Community health nurse in disaster management


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Community health nurse in disaster management

  2. 2. COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE INDISASTER MANAGEMENTDisaster is an occurrence that causesdamage, economicdisruption, loss of human life and disorientationof health andhealth services on a scale sufficient to warrant anextraordinaryresponse from outside the affected communityor
  3. 3. Types of Disasters There are two types of disasters: Natural disaster Man-made disaster Bonnet (1990) classifies disasters based on anumeric categorization which includes:1) Minor disaster2) Moderate disaster3) Major
  4. 4.  Primary Prevention: Secondary Prevention: Tertiary
  5. 5. Objectives of Disaster Nursing To effectively reduce the impactof disaster on human life andhealth, To participate in the coordinatedefforts of all groups to reduce lossof life, property damage, socialand economic disruption, and To initiate
  6. 6. Stages of Disaster Management a) Personal preparedness:b) Professional preparedness: c) Community
  7. 7. Role of Community Health Nurse The role of Community Health Nurse in disastermanagement varies according to the differentstages. Disaster preparedness: Facilitate preparation within the community andplace of employment, Initiate and update disaster plan, ¨ Provide disastereducational programmes specific to the area, Organize disaster drills (Mass drills),
  8. 8.  Provide an updated record of vulnerablepopulation within the community. Educate the vulnerable populationabout what impact the disaster mighthave on them, Review individualized strategies like,availability of specific resources in theevent of emergency, As a community advocate, thecommunity health nurse should alwaysseek to keep a safe environment,
  9. 9.  The Community Health Nurse hasan obligation to assess and reportenvironmental health hazards, and The Community Health Nurseshould have an understanding ofwhat community resources will beavailable after a disaster strike, andmost important, how thecommunity will work
  10. 10. Disaster recovery Community Health Nurses must remainvigilant in teaching proper hygiene and makingsure immunization records are up to date. Referrals to mental health professionals shouldcontinue as long as the need exists The Community Health Nurse must remainalert for environmental hazards during therecovery phase of the
  11. 11.  The nurse must be attentive to thedangers of live or dead animals androdents that might be consideredharmful to a persons health. Case finding and referral remainscritical during the recovery phase andin some cases will continue for a
  12. 12. Psycho-social intervention inthe aftermath of disaster :Community level interventionsKeep the people in their naturalgroups if they must be relocated; Providesocial activity for new community; and Groupmeetings in which participants brainstormabout various themes for rebuilding helpssurvivors to recognize the loss, to identityand discuss local problems, and to worktogether towards and achievable specific
  13. 13.  Family level interventions:Encourage families to talk togetherabout their experiences, losses andfeelings; encourage families to resumenormal activities to the extent possible;and help families handle conflictappropriately so as to minimize negativeencounters caused by the strain, fatigue,and irritability that often follow
  14. 14.