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A brief talk on hiv aids cmoh bankura

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A brief talk on hiv aids cmoh bankura

  1. 1. A brief talk on HIV / AIDS Dr. Jagannath Dinda Chief Medical Officer of Health Bankura
  2. 2. What is HIV / AIDS HIV • “Human Immunodeficiency Virus” • A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) • HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. • No Cure AIDS • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome • HIV is the virus that causes AIDS • Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection • A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system • No Cure
  3. 3. HIV HIV include lentiviredae group of virus with a diameter of about 120 nm, around 60 times smaller than a red blood cell . HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system such as helper T Cell (specifically CD4+ T cells), macrophages, and dendritic cells. Lentiviruses are transmitted as single-stranded, positive- sense, enveloped RNA viruses. HIV is a retrovirus including reverse transcriptase enzyme
  4. 4. HIV infection • Once HIV infection occurred in persons , it affects the TH cell and other immunity providing component , leads to suppress the immunity that makes the other opportunistic infection cause death within approximately 5 to 10 yrs. • Two life cycle of retroviruses are virulent or lytic cycle causes death within 2-5 yrs and avirulent/profage cycle or lysogenic cycle cause the carrier of this virus.
  5. 5. Who are the sufferer The virus can be spread (transmitted): • Through sexual contact including oral, vaginal, and anal sex. • Through blood via blood transfusions or needle sharing • From mother to child - a pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her foetus through their shared blood circulation, or a nursing mother can transmit it to her baby in her breast milk •
  6. 6. When dose not spread • Casual contact such as hugging • Mosquitoes • Participation in sports • Touching items that were touched by a person infected with the virus
  7. 7. HIV/AIDS Status West Bengal • Total tested people in West Bengal are 3207631 and sera positive are 50734 (up to 31st October 2012) Bankura District • Total tested people are 170038 and sera positive patients are 477 (up to 31st October 2012)
  8. 8. Manifestation of HIV Primary symptoms to detect HIV infection of a patient After entry of Human Immunodeficiency Virus into the host it causes : • Flue like symptoms after 5-6 weeks • Rash may occurred Send for HIV test • Antibody production is started after 6 weeks , it called window period . • Window Period is dangerous for spreading the disease.
  9. 9. Symptoms of HIV/AIDS People with AIDS have had their immune system damaged by HIV and are very susceptible to these opportunistic infections. Common symptoms are: • Chills • Fever • Rash • Sweats (particularly at night) • Swollen lymph glands • Weakness • Weight loss
  10. 10. Blood Test Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test
  11. 11. Counseling
  12. 12. Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Report ability of Positive Test Results
  13. 13. Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results
  14. 14. Treatment Options
  15. 15. Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors • AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors • Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors • Norvir (Ritonavir)
  16. 16. Opportunistic Infection Treatment • Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available
  17. 17. Four ways to protect yourself? • Abstinence • Monogamous Relationship • Protected Sex • Sterile needles
  18. 18. Abstinence • It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. • Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. • Refraining from intravenous drug use
  19. 19. Monogamous relationship • A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV • HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected
  20. 20. Protected Sex • Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) • Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) • Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
  21. 21. When Using A Condom Remember To: • Make sure the package is not expired • Make sure to check the package for damages • Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing • Never use the condom more than once • Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms
  22. 22. Sterile Needles • If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, it must be disinfected: – Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and wait at least 30 seconds. – thoroughly rinse with water – Do this between each person’s use
  23. 23. Needle Exchange • Use sterile needle • Use plastic use & throw syringes
  24. 24. Fight for AIDS Know about the AIDS
  25. 25. Fight for AIDS Know about the AIDS
  26. 26. I E C (INFORMATION EDUCATION & COMMUNICATION)
  27. 27. Fight together against the AIDS Protected Sex , Chose Single Sex Partners Your should known about the background of your Sex partner Support the HIV-AIDS people Test your self to prevent HIV spreading You are the people who can save your child from HIV Take steps at present to rectify the future
  28. 28. Thank You!

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