Ethics in nursing


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Ethics in nursing

  1. 1. ETHICS
  2. 2. ETHICSEthics is the study of good conduct, character andmotives. It is concerned with determining what is good orvaluables for all peopleEthical issues differ from legal issues. Content of the lawis determined by systems of government. Laws areenforced by the same system. Breaking the law usuallyresults in public consequence. The law guides publicbehaviour that will affect others and that will preservecommunity.Ethics has a broader base of interest and includespersonal behaviour and issues of character, such askindness, tolerance and
  3. 3. VALUE AND MORALSA value is a personal belief about the worth youhold for an idea, a custom, or an object. Thevalues reflect your cultural and socialinfluences. For e.g. if you live in rural place, youmay value the environment differently fromsomeone who visits rural areas for a short time.Morals usually refer to judgment aboutbehaviour and ethics is the study of ideals ofright and wrong
  4. 4. •Autonomy : Independence; selfdetermination; self reliance•Justice: Fairness or equity•Fidelity: Faithfulness; striving to keeppromises•Beneficience: Actively seeking benefits;promotion of good•Nonmaleficience: Actively seeking to dono harm.Ethical
  5. 5. ICN CODE OF ETHICSThe International Council of Nursing (ICN) Code forNurses (1973) is similar to the foundations of the ANAcode. It speaks to the responsibilities of the nurse to otherpeople, to practice, to society, to co-workers, and to theprofession as a whole.ICN Code for Nurses (1973)Ethical Concepts Applied to NursingThe fundamental responsibility of the nurse isfourfold : to promote health, to prevent illness, to restorehealth, and to alleviate suffering.The need for nursing is universal. Inherent innursing is respect for life, dignity and rights of man. It isunrestricted by considerations
  6. 6. • Nurses and People• The nurses primary responsibility is to those people whorequire nursing care.• The nurse, in providing care, promotes an environmentin which the values, customs and spiritual beliefs of theindividual are respected.• The nurse holds in confidence personal information anduses judgment in sharing this information.• The earlier term of patient has been replaced by that ofpeople which makes these responsibilities much broader.The Code guides the nurse in two general areas of ethicalbehaviour towards being served. First a person’s values,customs and religious beliefs must be respected. Secondpersonal information about this person must be held inconfidence or shared only with
  7. 7. • Nurses and Pratices• The nurse carries personal responsibility for nursingpractices and for maintaining competence by continuallearning.• The nurse maintains the highest standards of nursingcare possible within the reality of a specific situation.• The nurse uses judgment in relation to individualcompetence when accepting and delegating responsibilities.• The nurse when acting in a professional capacity shouldat all times maintain standards of professional conductwhich reflect credit upon the
  8. 8. • Nurse and Society• The nurse shares with other citizens the responsibility forinitiating and supporting action to meet the health and socialneeds of the public.• The code states the responsibility of the nurse for positivepromotion of health for the public by both initiating andsupporting action to meet the health and social needs”. Socialneeds are important because they are often closely related to thehealth needs of the people. Poor housing, unemployment, poorsanitation, malnutrition or illiteracy are thought as social needsonly. E .g. Poverty leads to lack of food and malnutrition whichmay cause serious illnesses especially in children. Illiteracy, which means people cannot read prevents educating the publicin good health practices. Thus, helping to meet social needs of thegeneral public in good health practices. Thus, helping to meetsocial needs of the general public is also a part of
  9. 9. Nurses and Co-workersThe nurse sustains a co-operative relationship with co-workers in nursing and otherfields.The nurse takes appropriateaction to safeguard the individualwhen his care is endangered by aco-worker or any other
  10. 10. Nurse and the ProfessionThe nurse plays the major role in determiningand implementing desirable standards of nursingpractice and nursing education.The nurse is active in developing a core ofprofessional knowledge.The nurse, acting through the professionalorganization, participate in establishing andmaintaining equitable social and economic workingconditions in
  11. 11. The professional codes of ethics in nursing serves asstandards for the behaviour of nurses and provide generalguidelines for nursing actions in ethical dilemmas.The introduction to the Code gives a general descriptionif :1.What the nurse does: The fourfold responsibility ofpromoting health , preventing illness, restoring health andalleviating suffering.2.How nursing service should be given: with respect forlife, dignity and rights of mankind: unrestricted bynationality , race, creed, colour, age, sex, politics or socialstatus; coordinated with related groups.3.To whom service is given: the individual ,family andcommunity. Earlier versions of the Code stated that thenurse should preserve life but the new Code states that thenurse should “respect”
  12. 12. Thank