Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Individual psychotherapy

6,743 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Individual psychotherapy

  1. 1. MR. JAYESH PATIDARwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com4/24/2013 1Jayesh Patidar
  2. 2.  It is conducted on a one to one basis i.e. thetherapist treat on client at a time By this therapist helps the patient to come to agreater understanding of himself & to find a way ofdealing with his problem. Indication: stress-related disorder, alcohol & drugdependence, sexual disorder & maritaldisharmony.4/24/2013 2Jayesh Patidar
  3. 3. TYPES OF INDIVIDUALPSYCHOTHERAPY1. Psychoanalysis2. Hypnosis3. Abreaction4. Reality therapy5. Uncovering6. Supportive therapy4/24/2013 3Jayesh Patidar
  4. 4. 1. Psychoanalysis Psychoanalytical therapy was developed byFreud. It focus on unconscious forces such asrepressed impulses & memories, internalconflicts & childhood trauma on mental life &adjustment of the individual. The most important indication forpsychoanalytical therapy is the presence oflongstanding mental conflicts, which may beunconscious but produce symptoms.4/24/2013 4Jayesh Patidar
  5. 5. Count… The aim of therapy is to bring all repressedmaterial to unconscious awareness so thatthe patient can work towards a healthyresolution of his problems, which are causingthe symptoms. Psychotherapy as a form of therapy is usedprimarily in psychoneuroses by bringingabout basic modification in the personality.This is done by establishing a constructivetherapeutic relationship.4/24/2013 5Jayesh Patidar
  6. 6. Count…The specific methods used to achievethe effect of therapy are; freeassociation, dream interpretationanalysis of resistances & defenses usedby the patient, working through thefeelings & experiences revealed by thepatient during transferring.Every interaction lasts for 45 minutes. 4-5 days a week for approximately 3-5years.4/24/2013 6Jayesh Patidar
  7. 7. 2. Hypnosis• Hypnosis is a superficial or deep trance (asomnolent state/sleep like) resembling sleep.• It induced in a patient by suggestions of relaxation& concentrating attention on a single object.• The client becomes highly suggestible, submissive &abandons control & response to therapist influence.• He can be induced to recall forgotten events,becomes insensitive to pain, gain relief fromtension, anxiety & other psychological symptoms.• It affects behavioral change & control of attitude4/24/2013 7Jayesh Patidar
  8. 8. Count…Changes that occur during hypnosis:The person becomes highly suggestibleto the commands of the therapist.There is an ability to produce or removesymptoms or perceptions.Dissociation of a part of the body oremotions.Amnesia for the events that occurredduring the hypnotic state.4/24/2013 8Jayesh Patidar
  9. 9. Count…This therapy is used in; obesity,hypertension, asthma, smoking, pepticulcer, overeating, abreaction of pastexperiences, psychosomatic disorders,conversion & dissociative disorders,habit disorder & anxiety disorder orother addiction disorder.4/24/2013 9Jayesh Patidar
  10. 10. 3. Abreaction Therapy Abreaction is a process by which repressedmaterial, particularly a painful experience orconflict is brought back to consciousness. The person not only recalls but also relievesthe material, which is accompanied by theappropriate emotional response. It is most useful in acute neurotic conditionscaused by extreme stress (PTSD, hysteriaetc).4/24/2013 10Jayesh Patidar
  11. 11. Count…Methods: Abreaction can be brought about by strongencouragement to relieve the stressfulevents. The procedure is begun with neutral topicsat first, & gradually approaches area ofconflict. Abreaction can be done with or without theuse of medication.4/24/2013 11Jayesh Patidar
  12. 12. 4. Reality TherapyThis is a psychotherapeutictechnique which focuses on thepresent behavior & development ofpatient’s ability to cope with thestress of reality & take a greaterresponsibility for the fulfillment ofhis needs.4/24/2013 12Jayesh Patidar
  13. 13. Count… To achieve these purposes the therapistbecomes involved in an active relationshipwith patient, rejects his unrealistic behavior& teaches better ways to meet his need in thereal world The patient need to be stressed on that thepast cannot be changed, so he must takeresponsibility of right or wrong actions ofpresent.4/24/2013 13Jayesh Patidar
  14. 14. 5. Uncovering or InsightPsychotherapyThis technique is used to breakthrough the patient’s repressed conflict& traumatic experience to the surface.It helps the patient in gaining aninsight.The patient explores different methodsto cope with problem, once he gain aninsight into his conflict or problem.4/24/2013 14Jayesh Patidar
  15. 15. 6. Supportive Psychotherapy It is a form of “surface therapy”. The therapist helps the patient to relieveemotional distress & symptoms withoutprobing in to past or attempting to changeor alter the basic personality of theindividual. The therapist reinforce the existing defensesused by the client & utilizes varioustechniques such as:4/24/2013 15Jayesh Patidar
  16. 16. Count…a. Ventilationb. Environmental Modification or Manipulationc. Persuasiond. Reeducatione. Reassurancef. Abreactiong. Explanationh. Suggestioni. Reinforcementj. Recreationk. Work as therapyl. Relaxation4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 16
  17. 17. Thank you4/24/2013 17Jayesh Patidar

×