BASIC VALUES A Template For Interpreting  Our World
The Basic Values are the work of Dr. Marvin K. Mayers The following information is taken in part from the  course  Persona...
Uses For the Basic Values <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul><ul...
Nature of the Basic Values <ul><li>Sets of Continua </li></ul><ul><li>Non-judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>Styles of relating,...
Time   vs.  Event <ul><li>Seconds, minutes, hours </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuality </li></ul><ul><li>Stick to the program </l...
Dichotomy   Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul>
Dichotomy Black – White Right – Wrong On – Off Here – There
Dichotomy   Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul>Trichotomy
Trichotomy Black – Gray – White Right – In-process – Wrong On – Pause – Off
Dichotomy   Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul>Trichotomy List
List Blue – Red – Yellow – Green Choices and Points Gradient
Dichotomy   Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Trichotomy List
Matrix a b c d e 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 5 x x
Dichotomy   Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Trichotomy List Kaleidoscope
Kaleidoscope r A b s t a c i o n t A b st ra cti o n t A
Dichotomy   Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Trichotomy List Kaleidoscope Holism
Holism Circular thinking Not segmented, integrated All parts explainable within the whole
Dichotomy   Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Holism Trichotomy List Kaleidoscope
Crisis   vs.  Non-Crisis <ul><li>Need for expert </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am right” </li></ul><ul><li>The right answer </li><...
Object-as-   Person-as-     Goal   vs.  Goal <ul><li>Accomplishment </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>High produ...
Vulnerability-as-   Vulnerability-as-     Weakness   vs.  Strength <ul><li>Threatened by making an error </li></ul><ul><li...
Prestige   Prestige     Ascribed   vs.  Achieved <ul><li>Position </li></ul><ul><li>External locus of control </li></ul><u...
Left Brain   Right Brain Western  Eastern <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis </li></ul><ul>...
Applying the Basic Values <ul><li>First take a look at yourself – Where do you as individual fall on the continua? </li></...
Applying the Basic Values <ul><li>Remove the judgments – different is not bad… it’s just different. </li></ul><ul><li>When...
Applying the Basic Values <ul><li>Important note:  </li></ul><ul><li>If you are surprised or irritated with something you ...
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Basic Values

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Basic Values

  1. 1. BASIC VALUES A Template For Interpreting Our World
  2. 2. The Basic Values are the work of Dr. Marvin K. Mayers The following information is taken in part from the course Personal and Interpersonal Development at Biola University and in part from the preliminary edition (1982) of The Basic Values: A Model of Cognitive Styles for Analyzing Human Behavior.
  3. 3. Uses For the Basic Values <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Across cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A window to change </li></ul>
  4. 4. Nature of the Basic Values <ul><li>Sets of Continua </li></ul><ul><li>Non-judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>Styles of relating, communicating and thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural trends </li></ul>
  5. 5. Time vs. Event <ul><li>Seconds, minutes, hours </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuality </li></ul><ul><li>Stick to the program </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure to meet goals </li></ul><ul><li>Time spent to production equivalence </li></ul><ul><li>Who’s there </li></ul><ul><li>What’s going on </li></ul><ul><li>Event embellishment </li></ul><ul><li>No set beginning or end </li></ul><ul><li>Ad lib </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dichotomy Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dichotomy Black – White Right – Wrong On – Off Here – There
  8. 8. Dichotomy Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul>Trichotomy
  9. 9. Trichotomy Black – Gray – White Right – In-process – Wrong On – Pause – Off
  10. 10. Dichotomy Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul>Trichotomy List
  11. 11. List Blue – Red – Yellow – Green Choices and Points Gradient
  12. 12. Dichotomy Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Trichotomy List
  13. 13. Matrix a b c d e 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 5 x x
  14. 14. Dichotomy Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Trichotomy List Kaleidoscope
  15. 15. Kaleidoscope r A b s t a c i o n t A b st ra cti o n t A
  16. 16. Dichotomy Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Trichotomy List Kaleidoscope Holism
  17. 17. Holism Circular thinking Not segmented, integrated All parts explainable within the whole
  18. 18. Dichotomy Holism <ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix </li></ul>Holism Trichotomy List Kaleidoscope
  19. 19. Crisis vs. Non-Crisis <ul><li>Need for expert </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am right” </li></ul><ul><li>The right answer </li></ul><ul><li>The right way to do things </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor-centered learning </li></ul><ul><li>No right answer </li></ul><ul><li>There are many alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>May not even give an answer </li></ul><ul><li>Student-centered learning </li></ul>
  20. 20. Object-as- Person-as- Goal vs. Goal <ul><li>Accomplishment </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>High production </li></ul><ul><li>To the detriment of self and others </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships are the priority </li></ul><ul><li>Will sacrifice a goal </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing interferes </li></ul>
  21. 21. Vulnerability-as- Vulnerability-as- Weakness vs. Strength <ul><li>Threatened by making an error </li></ul><ul><li>Blaming others to avoid admitting error </li></ul><ul><li>Tied up in appearances </li></ul><ul><li>Non-threatened by admitting mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Open to change </li></ul><ul><li>Free to be adventurous </li></ul>
  22. 22. Prestige Prestige Ascribed vs. Achieved <ul><li>Position </li></ul><ul><li>External locus of control </li></ul><ul><li>Expects others to respect his/ her rank </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifices to earn the rank </li></ul><ul><li>Achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Internal locus of control </li></ul><ul><li>Rising through the ranks </li></ul><ul><li>Respect follows position achieved </li></ul>
  23. 23. Left Brain Right Brain Western Eastern <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Object as goal </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability as weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige ascribed </li></ul><ul><li>Event </li></ul><ul><li>Holism </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Person as goal </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability as strength </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige achieved </li></ul>
  24. 24. Applying the Basic Values <ul><li>First take a look at yourself – Where do you as individual fall on the continua? </li></ul><ul><li>Next take a look at the groups you are a part of – What are the Basic Values of those groups? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Applying the Basic Values <ul><li>Remove the judgments – different is not bad… it’s just different. </li></ul><ul><li>When assessing projects/sites from other cultures, look for that culture’s Basic Values. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Applying the Basic Values <ul><li>Important note: </li></ul><ul><li>If you are surprised or irritated with something you see, hear or experience it could be a Basic Values conflict. </li></ul>

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