Making Drip Pay
Increasing Income, Reducing Costs and Improving Flexibility with
Drip Irrigation
Overview
Drip irrigation for agriculture is gaining in popularity because of its many
benefits. This webinar provides an o...
Making Drip Pay
Agenda
1.
2.

Introduction
Benefits of Drip Irrigation
–
–
–
–

3.

Increased Income
Reduced Costs
Improve...
Introduction
The Toro Company
• Agriculture headquarters
in El Cajon, CA
• World headquarters in
Bloomington, MN
• Founded...
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction
Types of Micro-Irrigation Emission Devices
On-line
Emitters

MicroSprinklers

Dripline

Tape
Introduction

http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/drip-system-layout.aspx
Introduction
Introduction

Simplified Food Value Chain

Raw Material Suppliers

Dealers, Services, Equipment,
Consultants, Gov’t, Finan...
Introduction
Drip irrigation’s rate of adoption is increasing in the US…
35

Land Irrigated by Method of Water Distributio...
Introduction
… and especially in California!

Millions of Acres

Land Irrigated by Method of Water Distribution – CA FRIS…...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation
Benefits of Drip Irrigation
The primary benefit is improved irrigation uniformity…
Benefits of Drip Irrigation
…and resulting improved farm profitability and resource use
efficiency.
Benefits of Drip Irrigation
Increased Uniformity = Less Irrigation Run Time
Benefits of Drip Irrigation
Less Run Time = Less Water, Labor and Fuel Costs

Cost of
Excess
Water
Applied
Assuming
$50/AF...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation

Yield
Quality
Uniformity

Water
Energy
Labor
Fuel, etc.
Benefits of Drip Irrigation

Increase
Increase
Yields
Yields

Income
Quality
Uniformity

Improve
Crop
Quality and
Uniformi...
Case Studies
What do growers say?
Case Studies
Toro Solutions Brochures and Manuals
Irrigation Solutions
Grower Solutions
Crop Solutions

http://www.toro.co...
Drip on Corn
Drip on Corn
Cox Valley View Farms, Long Island, Kansas
• Main Objective: Increased yields with less water
•
System Detail...
Drip on Corn
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Corn
Yield Increase, Uniformity and Sustainability

“I get top yields on 100 percent of the
...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Hops
Yield Increase, Reduced Inputs

“We experienced a 400 lb per acre
increase in productio...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Celery
Yield Increase, Uniformity, Sustainability
“We’re using half as much water with
drip…...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Lettuce
Yield Increase, Quality, Uniformity, Reduced
Inputs, Sustainability
“My yields are h...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Strawberries
Resource Use Efficiency, Organic Sustainability

With drip, I’m not applying wa...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Onions
Uniform Crop, Healthier Plants

“The contents of each 50 pound bag of
onions is super...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Onions
Healthier Plants

“Drip just makes it easier to keep the
plants happy.”
- Pete Doming...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Tomatoes
Yield Increase

“Our best-ever [processing tomato]
yield on conventional
sprinkler/...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Tomatoes
Field Accessibility

“Farming the tomatoes is now as
easy as farming the almonds.
W...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Tomatoes
Water Use Efficiency, Decreased Labor and Fertilizer

We used to apply 36 inches of...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Alfalfa
Yield Increase and Water Use Efficiency

“[One year after planting] 7 cuttings [of
a...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Cotton
Yield Increase, Sustainability

“I can get the same number of bales of cotton
from 80...
Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Potatoes
Yield Increase, Water Use Efficiency

“Irrigating with a hard-hose traveler is like...
Case Studies
Key Points:
1. Growers
consistently
cite improved
farm profitabilty
by using drip.
2. Every situation
is diff...
Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
With 5 pieces of data, the
Wizard allows growers to:

1.

Estimate
Payback
Period

2....
Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
Make 5 entries to estimate
payback period and water
savings
State
Crop
Acres
System T...
Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
Step 2: View Reports
The payback
period is
less than a
year, and 25
acres could
be ir...
Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
Step 3: Customize Report
Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
Step 2: View Reports

If no yield or
quality
increases
are
projected, th
en the
payba...
Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
Key Points:
1. The Wizard helps growers estimate
–
–

Payback period on investment
Ad...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
AquaFlow helps build drip systems with:
• Optimized irrigation system emission uniformity ...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
•
•
•

Dashboard approach eliminates need for toggling
Both irrigation and flushing condit...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Lateral

Lateral Input:
• Product category
• Product model
• Slope(s)
• Length of run
• In...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Sub-Main

Sub-Main Input:
• Pipe Type
• Pipe Size(s)
• Slope(s)
• Sub-Main Length
• Inlet ...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software

Multiple slopes on laterals

Multiple slopes and
multiple pipe sizes on submain (telescop...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Lateral Flushing
Input/Output

Sub-Main Flushing
Input/Output
Flushing Input:
• End Pressu...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Mainline input screen

Figure 8 - Mainline Data Input Screen and Results

Figure 2 - Typic...
Classic vs. PC Tape
Classic tape features a
turbulent flowpath:

PC tape features a pressure
responsive section:
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Block uniformity using nonpressure compensated lateral

56

Block uniformity using pressur...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software

Figure 5 – Chart Tiles appear in minimized format at the bottom of the dashboard.

57

Th...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Non-pressure compensated lateral
design report

58

Pressure compensated
lateral design re...
Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
Key Points:
1. AquaFlow software helps build
systems with:
–
–

High emission uniformity (...
Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual
Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual
A guide to
proper
installation, o
peration and
maintenance
of drip for
field, row and...
Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual

This is not a
design
guide – it is
a field guide
for drip
system
owners.
Free Downloads:
Toro Owner’s Manual and Quick Start Guide
1. Download free PDF from
Toro’s websites:
•
•

toro.com
driptip...
Key Points
1. Drip irrigation is gaining in popularity
because:
• Increased Income
• Reduced Costs
• Improved Flexibility
...
Key Questions
7

1. Will Water Prices
Increase?

Millions of Acres, CA

6

5

2. Will Water Availability
Decrease?

4

3

...
To learn more, please visit:
driptips.toro.com

toro.com
To learn more, please visit:
Toro Micro-Irrigation Products and Services
toro.com
DripTips – educational website and blog
...
Contact Us
Toro Micro-Irrigation
1588 N. Marshall Ave.
El Cajon, CA 92020, USA
Phone:
+1 (800) 333-8125
+1 (619) 562-2950
...
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Making Drip Pay: Increasing Income, Reducing Costs & Improving Flexibility with Drip Irrigation

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Drip irrigation for agriculture is gaining in popularity because of its many benefits. This presentation is a look at how growers are increasing income, reducing costs, improving flexibility and achieving sustainability by using drip irrigation technology on row, field and permanent crops.

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  • Our session topic today is how growers make drip pay. First I’ll introduce Toro and drip irrigation, and then I’ll share some case studies. Finally, I’ll expose you to some great tools to help you get started with drip including payback software, design software and an owner’s manual written for the grower. All the information I’m presenting will be made available to you either in the discussion room at the Grange Network, or at Toro.com or driptips.toro.com.
  • Note that I’ve listed four specific benefits to drip irrigation – I’ll be sharing case studies that support each of these statements, and then the tools to help get started. Please type your questions into Chat and I’ll pause periodically during the presentation and take them as time permits.
  • Toro Micro-Irrigation is a divison of the same company that builds the lawnmowers and landscape irrigation products many of you are familiar with.
  • I’m speaking to you today from our headquarters for the Americas in San Diego County, California.
  • At our factory here, and in our factories throughout the world, we manufacture the components that are used in a state of the art drip irrigation system for agriculture.
  • These are the types of emission devices we build that support fruit, nut, vegetable and field crops.
  • The picture before you illustrates the typical components in a drip irrigation system. At the top is the headworks with pumps, filters and controls, and then the infield blocks contain submains and laterals that feed water and nutrients directly to the crop rootzone.
  • An animated version of this illustration is available on our website and shows water flowing through the system, and then shows how water moves through the soil via capillary action using laterals such as Toro’s Aqua-Traxx drip tape.
  • Toro builds these components and sells them to authorized Toro dealers who configure the system for the farmer.
  • Drip irrigation has been adopted by less than 10% of the irrigated acres in the United States as of 2008, but its adoption is growing rapidly.
  • …especially in California, where the majority of the US drip acres are located. Note the Compound annual growth rates of drip in California vs. sprinkler and gravity irrigation.
  • This growth rate is increasing because, quite simply, growers are finding that drip is a better way to farm
  • The primary benefit of course is uniform application of water and nutrients through the driplines….
  • …which translates into increased profitability (because of increased income and reduced costs), and improved resource use efficiency (more crop per drop).
  • Here’s a brief example of how better irrigation application uniformity helps reduce costs. If this system were performing at 80% uniformity, then it would take nearly 14 hours of system run time to apply 1 inch of water to the crop. If it were performing at 95% uniformity, then it would take less than 12 hours of run time.
  • In this analysis water, labor and fuel costs were compared in a system with 90% vs. 80% uniformity.
  • Note that depending on the cost of water per acre foot, that significant savings can be realized by simply reducing the number of hours the irrigation system has to be operated to ensure that all plants receive the minimal amount of water needed.
  • In addition to the cost savings, growers find that by applying water and nutrients through uniform drip systems, crop yield and quality improve.
  • Together, increased revenue and reduced costs help make drip pay, and help reduce risk, improve flexibility and help improve the environment.
  • I’d now like to present some case studies that Toro has collected over the past 5 or 6 years that document how various growers across the country have benefited by using drip.
  • These case studies are available for download from our website, and include corn, cotton, alfalfa, processing tomatoes, potatoes, lettuce, celery, strawberries, onions, peppermint and hops.
  • This is an example of the kind of information contained in the case studies.
  • It includes system details, and benefits the grower shared with us.
  • These are actual financial results shared by Steven and Chris Cox, a father/son team in Kansas. The system investment was offset by additional revenue, and decreased costs, in less than 2 years, much quicker than they anticipated. A little later, I’ll share some software that lets growers estimate payback on their own farm.
  • The Cox team adopted drip to increase yields and uniformity, and to make the farm more sustainable by building up the soil and attracting wildlife.
  • In another case study, Jon Weilmunster dramatically increased yields and reduced costs.
  • Here in California, fourth generation farmer Mike Naumann uses half the water and increases yields at the same time using drip. He doesn’t feel he could even farm if it weren’t for drip.
  • Up the coast, Craig Andrus realized similar benefits, but also noted that with drip he is able to better control fertilizer placement and prevent leaching below the root zone, which is a big issue in his area.
  • Frank Estrada with Reiter Berry Farms especially likes drip on his organic operations since weed growth, and weeding labor, is reduced. He also sets his transplants with drip, so avoids the water waste and energy costs associated with sprinklers.
  • Larry Standage in Vale Oregon uses drip to keep his customers coming back because every 50 lb bag of onions is the same size, shape and color.
  • Back down in California Pete Dominguez of Terra Linda Farms sums it up by simply saying, “Drip just makes it easier to keep the plants happy.”
  • Tens of thousands of acres of processing tomatoes have converted to drip over the last 5-10 years in California because of significant yield increases as described here by Chuck Herrin of Worth Farms.
  • Chuck also likes the improved field accessibility that drip affords on his tomatoes, similar to his almonds.
  • And similar to the others, Chuck is applying 33% less water and fertilizer, and cut labor in half.
  • Even alfalfa growers are getting in on the action. The Thomas father/son team in the Imperial Valley are getting twice the tonnage with the same amount of water they used with gravity.
  • And Loyd Jordan in Meadows Texas says “Why farm 120 acres with a pivot when I get the same number of bales of cotton from 80 acres of drip?”
  • Finally, Nolan Masser of Pitman Pennslvania sums it by saying that irrigating with a hard-hose traveler is like using a club; irrigating with a center pivot is like using a hatchet; but with drip, it’s like irrigating with a scalpel. His words, not mine! He calculates that it costs about 10 gallons of fuel to apply an inch of water with a traveler, whereas with drip it costs about 4 gallons.
  • All in all, growers consistently, across the country, around the world, cite improved farm profitability by using drip, which makes the investment pay for itself, sometimes very quickly! As you saw in the previous examples, every situation is different and the drivers to adopt vary. This is why the Drip-Micro Payback Wizard was developed, to help growers quickly assess whether the investment may pay off. Before we move to this tool, let me check with Gary to see if we have any questions. I encourage you to type them into Chat and I’ll handle them along the way as time permits. While we wait, you may think about how you would use drip in your situation, and what questions you might have. For example, you may wonder what the typical cost of a drip system is, or how you go about operating, or maintaining a drip system.
  • The payback wizard is available on Toro’s website for free download, or it can be used online.
  • The user enters only 5 pieces of information before the Wizard generates a report that answers two question: How long will it take to pay for the investment, and how many additional acres could be farmed with the conserved water.
  • Once the 5 entries are complete, click on calculate to instantly view a report that is based on default data gleaned from every state, for every crop, and some assumptions.
  • In this example, it is estimated that the system pays for itself in less than a year and 25 additional acres could be farmed with the conserved water. In other words, by converting from flood to drip, less water was required to grow the crops on the number of acres in the example, and if that water were to be used on another parcel, 25 additional acres could be supported.
  • Once the report appears, it may be customized to reflect any user’s particular situation.
  • Here, we changed the assumptions and found that the payback period increased to almost 4 years.
  • I’ll pause again here and take a few questions.
  • If the drip investment looks attractive, the next step is to begin laying out a system
  • With AquaFlow, system components may be selected that will optimize uniformity and the ability to flush and properly maintain the system.
  • The dashboard eliminates the need to toggle between screens
  • In the lateral area, multiple slopes may be entered, and the submain position specified
  • Similarly, in the submain area multiple slopes may be entered, and multi sized, telesropingsubmains as well. This helps build a system that is uniform and cost effective, in other words, AquaFlow helps you determine just the size pipe needed, no more, no less.
  • Here are examples of the multiple slope graphs
  • Flushing parameters for both laterals and submains may be specified and results viewed instantly.
  • Mainlines may be designed as well.
  • AquaFlow’s unique Compare feature allows the user to select two different laterals and compare the resulting system uniformity. In this case, Aqua-Traxx classic is compared with Aqua-Traxx PC
  • AquaFlow’s uniformity map shows that the uniformity with PC would be better than with Classic.
  • All the technical details may be viewed in different sizes and shapes
  • And a full, customized report may be created that can be saved in a variety of file formats, printed or emailed.
  • Again, please type your questions into Chat.
  • Toro’s Owner’s manual was written and illustrated in such a way to make the concepts easy to grasp. The 2nd edition is now available, including a Spanish version with metric units.
  • I encourage you to take advantage of this document by downloading the pdf from our website, purchasing a hard copy online, or talking someone into giving you one for free.
  • This is a good point to pause again and reflect on what we’ve covered.
  • Being a California native and passionate about our great state, its farming, and its natural resources, I find myself asking how the gravity, sprinkler and drip acreage will look in the next 50 years.
  • Hopefully this information has been useful to you. Please visit the links pasted on the following page to access it, including the Solutions Brochures, Owner’s Manual, Typical Drip system Layout, and our software tools, the Payback Wizard and AquaFlowDrip Irrigation Design Software. Be sure to sign up for DripTipsas well, and visit the toro.com website to learn more about our products and services.
  • Please note my contact information after the webinar and feel free to contact me any time with your questions and comments about drip irrigation.
  • Making Drip Pay: Increasing Income, Reducing Costs & Improving Flexibility with Drip Irrigation

    1. 1. Making Drip Pay Increasing Income, Reducing Costs and Improving Flexibility with Drip Irrigation
    2. 2. Overview Drip irrigation for agriculture is gaining in popularity because of its many benefits. This webinar provides an overview of how producers are increasing income, reducing costs, improving flexibility and achieving sustainability by using drip irrigation technology on row, field and permanent crops. Case studies will be reviewed, along with unique software tools including Toro’s Drip/Micro Payback Wizard and Toro’s AquaFlow 3.2 Drip Irrigation Design Software. Finally, Toro’s Drip Irrigation Owner’s Manual is introduced along with links for free downloads of everything presented.
    3. 3. Making Drip Pay Agenda 1. 2. Introduction Benefits of Drip Irrigation – – – – 3. Increased Income Reduced Costs Improved Flexibility Sustainability Resources to Get Started – – – – Case Studies Payback Wizard Software AquaFlow 3.2 Design Software Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual
    4. 4. Introduction The Toro Company • Agriculture headquarters in El Cajon, CA • World headquarters in Bloomington, MN • Founded in 1914 • NYSE listed company • $2.4 billion market cap • 5,200 employees • 17 locations worldwide • Active in 80 countries
    5. 5. Introduction
    6. 6. Introduction
    7. 7. Introduction Types of Micro-Irrigation Emission Devices On-line Emitters MicroSprinklers Dripline Tape
    8. 8. Introduction http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/drip-system-layout.aspx
    9. 9. Introduction
    10. 10. Introduction Simplified Food Value Chain Raw Material Suppliers Dealers, Services, Equipment, Consultants, Gov’t, Finance Farmer, Farm Organizations Packing, Refining, Processing Distribution: Stores, Markets, Restaurants
    11. 11. Introduction Drip irrigation’s rate of adoption is increasing in the US… 35 Land Irrigated by Method of Water Distribution – US FRIS… Million Acres 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1978 1984 Gravity 1988 1994 Sprinkler 1998 Drip Etc. 2003 Sub Irr 2008
    12. 12. Introduction … and especially in California! Millions of Acres Land Irrigated by Method of Water Distribution – CA FRIS… 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 - 30 Year CAGR’s: -1.38 % Gravity 8.73 % Drip -1.48 % Sprinkler 1969 1974 1978 1984 1988 1994 1998 2003 2008 Gravity Sprinkler Drip
    13. 13. Benefits of Drip Irrigation
    14. 14. Benefits of Drip Irrigation The primary benefit is improved irrigation uniformity…
    15. 15. Benefits of Drip Irrigation …and resulting improved farm profitability and resource use efficiency.
    16. 16. Benefits of Drip Irrigation Increased Uniformity = Less Irrigation Run Time
    17. 17. Benefits of Drip Irrigation Less Run Time = Less Water, Labor and Fuel Costs Cost of Excess Water Applied Assuming $50/AF $ Cost of Excess Water Applied Assuming $500/AF 14 $ 139 Excess Operating Hours Required Per Crop 5.3 Cost of Labor to Operate Assumed Cost to Excess Drip Lift Hours System Assuming Pressure, Excess $10/hr psi Water1 $ 53.33 50 $ 4.68
    18. 18. Benefits of Drip Irrigation Yield Quality Uniformity Water Energy Labor Fuel, etc.
    19. 19. Benefits of Drip Irrigation Increase Increase Yields Yields Income Quality Uniformity Improve Crop Quality and Uniformity Maximize Maximize Water Water Use Use Efficiency Efficiency Reduce Reduce Energy Energy Use Use Reduce Reduce Labor Labor Costs Costs Benefits of Drip Irrigation Reduce Reduce Risk Risk Reduce Reduce Fertilizer Fertilizer Use Use Reduce Reduce Pesticide Pesticide Use Use Improve Improve Flexibility Flexibility Improve the Improve the Environment Environment Water Energy Labor Fertilizer Pesticide
    20. 20. Case Studies What do growers say?
    21. 21. Case Studies Toro Solutions Brochures and Manuals Irrigation Solutions Grower Solutions Crop Solutions http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/solution-brochures/solutions-brochures.aspx
    22. 22. Drip on Corn
    23. 23. Drip on Corn Cox Valley View Farms, Long Island, Kansas • Main Objective: Increased yields with less water • System Details:      • 120 Acres installed September, 2006 60” lateral spacing buried 12-18” deep 7/8” ID, 15 mil wall thickness Toro tape, 24” emitter spacing Flow of .22 gpm/100’ = .03” per hour Buried PVC header and flushing submains Benefits:        Increased yields of 100 bushels/ac (275 bu/ac SDI vs. 175 bu/ac gravity) Improved grain test weight (62 lbs/bu vs. 58 lbs/bu) More efficient use of 18” water allocation  Reduced evaporation, runoff, wind drift and deep percolation Fuel,. labor, chemical, and cultivation savings of $160/acre Compatible with no-till practices Eligible for EQIP funding of $330/ac Payback on system was 1 ½ years
    24. 24. Drip on Corn
    25. 25. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Corn Yield Increase, Uniformity and Sustainability “I get top yields on 100 percent of the corn field because of the increased uniformity and efficiency I get with drip irrigation. Perhaps best of all, drip irrigation and no-till helps build the soil, and attracts wildlife nests by keeping the soil surface dry.” -Steven Cox of Cox Valley View Farms, Long Island, Kansas
    26. 26. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Hops Yield Increase, Reduced Inputs “We experienced a 400 lb per acre increase in production using drip, which translates into about $800 - $1,600 per acre increased revenue. In addition, we have cut water and fertilizer use in half, no longer run a sidedresser or corrugate for rill irrigation, and have far fewer weeds.” -Jon Weilmunster, Weilmunster Farms, Parma, Idaho
    27. 27. Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Celery Yield Increase, Uniformity, Sustainability “We’re using half as much water with drip…and experience increased yields and uniformity at the same time. Drip creates a uniform crop…that helps a lot when it comes time to harvest. We haven’t used flood or sprinklers for years, and given the current pressures regarding food safety, we don’t feel we could even farm if it weren’t for drip” -Mike Naumann, Naumann Ranch, Oxnard, California
    28. 28. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Lettuce Yield Increase, Quality, Uniformity, Reduced Inputs, Sustainability “My yields are higher, the crop is more uniform, and the quality is better because of perfect growing conditions [with drip]. I only cultivate once now..which reduces fuel use. I get more benefit from each dollar spent on fertilizer – none of it leaches below the root zone.” -Craig Andrus, Craig Andrus Farms, Salinas, California
    29. 29. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Strawberries Resource Use Efficiency, Organic Sustainability With drip, I’m not applying water inbetween the beds, so weed growth is greatly reduced….we save in equipment and labor costs….and we use less water and energy with drip vs. sprinklers.” -Frank Estrada, Reiter Berry Farms, Watsonville, California
    30. 30. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Onions Uniform Crop, Healthier Plants “The contents of each 50 pound bag of onions is superior because the crop is more uniform in size, shape and color, thus the customer is more pleased. I use drip to keep my customers coming back. Drip nurtures a healthier, stronger plant, which really shows up during extreme heat events.”” -Larry Standage, Standage Farms, Inc., Vale, Oregon
    31. 31. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Onions Healthier Plants “Drip just makes it easier to keep the plants happy.” - Pete Dominguez, Terra Linda Farms, Huron, California
    32. 32. Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Tomatoes Yield Increase “Our best-ever [processing tomato] yield on conventional sprinkler/gravity acreage was 64 tons/acre in 2004. Five years later, we are achieving 50 – 100% increases in yields with drip, and an overall average of 65 tons/acre operation wide.” -Chuck Herrin, Worth Farms, Huron, California
    33. 33. Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Tomatoes Field Accessibility “Farming the tomatoes is now as easy as farming the almonds. We can access the field anytime without worrying about pipes or ditches in the way, or muddy drive rows.” -Chuck Herrin, Worth Farms, Huron, California
    34. 34. Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Tomatoes Water Use Efficiency, Decreased Labor and Fertilizer We used to apply 36 inches of water per acre to meet a crop ET of about 18 inches. Now we only apply 24 inches of water, a 33% [water] savings. At the same time, we have cut labor use by half, and fertilizer use by a third. This is significant.” -Chuck Herrin, Worth Farms, Huron, California
    35. 35. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Alfalfa Yield Increase and Water Use Efficiency “[One year after planting] 7 cuttings [of alfalfa] had yielded 14 tons/ac using 7 AF of water - 2 tons/AF were harvested year 1 with SDI vs. an average of 1 ton/AF was harvested with gravity.” -Bob Thomas, Bob Thomas Farms, Seeley, California
    36. 36. Benefits of Drip Irrigation - Cotton Yield Increase, Sustainability “I can get the same number of bales of cotton from 80 acres of drip as I can get the 120 acres of pivots. Why farm more acres for the same result? Yield, and crop per drop, is the bottom line.” -Loyd Jordan, Loyd Jordan Farms, Meadow, Texas
    37. 37. Benefits of Drip Irrigation – Potatoes Yield Increase, Water Use Efficiency “Irrigating with a hard-hose traveler is like using a club; irrigating with a center pivot is like using a hatchet; but with drip, it’s like irrigating with a scalpel. I realized a 25 percent yield increase with drip, they reached maturity faster and early dying of the vines is greatly reduced. It costs about 10 gallons of fuel to apply an inch of water with a traveler; with drip it costs about four gallons of fuel per inch of water.” -Nolan Masser, Pitman, PA
    38. 38. Case Studies Key Points: 1. Growers consistently cite improved farm profitabilty by using drip. 2. Every situation is different!
    39. 39. Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard
    40. 40. Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard With 5 pieces of data, the Wizard allows growers to: 1. Estimate Payback Period 2. Estimate Acreage Irrigated with Conserved Water
    41. 41. Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard Make 5 entries to estimate payback period and water savings State Crop Acres System Type Water Cost Then Click on Calculate
    42. 42. Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard Step 2: View Reports The payback period is less than a year, and 25 acres could be irrigated with the water savings.
    43. 43. Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard Step 3: Customize Report
    44. 44. Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard Step 2: View Reports If no yield or quality increases are projected, th en the payback period increases to 3.88 years.
    45. 45. Drip-Micro Irrigation Payback Wizard Key Points: 1. The Wizard helps growers estimate – – Payback period on investment Additional acres that could be farmed with conserved water 2. The report may be customized to reflect individual conditions. 3. Download for free at: http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/financing/payback-wizard.aspx
    46. 46. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software
    47. 47. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software AquaFlow helps build drip systems with: • Optimized irrigation system emission uniformity (EU) • Optimized flushing velocity Figure 2 - Typical Drip System Layout
    48. 48. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software • • • Dashboard approach eliminates need for toggling Both irrigation and flushing conditions easily viewed Spanish language and metric unit options available
    49. 49. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Lateral Lateral Input: • Product category • Product model • Slope(s) • Length of run • Inlet Pressure • Sub-Main Position • Compare Figure 2 - Typical Drip System Layout
    50. 50. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Sub-Main Sub-Main Input: • Pipe Type • Pipe Size(s) • Slope(s) • Sub-Main Length • Inlet Pressure • Lateral Row Spacing 51 Figure 2 - Typical Drip System Layout
    51. 51. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Multiple slopes on laterals Multiple slopes and multiple pipe sizes on submain (telescoping submains).
    52. 52. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Lateral Flushing Input/Output Sub-Main Flushing Input/Output Flushing Input: • End Pressure • Flushing Velocity • Inlet Pressure 53 Figure 2 - Typical Drip System Layout
    53. 53. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Mainline input screen Figure 8 - Mainline Data Input Screen and Results Figure 2 - Typical Drip System Layout Mainline design report Figure 10 - Mainline Report
    54. 54. Classic vs. PC Tape Classic tape features a turbulent flowpath: PC tape features a pressure responsive section:
    55. 55. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Block uniformity using nonpressure compensated lateral 56 Block uniformity using pressure compensated lateral
    56. 56. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Figure 5 – Chart Tiles appear in minimized format at the bottom of the dashboard. 57 The chart tile output appears in various formats at the bottom of the dashboard
    57. 57. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Non-pressure compensated lateral design report 58 Pressure compensated lateral design report
    58. 58. Toro’s AquaFlow Design Software Key Points: 1. AquaFlow software helps build systems with: – – High emission uniformity (EU) Proper flushing velocities 2. Well designed drip systems help ensure that drip irrigation will pay! 3. Download for FREE at: http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/design-aides/design-assist-software.aspx
    59. 59. Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual
    60. 60. Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual A guide to proper installation, o peration and maintenance of drip for field, row and permanent crops.
    61. 61. Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual This is not a design guide – it is a field guide for drip system owners.
    62. 62. Free Downloads: Toro Owner’s Manual and Quick Start Guide 1. Download free PDF from Toro’s websites: • • toro.com driptips.toro.com 2. Purchase hard copies of the Owner’s Manual for $15.00 each at: • torodealer.com 3. Obtain hard copies from Authorized Toro Dealers. http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/manuals/drip-irrigation-owners-manual.aspx
    63. 63. Key Points 1. Drip irrigation is gaining in popularity because: • Increased Income • Reduced Costs • Improved Flexibility • Sustainability 2. Resources to help you get started include: • Case Studies • Drip Micro Payback Wizard • AquaFlow Design Software • Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual
    64. 64. Key Questions 7 1. Will Water Prices Increase? Millions of Acres, CA 6 5 2. Will Water Availability Decrease? 4 3 3. More Drip on Trees, Vines & Vegies? 2 1 4. Significant Drip on Field Crops? - 1969 1974 1978 1984 1988 1994 1998 2003 2008 2013 2018 2023 2028 2033 2038 2043 2048 2053 2058 2063 2068 Gravity Sprinkler Drip
    65. 65. To learn more, please visit: driptips.toro.com toro.com
    66. 66. To learn more, please visit: Toro Micro-Irrigation Products and Services toro.com DripTips – educational website and blog driptips.toro.com Payback Wizard Software http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/financing/payback-wizard.aspx AquaFlow Design Software http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/design-aides/design-assist-software.aspx Toro Micro-Irrigation Owner’s Manual http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/manuals/drip-irrigation-ownersmanual.aspx Solutions Brochures http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/solution-brochures/solutionsbrochures.aspx Typical Drip System Layout http://www.toro.com/en-us/Agriculture/Pages/drip-irrigation-education/drip-system-layout.aspx
    67. 67. Contact Us Toro Micro-Irrigation 1588 N. Marshall Ave. El Cajon, CA 92020, USA Phone: +1 (800) 333-8125 +1 (619) 562-2950 Websites: toro.com driptips.toro.com

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