Process Technology

3,036 views

Published on

This presentation complements a discussion (in an Operations Management course) on Process Strategies.

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,036
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
63
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Process Technology

  1. 1. Capital Intensity is the mix of equipment and human skills in theprocess; the greater the relative cost of equipment, the greateris the capital intensity.Automation is a system, process, or piece of equipment that isself-acting and self-regulating. ◦ Fixed automation is a manufacturing process that produces one type of part or product in a fixed sequence of simple operations. ◦ Flexible (or programmable) automation is a manufacturing process that can be changed easily to handle various products. 3–1
  2. 2. Capital Intensity is the mix of equipment and human skills in theprocess; the greater the relative cost of equipment, the greateris the capital intensity.Automation is a system, process, or piece of equipment that isself-acting and self-regulating. ◦ Fixed automation is a manufacturing process that produces one type of part or product in a fixed sequence of simple operations. ◦ Flexible (or programmable) automation is a manufacturing process that can be changed easily to handle various products. ADVANTAGES Low variability (automated processes produce more consistent results than human labor) Efficiency Some degree of standardization is required 3–2
  3. 3. Capital Intensity is the mix of equipment and human skills in theprocess; the greater the relative cost of equipment, the greateris the capital intensity.Automation is a system, process, or piece of equipment that isself-acting and self-regulating. ◦ Fixed automation is a manufacturing process that produces one type of part or product in a fixed sequence of simple operations. ◦ Flexible (or programmable) automation is a manufacturing process that can be changed easily to handle various products. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Low variability (automated processes Costly technology produce more consistent results Decreased flexibility than human labor) Some degree of standardization is Efficiency required Some degree of standardization is required 3–3
  4. 4. Manufacturing TechnologyMuch of the technology used in small- and mid-sized manufacturing organizations is relatively basic
  5. 5.  Machine technology Automatic identification systems (AISs) Process control Vision system Robot Automated storage and retrieval systems (ASRSs) Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) Flexible manufacturing systems (FMSs) Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) 3–5
  6. 6. Increased precision Increased productivity Machine technology Increased flexibility Improved environmental impact Reduced changeover time Decreased size Reduced power requirements “With our new filling machines it is possible to provide our customers with high production line efficiencies for mass production and unique flexibility. The CFA 512 fills volumes of 500, 750, 1,000 and 1,100 ml with a steady output of 12,000 packages per hour.” 3–6
  7. 7. Production Technology  Machine technology  Automatic identification systems (AISs) Improved data acquisition Reduced data entry errors Increased speed Increased scope of process automation The Nationwide Automatic Identification System (NAIS) will enable the USCG to identify, track and communicate with marine vessels using the Automatic Identification System (AIS), a maritime digital communication system that continually transmits and receives vessel data over very- high frequencies. 3–7
  8. 8. Production Technology  Machine technology  Automatic identification systems (AISs) Improved data acquisition Reduced data entry errors Increased speed Increased scope of process automation The Nauticast-B transponder is a plug and play AIS solution. Enjoy the benefits of the AIS system knowing larger commercial vessels are aware of your position increasing your personal safety while navigating at sea. 3–8
  9. 9. Production Technology  Machine technology  Automatic identification systems (AISs)  Process control Increased process stability Increased process precision Real-time provision of information for process evaluation Data available in many forms 3–9
  10. 10. Production Technology  Machine technology  Automatic identification systems (AISs)  Process control  Vision system Particular aid to inspection Consistently accurate Never boredTypical applications for machine vision systems are: Modest cost Robot Guidance / Motion Control Superior to individuals performing the Part Orientation and Dimensional Inspection Natural depth perception and tactile sensation same tasks Pattern and/or Character Recognition allows surgeons the ability to perform pure 2D and 3D Bar Code Reading laparoscopic procedures with confidence and Label Inspection ease. Printing Inspection Quality Control 3 – 10
  11. 11. Production Technology  Machine technology  Automatic identification systems (AISs)  Process control  Vision system  Robot Perform monotonous or dangerous tasks Perform tasks requiring significant strength or endurance Generally enhanced consistency and accuracy 3 – 11
  12. 12. Production Technology ASRS technology is just beginning to be used in large libraries, particularly at universities. It is used mostly to  Machine technology retrieve seldom-used books and  Automatic identification periodicals that are kept in storage systems (AISs) vaults. It works via a robotic "arm" that quite literally fetches materials from  Process control archival locations.  Vision system  Robot  Automated storage and retrieval systems (ASRSs) Automated placement and withdrawal of parts and products Reduced errors and labor Particularly useful in inventory and test areas of manufacturing firms 3 – 12
  13. 13. Firstly ASRS saves shelfspace in the library. It onlyrequires 1/5 space to holdthe same number ofmaterials, compared to theordinary library open stackson floor area basis.Secondly, ASRS can keepmaterials in their optimumcondition, away from anysource of lights andhumidity.Thirdly, ASRS sets us freefrom shelf management.We can put materials backin any vacant bins in anyorder. Location changesfrom one bin to another, yetkeeping their right links. 3 – 13
  14. 14. Production Technology  Machine technology  Automatic identification systems (AISs)  Process control  Vision system  Robot  Automated storage and retrieval systems (ASRSs)  Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) Electronically guided and controlled carts Used for movement of products and/or individuals 3 – 14
  15. 15. SKILLET SYSTEM ELECTRIFIED MONORAIL SYSTEMTRANSFER CAR 3 – 15
  16. 16. Production Technology  Flexible manufacturing systems (FMSs) Computer controls both the workstation and the material handling equipment Enhance flexibility and reduced waste Can economically produce low volume at high quality Reduced changeover time and increased utilization Stringent communication requirement between components 3 – 16
  17. 17. Production Technology  Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) Extension of flexible manufacturing systems Backwards to engineering and inventory control Forward into warehousing and shipping Can also include financial and customer service areas 3 – 17
  18. 18. Manufacturing Technology Service TechnologyMuch of the technology used Automation is found in many in small- and mid-sized areas of services… manufacturing organizations is relatively basic
  19. 19. Service Technology Service Industry Example Financial Services Debit cards, electronic funds transfer, ATMs, Internet stock trading Education Electronic bulletin boards, on-line journals, WebCT and Blackboard Utilities and Automated one-man garbage trucks, optical government mail and bomb scanners, flood warning systems Restaurants and Wireless orders from waiters to kitchen, robot foods butchering, transponders on cars that track sales at drive-throughs Communications Electronic publishing, interactive TV 3 – 19
  20. 20. Service Technology Service Industry Example Financial Services Debit cards, electronic funds transfer, ATMs, Internet stock trading Education Electronic bulletin boards, on-line journals, WebCT and Blackboard Utilities and Automated one-man garbage trucks, optical government mail and bomb scanners, flood warning systems Restaurants and Wireless orders from waiters to kitchen, robot foods butchering, transponders on cars that track sales at drive-throughs Communications Electronic publishing, interactive TV 3 – 20
  21. 21. Service Technology Service Industry Example Hotels Electronic check-in/check-out, electronic key/lock system Wholesale/retail ATM-like kiosks, point-of-sale (POS) terminals, trade e-commerce, electronic communication between store and supplier, bar coded data Transportation Automatic toll booths, satellite-directed navigation systems Health care Online patient-monitoring, online medical information systems, robotic surgery Airlines Ticketless travel, scheduling, Internet purchases 3 – 21
  22. 22. Service Technology Service Industry Example Hotels Electronic check-in/check-out, electronic key/lock system Wholesale/retail ATM-like kiosks, point-of-sale (POS) terminals, trade e-commerce, electronic communication between store and supplier, bar coded data Transportation Automatic toll booths, satellite-directed navigation systems Health care Online patient-monitoring, online medical information systems, robotic surgery Airlines Ticketless travel, scheduling, Internet purchases 3 – 22
  23. 23. Service Technology Service Industry Example Hotels Electronic check-in/check-out, electronic key/lock system Wholesale/retail ATM-like kiosks, point-of-sale (POS) terminals, trade e-commerce, electronic communication between store and supplier, bar coded data Transportation Automatic toll booths, satellite-directed navigation systems Health care Online patient-monitoring, online medical information systems, robotic surgery Airlines Ticketless travel, scheduling, Internet purchases 3 – 23
  24. 24. Service Technology Service Industry Example Hotels Electronic check-in/check-out, electronic key/lock system Wholesale/retail ATM-like kiosks, point-of-sale (POS) terminals, trade e-commerce, electronic communication between store and supplier, bar coded data Transportation Automatic toll booths, satellite-directed navigation systems Health care Online patient-monitoring, online medical information systems, robotic surgery Airlines Ticketless travel, scheduling, Internet purchases 3 – 24
  25. 25. Service Technology Service Industry Example Hotels Electronic check-in/check-out, electronic key/lock system Wholesale/retail ATM-like kiosks, point-of-sale (POS) terminals, trade e-commerce, electronic communication between store and supplier, bar coded data Transportation Automatic toll booths, satellite-directed navigation systems Health care Online patient-monitoring, online medical information systems, robotic surgery Airlines Ticketless travel, scheduling, Internet purchases 3 – 25
  26. 26. Service Technology Service Industry Example Hotels Electronic check-in/check-out, electronic key/lock system Wholesale/retail ATM-like kiosks, point-of-sale (POS) terminals, trade e-commerce, electronic communication between store and supplier, bar coded data Transportation Automatic toll booths, satellite-directed navigation systems Health care Online patient-monitoring, online medical information systems, robotic surgery Airlines Ticketless travel, scheduling, Internet purchases 3 – 26
  27. 27. Reduce the negative impact on the environment Encourage recycling Efficient use of resources Reduction of waste by-products Use less harmful ingredients Use less energy 3 – 27

×