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  1. 1. David Elkind Seth Watson Mandie Reeves Andrew Griffin
  2. 2. The Life of David Elkind <ul><li>Born March 11, 1931 in Detroit, Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Received a Bachelor of Arts from UCLA in 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Received a Doctorate in Philosophy from UCLA in 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>1964 to 1965 he was a national Science Foundation Senior Postdoctoral Fellow at Piaget’s Institu d’Epistemologie Genetique </li></ul><ul><li>From 1966 to 1978 he served as professor and Director of Graduate Training in Developmental Psychology at the University of Rochester </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Life of David Elkind continued <ul><li>Received an Honorary Doctorate in Science from Rhode Island College in 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>He has been working as a professor in the Department of Child Development at Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts since 1978 </li></ul>
  4. 4. What he is known for… <ul><li>Dr. Elkind is well known for his work in the field of adolescent psychology, where he expanded upon Piaget’s descriptions of adolescent egocentrism and how it affected adolescent thinking, behaviours, and emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Elkind believes in Piaget’s stages of development. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Educational Philosophies <ul><li>Supports Constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Expounds upon Piagetian thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Child-centric observation/learning </li></ul><ul><li>Realization of limits of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle Analogy </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Hurried Child: Growing Up Too Fast Too Soon <ul><li>Children in our society are too “adult like”   </li></ul><ul><li>Elkind believes that allowing children to develop at their own rate would be a better approach </li></ul><ul><li>Elkind believes children should not be pushed past their developmental level </li></ul><ul><li>This is happening because of industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization forced families to cities and therefore the nuclear family grew smaller as relatives weren’t as important as in previous years </li></ul><ul><li>Parents bring home stress from the workplace and that affects their children </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adolescent Egocentrism <ul><li>An adolescent constructs an imaginary audience where the adolescent has begun thinking about themselves </li></ul><ul><li>The child believes that everyone is thinking about them </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescent constructs a personal fable </li></ul><ul><li>The child believes that they are a “one of a kind” </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Elkind’s thesis  teacher, curricular, and societal readiness lead to the implementation of constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Elkind believed that education needs to becomes a science before it can be a true profession and constructivism is the only philosophy that will reform education </li></ul><ul><li>Theory of objectivism  asserts that children must be engaged actively in the subject matter to learn </li></ul>Constructivism vs. Objectivism
  9. 9. Criticism Of <ul><li>One criticism has been of Elkind’s use of age-based developmental stages rather than individual-based stages. </li></ul><ul><li>Proponents of objectivism argue that constructivism believes in relativity rather than universality. </li></ul><ul><li>Others still promote the idea of early childhood education structure. </li></ul><ul><li>General criticism towards Piagetian beliefs applies to Elkind. </li></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>