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n
04/05/2021
FRENCH NATIONAL OPEN ACCESS POLICY
Marin Dacos – National Coordinator for Open Science
for the Director gener...
Digital Republic Law
October 2016
1. Publications : a new right for authors
Article 30 : When a research is 50% publicly
f...
The national of open science plan commitments
Direction de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de l’Insertion Professionnelle
Dire...
French Open Science Committee
Comité pour la science ouverte
President : Nicolas Chaillet
Director-General for Research an...
A - Open Science Steering committee
Role : decisions
B - Open science Executive board
Role : coordination
C- Open Science ...
Open Access
1. Make open access mandatory for projects
when publishing articles and books resulting from government-funded...
National Open Science Fund
- Aim : support open access, develop bibliodiversity
- Budget : starting at 3,6M€/year in 2019 ...
04/05/2021 9
DGRI
TITRE DE LA PRÉSENTATION
www.ouvrirlascience.fr
marin.dacos@recherche.gouv.fr
Twitter : @marindacos
http...
Jussieu Call for Open science and bibliodiversity
04/05/2021
10
1 “Open Access must be
complemented by support for
the div...
EXAMPLARITY CRITERIA for funding from the
National Open Science Fund
Open Access in general and Plan S in particular : one
size does not fits all
We recommand the co-existence of different ro...
04/05/2021
15
Sustainability Coalition for
Open Science Services
French
contribution:
450K€
Need for other
national/local
contributions
Some major
French open access initiatives
04/05/2021
18
HAL
• 800 000 open access publications
• National
• Episcience (overlay journals)
• ScienceConf (events)
04/05/2021
19
OpenEdition
04/05/2021
20
1 000 000 open access publications (HSS)
550 journals
11 000 books
4000 academic blogs
46 000 ac...
Centre Mersenne
04/05/2021
21
The Centre Mersenne for Open
Scientific Publishing aims at
supporting and fostering open
acc...
Peer Community In
04/05/2021
22
Persee.fr
100+ digitized journals
04/05/2021
23
04/05/2021
24
DOAB
Directory
of open access books
04/05/2021
25
Some models for open access
without article processing charges APC
04/05/2021
26
27
“Subscribe to Open” (S2O) is a
pragmatic approach for
converting subscription journals
to open access—free and
immediat...
Membership
programs
28
Public funding
Operated by public publishers or by private service providers
Direction de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de l...
Public funding + Freemium
30
French Open Science Plan
impact
French Open Science Monitor
An open monitor for open science based on open data and open methodology
Publication
date:
41%...
French Open Science Monitor
An open monitor for open science based on open data and open methodology:
Année
de publication...
French Open Science Monitor
An open monitor for open science based on open data and open methodology
Année
de publication ...
Disciplinary
distribution
The disciplinary distribution is
useful : we use it to adapt our
policy on the diversity of
situ...
No competition
between the
different open
access
roads
04/05/2021
37
Exemple of the bank
“Crédit Mutuel”.
At least 99,000
accesses have been
identified from this
bank over 18 months,
mainly o...
Some messages beyond open access
39
Next stages for the French Open Science Monitor
• OSM 1 : dedicated to publications.
Started 2018.
• OSM 2 : for health re...
« Principles for Open Scholarly Infrastructures »
https://openscholarlyinfrastructure.org/ 41
Do not
forget…
Help to mutualise open science services and infrastructures
The Open Data Advantage for articles with
supplementary material
04/05/2021
43
The need for research on research
 It is more than needed on disciplinary level
 Discussion inside G7 Open Science Worki...
In the future : a national platform for research data
04/05/2021
45
Thank you !
marin.dacos@recherche.gouv.fr
Twitter : @marindacos (French)
@openmarin (English)
Bibliography about open data advantage
47
1. Colavizza, Giovanni, Iain Hrynaszkiewicz, Isla Staden, Kirstie Whitaker, et B...
French National Open Access Policy
French National Open Access Policy
French National Open Access Policy
French National Open Access Policy
French National Open Access Policy
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French National Open Access Policy

As part of a webinar series on Open Research in Ireland, the National Open Research Forum (NORF) presented a webinar focused on Open Access to research publications on 4 May 2021. This presentation on the French national Open Access policy was delivered by Marin Dacos (Open Science Advisor, French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation).

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French National Open Access Policy

  1. 1. n 04/05/2021 FRENCH NATIONAL OPEN ACCESS POLICY Marin Dacos – National Coordinator for Open Science for the Director general of research and innovation Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation - FRANCE
  2. 2. Digital Republic Law October 2016 1. Publications : a new right for authors Article 30 : When a research is 50% publicly funded, the author retains the right to publish in open repositories 6 (STM) to 12 months (HSS) after publication. 2. Data : a new duty for universities and research performing organizations Article 6 : open data should be the default for all publicly funded data, including research.
  3. 3. The national of open science plan commitments Direction de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de l’Insertion Professionnelle Direction de la Recherche et de l’Innovation 4 First commitment: generalize open access to publications 1. Make open access mandatory for project when publishing articles and books resulting from government-funded calls for projects. 2. Create a National Open Science fund to develop bibliodiversity. 3. Support the HAL national open repository Second commitment: structure research data and (when possible) make it available through open access 4. Make open access dissemination mandatory for research data resulting from government-funded projects. 5. Create the position of Chief Research Data Officer and the corresponding network within the research institutions. 6. Promote the adoption of an Open Data policy for articles published by researchers. Third commitment: be part of a sustainable european and international open science dynamic 7. Develop open science skills, especially in postgraduate schools. 8. Encourage research performing organisations and universities to adopt open science policies. 9. Actively contribute to structuring European data in the European Open Science Cloud and by participating in GO FAIR.
  4. 4. French Open Science Committee Comité pour la science ouverte President : Nicolas Chaillet Director-General for Research and Innovation
  5. 5. A - Open Science Steering committee Role : decisions B - Open science Executive board Role : coordination C- Open Science working groups Role : recommandations D - Online Open Science Forum Role : feedbacks and discussions Director general for research and innovation + Presidents of major resarch performing organisations + Presidents of major universities 14 people 24 people 80 people 300 people Sherpas from all organisations in the board + experts coming from the permanent groups. 4 permanent groups : Publications, Research data, Skills, European and International coordination. 20 projects groups Public call for interest. 50% researchers. 41% STM. 48% universities. 55% women. French Open Science Committee Comité pour la science ouverte
  6. 6. Open Access 1. Make open access mandatory for projects when publishing articles and books resulting from government-funded calls for projects. Example : ANR. 2. Create a National Open Science fund One of the objectives of the fund is to develop bibliodiversity (not to pay article processing charges - APC) 3. Support the HAL national open repository Develop bibliodiversity • Explore new business models for open access journals and books. • Encourage university presses and publishing houses that make their publications available through open access. • When publication charges are required, they should be paid only to fully open access publications.
  7. 7. National Open Science Fund - Aim : support open access, develop bibliodiversity - Budget : starting at 3,6M€/year in 2019 with 1M€ coming from Elsevier savings - Yearly call, 22 projects funded for the first year
  8. 8. 04/05/2021 9 DGRI TITRE DE LA PRÉSENTATION www.ouvrirlascience.fr marin.dacos@recherche.gouv.fr Twitter : @marindacos https://jussieucall.org/
  9. 9. Jussieu Call for Open science and bibliodiversity 04/05/2021 10 1 “Open Access must be complemented by support for the diversity of those acting in scientific publishing – what we call bibliodiversity – putting an end to the dominance of a small number among us imposing their terms to scientific communities; 7 the scientific communities must be able to access national and international infrastructures which guarantee the preservation and circulation of knowledge against any privatization of contents. Business models should be found which preserve their long-term continuity; 8 priority should be given to business models that do not involve any payments, neither for authors to have their texts published nor for readers to access them. Many fair funding models exist and only require to be further developed and extended: institutional support, library contributions or subsidies, premium services, participatory funding or creation of open archives, etc. We, stakeholders of Open Access scientific publishing, hereby claim that:
  10. 10. EXAMPLARITY CRITERIA for funding from the National Open Science Fund
  11. 11. Open Access in general and Plan S in particular : one size does not fits all We recommand the co-existence of different roads: •in an open archive that is permanent and recognized by the various scientific communities (“green mode”); •open access publishing based on fair, transparent, and economically sustainable business models •With publication fees (“gold APC” model) : there are high risks with this model. •Without publication fees (“diamond” model).
  12. 12. 04/05/2021 15
  13. 13. Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services French contribution: 450K€ Need for other national/local contributions
  14. 14. Some major French open access initiatives 04/05/2021 18
  15. 15. HAL • 800 000 open access publications • National • Episcience (overlay journals) • ScienceConf (events) 04/05/2021 19
  16. 16. OpenEdition 04/05/2021 20 1 000 000 open access publications (HSS) 550 journals 11 000 books 4000 academic blogs 46 000 academic events 96 million visits in 2020
  17. 17. Centre Mersenne 04/05/2021 21 The Centre Mersenne for Open Scientific Publishing aims at supporting and fostering open access scientific publishing. It offers tools and services for scholars and editorial teams of open access journals formatted with LaTeX. 21 journals, including “Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences”
  18. 18. Peer Community In 04/05/2021 22
  19. 19. Persee.fr 100+ digitized journals 04/05/2021 23
  20. 20. 04/05/2021 24
  21. 21. DOAB Directory of open access books 04/05/2021 25
  22. 22. Some models for open access without article processing charges APC 04/05/2021 26
  23. 23. 27 “Subscribe to Open” (S2O) is a pragmatic approach for converting subscription journals to open access—free and immediate online availability of research—without reliance on either article processing charges (APCs) or altruism.” “S2O relies on existing library subscription procurement processes. The model provides a realistic and immediate route to opening a vast body of research output that would otherwise remain gated.” S2O allows publishers to convert journals from subscriptions to OA, one year at a time. Using S2O, a publisher offers a journal’s current subscribers continued access. If all current subscribers participate in the S2O offer (simply by not opting out) the publisher opens the content covered by that year’s subscription. If participation is not sufficient—for example, if some subscribers delay renewing in the expectation that they can gain access without participating—then that year’s content remains gated.”
  24. 24. Membership programs 28
  25. 25. Public funding Operated by public publishers or by private service providers Direction de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de l’Insertion Professionnelle Direction de la Recherche et de l’Innovation 29
  26. 26. Public funding + Freemium 30
  27. 27. French Open Science Plan impact
  28. 28. French Open Science Monitor An open monitor for open science based on open data and open methodology Publication date: 41% 49% 56%
  29. 29. French Open Science Monitor An open monitor for open science based on open data and open methodology: Année de publication : 41% 49% 56%
  30. 30. French Open Science Monitor An open monitor for open science based on open data and open methodology Année de publication : 41% 49% 56%
  31. 31. Disciplinary distribution The disciplinary distribution is useful : we use it to adapt our policy on the diversity of situations and to promote open science is resistant communities.
  32. 32. No competition between the different open access roads 04/05/2021 37
  33. 33. Exemple of the bank “Crédit Mutuel”. At least 99,000 accesses have been identified from this bank over 18 months, mainly on 18,000 different articles. This is similar to the usage of the whole University of Lausanne. 04/05/2021 38 Open access impact in HSS : usage by private companies
  34. 34. Some messages beyond open access 39
  35. 35. Next stages for the French Open Science Monitor • OSM 1 : dedicated to publications. Started 2018. • OSM 2 : for health research : clinical trials. Starting late 2021. • OSM 3 : for research data and code. Starting 2022. • OSM 4 : monitoring the open science policies at university / RPO level. Starting 2022-2023. • OSM 5 : impact of open science on society. Starting 2023. We would be interested in contributing to an international open science monitor
  36. 36. « Principles for Open Scholarly Infrastructures » https://openscholarlyinfrastructure.org/ 41 Do not forget…
  37. 37. Help to mutualise open science services and infrastructures
  38. 38. The Open Data Advantage for articles with supplementary material 04/05/2021 43
  39. 39. The need for research on research  It is more than needed on disciplinary level  Discussion inside G7 Open Science Working group  France will start its own Open Science Lab  A research on research roadmap should be defined  This will not only provide KPIs, but also knowledge 04/05/2021 44
  40. 40. In the future : a national platform for research data 04/05/2021 45
  41. 41. Thank you ! marin.dacos@recherche.gouv.fr Twitter : @marindacos (French) @openmarin (English)
  42. 42. Bibliography about open data advantage 47 1. Colavizza, Giovanni, Iain Hrynaszkiewicz, Isla Staden, Kirstie Whitaker, et Barbara McGillivray. 2020. « The Citation Advantage of Linking Publications to Research Data ». PLOS ONE 15 (4): e0230416. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230416. 2. Henneken, Edwin A., et Alberto Accomazzi. 2011. « Linking to Data - Effect on Citation Rates in Astronomy ». arXiv:1111.3618 [astro-ph], novembre. http://arxiv.org/abs/1111.3618. 3. Jon Sears. 2011. « Data Sharing Effect on Article Citation Rate in Paleoceanography ». Données & analyses. https://fr.slideshare.net/JonSears1/data-sharing-effect-on-article-citation-rate-in-paleoceanography. 4. Piwowar, Heather A., Roger S. Day, et Douglas B. Fridsma. 2007. « Sharing Detailed Research Data Is Associated with Increased Citation Rate ». PLOS ONE 2 (3): e308. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000308. 5. Piwowar, Heather A., et Todd J. Vision. 2013. « Data Reuse and the Open Data Citation Advantage ». PeerJ 1 (octobre): e175. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.175. 6. Zhang, Liwei, et Liang Ma. 2021. « Does Open Data Boost Journal Impact: Evidence from Chinese Economics ». Scientometrics, février. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-021-03897-z.

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