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COVID-19 and Contact Tracing Apps - What Should Ireland Do? - Webinar

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Slides supporting the collaborative online event discussing Ireland’s technical response to COVID-19, organised on the 25 June 2020 by the Digital Repository of Ireland, the Irish Council for Civil Liberties and Coffee & Circumvention

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COVID-19 and Contact Tracing Apps - What Should Ireland Do? - Webinar

  1. 1. COVID-19 and Contact Tracing Apps - What Should Ireland Do? A collaborative event to discuss Ireland’s technical response to COVID-19 organised by the Irish Council for Civil Liberties, the Digital Repository of Ireland and Coffee & Circumvention
  2. 2. Speakers ❏ Carly Kind - Ada Lovelace Institute @carlykind_ ❏ Rob Kitchin - Maynooth University Social Sciences Institute @RobKitchin ❏ Arthit Suriyawongkul - Thai Netizen Network / Trinity College Dublin @bact ❏ Elizabeth Farries - Irish Council for Civil Liberties @e_farries Chair: Aileen O’Carroll, Digital Repository of Ireland @aaocarroll ❏ Join the conversation on Twitter #COVID19Apps @dri_Ireland @ICCLtweet @MU_SSI
  3. 3. Using surveillance technologies to tackle the spread of COVID-19 • Tracking of location and movement • Smartphone apps • facial recognition and thermal cameras • biometric wearables • smart helmets • drones • predictive analytics • Used for: • contact tracing • quarantine enforcement • travel permission • social distancing/movement monitoring • symptom tracking • Raise a number of ethical questions concerning deployment • Do we want civil liberties or public health, or civil liberties and public health? • Are these mutually exclusive, or the latter forfeited in a pandemic? • Kitchin, R. (2020, online first) Civil liberties or public health, or civil liberties and public health? Using surveillance technologies to tackle the spread of COVID-19. Space and Polity
  4. 4. Technical/practical Ethics how tech works Civil liberties and citizenship Ethics of what the tech does Surveillance capitalism Ethics of what the tech facilitates · Technological solutionism · Robust, domain-informed design · Pilot testing and quality assurance · Fit-for-purpose · Rule-set and parameters · Fragmented data sources · Data coverage and resolution · Representativeness and digital divides · Data quality, reliability and false positives · Duping and spoofing · Dependent on effective virus testing and certification · Contact tracing dependent on 60% participation · Quarantining/movement permissions can require additional infrastructure · Firm legal basis · Proof more effective than traditional contact tracing · Individual rights vs public good · Privacy, data leakage, re- identification · Data minimization and consent · Governmentality · Social/spatial sorting, redlining · Population profiling · Control creep · Normalization · Authoritarianism · Due process, oversight, redress · State record on dataveillance · Public trust and chilling effects · State-sanction surveillance capitalism · New market opportunities · Gateway to public health and other state data · Deepening data shadows · Enrolment of new smartphone owners · Covidwashing of activities · Increasing shareholder value and profit
  5. 5. 1. Clear limited purpose 2. Necessary & proportionate 3. Effective 4. Transparency 5. Statutory oversight 6. Timely data deletion 7. Privacy by design 8. Sunset clause 9. Broad range of actors and engagement https://www.iccl.ie/
  6. 6. THANK YOU! If you’d like to follow up on the discussion, you can contact: Digital Repository of Ireland https://www.dri.ie/ dri@ria.ie Irish Council for Civil Liberties https://www.iccl.ie/ info@iccl.ie Aileen O’Carroll aileen.ocarroll@mu.ie @aaocarroll

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