Ethics in nursing research


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Ethics in nursing research

  1. 1. ETHICS
  2. 2. DEFINITIONEthics in nursing researchcan be defined as the act of moralprinciples which the researcher has tofollow while conducting nursing researchto ensure the rights & welfare ofindividuals, groups or community understudy.
  3. 3. IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS INNURSING RESEARCHProtect the vulnerable group & other studyparticipants from harmful effects of theexperimental interventions.Participants are safeguarded from exploitationresearchers.Establish risk – benefit ratio for the study subjectsEnsure the fullest respect, dignity, privacy, discloseof information & fair treatment for study subjects.Build the capability of subjects to accept or rejectparticipation in study & to have access to informedor written consent for participation in
  4. 4. ETHICAL PRINCIPLE IN NURSINGRESEARCH1. Principle of beneficence2. Principle of respect of human dignity3. Principle of
  5. 5. 1. Principle of beneficenceEstablishing the positive risk benefit ratio, wherethe risk of the research should never exceedexpected benefits for people from knowledgegenerated by the research activity.A potential risk of the research study must becarefully assessed & participants are protectedfrom any harmful effect of research
  6. 6. Count…In addition to physical harm, study subjectsare also protected from expected adversepsychological consequences caused byresearch study. For example, psychologicalor emotional distress caused from self-discloser, introspection, fear of theunknown, or interacting with a
  7. 7. Count…Research must be conducted by a scientificallyqualified expert to avoid undue discomfort ordistress to study participants.Participants must be provided with maximumphysical, psychological, social & religiouscomfort & undue disturbance & time utilization ofthe subjects should be
  8. 8. 2. Principle of respect of humandignityThis principle of the ethics emphasizes on thefreedom of choice, where participants have right toaccept or reject to be a part of the research study.Participants have full right to question the researcherfor any additional information or clarification ofdoubts.Participants have right to quit from the study at anystage of the research
  9. 9. Count…A fully informed consent must be taken from theparticipants. In case of the fetus, child, psychological,neurological or physical inability to give informed consent;this can be obtained from parents or legal guardians.The contents of an informed consent must include thefollowing: Purpose of the research study. Procedural process & any intervention involved in thestudy. Expected time & nature of participant’s involvement in
  10. 10. Count… Type of data/information to be obtained for respondents. Details of the potential discomfort or risk for participantsin the study. Details of the support available in case any harm occursto participants. Mechanism to protect privacy & anonymity ofparticipants. Contact detail to collect information & clarification aboutdoubt. Statement about voluntary participation of subjects &right to termination without any penalty. Describe of the expected benefits of the research
  11. 11. 3. Principle of justiceThis ethical principle directs the researchers to abideby the participant’s right of fair treatment &maintenance of privacy.The fair & nondiscriminatory selection of theparticipants such as any risk & benefits will be equallyshared by study participants. Participant’s selectionshould be based on research requirement & notconvenience, gullibility or compromised position ofcertain types of
  12. 12. Count…The nonprejudicial treatment of individual who decline toparticipate or who withdraw from the study after agreeing toparticipate.Anonymity of participants & confidentiality of informationmust be maintained.No information collected from study participants can be usedfor other than research purpose.The vulnerable subjects such as children, pregnant women,mentally ill patients, physically disabled, terminally ill &institutionalized (prisoners) people, who are conveniently &easily accessible must be protected from overuse & undueuse for research
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  14. 14. INTRODUCTION Indian Nursing Council (INC) has published thecode of Ethics for Nurses in India in year 2006. The code of ethics for nurses in critical forbuilding professionalism & accountability. Ethical consideration are vital in any area dealingwith human beings including nursing researchbecause they represent values, rights &relationships. The code of Ethics for nurses in India (2006) areas
  15. 15. 1. The nurse respects theuniqueness of an individual inprovision of careNurse Provides care for individuals without considerationofcaste, creed, religion, culture, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic & political status, personal attributes orany other grounds. Individualizes the care considering thebeliefs, values & cultural sensitivities. Develops & promotes trustful relationship withindividual’s Recognizes uniqueness of response of individualsto interventions & adapts
  16. 16. 2. The nurse respects the rights of individuals aspartners in care & helps in making informed choicesNurse Appropriate individual’s rights to make decisionsabout their care & therefore gives adequate &accurate information for enabling them to makeinformed choices. Respects the decisions made by individual (s)regarding their care Protect public from misinformation &misinterpretation. Advocates special provisions to protect vulnerableindividual/
  17. 17. 3. The nurse respects individuals’ rights to privacy,maintains confidentiality & shares informationjudiciouslyNurse Respects the individual’s rights to privacy of theirpersonal information Maintains confidentiality of privileged informationexcept in life threatening situations & uses discretion insharing information. Takes informed consent & maintains anonymity wheninformation is required for qualityassurance/academic/legal reasons. Limits the access to all personal records written &computerized to authorized persons
  18. 18. 4.The nurse maintains competence inorder to render quality nursingcareNurse Nursing care must be provided only by aregistered nurse. Nurse strives to maintain quality nursing care &upholds the standards of care. Nurse values continuing education, initiates &utilizes all opportunities for self development. Nurse values research as a means ofdevelopment of nursing profession & participatesin nursing research adhering to ethical
  19. 19. 5. The nurse is obliged to practice within the frameworkof ethical, professional & legal boundariesNurse Adheres to code of ethics & code ofprofessional conduct for nurses in Indiadeveloped by India Nursing Council. Familiarizes with relevant laws & practices inaccordance with the law of the
  20. 20. 6. The nurse is obliged to workharmoniously with members of thehealth teamNurse Appreciates the team’s efforts in renderingcare. Cooperates, coordinates & collaborates withmembers of the health team to meet the needsof
  21. 21. 7. The nurse commits to reciprocate the trustinvested in nursing profession by thesocietyNurse Demonstrates personal etiquettes in alldealings. Demonstrates professional attributes in
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