Shakespeare Research AssignmentDrew Gardiner 10Ro Written by William Shakespeare
• Troilus is the main character in the comedy ‘Troilus & Cressida’ written byWilliam Shakespeare in 1602 based on thetragedy ‘Troilus & Criseyde’ written byGeoffrey Chaucer in the mid 1380’s• The play is set in the seventh year of the famous Trojan War
In he seventh year of the Trojan War, a Trojan prince namedTroilus falls in love with Cressida, daughter of a Trojan priest whohas defected to the Greek side. Cressidas uncle Pandarus triesto bring them together, and they swear to be true to oneanother. But when Calchas, Cressida’s father,convinces the Greek commander to trade aTrojan prisoner for his daughter-much toTroilus & Cressidas dismay-they are split apart.Then when a hiding Troilus sees Cressidaagreeing to become Diomedes (a Greek prince) lover.The next day, Troilus, furious & heart broken, accompanied hisbrother Hector on the battle field. Hector is slaughtered byAchilles and the play ends with the Trojans retreating to the cityto grieve for their fallen hero. Troilus is murdered by the Greekssoon after.
Troilus is trying to battle against Cressida’s father Calchas to keepher with him. Calchas won’t stop until he has taken Cressida back.This conflict ends with the trade of Cressida for aTrojan prisoner. Also there is conflict between theTrojans and Greeks. The war occurs becauseTroilus’ older brother Paris steals the beautifulHelen from her husband, King Menelaus of Sparta,and brings her back to Troy with him. So Menelaus gathers all ofhis fellow Greek kings, and they sail to Troy, hoping to take hold ofthe city and reclaim Helen his wife.
When Pandarus, Cressida’s uncle, brings Troilus & Cressidatogether. They promise to be true to one another.Cressida doubts whether what she is doing isright. Troilus reassures her and again pledgesto be faithful. Pandarus observes them, and thenleads them off to a secluded bedchamber toconsummate their passion.
There is not much of a resolution in this play. Troilus takes to thebattle field with Hector his brother. Troilus mocks Hector for beingtoo merciful to his enemies in the past, saying that today he plansto slay as many men as he can. Later on in thebattle Hector is cornered by Achilles and his fellowGreeks, and they stab Hector to death and thendrag his dead body around the walls of Troy.Grief stricken, Troilus leads the Trojans back tothe city to bring the bad news. The play endswith Troilus cursing Pandarus on the way back to the city. So thereis not much of a resolution because the conflict is not resolved.
Cressidas father, Calchas, who has betrayed Troy in order to jointhe Greeks, asks the Greek general to grant him a favour. He asksthat they exchange the Trojan commander Antenor, who theyrecently captured, for his daughter, so that he might be reunitedwith her.Cressida tells Diomedes that she will wait for him until later whenhe comes to sleep with her. All this is said whilst Troilus is listeningin hiding. Heartbroken and Furious, he swears that he shall killDiomedes the next day in battle.
A prince of Troy. Troilus is described as a valiant warrior and anhonorable man.Troilus develops a relationship with Cressidasuncle Pandarus who is assisting him in trying towin Cressida’s affection. Troilus and Pandarushave a good relationship until the end of theplay when Troilus curses at Pandarus.Troilus and Cressida’s relationship is one of love and this bondblossoms when they are taken to a secluded bedchamber toconsummate their passion. However Troilus is betrayed byCressida and his fury drives him to battle the next day.
Troilus is the victim when Cressida betrays him and this drives him tobattle the next day which ends in the tragic murder of his brotherHector.By the end of the play Troilus has lost. He losesCressida to another man and he also loses hisbrother. He has learnt when finally realizes that his beloved is notall that he thought she was, and cries in despair“This she? No, this is Diomedes Cressida.If beauty have a soul, this is not she; If souls guide vows, if vows be sanctimonies,If sanctimony be the gods delight, If there be rule in unity itself, This was not she.”(V.ii.134-139)
Websites:• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troilus_and_Cressida• http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/troilus/contex t.html• http://www.shakespeare- literature.com/Troilus_and_Cressida/0.htmlBooks:• World of ShakespeareBy CLAYBOURNE Anna & TREAYS Rebecca2001 Usborne Publishing Ltd• ShakespeareBy CHRISP Peter2002 DK CHILDREN