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Bullying Presentation


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Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
  • The key of helping our children to avoid bullying is to help our kids develop a strong sense of self. If they have a strong sense of self, they will have the innate ability to stand up for what is right and what is wrong. Others kids will recognize this and respect them for it. It doesn’t mean they will always avoid conflict, but when they do encounter bullies they will be able to stand firm.As a way of helping everyone especially the parents, who find it quite hard to manage time, I found this great application which featured a safety app which gets me connected to a Safety Network or escalate my call to the nearest 911 when needed, it has other cool features that are helpful for your kids with just a press of a Panic Button. Check it here:
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  • BULLYING is a really bad thing to do to other people in the community and in schools around the world and sometimes BULLYING can end up in someone committing suicide.
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Bullying Presentation

  1. 1. Bullying and School Violence <ul><li>Taking a closer </li></ul><ul><li>Look </li></ul><ul><li>By </li></ul><ul><li>Moira Leslie </li></ul><ul><li>Natalie Layman </li></ul><ul><li>Russell Luna </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Kelly </li></ul>
  2. 2. Are incidents of bullying increasing? <ul><li>Almost 30% of youth in the United States (or over 5.7 million) are estimated to be involved in bullying as either a bully, a target of bullying, or both. </li></ul><ul><li>In a recent national survey of students in grades 6-10, 13% reported bullying others, 11% reported being the target of bullies, and another 6% said that they bullied others and were bullied themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2001, 8% of students reported that they had been bullied in school in the last six months, up from 5% in 1999.&quot; </li></ul>
  3. 3. Are incidents of school violence increasing? <ul><li>The rate of nonfatal violent crimes at school has actually declined from 48 per 1,000 students in 1992 to 33 per 1000 in 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of serious school-related violent crime, including rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault, has also generally declined over that time period. In 1999, 7 out of every 1000 students were victims of serious violent crimes while at school or going to and from school </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1998-99 school year, less than 2 percent of the murders of children and youth in the United States were school-related. </li></ul><ul><li>However there has been a slight rise in number of multiple victim homicides. Such as school shootings like the one at Columbine high school. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Trends: Cyber Bullying <ul><li>Cyber Bullying: &quot;Cyber bullying&quot; is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber bullying can happen in many different arenas such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-mails, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web sites, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>text messaging, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cell phones, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>three-way calling, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>video, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>blogs and any other form of communication that occurs electronically. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cyber bullies sometimes, but not always, know their victims in real life. </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber victimization has been shown to cause: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>poor grades, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emotional spirals, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>poor self-esteem, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeated school absences, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>depression, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and in some cases suicide. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These outcomes are similar to real-life bullying outcomes, except for that with cyber bullying there is often no escape. School ends at 3 p.m,. while the Internet is open for business year round. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Trends: Mean Girls <ul><li>Recently, there has been a significant statistical and anecdotal increase in bullying and violence among young girls across the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Female youth are more likely than males to report being the targets of rumors and sexual comments. </li></ul><ul><li>female youth most often bully other girls, using more subtle and indirect forms of aggression than boys. </li></ul><ul><li>Acts of relational aggression are common among girls in American schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific acts can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rumor spreading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secret-divulging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>alliance-building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>backstabbing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ignoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>excluding from social groups and activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>verbal insults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and hostile body language such as eye-rolling and smirks. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Trends: Gun Violence <ul><li>Between 1994 and 1999, there were 220 school associated violent events resulting in 253 deaths - - 74.5% of these involved firearms. Handguns caused almost 60% of these deaths. (Journal of American Medical Association, December 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>In 1998-99 academic year, 3,523 students were expelled for bringing a firearm to school. This is a decrease from the 5,724 students expelled in 1996-97 for bringing a firearm to school. (U.S. Department of Education, October 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>The National School Boards Association estimates that more than 135,000 guns are brought into U.S. schools each day. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is Bullying? <ul><li>Bullying is when a person is “exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples include: saying hurtful things, mean nicknames, teasing, excluding someone, hitting, shoving, pulling hair, spreading false rumors and mean gossip. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. When does Bullying and Victimization start? <ul><li>Bullying can start at a very young age with biting, pinching and scratching. </li></ul><ul><li>Teasing, taunting and glaring follow as students get older, along with shoving, pestering and fighting. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boys generally threaten, fight, name call, and steal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls generally exclude others, gossip, and undermine friendships </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Factors Associated with Bullying and School Crime <ul><ul><li>Schools with low academic performance, have higher crime rates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools with more certified teachers have lower crime rates. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data shows that schools that more communally organized, and that have more highly qualified teachers to interact positively with the students reduces the school crime and victimization. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Factors Associated with Bullying and School Crime <ul><li>Communities at an economic disadvantage are strongly linked with student crime and weapon carrying. </li></ul><ul><li>Communities with little involvement or willingness to intervene with delinquent behavior show more student crime. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Factors Associated with Bullying and School Crime <ul><ul><li>Students of single parent homes are more likely to carry an gun to school, or participate in victimization. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students who have a closer relationship with their parents are less likely to participate in this type of behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generally speaking, students who have a greater commitment to school and a higher level of performance are less likely to disregard others. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Effects of Bulling <ul><li>Affects both young and old. </li></ul><ul><li>Male and female. </li></ul><ul><li>Any ethnic group </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of illnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Backaches, headaches, stomachaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological problems </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety, mood swings, irritability. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>One of four in grades 6-10. </li></ul><ul><li>77% of kids are mentally, verbally, and physically bullied. </li></ul><ul><li>By high school more violent and more likely to involve weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>Once every seven seconds. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Physical Effects <ul><li>They get black eyes, bloody noses, cuts, and even gunshots, knife wounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Stomach aches, and headaches. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Psychological Effects <ul><li>Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Severe anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Mood swings </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Panic attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Suicidal thoughts </li></ul>
  16. 16. Extreme Effects <ul><li>Leads to incidents such as Columbine, and other violence. </li></ul>
  17. 17. What to do for schools: <ul><li>Workshops, assemblies, a school campaign, and a school policy of zero tolerance needs to be implemented. </li></ul><ul><li>A school campaign can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>having a school-wide student contract outlining positive school behaviors along with consistently enforced consequences for bullying behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posters, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>student presentations, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>art work, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and written work can highlight positive character traits to be exhibited in and out of school. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Assemblies and Programs <ul><li>Educators for Social Responsibly works with educators to create a safe, respectful and productive learning environment. Their online teacher center provides resources related to safety, conflict resolution, peacemaking, and violence prevention. </li></ul><ul><li>Pierrot Productions offers an anti-violence themed program in the form of circus acts. The four C’s of conflict resolution (cool down, communicate, compromise and celebrate) are stressed and study guides are also available. </li></ul><ul><li>Cary Trianovich entertains elementary, middle and high school students as he brings forth messages about self-esteem, character development, and dealing with bullies. </li></ul><ul><li>In Charge of Me is a theatrical assembly program focusing on bullying, respect, and peer pressure. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What to do… <ul><li>What to Do – The Bully Building student competence and confidence is one of the first steps in developing positive character traits. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interventional school and community services can be provided both for focusing on academic development and social development. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differentiated instruction should be provided so as to motivate and yield more involved students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative group work, paired work and peer tutoring can foster academic achievement and positive social interaction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing time for the teacher to communicate with students will allow students to express fears, emotions, and concerns. </li></ul></ul>What to Do – The Victim Victims of bullying also need to build positive self esteem and positive social skills. Victims are often students who don’t make friends easily and are frequently loners. The steps listed above to help a bully are often the ones suggested in helping the victim to get along well with others and develop friendships.
  20. 20. What you can do as a Teacher: <ul><li>Create a Positive environment: </li></ul><ul><li>A positive school environment will promote respectful treatment of others. All students benefit from development of self confidence and social skills. </li></ul><ul><li>A classroom that demonstrates respect and includes praise will help build confidence and self-esteem. Focus on students’ doing the right thing. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce positive behaviors and work from students’ strengths. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be a positive role model. Students will emulate teacher’s treatment of and reactions to students. hen a teacher reacts in a positive manner to students, other students will exhibit similar behavior. When teachers value the contributions of students, students will value the contributions of other students </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Cont… <ul><li>Establish a classroom environment that allows students to voice their opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce the concept that each student is allowed to have his/her opinion and can agree or disagree with the thoughts of others. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a forum for students to express their thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage many solutions to problem solving. </li></ul><ul><li>Enable students to express feelings through speaking, writing, art, music, dance, and dramatization. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an appreciation of diversity in population and thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for cooperative group work, peer tutoring, and peer mediation. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Confront Bullying <ul><li>Introduce and develop sharing of ideas about bullying with discussions, books, audio CDs, videos, DVDs and current events. </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct role play activities in which students are confronted by a bully and methods of dealing with the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide discussion time for identifying ways in which students can cope with and diffuse a situation involving bullying. </li></ul><ul><li>McGruff , the crime dog, encourages students to take an active role in defusing bullying. He suggests having a group of students remove the victim from the situation and walk away from the bully together. Then students should report the incident. The victim of bullying can try to talk it out, walk away from the bully, stick with friends and report the bullying to an adult. </li></ul>