Leading sustainability

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Leading sustainability

  1. 1. Leading SustainabilityDr. Jennifer EdmondsAssociate Professor, Statistics & Operations ManagementWilkes University
  2. 2. For humans, sustainability is thepotential for long-term maintenance of well being, which has environmental, economic, and social dimensions. Sustainability? The overall driver of …sustainability is the capacity to endure. human impact on Earth systems is the destruction ofbiophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.
  3. 3. Carbon dioxide and other air pollution that is collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the suns heat and causing the The “Carbon Blanket”: planet to warm up. (URL) Getting Thicker Every Year Pre-industrial: 280 PPM ≈ 1950 Today: 384 PPM 2050: ??“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  4. 4. FAQ 1.3, Figure 1“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  5. 5. Carbon dioxide and other air pollution that is collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the suns heat and causing the The “Carbon Blanket”: planet to warm up. (URL) Getting Thicker Every Year Automobiles, the second largest source, create Pre-industrial: 280 PPM ≈ 1950 nearly 1.5 billion Coal-burning power plants tons of CO2 Today: the largest U.S. source are 384 PPM annually. of carbon dioxide 2050: ?? pollution -- they produce 2.5 billion tons every year..“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  6. 6. 384pm Today’s level“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  7. 7. Clear Impacts: 1º F degree warming Pasterze Glacier, Austria - 1875 Pasterze Glacier, Austria – 2004“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  8. 8. Is the earth really getting hotter? Yes. Although local temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. The 20th centurys last two decades were the hottest in 400 years…“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  9. 9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Instrumental_Temperature_Record.png“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  10. 10. Average temperatures have climbed 1.4º F (0.8º C) around the world since 1880, much of this in recent decades (according to NASAs Goddard Institute for Space Studies) Is the earth really getting hotter? Yes. Although local temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. The 20th centurys last two decades were the hottest in 400 years…http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1206_041206_global_warming.html http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/f101.asp“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  11. 11. Temperate glacier retreat is global Portage Glacier, Alaska - 1914 Portage Glacier, Alaska – 2004“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  12. 12. Portland, Oregon 1984 2002“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  13. 13. the Rhone glacier Switzerland 1850 200_“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  14. 14. Are warmer temperatures causing bad things to happen? Global warming is already causing damage in many parts of the World.  In 2002, Colorado, Arizona and Oregon endured their worst wildfire seasons ever.  The same year, drought created severe dust storms in Montana, Colorado and Kansas, and floods caused hundreds of millions of dollars in damage in Texas, Montana and North Dakota.  Since the early 1950s, snow accumulation has declined 60 percent and winter seasons have shortened in some areas of the Cascade Range in Oregon and Washington.  In 2003, extreme heat waves caused more than 20,000 deaths in Europe and more than 1,500 deaths in India. http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/f101.asp“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  15. 15. Global Impacts  The BAD: (worse as it warms more)  Water shortages from snowpack loss“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  16. 16. Global Impacts  The BAD: (worse as it warms more)  Water shortages from snowpack loss  Increased floods and droughts“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  17. 17. Global Impacts  The BAD: (worse as it warms more)  Water shortages from snowpack loss  Increased floods and droughts  Extinction of many species & ecosystems…“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  18. 18. Global Impacts  The BAD: (worse as it warms more)  Water shortages from snowpack loss  Increased floods and droughts  Extinction of many species & ecosystems…  More heat related illnesses and deaths…“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  19. 19. Global Impacts  The BAD: (worse as it warms more)  Water shortages from snowpack loss  Increased floods and droughts  Extinction of many species & ecosystems…  More heat related illnesses and deaths…  More intense hurricanes and typhoons“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  20. 20. http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/24452
  21. 21. Global Impacts  The SCARY  Ocean acidification: potential collapse of marine foodchains“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  22. 22. Dire warming scenarios for world’s reefsExperts predict ’crumbling frameworks’ if CO2 emissions continue to grow Ove Hoegh-GuldbergThese images published with a coral acidification study in the journal Science reflectscenarios of carbon dioxides impact on reef ecosystems. The left image represents anintact system at current CO2 levels; the center image shows coral decay with increasedCO2; and the right image shows a devastated system with even higher CO2 emissions. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/22185971/
  23. 23. Global Impacts  The SCARY  Ocean acidification: potential collapse of marine foodchains  Fire-driven deforestation of Amazon: accelerated warming“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  24. 24. Global Impacts  The SCARY  Ocean acidification: potential collapse of marine foodchains  Fire-driven deforestation of Amazon: accelerated warming  Methane release from tundra: accelerated warming“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  25. 25. Global Impacts  The SCARY  Ocean acidification: potential collapse of marine foodchains  Fire-driven deforestation of Amazon: accelerated warming  Methane release from tundra: accelerated warming  Continental Ice Sheet Collapse: sea level rise of 35-40 feet“…the destruction of biophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems.”
  26. 26. The overall driver of human impact on Earth systems is the destruction ofbiophysical resources, and especially, the Earths ecosystems. Leading Sustainability Moving towards sustainability is also a …sustainability is the capacity to endure. social challenge that entails internationaland national law, urban Leadership is …planning and transport, …organizing a group of people to achieve a common goal local and individual lifestyles and ethical consumerism.
  27. 27. For a small company, going green mightmean using recycled paper products,installing solar panels and using organicallygrown materials.For a large company, it might meaninvesting millions of dollars in renewableenergy research, slashing carbon dioxideemissions and drastically reducing energyconsumption.
  28. 28. …companies are increasingly learningthat green initiatives are not just goodP.R., theyre good business. “Theyre not just doing this to try to save the planet…Theyre seeing the huge economic potential. Instead of simply growing the bottom line by reducing costs, theyre growing the top line by increasing revenue. This is creating new products and new markets and in some cases new companies.”
  29. 29. Explains why America’s transit system is the Entertainment/Communication worst in the industrialised world. Two generations ago, Americans depended on Industries go GREEN thriving privately owned streetcar lines across the nation, but then the auto and oil industry, led by General Motors, bought and dismantled the streetcar lines. The private auto stopped being a Movies/Documentaries luxury and became a necessity. Shows that global warming is already hurting the Pacific Islands Connects asthma and other A 1997 PBS documentarydiseases respiratory about consumerism, pollution with air emphasising how muchsuburban and of the world’s fossil fuel supply is sprawl consumed by the United States.
  30. 30. Entertainment/Communication Industries go GREEN Movies MusicLive Earth was a series of worldwide concerts held on July 7, 2007, that initiated a three-year campaign to combat climate change. The concerts brought together more than 150 musical acts in eleven locations around the world and were broadcast to a mass global audience through televisions, radio, and streamed via the Internet
  31. 31. Artists clearly appear to be backing green innovations. For instance, [a] new album … was issued in a recycled-paper Digipak; the carbon dioxide used to make and ship the disc is being offset with contributions to renewable energy projects Virgin Entertainment Group North America VP of marketing … revealed at NARM that the chain is converting all its shopping bags and point-of-purchase material to recycled stock Warner Music Group, which has launched a companywide initiative to reduce or offset greenhouse gas Universal Music Group has emissions, reported at NARM that reissued its Millennium it has also been using ecologically greatest-hits series in eco- enhanced paper for the last monthfriendly packages that replace the CD booklet with a singlecard, featuring only the cover of the album on the front
  32. 32. Entertainment/Communication Industries go GREEN Movies Music Consumer Electronics  How to GREEN your electronics
  33. 33. Consumer electronics arent exactly easy on the environment - - they consume electricity that contributes to global warming, and toxins leach out of them when they end up in landfills. …smart power adapters that dont waste as much electricity, batteries that are easier to recycle, and components made from plants …a laptop with a plastic case made from corn rather than…the EPA will be announcing a petroleum productscampaign to provide consumerswith more places to turn in cell phones for recycling.
  34. 34. …high prices at the gas pump, concerns about global warming and an increase in production sent hybrid carAuto Industry sales soaring from around 9,000 in 2002 to above 200,000 in 2005, according to Hybridcars.com Hybrids - http://hybridcars.com/ Hybrid cars are projected to make up 5 percent of the U.S. market by 2013, according to J.D. Power and Associates, a market research firm, up from 1.2 percent in 2005
  35. 35. Auto Industry Hybrids - http://hybridcars.com/ New Efficiency Standards
  36. 36. Real Estate goes GREENGreen Building Features …minimize energy consumption. Energy Efficiency •two water-cooled chillers, •daylight dimmers, •occupancy sensors, •skylights, •energy-efficient lights, •high-efficiency motors, •variable flow pumping systems, •variable heating and cooling systems, •insulated windows
  37. 37. Real Estate goes GREEN …avoid generating unnecessary debris A healthy indoor environment is Naturalminimize siteincorporates and to landscaping demolition.Green Building Features a critical safety concern in a …minimize energy consumption. many environmental factors into generate or purchase wind-powered laboratory setting. Energy Efficiency Reuseproperty’s design, including the of materials avoided disposal •costswater-cooled chillers,plants, electricity which matches the Water in the building will be two and was sufficient to complete •conserveddimmers, energy electronic soilelectrical consumption type, use of native Photovoltaic (solar ensure indoor air Measures taken the use of producing daylight witharea,and fill work to Landscape Design •occupancy on plumbingthebenefits minimal turf the landscaping minimal need cells) awnings shade fixtures sensors sensors, included: quality at the lab office •appropriatein ongreenhouse gases ...achieve environmental and for irrigation, mulches, volatile organic compound (VOC), skylights,building will recycle windows restrooms. The the outside and •muchwould haveofwaste gain, thus by reducing maintenance schedules. reducecontrol lights, it generates strict the solid formaldehyde of glare and heat energy-efficient been emitted from •construction the motors,of cooling thatMaterials used in construction reducing the amount off-gassing Outside, native materials; high-efficiency highestthat require •variable content are installation, to By conventional plants sources using native power recycled contained materials before requiring treesflow needed. systems, and pumping shrubs •variablewater andandwell-suited little watering, available. little heating all been work; cleaning ofhave duct planted resist pests,systems, cooling we •insulatedfilters before occupancy, the climate replace windows reduce the need for irrigation use of environmentally preferable and pesticides cleaning materials.
  38. 38. Real Estate goes GREEN …avoid generating unnecessary debris A healthy indoor environment is and to minimize site demolition.Green Building Features a critical safety concern in a …minimize energy consumption. generate or purchase wind-powered laboratory setting. Energy Efficiency •costswater-cooled chillers, complete Reuse of materials avoided disposal electricity which matches the two and was sufficient to be Water in the building will •conserveddimmers, energy electronic electrical consumption Photovoltaic (solar ensure indoor air Measures taken the use of producing daylight with to and fill work Landscape Design •occupancy on plumbingthebenefits the landscaping cells) awnings shade fixtures sensors sensors, included: quality at the lab office Water Efficiency •volatile organicgreenhouse gases ...achieve environmental skylights,building will recycle windows on compound (VOC), The in restrooms. the outside and •muchwould haveofwaste gain, thus by reducing reducecontrol lights, it generates strict the solid formaldehyde of glare and heat energy-efficient been emitted from •construction the motors,of cooling thatMaterials used in construction high-efficiency highestoff-gassing reducing the amount Outside, native materials; •variable content available. contained conventional power sources recycled materials before installation, treesflow needed.requiring and pumping systems, shrubs •variablewater of all been work; little heating and cooling systems, cleaning have duct planted •insulatedfilters before occupancy, replace windows use of environmentally preferable cleaning materials.
  39. 39. Real Estate goes GREEN …avoid generating unnecessary debris A healthy indoor environment is and to minimize site demolition.Green Building Features a critical safety concern in a …minimize energy consumption. generate or purchase wind-powered laboratory setting. Energy Efficiency •costswater-cooled chillers, complete Reuse of materials avoided disposal electricity which matches the two and was sufficient to •Measuresdimmers, energy producing electrical consumption Photovoltaic (solar ensure indoor air daylight taken to and fill work Landscape Design •occupancy environmental benefits the landscaping cells) awnings shade the office quality at the lab included: ...achieve sensors, •volatile organicgreenhouse gases Water Efficiency skylights,building will recycle windows on compound (VOC), The the outside and •muchwould haveofwaste gain, thus by reducing reducecontrol lights, it generates strict the solid formaldehyde of glare and heat energy-efficient been emitted from Waste Handling •construction the motors,of cooling thatMaterials used in construction high-efficiency highestoff-gassing reducing the amount materials; •variable content available. contained conventional power sources recycled materials before installation, flow needed. systems, pumping •variable heating all duct work; cleaning of and cooling systems, •insulatedfilters before occupancy, replace windows use of environmentally preferable cleaning materials.
  40. 40. Real Estate goes GREEN …avoid generating unnecessary debris A healthy indoor environment is and to minimize site demolition.Green Building Features a critical safety concern in a …minimize energy consumption. generate or purchase wind-powered laboratory setting. Energy Efficiency •costswater-cooled chillers, complete Reuse of materials avoided disposal electricity which matches the two and was sufficient to •Measuresdimmers, energy producing electrical consumption Photovoltaic (solar ensure indoor air daylight taken to and fill work Landscape Design •occupancy environmental benefits the landscaping cells) awnings shade the office quality at the lab included: ...achieve sensors, •volatile organicgreenhouse gases Water Efficiency skylights, on compound (VOC), windows the outside and •that would haveofin construction by reducing energy-efficient been emittedthus reducecontrol lights, gain, strict glare and formaldehyde heat Waste Handling •construction the motors,of cooling Materials used reducing the amount off-gassing materials; high-efficiency power sources from •variable content highestsystems, contained conventional flow needed. pumping recycled materials before installation, Solar Power •variable heating all duct work; available. cleaning of and cooling systems, •insulatedfilters before occupancy, replace windows use of environmentally preferable cleaning materials.
  41. 41. Real Estate goes GREEN …avoid generating unnecessary debris A healthy indoor environment is and to minimize site demolition.Green Building Features a critical safety concern in a …minimize energy consumption. generate or purchase wind-powered laboratory setting. Energy Efficiency •costswater-cooled chillers, complete Reuse of materials avoided disposal electricity which matches the two and was sufficient to •Measuresdimmers, ensure indoor air electrical consumption daylight taken to and fill work Landscape Design •occupancy environmental benefits the landscaping quality at the lab included: ...achieve sensors, •volatile organicgreenhouse gases Water Efficiency skylights, compound (VOC), •that would haveofin construction by reducing strict control formaldehyde energy-efficient been emitted from Materials usedlights, Waste Handling •construction the motors,off-gassing materials; high-efficiency highest sources •variable content available. contained conventional power recycled materials before installation, flow pumping systems, Solar Power •variable heating all duct work; cleaning of and cooling systems, •insulatedfilters before occupancy, replace windows Indoor Air Quality use of environmentally preferable cleaning materials.
  42. 42. Real Estate goes GREEN …avoid generating unnecessary debris and to minimize site demolition.Green Building Features …minimize energy consumption. Energy Efficiency •costswater-cooled chillers, complete Reuse of or purchase wind-powered generate materials avoided disposal two and was sufficient to •daylight dimmers, and fill work electricity which matches the Landscape Design •occupancy sensors, the electrical consumption landscaping Water Efficiency •skylights, •energy-efficient lights, benefits ...achieve environmental Waste Handling •high-efficiencygreenhouse gases Materials used in construction by reducing contained the motors, recycled •that would have highestsystems, been emitted from variable content available. flow pumping Solar Power •variable heating and cooling systems, conventional power sources •insulated windows Indoor Air Quality Green Power
  43. 43. Real Estate goes GREENGreen Building Features …avoid generating unnecessary debris and to minimize site demolition. Energy Efficiency Reuse of materials avoided disposal Landscape Design costs and was sufficient to complete the landscaping and fill work Water Efficiency Waste Handling Materials used in construction Solar Power contained the highest recycled content available. Indoor Air Quality Green Power Environmentally Preferable Materials
  44. 44. GREEN Careers http://www.greenjobs.com/public/index.aspx "Green" careers are no longer just the http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/ realm of environmental biologists and conservationists. http://jobs.treehugger.com/ Many new green jobs are built around investment in clean technologies and the business communitys focus on environmental sustainability. The green revolution has put new twists on existing careers (like architecture), but jobs in engineering, design and corporate social responsibility are booming.
  45. 45. Emissions TraderIn a market economy, brokers can trade just about anything on an exchange, including greenhouse gas emissions. Companies have been able tovoluntarily trade emissions credits on the Chicago Climate Exchange since 2003. If the U.S. ever adopts a mandatory emissions credit trading system (like Europes) expect this field to pop.
  46. 46. Environmental Architect With new building codes promoting energyefficiency, "green" architecture is booming. In 1994,the U.S. Green Building Council developed a set of standards for environmentally sustainable construction. In the decade that followed, many architects and developers sought accreditation.
  47. 47. Sustainability AnalystJust as corporations are hiring managers to ensure that they are engaging in sustainable business practices, many financial firms are examiningsustainability industry-wide. Even Dow Jones has gotten in on the game: In 1999, they launched several indexes to track the performances of companies with a focus here.
  48. 48. Lobbyist As business faces increased environmental legislation in Washington, corporations will seek help from lawmakers in the form of tax breaks and grants to pursue clean technologyinvestments. Expect a greater presence on Capitol Hill from lobbyists working in the energy and environmental fields.
  49. 49. Renewable Fuels Engineer/BiologistThe financial rewards associated with the development of renewablefuels are driving much of the business communitys investment in the environment. As long as this money keeps coming in, there will be aneed for engineers who can develop more efficient wind turbines and solar panels, and biologists who can develop cleaner--and cheaper-- biofuels
  50. 50. Climate Risk Analyst The insurance industry stands to be greatly affected by climate change, and many companies are now offering policies to promote energy efficiency and help reduce global warming. Climate analysts provide the industry withinformation to determine the risks associated withextreme flooding, storms or temperature changes.
  51. 51. Sustainability Coordinator Dozens of multinational corporations have pledged to help the environment through theirbusiness practices. For example, Coca-Cola asked the World Wildlife Fund to help them conserve water. More companies are looking for a single manager to oversee these efforts
  52. 52. Ecological EconomistWho puts a price tag on the ecosystem? Economists,of course. They determine, for example, what a tonof carbon dioxide pollution costs, or the economic value of keeping a rainforest intact. Outside ofacademia, non-governmental organizations and the federal government are major employers of ecological economists
  53. 53. GREEN Careers http://www.greenjobs.com/public/index.aspx http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/ http://jobs.treehugger.com/
  54. 54. Restaurants go GREEN Founded in 1980, Whole Foods has grown to 180 stores in the U.S., Canada and Britain. Organic food sales jumped from $3.59 billion eight years ago to $13.8 billion in 2005.

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