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Lighting 1 Types Of Light

  1. 1. Lighting
  2. 2. Basic Types of Light <ul><li>Hard Light </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Light </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Light <ul><li>Hard Light </li></ul><ul><li>highly directional </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Light <ul><li>Hard Light </li></ul><ul><li>highly directional </li></ul><ul><li>creates a relatively sharp, straight shadow – very dramatic </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Light <ul><li>Hard Light </li></ul><ul><li>highly directional </li></ul><ul><li>creates a relatively sharp, straight shadow – very dramatic </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Light <ul><li>Hard light is created when the light source is small relative to the subject. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Light <ul><li>Hard Light </li></ul><ul><li>Fresnel on SPOT </li></ul><ul><li>Spotlight </li></ul><ul><li>Bare bulb </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Light <ul><li>Soft Light </li></ul><ul><li>fills shadows and lowering contrast. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Light <ul><li>Soft Light </li></ul><ul><li>fills shadows and lowering contrast. </li></ul><ul><li>wrap around the contours of a subject </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Light <ul><li>Soft Light </li></ul><ul><li>fills shadows and lowering contrast. </li></ul><ul><li>wrap around the contours of a subject </li></ul>
  11. 11. Soft Light <ul><li>Often create with a soft light such as a SCOOP or a FLOODED FRESNEL </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of Light <ul><li>Soft light is created when the light source is large relative to the subject. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of Light <ul><li>Hard light </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be small like a bare light bulb </li></ul><ul><li>vs </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Light </li></ul><ul><li>Some diffusion or softening material. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Light Fixtures
  15. 15. FIXTURES Lamps / Lights <ul><li>There are several types of light fixtures to be familiar with: </li></ul><ul><li>Fresnel </li></ul><ul><li>Ellipsoidal Spot </li></ul><ul><li>Scoop </li></ul>
  16. 16. Fresnel <ul><li>Fresnel lens can be adjusted to either spread out ( flood ), or concentrate ( spot or pin ) the light's beam. </li></ul><ul><li>Flood = Soft light </li></ul><ul><li>Spot = Hard light </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ellipsodal <ul><li>T he ellipsoidal spot produces a hard , focused beam of light. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Scoop <ul><li>S coops produce a softer light than Fresnels. Usually used as FILL light </li></ul>
  19. 19. Things in front of Lights Barn doors, flags, scrims, diffusion, gels
  20. 20. Barn Doors <ul><li>Adjustable black metal flaps called barn doors can be attached </li></ul><ul><li>They mask off unwanted light and to keep it from spilling into areas where it's not needed. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Flags <ul><li>F lags consist of any type of opaque material that can block and sharply define the edges of the light source. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Gels <ul><li>Gels change the colour of the light </li></ul>
  23. 23. How to make light SOFT Reflectors and Diffusion
  24. 24. Fill Cards and Reflectors <ul><li>to soften light indoors you can: </li></ul><ul><li>Move a light closer to the subject </li></ul>
  25. 25. Fill Cards and Reflectors <ul><li>to soften light indoors you can: </li></ul><ul><li>Move a light closer to the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Use reflectors and diffusers </li></ul>
  26. 26. Fill Cards and Reflectors Reflectors or Fill Cards can be simply made from highly reflective sheets of white cardboard, metal or tin foil
  27. 27. Fill Cards and Reflectors By placing a reflector on one side, you bounce light back onto the subject This softens the harsh shadows
  28. 28. Fill Cards and Reflectors Umbrella The open side of the umbrella faces the subject and the light shines into it.
  29. 30. Diffusion Diffusion softens the light source by making it less focused and larger.
  30. 31. Diffusion The hard light from the lamp hits the diffuser and some light passes through making the diffuser the light source.
  31. 32. Diffusion Place a diffuser between the light and the subject. Non-flammable Screens and sheets can be put in front of the light as well as a softbox.
  32. 33. Shoot <ul><li>One well composed example of </li></ul><ul><li>HARD LIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>SOFT LIGHT </li></ul>
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