Erik Erikson

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Erik Erikson

  1. 1. Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Psychosocial Stages of Development Jeff Ball Ashley Wolfe Kyle Douglas
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Danish born </li></ul><ul><li>Studied in Germany under Freud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychoanalysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1933 Erikson immigrated to America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boston </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EGO </li></ul>
  3. 3. 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development <ul><li>1. Oral-Sensory (0-1) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust vs. Mistrust </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Muscular-Anal (1-3) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomy vs. Shame </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Locomotor-Genital (3-5) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiative vs. Guilt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Latency (6-11) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry vs. Inferiority </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Stages of Development Continued… <ul><li>5. Adolescence (11-18) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity vs. Role Confusion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6. Young Adulthood (18-35) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>7. Middle Adulthood (35-55/65) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generativity vs. Self absorption or Stagnation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Late Adulthood/Maturity (55/65-death) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity vs. Despair </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. What do the critics say? <ul><li>His theory is too focused on infancy and childhood and doesn’t talk much about adulthood. </li></ul><ul><li>He doesn’t account for the adults that “rediscover” themselves </li></ul><ul><li>His theory is more applied to boys than girls. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Value to Practitioners <ul><li>Many use his theory as a framework for understanding how personality and behavior can be developed from instances in the past that have not yet been resolved. </li></ul>
  7. 8. References (Links) <ul><li>http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://childstudy.net/erikson.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://ambafrance-do.org/psychology-help/17186.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://web.cortland.edu/andersmd/ERIK/crit.HTML </li></ul><ul><li>www.utdallas.edu/~kprager/erik_erikson%202002.htm </li></ul>

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