.Dissociation of a part of the body oremotions.Amnesia for the events that occurredduring the hypnotic state.4/24/2013 8Jayesh Patidar
  9. 9. Count…This therapy is used in; obesity,hypertension, asthma, smoking, pepticulcer, overeating, abreaction of pastexperiences, psychosomatic disorders,conversion & dissociative disorders,habit disorder & anxiety disorder orother addiction disorder.4/24/2013 9Jayesh Patidar
  10. 10. 3. Abreaction Therapy Abreaction is a process by which repressedmaterial, particularly a painful experience orconflict is brought back to consciousness. The person not only recalls but also relievesthe material, which is accompanied by theappropriate emotional response. It is most useful in acute neurotic conditionscaused by extreme stress (PTSD, hysteriaetc).4/24/2013 10Jayesh Patidar
  11. 11. Count…Methods: Abreaction can be brought about by strongencouragement to relieve the stressfulevents. The procedure is begun with neutral topicsat first, & gradually approaches area ofconflict. Abreaction can be done with or without theuse of medication.4/24/2013 11Jayesh Patidar
  12. 12. 4. Reality TherapyThis is a psychotherapeutictechnique which focuses on thepresent behavior & development ofpatient’s ability to cope with thestress of reality & take a greaterresponsibility for the fulfillment ofhis needs.4/24/2013 12Jayesh Patidar
  13. 13. Count… To achieve these purposes the therapistbecomes involved in an active relationshipwith patient, rejects his unrealistic behavior& teaches better ways to meet his need in thereal world The patient need to be stressed on that thepast cannot be changed, so he must takeresponsibility of right or wrong actions ofpresent.4/24/2013 13Jayesh Patidar
  14. 14. 5. Uncovering or InsightPsychotherapyThis technique is used to breakthrough the patient’s repressed conflict& traumatic experience to the surface.It helps the patient in gaining aninsight.The patient explores different methodsto cope with problem, once he gain aninsight into his conflict or problem.4/24/2013 14Jayesh Patidar
  15. 15. 6. Supportive Psychotherapy It is a form of “surface therapy”. The therapist helps the patient to relieveemotional distress & symptoms withoutprobing in to past or attempting to changeor alter the basic personality of theindividual. The therapist reinforce the existing defensesused by the client & utilizes varioustechniques such as:4/24/2013 15Jayesh Patidar
  16. 16. Count…a. Ventilationb. Environmental Modification or Manipulationc. Persuasiond. Reeducatione. Reassurancef. Abreactiong. Explanationh. Suggestioni. Reinforcementj. Recreationk. Work as therapyl. Relaxation4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 16
  17. 17. Thank you4/24/2013 17Jayesh Patidar