Health Card for Captive Elephants Dr MENON RAJU MADHAVAN Veterinary Surgeon, Animal Husbandry Department,  Govt. Of Kerala...
DATA RECORDED <ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Vital statistics,  </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the tusks,  </li></ul><ul><li>...
DATA RECORDED <ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Vital statistics,  </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the tusks,  </li></ul><ul><li>...
DATA RECORDED <ul><li>Age,  </li></ul><ul><li>Blood picture  </li></ul><ul><li>Wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Overall appearance...
AGE GROUP STUDIED 18 43-55 21 31-42 20 19-30 15 6-18 No of elephants Age
SOURCES OF ELEPHANTS 5.26 4 Unknown 10.53 8 Assam 6.58 5 UP 7.89 6 Karnataka 2.63 2 Andamans 5.62 4 Arunachal 18.42 14 Ker...
List of  lesions observed 76 26.6 14.5 32.74 % cases Minor  wounds Eye  injuries Ulcers Foot pad  injury Lesions Total and...
List of  lesions observed  76 26.6 14.5 32.74 %cases Minor  wounds Eye  injuries Ulcers Foot pad  injury Lesions
Total and Differential WBC counts 0.93 0.92 8.74 8.99 3863.11 STD  DEV 2.24 5.74 50.78 45.73 9944.08 MEAN 0-4 0-15 26-66 2...
Values of Hemoglobin, Total RBC, PCV and ESR observed 9.45 7.43 0.93 2.47 STD DEV 28.45 32.40 3.63 14.33. MEAN 15-64 11.6-...
BUN, Creatinine, Total Protein, Albumin, Globulin and AG Ratio   0.18 0.96 0.88 0.82 0.66 7.99 STD  DEV 0.96 3.01 2.95 6.0...
<ul><li>Improper management  </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of proper care  </li></ul><ul><li>Inexperienced mahouts  </li></ul><ul...
The mean values of BUN, Creatinine, Total Protein, Albumin, globulin & AG Ratio   in various age groups 0.96 ab 0.86 a 1.0...
The mean values of RBC, PCV, ESR, Hb   and Total WBC Count  in various age groups 9120.59 9996.67 8250.00 9173.33 Total WB...
SERUM ENZYMES AND MINERALS   1.39 10.643 Ca 0.93 5.43 2.01 98.36 SD 5.77 16.27 3.14 311.70 MEAN P AST ALT ALP
RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Provide  resources to carry out detailed lab  investigation at 6 month intervals.  </li></ul><ul><...
Dr DEEPA G MENON Asst Professor, Veterinary Faculty, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Kerala Agricultura...
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Health Card for Asian Elephants

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72 Elephants in Thrissur District in Kerala were examined for health status in connection with microchip implantation. The results like blood picture, wounds, health status are all depicted.

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Health Card for Asian Elephants

  1. 1. Health Card for Captive Elephants Dr MENON RAJU MADHAVAN Veterinary Surgeon, Animal Husbandry Department, Govt. Of Kerala, India . [email_address]
  2. 2. DATA RECORDED <ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Vital statistics, </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the tusks, </li></ul><ul><li>Temperament, </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership details </li></ul>
  3. 3. DATA RECORDED <ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Vital statistics, </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the tusks, </li></ul><ul><li>Temperament, </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership details </li></ul><ul><li>Age, </li></ul><ul><li>Blood picture </li></ul><ul><li>Wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Overall appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Period of Musth </li></ul><ul><li>Parasitic infestations </li></ul>
  4. 4. DATA RECORDED <ul><li>Age, </li></ul><ul><li>Blood picture </li></ul><ul><li>Wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Overall appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Period of Musth </li></ul><ul><li>Parasitic infestations </li></ul>
  5. 5. AGE GROUP STUDIED 18 43-55 21 31-42 20 19-30 15 6-18 No of elephants Age
  6. 6. SOURCES OF ELEPHANTS 5.26 4 Unknown 10.53 8 Assam 6.58 5 UP 7.89 6 Karnataka 2.63 2 Andamans 5.62 4 Arunachal 18.42 14 Kerala 43.42 33 Bihar % no Source
  7. 7. List of lesions observed 76 26.6 14.5 32.74 % cases Minor wounds Eye injuries Ulcers Foot pad injury Lesions Total and Differential WBC counts 0.93 0.92 8.74 8.99 3863.11 STD DEV 2.24 5.74 50.78 45.73 9944.08 MEAN 0-4 0-15 26-66 26-64 6500 - 15800 RANGE % % % % /µl MONOCYTE COUNT EOSINO- PHIL COUNT LYMPHO- CYTE COUNT NEUTRO- PHIL COUNT TOTAL WBC COUNT
  8. 8. List of lesions observed 76 26.6 14.5 32.74 %cases Minor wounds Eye injuries Ulcers Foot pad injury Lesions
  9. 9. Total and Differential WBC counts 0.93 0.92 8.74 8.99 3863.11 STD DEV 2.24 5.74 50.78 45.73 9944.08 MEAN 0-4 0-15 26-66 26-64 6500 - 15800 RANGE % % % % /µl MONOCYTE COUNT EOSINO- PHIL COUNT LYMPHO- CYTE COUNT NEUTRO- PHIL COUNT TOTAL WBC COUNT
  10. 10. Values of Hemoglobin, Total RBC, PCV and ESR observed 9.45 7.43 0.93 2.47 STD DEV 28.45 32.40 3.63 14.33. MEAN 15-64 11.6-44 1.73- 6.3 8.9-18.4 RANGE mm/ 15min % 10 6 /µl g/dl ESR PCV TOTAL RBC COUNT HEMOGLOBIN
  11. 11. BUN, Creatinine, Total Protein, Albumin, Globulin and AG Ratio 0.18 0.96 0.88 0.82 0.66 7.99 STD DEV 0.96 3.01 2.95 6.01 1.49 28.67 MEAN 0.52- 1.27 1.8-5 2.5-3.9 4.3-7.8 0.8-3.2 14- 69 RANGE g % g % g % mg% mg % AG RATIO GLOBULIN ALBUMIN TOTAL PROTEIN CREATININE BUN
  12. 12. <ul><li>Improper management </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of proper care </li></ul><ul><li>Inexperienced mahouts </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous and heavy work </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of nutrition </li></ul>PROBLEMS
  13. 13. The mean values of BUN, Creatinine, Total Protein, Albumin, globulin & AG Ratio in various age groups 0.96 ab 0.86 a 1.08 b 0.99 ab AG RATIO 2.96 2.92 3.03 3.00 Globulin 2.95 ab 2.91 a 3.23 b 2.96 ab Albumin 5.89 ab 5.61 a 6.28 b 5.90 ab Total Protein 1.19 1.49 1.22 1.21 Creatinine 31.68 b 28.8 ab 26.85 a 28.82 ab BUN >43 years old 4 31 - 42 years old 3 19- 30 years old 2 6-18 years old 1
  14. 14. The mean values of RBC, PCV, ESR, Hb and Total WBC Count in various age groups 9120.59 9996.67 8250.00 9173.33 Total WBC 15.35 b 14.07 ab 13.38 a 14.02 ab Hb 26.12 28.93 26.73 26.33 ESR 31.79 32.84 31.64 32.45 PCV 3.75 3.61 3.50 3.67 RBC >43 years 31 - 42 19- 30 6-18 Age in years
  15. 15. SERUM ENZYMES AND MINERALS 1.39 10.643 Ca 0.93 5.43 2.01 98.36 SD 5.77 16.27 3.14 311.70 MEAN P AST ALT ALP
  16. 16. RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Provide resources to carry out detailed lab investigation at 6 month intervals. </li></ul><ul><li>Screening for Tuberculosis should be made mandatory – Mahouts & Elephants </li></ul>Old age home and orphanage for elephants
  17. 17. Dr DEEPA G MENON Asst Professor, Veterinary Faculty, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala, India Dr MENON RAJU MADHAVAN Veterinary Surgeon, Animal Husbandry Department, Govt. Of Kerala, India.

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