Giants In Distress

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Giants In Distress

  1. 1. African Elephants – L. africana - 0.5 million Asian Elephants – E. maximus - 0.04 million DEEPA G MENON, Ph.D Student (Animal Science) SAVE THE ELEPHANTS
  2. 2. AMAZING ELEPHANT FACTS <ul><li>HEIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>WEIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>TUSK </li></ul><ul><li>TRUNK </li></ul><ul><li>FOOT </li></ul><ul><li>EARS </li></ul><ul><li>TEETH </li></ul><ul><li>SKIN </li></ul><ul><li>GESTATION </li></ul><ul><li>MEMORY & INTELLIGENCE </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Listed as Endangered (EN) by the IUCN </li></ul><ul><li>Regarded as an “umbrella species” / premier “flagship ”/ “keystone species” important ecological role and impact on environment. </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>India 26,390–30,770; </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia 2,400–3,400; </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia 2,100–3,100; </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar 4,000–5,000; </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka 2,500–4,000; </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand 2,500–3,200; </li></ul><ul><li>(*Sukumar, 2003) </li></ul>THE GIANTS IN DISTRESS
  4. 4. <ul><li>THREATS ?????? </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements - </li></ul><ul><li>200-200-200 </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat Loss, degradation, fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>- massive deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Poaching ”there is not a single piece nowadays which has been gained lawfully.  Every piece, and scrap…has been steeped and dyed in blood”…… Ian Parker </li></ul><ul><li>Disturbed the balance in the sex ratio 1: 4 1:25-40 </li></ul><ul><li>Human Conflict </li></ul>
  5. 5. SOLUTIONS 1) Conservation of the elephant's habitat and maintaining habitat connectivity by securing corridors; 2) Management of human–elephant conflicts as part of an integrated land-use policy 3) Improved legislation and law enforcement, field patrolling, and curbing trade in ivory and other elephant products. 4) Monitoring of conservation interventions. 5) Reliable estimation of population size and trends will be needed as part of this monitoring and adaptive management approach. 6) Captive Elephant management Rules 7) Management of musth period 8) Microchips & health cards
  6. 6. Project Elephant Feb 1992, 13 States in India For elephants, habitats & corridors. Human-elephant conflict welfare of domesticated elephants . <ul><li>- 2900-3110 </li></ul><ul><li>1990 - 2260-2760 </li></ul><ul><li>2000 - 3400-3600 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Activity of Elephants Logging - 43% Ceremonies - 12% Transportation - 10% Tourism - 6 % Entertainment - 5% Kunki - 4 % Agriculture - 2% Begging - 7% No work - 11% Ownership Individuals -75% Temples - 6% Zoo - 2% Circus - 3% Forest Dept - 14% Enumeration of Elephants: First time in 2005, 2007 & in 2010 .
  8. 8. “ The elephant is a friend to man and now indeed our turn has come to be the friend of the elephant.&quot; THANK YOU

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