What you should know about INFLUENZA A  H1N1   (Swine Flu ) Dr. Fernando Morales M.D. Transocean GSF Monitor May 2009
What is swine flu? <ul><li>Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses...
Is this swine flu virus contagious? <ul><li>CDC has determined that this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is contagious and ...
Influenza A(H1N1)  T ransmission Through Species Reassortment in Pigs Avian Virus Human Virus Swine Virus Avian/Human Reas...
What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people? <ul><ul><ul><li>fever,  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cough,...
How does swine flu spread? <ul><li>Spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be happening in the same wa...
Global Distribution of Reported Cumulative & Probable Cases of Influenza A(H1N1) by Countries, May 01, 2009   Source: ECDC
Distribution of Reported Cumulative & Probable Cases of Influenza A(H1N1) by EU & EEA/EFTA Countries, May 01, 2009   Sourc...
9:00 PM May 1 CHOTANI © 2009.
What should I do to keep from getting the flu? <ul><li>First and most important: wash your hands.  </li></ul><ul><li>Try t...
Are there medicines to treat  swine flu? <ul><li>Yes. CDC recommends the use of Oseltamivir ®  (TAMIFLU, One 75 mg capsule...
What can I do to protect myself from getting sick? <ul><li>Take these everyday steps to protect your health: </li></ul><ul...
Emergency warning signs in children <ul><li>In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include...
Emergency warning signs in adults <ul><li>In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: <...
Swine Flu Humor Swine Flu: A Pig Strategy?
Can I get swine influenza from eating or preparing pork? <ul><li>No. Swine influenza viruses are not spread by food. You c...
<ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

What You Should Know About Swine Flu

1,847 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,847
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
77
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Reassortment, or Viral Subunit Reassortment, is the exchange of DNA between viruses inside a host cell. Two or more viruses of different strains (but usually the same species) infect a single cell and pool their genetic material creating numerous genetically diverse progeny viruses. It is a type of genetic recombination. Reassortment can lead to a viral shifts under some conditions.
  • WHO. http://www.who.int/csr/don/2009_04_28/en/index.html Americas region: Guatemala - one suspected case with history of travel to Mexico &lt; http://insidecostarica.com/dailynews/2009/april/29/cam04.htm &gt; Costa Rica - one &amp;quot;confirmed case&amp;quot; with history of travel to Mexico reported by media on 28 Apr 2009 but not confirmed according to WHO and PAHO data &lt; http://www.laprensa.com.ni/archivo/2009/abril/28/noticias/ultimahora/324454.shtml &gt; Colombia - 42 suspected cases, all with a history of travel to Mexico &lt; http://www.prensa-latina.cu/index.php?option=com_content&amp;task=view&amp;id=77300&amp;Itemid=1 &gt; Chile - 24 suspected cases Brazil - 11 suspected cases Bolivia - 2 suspected cases with history of travel to Mexico Uruguay - 2nd suspected case under investigation &lt; http://www.andaluciainformacion.es/portada/?a=48861&amp;i=1 &gt; Europe: Slovakia - one suspected case with history of travel to Mexico &lt; http://www.tasr.sk/30.axd?k=20090429TBB00544 &gt; Belgium - 7 suspected cases, all with history of travel to Mexico or the USA &lt; http://www.easybourse.com/bourse-actualite/sanofi-aventis/belgian-doctors-investigating-7-suspected-cases-of-swine-flu-FR0000120578-659591 &gt; France - 32 suspected cases, of which 2 are considered probable (the 2 probable had a history of travel to Mexico) &lt; http://www.20minutes.fr/article/322865/France-Grippe-porcine-deux-cas-fortement-suspects-en-Ile-de-France.php &gt; Poland - 3 suspected cases with history of travel to Mexico &lt; http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-04/29/content_11276133.htm &gt; Oceana Australia - 91 suspected cases &lt; http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE53S88X20090429 &gt;
  • What You Should Know About Swine Flu

    1. 1. What you should know about INFLUENZA A H1N1 (Swine Flu ) Dr. Fernando Morales M.D. Transocean GSF Monitor May 2009
    2. 2. What is swine flu? <ul><li>Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. </li></ul><ul><li>People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. </li></ul><ul><li>Swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person, but in the past, this transmission was limited and not sustained beyond three people. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Is this swine flu virus contagious? <ul><li>CDC has determined that this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is contagious and is spreading from human to human. However, at this time, it not known how easily the virus spreads between people. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Influenza A(H1N1) T ransmission Through Species Reassortment in Pigs Avian Virus Human Virus Swine Virus Avian/Human Reassorted Virus
    5. 5. What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people? <ul><ul><ul><li>fever, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cough, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sore throat, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>body aches, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>headache, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chills and fatigue. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with swine flu. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions. </li></ul></ul></ul>Symptoms are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include:
    6. 6. How does swine flu spread? <ul><li>Spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be happening in the same way that seasonal flu spreads. </li></ul><ul><li>Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing of people with influenza. </li></ul><ul><li>People may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Global Distribution of Reported Cumulative & Probable Cases of Influenza A(H1N1) by Countries, May 01, 2009 Source: ECDC
    8. 8. Distribution of Reported Cumulative & Probable Cases of Influenza A(H1N1) by EU & EEA/EFTA Countries, May 01, 2009 Source: ECDC
    9. 9. 9:00 PM May 1 CHOTANI © 2009.
    10. 10. What should I do to keep from getting the flu? <ul><li>First and most important: wash your hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to stay in good general health. </li></ul><ul><li>Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food. </li></ul><ul><li>Try not touch surfaces that may be contaminated with the flu virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid close contact with people who are sick. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Are there medicines to treat swine flu? <ul><li>Yes. CDC recommends the use of Oseltamivir ® (TAMIFLU, One 75 mg capsule twice daily x 5 days) </li></ul><ul><li>or Zanamivir ® (RELENZA) for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with these swine influenza viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. </li></ul><ul><li>If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications. For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms). </li></ul>
    12. 12. What can I do to protect myself from getting sick? <ul><li>Take these everyday steps to protect your health: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try to avoid close contact with sick people. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you get sick with influenza, CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Emergency warning signs in children <ul><li>In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast breathing or trouble breathing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bluish skin color </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not drinking enough fluids </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not waking up or not interacting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fever with a rash </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Emergency warning signs in adults <ul><li>In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sudden dizziness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Severe or persistent vomiting </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Swine Flu Humor Swine Flu: A Pig Strategy?
    16. 16. Can I get swine influenza from eating or preparing pork? <ul><li>No. Swine influenza viruses are not spread by food. You cannot get swine influenza from eating pork or pork products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork products is safe. </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>

    ×