THE DIGITALTHE DIGITAL
REVOLUTION?REVOLUTION?
Dr Bex Lewis Research Fellow in Social Media &
Online Learning, CODEC, Durha...
Session Overview
•Bex:
• The Twitterfall
• Change Happens…
• Old Media and the Digital Age
•Tim:
• Authority
• Privacy
• I...
THE TWITTERFALL
Dr Bex Lewis
Let’s Talk About The Twitterfall:
#MediaLit14
Tweeting in Church?
• Good Thing?
• Bad Thing?
• Why might/might
not people tweet
in church?
• What might
encourage more
‘...
Change Happens…
Dr Bex Lewis
WHAT IS THIS ABOUT?
An incredible new technology enables the
transmission of text on a worldwide base. It
rapidly reduces ...
Gutenberg
Printing Press,
1439
Image Credit: Wikipedia
https://twitter.com/hanelly/status/405754162555944960/photo/1
https://twitter.com/LeistCatalano/status/473076349394255872/photo/1
A moral panic may be
defined as an episode,
often triggered by
alarming media stories
and reinforced by
reactive laws and ...
Right back to Socrates…
This discovery of yours will create
forgetfulness in the learners' souls,
because they will not us...
http://youtu.be/pQHX-SjgQvQ
Technological determinism is
a reductionist theory that
presumes that a society's
technology drives the
development of its...
Core Ideas:
• The development of technology itself follows
a predictable, traceable, inevitable path
largely beyond cultur...
The Medium is the Message
(McLuhan)
"the printing press, the computer, and
television are not therefore simply machines
wh...
Pew Report, 2012
quoting Jeff Jarvis, Journalist
“Before the press … information was passed
mouth-to-ear, scribe-to-scribe...
Even though in practice, face-to-face
communication can, of course, be
angry, negligent, resistant, deceitful
and inflexib...
DISCUSS
All technologies offer
AFFORDANCES,
CONSTRAINTS and change
SOCIAL PRACTICES
e.g.
What has been made possible with...
“Old” Media & the Digital
Age
Dr Bex Lewis
Broadcasting
At its inception, first as a company, in 1922, the BBC broadcast only
on radio. Twenty years later, a televis...
http://www.aspeninstitute.org/policy-work/communications-society/programs-topic/digital-broadcasting-public-interest/broad...
The Price of Plurality (Report,
2008)
This in itself may appear strange as the internet ushers in a
world of choice and di...
https://you.38degrees.org.uk/petitions/bbc-news-stop-this-media-blackout-of-the-green-party/?state=sign
https://www.facebook.com/124563204315456/photos/a.124695450968898.19183.124563204315456/542937682478004/?type=1&theater
Second-Screening
http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/technology-research/2014/Second_Screens_Final_report.p...
http://apps.channel4.com/app/the-million-pound-drop/
Potential Drivers
• user desire/need for shared rather than isolated TV
experiences
• a sense of connection with others/co...
24/7 News Culture
• Local TV newsrooms moved into the 24/7 mindset thirty years
ago, when videotape, microwave and satelli...
Newspapers
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-23969887
http://positivenews.org.uk/
Music
The conventional argument:
http://elitedaily.com/music/how-one-generation-was-able-to-kill-the-music-industry/593411/
Industry Voices (2013)
http://video.foxnews.com/v/2160237384001/digital-age-changing-the-music-industry-for-good/#sp=show-...
http://youtu.be/EUmNDKvSPMo
Cinema
http://youtu.be/IP_f4LHi1hc
Sure Fire Blockbusters?
Those days are all but gone. It was while on the press tour
for The Lone Ranger (budget: $200m+) t...
http://youtu.be/BtVeUIy0GyA
http://www.buzzfeed.com/adamdavis/3d-movies-are-the-literal-worst-for-people-with-glasses
The Aesthetics of Cinema
Does the digital era spell the death of cinema as
we know it? Or is it merely heralding its rebir...
Film Piracy
http://www.theguardian.com/media/2009/apr/02/film-piracy
Publishing
…with 15 percent to 25 percent of book sales shifting to
digital format by 2015 the book industry is heading in...
http://blog.youversion.com/2014/04/why-friendships-in-bible-app-5-are-different/
What is the future for publishers?
Polly Courtney (Self-published)
1. Fragmented readership –
few books/sell big = doesn’t...
Discuss
• What is your ‘lived experience’ of how
‘traditional’ media has changed?
• Any other media you want to mention?
•...
AUTHORITY
Dr Tim Hutchings
Who do you listen to,
online?
“Hierarchies and networks are two
very different systems and the Internet
was really developed for only one of
them.”
- Ch...
But nothing is ever quite that
simple…
“The fluidity and transience of online
environments poses challenges to
traditional authority structures, roles,
and tools...
New authorities…
“The internet serves as a spiritual hub,
allowing practitioners to select from a vast
array of resources and experience in...
The proliferation of web sites calling themselves Catholic
creates a problem… it is confusing, to say the least, not
to di...
… and old authorities
But is authority really about
people and institutions?
PRIVACY
Dr Tim Hutchings
What do these
three have in
common?
So should we put up with
being someone else’s products?
IS IT A REVOLUTION?
Dr Tim Hutchings
Event Publicity, 2010:
“There is a revolution sweeping across the globe, driven by the
massive growth of the internet and ...
The electric technology is within the
gates, and we are numb, deaf, blind,
and mute about its encounter with
the Gutenberg...
Image Credit: iStockphoto
@drbexl
@tim_hutchings
http://www.slideshare.net/drbexl/
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings
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  • 1 hour 45 mins session.
    Bex Lewis, Project Manage BB, seeking to encourage “bigger Bible conversations, online & offline”, background history mass comms, now seeking to engage digital theology… etc…
    Much of our life now composed of 1s & 0s … whether we like it or not…
  • (Technological determinism & affordances) 9 – 9.15
  • Having watched it in the previous session, how feel about it … wanting to engage, etc? We’re planning on having it up throughout rest of week – can also see on own devices (as people prob already have)… the experience of this at an e-learning conf… out of interest this pic gives your tweets more longevity than expected?
    (Accompany with a handout on how to do Twitter (given day before)
  • Something to think about over the break…
    Why might they want to/not want to tweet about church? Recognise the assumptions that you might be making about them? What might encourage ‘engagement’ that’s more than a like…
  • (Technological determinism & affordances) Historian – continuity and change … the only certainty is change.. 9.15  9.35
  • Emphasise – fears echo down the ages…
  • Let’s see a couple of images that have circulated recently…
  • People feel out of control, that things are moving too fast for them – the end is nigh and there’s nothing you can do about it …
    Newspapers headlines don’t help this … panic – trolls are taking over, everything’s changed, we’re out of control, we can’t manage everything that’s going on… We talk about, e.g. losing body contact/whites of eyes – but did you have that on the telephone – we’re all learning how to live in this world, but it’s not an unachievable goal… and the more that we focus on the negative/being defensive, the less we are looking out for the opportunities…
    As a historian = continuity and change are staples of time immemorial…
  • Socrates – worried that writing would move away from memory (how much is hysterical hype? Does it matter – makes the point we need here…)
  • 2:46
  • Note that this is the understanding that most people will have of this – few will go beyond it – and it’s used as an establishing definition in a number of other books dealing with the subject … (Pete asked yesterday who uses Wikipedia any more…) Wikipedia = not inherently bad, but need to use it with criticality – as with all other sites..
    The term is believed to have been coined by Thorstein Veblen (1857–1929), an American sociologist. – Karl Marx was a huge supporter of the idea…
  • Strict adherents to technological determinism do not believe the influence of technology differs based on how much a technology is or can be used. Instead of considering technology as part of a larger spectrum of human activity, technological determinism sees technology as the basis for all human activity… compare that to the book ‘Sex, Bombs and Burgers’ which claims that the largest number of technological developments in the last century of so have all been pushed by the sex industry, the military, or fast foods… when Tim & I talked = he also mentioned religion, but that’s probably going further back … as we saw with printing…
    Think of e.g. the VHS/Betamax … the Betamax = commonly believed to be the better technology, but clever marketing/economic discounts by Sony meant that VHS won the battle of the formats…
  • McLuhan’s famous mantra ‘the medium is the message’ pithily captures his thesis that the historical points at which a new medium (such as print or electronic) is adopted corresponds with significant shifts in both culture and distribution of power. Media revolution takes place when a new medium sweeps away the previous one but the content does not substantially change or is not more potent or significant than before. Hence the medium is more powerful as a force on perception and culture than the content.  http://designerlythinking.wordpress.com/2011/05/06/what-would-marshall-mcluhan-make-of-twitter/
    the technology SHAPES the way that we interact with things – it encourages us to develop particular activities – e.g. radio only requires audio, but TV requires audio-visual… and we start to use those more developed senses in other areas of our lives…
  • Makes things possible, but doesn’t make them inevitable… or does it?
  • Wonder how this works with other philosopher’s notion of a ‘worldview’ … and part of the reason CODEC exists, is we can challenge the idea that we are helpless in the arms of technology =- we have a worldview of faith = how does that challenge the notion that we are helpless… do we not make choices about when we press ‘send’!
  • People do like to stick to what they know .. How do we think around that?
    http://circainnovate.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/quote-henry-ford.png
  • Livingstone - P27 “…the specific affordances and constraints of specific media may be shaped by a distinctive logic whose character is established historically and culturally through the development not only of practices and technologies but also of institutions of power and whose sphere of influence extends far beyond the specific mode of communication they control.” Print culture has particular associations – e.g. with institutions of learning, etc which mediates experiences of education/work
    Edward Gibson – psychologist - according to his theory, perception of the environment inevitably leads to some course of action. Affordances, or clues in the environment that indicate possibilities for action, are perceived in a direct, immediate way with no sensory processing. Examples include: buttons for pushing, knobs for turning, handles for pulling, levers for sliding, etc.
    Physical constraints, logical constraints (based on argument), but also cultural constraints (e.g. the ‘save’ icon looking like a floppy disk, although they haven’t been used for years… http://www.jnd.org/dn.mss/affordances_and.html
    No fixed answers = to think about! Think also e.g. about how other factors (culture, economics, politics – may have limited what the TECHNOLOGY made possible) … Just 2 mins to discuss, then feed in briefly!
    E.g. thinking we make more flexible plans, cancel more … what happens when your battery runs out? Do you feel lost/relieved, etc.?
  • (Broadcasting, newspapers, music, cinema, publishing) – notion challenge idea of ‘new media’ – what does that define … every media has been ‘new’ at some point… 9.35  9.55
  • BBC = biggest broadcasting organization for radio & TV – first created in early 20th century … how is it adapting, changing, etc.. Vision of entertain, educate, & inform still underlying it, etc… does that still seem to hold centrally …
    Refer back to yesterday – Jacquie dealt with whether the BBC should be thrown out into ‘market’
    http://www.aspeninstitute.org/policy-work/communications-society/programs-topic/digital-broadcasting-public-interest/broadcasting-
  • Aspen Institute in US – emphasising the ‘dangers’ of fragmentation of what we see … so many channels, and the BBC is seen as somewhere that this is held together!
  • Choice, Diversity and Broadcasting Institutions in the Digital Age (power structures similar to offline … still need to challenge that…, and remember also that Jacquie said yesterday that BBC created a sense of what it was to be British (as a British historian, I think there were other things beforehand that called people to war, etc. but for another day!) …
  • Recently seen some grumbles of discontent – e.g. the recent elections SO much coverage of Farage, etc.. …
  • … and only this weekend… when BBC posted a ‘story’ was so short, was seen as an insult. Be thinking about whether a good argument?
  • Grwoth of ‘second screen’ – I stopped TV for a while, now quite often watch live to participate in live convos… also allows conversation to continue asynchronously – this report somewhere has a graph re which require synchronous & which asynchronous!
  • Are we seeing more interactivity? Are we all getting more of a chance to engage in the conversation? Is anyone listening to us?
  • This programme built to ENCOURAGE people to participate … and is built into the show’s format… (advertising revenue!)
  • It is worth noting first that many such drivers predate second screen; many relate directly to the social
    nature of media consumption.
  • Has this changed what we focus on … (that joke – slightly beautiful people telling us about news stories we read about 7 hours ago on the internet…) … and newspapers (this was 2007) – started to talk about how they needed to deal with ‘feeding the beast’…
  • Go from 0.37 to 2:28
  • Allows niche news sources…
  • The Death and Life of the Music Industry in the Digital Age challenges the conventional wisdom that the internet is 'killing' the music industry. While technological innovations (primarily in the form of peer-to-peer file-sharing) have evolved to threaten the economic health of major transnational music companies, Rogers illustrates how those same companies have themselves formulated highly innovative response strategies to negate the harmful effects of the internet. In short, it documents how the radical transformative potential of the internet is being suppressed by legal and organisational innovations. Grounded in a social shaping perspective, The Death and Life of the Music Industry in the Digital Age contends that the internet has not altered pre-existing power relations in the music industry where a small handful of very large corporations have long since established an oligopolistic dominance. Furthermore, the book contends that widespread acceptance of the idea that online piracy is rampant, and music largely 'free' actually helps these major music companies in their quest to bolster their power. In doing this, the study serves to deflate much of the transformative hype and digital 'deliria' that has accompanied the internet's evolution as a medium for mass communication. Rogers, J. The Death and Life of the Music Industry in the Digital Age (2013)
  • Has been huge debate about Spotify recently (and many articles re the decline of the music industry … ) … artists withdrawing their material – seen as derisory amounts of money – Spotify defends itself as being cumulative…
  • Interesting range of sources…
  • Play first 60 seconds… see is generally an acceptance that have to work – but need a big enough audience to attract the ticket-buyers…
  • Rogers arguments that continues to adapt, evolve and in fact better than before – and in fact major companies are still in control –
    (similar arguments about e.g. the economy – necessity if the mother of invention).
  • We get things like this, supported by the artists .. All about popularity of the song, rather than about making money out of the ‘core product’ – just need to play a few seconds!!
  • Questions of piracy, etc… sure-fire blockbusters…
    “Cinema was, and still is, about the creative process, where storytellers have ideas and see stories in their heads, where actors give life to characters, and together they take the audience on a journey.” That was cinema then (first days), and that is cinema now… what HAS changed is that e.g. used to have to hire in thousands of horses to create a wild west chase – can now do it with a digital engineer…
  • Yes, it’s a school project, but from my experience of teaching cinema history for a semester, this is pretty spot on – the general gist is that 3D is not new – it’s not taken off (remember technological determinism) – if you’re interested – check it out .. From 1880s to recent …
  • Not convinced 3D has even taken off yet either – not seen one yet that I’ve thought was worth it for adding to the storyline … and this is my biggest problem!
  • Again, it’s possible to get a perfect digital copy, and if you see a number of e.g. Shrek films – they will say that technically it was possible, but it didn’t give them the feel that they wanted, and so the latest tech was rejected for a particular look…
    Note the quote we had re surefire blockbusters noted that too many films are making use of technology for technology’s sake (they mentioned Man of Steel – spoiling the narrative structure of the story. (http://www.denofgeek.com/movies/blockbusters/27405/10-big-problems-with-modern-day-blockbuster-cinema-needs-intro#ixzz34FaabN4R). He also mentions that the digital film-making process itself means that things are being pushed through much faster, without time to think about things… which believes means quality of films suffers.
  • 2009 – a change from heavy handed stick, to more of a carrot…
  • In the same report, 41% people hadn’t gone for e-readers because they weren’t prepared to abandon ‘the paper experience’… (Pete’s done research in his time on the future of the book, etc…)
  • Specifically re Bible reading – lots of debate about what is special/not about paper bible reading experience (especially re underlining, passing on to others in the family) … but also lots of fans of YouVersion & other bible apps … they keep talking about community reading – was it really community (Tim this pm) .. but earlier this year they tried to make it happen – not sure of level of success!!
    But in all of this, why is there so much of an either/or… do not both have their place? Youversion has certainly given us new possibilities, but has also removed others… we need to come back to the question of WHY we are engaging with this stuff!
  • People being offered book contracts without any idea of title, knowing that it will sell… content almost immaterial..
  • Economic underlying all of this…
  • (inc the Arab Spring) 9.55  10.15
  • 10.15  10.35
  • (inc Google Glass, Google, Amazon, Internet of Things) 10.35  10.50
  • So, why is it important to get to grips with the digital?
  • So ... More discussions… who’s going to kick us off?
  • The Digital Revolution? For #MediaLit14, with @drbexl & @tim_hutchings

    1. 1. THE DIGITALTHE DIGITAL REVOLUTION?REVOLUTION? Dr Bex Lewis Research Fellow in Social Media & Online Learning, CODEC, Durham University Dr Tim Hutchings William Leech Research Fellow, CODEC, Durham University @drbexl @tim_hutchings #MediaLit14 Image Credit: Stockfresh
    2. 2. Session Overview •Bex: • The Twitterfall • Change Happens… • Old Media and the Digital Age •Tim: • Authority • Privacy • Is it a revolution?
    3. 3. THE TWITTERFALL Dr Bex Lewis
    4. 4. Let’s Talk About The Twitterfall: #MediaLit14
    5. 5. Tweeting in Church? • Good Thing? • Bad Thing? • Why might/might not people tweet in church? • What might encourage more ‘engagement’? Image Credit: Stockfresh
    6. 6. Change Happens… Dr Bex Lewis
    7. 7. WHAT IS THIS ABOUT? An incredible new technology enables the transmission of text on a worldwide base. It rapidly reduces production and distribution costs and for the first time allows large numbers of people to access text and pictures in their own homes.
    8. 8. Gutenberg Printing Press, 1439 Image Credit: Wikipedia
    9. 9. https://twitter.com/hanelly/status/405754162555944960/photo/1
    10. 10. https://twitter.com/LeistCatalano/status/473076349394255872/photo/1
    11. 11. A moral panic may be defined as an episode, often triggered by alarming media stories and reinforced by reactive laws and public policy, of exaggerated or misdirected public concern, anxiety, fear, or anger over a perceived threat to social order. http://www.ashgate.com/pdf/SamplePages/Ashgate-Research-Companion-to-Moral-Panics-Intro.pdf Image Credit: Stockfresh
    12. 12. Right back to Socrates… This discovery of yours will create forgetfulness in the learners' souls, because they will not use their memories; they will trust to the external written characters and not remember of themselves…you give your disciples not truth, but only the semblance of truth; they will be hearers of many things and will have learned nothing. (Phaedrus, Benjamin Jowett trans.) http://bigthink.co Image Credit: Wikipedia
    13. 13. http://youtu.be/pQHX-SjgQvQ
    14. 14. Technological determinism is a reductionist theory that presumes that a society's technology drives the development of its social structure and cultural values. Wikipedia
    15. 15. Core Ideas: • The development of technology itself follows a predictable, traceable, inevitable path largely beyond cultural or political influence, a continual journey of progress • Technology in turn has inherent "effects" on societies, rather than socially conditioned or produced by society, where it has organised itself to support and further develop a new technology
    16. 16. The Medium is the Message (McLuhan) "the printing press, the computer, and television are not therefore simply machines which convey information. They are metaphors through which we conceptualize reality in one way or another. They will classify the world for us, sequence it, frame it, enlarge it, reduce it, argue a case for what it is like. Through these media metaphors, we do not see the world as it is. We see it as our coding systems are. Such is the power of the form of information.” Neil Postman, Teaching as a Conserving Activity (1979), p. 39 Neil Postman
    17. 17. Pew Report, 2012 quoting Jeff Jarvis, Journalist “Before the press … information was passed mouth-to-ear, scribe-to-scribe; it was changed in the process; there was little sense of ownership and authorship. In the five-century-long Gutenberg era, text did set how we see our world: serially with a neat beginning and a defined end; permanent; authored. Now, we are passing out of this textual era and that may well affect how we look at our world. That may appear to change how we think. But it won't change our wires.”
    18. 18. Even though in practice, face-to-face communication can, of course, be angry, negligent, resistant, deceitful and inflexible, somehow it remains the ideal against which mediated communication is judged as flawed. Prof Sonia Livingstone, Children and the Internet: Great Expectations and Challenging Realities. 2009, p26
    19. 19. DISCUSS All technologies offer AFFORDANCES, CONSTRAINTS and change SOCIAL PRACTICES e.g. What has been made possible with the introduction of mobile phones? How have mobile phones limited our activities? How have our social practices/habits, etc. changed since mobile phones? Image Credit: The Worship Cloud
    20. 20. “Old” Media & the Digital Age Dr Bex Lewis
    21. 21. Broadcasting At its inception, first as a company, in 1922, the BBC broadcast only on radio. Twenty years later, a television channel was added. Today, it provides 8 distinct TV services, 10 national and dozens of local radio stations and operates in a world of hundreds of channels with thousands of content providers. It runs one of the most visited websites in the world; the BBC’s international news websites now record over 230 million page impressions a month. The BBC World Service continues to maintain its position as the world’s leading broadcaster, transmitting programmes in English and 42 other languages to 146 million listeners per week. Digital TV has reached more than two-thirds of homes, and by 2012 the whole country will be receiving television in this way. And for millions, the convergence of media is already a reality. A Public Service for All: the BBC in the digital age (2006) https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/272256/6763.pdf
    22. 22. http://www.aspeninstitute.org/policy-work/communications-society/programs-topic/digital-broadcasting-public-interest/broadcasting- Citizenship and Community The market, being by definition the mere aggregation of individual decisions, takes no account of community and of the complex relations between citizenship, culture, and community. In particular, the fragmentation of audiences that pure market-driven broadcasting may produce could undermine both communities and cultures by limiting our shared experiences.
    23. 23. The Price of Plurality (Report, 2008) This in itself may appear strange as the internet ushers in a world of choice and diversity such that the world of analogue television could never have imagined. Even so, as communities become more disconnected, the debate over what makes a shared culture amidst diversity of individual choice has become closely linked to the issue of how public values will be reflected in broadcasting in the future. As a result, plurality has become the meeting point for a number of arguments about the future of our broadcasting institutions – the BBC licence fee, the public status of Channel 4, and the PSB status of ITV and Five. http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/broadcast/reviews-investigations/psb-review/psbplurality.pdf
    24. 24. https://you.38degrees.org.uk/petitions/bbc-news-stop-this-media-blackout-of-the-green-party/?state=sign
    25. 25. https://www.facebook.com/124563204315456/photos/a.124695450968898.19183.124563204315456/542937682478004/?type=1&theater
    26. 26. Second-Screening http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/technology-research/2014/Second_Screens_Final_report.pdf
    27. 27. http://apps.channel4.com/app/the-million-pound-drop/
    28. 28. Potential Drivers • user desire/need for shared rather than isolated TV experiences • a sense of connection with others/community • social comparisons (validation) • curiosity in seeking out others’ views • getting more information • getting access to content at a convenient time and place • to influence/interact with content • sense of acknowledgement from others • interest in debate/discussion (social inclusion, fun, information). http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/technology-research/2014/Second_Screens_Final_report.pdf
    29. 29. 24/7 News Culture • Local TV newsrooms moved into the 24/7 mindset thirty years ago, when videotape, microwave and satellite technology made it possible to broadcast live or just-recorded video reports anytime, and from just about any place. Technology changed the culture and the content of TV news. Reporters could now “go live” from a legislative debate or a police chase; they could alert communities to a dangerous chemical spill or break news of a fatal car crash even before the next-of-kin knew it had happened. • Overnight ratings and viewer research told stations which stories and coverage attracted viewers, and drove more “live, local and late-breaking” reports. a diet of accidents, fires and crime; of too many events and too few issues.Media critics at newspapers lamented the resulting TV news menu: http://www.poynter.org/how-tos/leadership-management/what-great-bosses-know/80865/247-culture-tips-from-the-best-and-worst-of-tv/
    30. 30. Newspapers http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-23969887
    31. 31. http://positivenews.org.uk/
    32. 32. Music The conventional argument:
    33. 33. http://elitedaily.com/music/how-one-generation-was-able-to-kill-the-music-industry/593411/
    34. 34. Industry Voices (2013) http://video.foxnews.com/v/2160237384001/digital-age-changing-the-music-industry-for-good/#sp=show-clips
    35. 35. http://youtu.be/EUmNDKvSPMo
    36. 36. Cinema http://youtu.be/IP_f4LHi1hc
    37. 37. Sure Fire Blockbusters? Those days are all but gone. It was while on the press tour for The Lone Ranger (budget: $200m+) that director Gore Verbinski lamented the fact that the current Hollywood system supports small movies (courtesy of studios' marquee labels, such as Sony Classics) and massive blockbusters. To warrant a wide release of anything in between - a film that isn't a comedy - is increasingly tricky. After all, to pay for distribution and sufficient marketing to a get a film noticed is a heavy burden for a studio. Marketing strategies thus tend to be big, broad and wide, or slow builders. And where are you supposed to position a mid-budget feature in the midst of that? http://www.denofgeek.com/movies/blockbusters/27405/10-big-problems-with-modern-day-blockbuster-cinema-needs-intro#ixzz34FaCgQbI
    38. 38. http://youtu.be/BtVeUIy0GyA
    39. 39. http://www.buzzfeed.com/adamdavis/3d-movies-are-the-literal-worst-for-people-with-glasses
    40. 40. The Aesthetics of Cinema Does the digital era spell the death of cinema as we know it? Or is it merely heralding its rebirth? Are we witnessing the emergence of something entirely new? Cinema in the Digital Age examines the fate of cinema in this new era, paying special attention to the technologies that are reshaping film and their cultural impact. Examining Festen (1998), The Blair Witch Project (1999), Timecode (2000), Russian Ark (2002), The Ring (2002), among others, this volume explores how these films are haunted by their analogue past and suggests that their signature element are their deliberate imperfections, whether those take the form of blurry or pixilated images, shakey camera work, or other elements reminding viewers of the human hand guiding the camera. Weaving together a rich variety of sources, Cinema in the Digital Age provides a deeply humanistic look at the meaning of cinematic images in the era of digital perfection.
    41. 41. Film Piracy http://www.theguardian.com/media/2009/apr/02/film-piracy
    42. 42. Publishing …with 15 percent to 25 percent of book sales shifting to digital format by 2015 the book industry is heading into wholly new territory… Whatever the sector, the emergence of new reading devices suggests an interesting evolution in writing itself. Creating long-term value will not come from simply reformatting print content into digital words. Rather, the greatest opportunity lies in experimenting with such new formats as nonlinear, hybrid, interactive and social content, electronic modes that add motion, sound and direct reader interactions through technologies we will discuss below http://www.bain.co.uk/bainweb/PDFs/cms/Public/BB_Publishing_in_the_digital_era.pdf
    43. 43. http://blog.youversion.com/2014/04/why-friendships-in-bible-app-5-are-different/
    44. 44. What is the future for publishers? Polly Courtney (Self-published) 1. Fragmented readership – few books/sell big = doesn’t work 2. Risk-averse: publishers looking for sure-fire hits 3. Uses eBook sales data to adapt price re: demand 4. 3/1self-published/ published – who is undertaking quality control? Richard Charkin (Bloomsbury) 1. Slim, but ever-present chance of success = exciting 2. Shift in kind of risk taken: more books being published than ever before. 3. Agreed, but thought the product itself being devalued. 4. Even positive review in New York Sunday Times = 200 sales. Word of mouth = key. http://www.bytethebook.com/news/report-charkin-courtney
    45. 45. Discuss • What is your ‘lived experience’ of how ‘traditional’ media has changed? • Any other media you want to mention? • Are there consistent themes? • Which of those aspects could be seen to be negative? • What do you see that is positive/offering new opportunities? • How does this knowledge affect your ministry role?
    46. 46. AUTHORITY Dr Tim Hutchings
    47. 47. Who do you listen to, online?
    48. 48. “Hierarchies and networks are two very different systems and the Internet was really developed for only one of them.” - Chris Helland, 2005
    49. 49. But nothing is ever quite that simple…
    50. 50. “The fluidity and transience of online environments poses challenges to traditional authority structures, roles, and tools. The result has been that the internet is framed both as a threat to certain established roles and hierarchies and as a tool of empowerment by others.” – Heidi Campbell 2012
    51. 51. New authorities…
    52. 52. “The internet serves as a spiritual hub, allowing practitioners to select from a vast array of resources and experience in order to assemble and personalize their religious behavior and belief. This encourages a convergent form of religious practice online, a process that allows and even encourages users to draw from traditional and new sources simultaneously.” - Heidi Campbell 2012
    53. 53. The proliferation of web sites calling themselves Catholic creates a problem… it is confusing, to say the least, not to distinguish eccentric doctrinal interpretations, idiosyncratic devotional practices, and ideological advocacy bearing a ‘Catholic' label from the authentic positions of the Church… A system of voluntary certification at the local and national levels under the supervision of representatives of the Magisterium might be helpful in regard to material of a specifically doctrinal or catechetical nature. The idea is not to impose censorship but to offer Internet users a reliable guide to what expresses the authentic position of the Church. - “The Church and Internet”, Vatican report, 2002
    54. 54. … and old authorities
    55. 55. But is authority really about people and institutions?
    56. 56. PRIVACY Dr Tim Hutchings
    57. 57. What do these three have in common?
    58. 58. So should we put up with being someone else’s products?
    59. 59. IS IT A REVOLUTION? Dr Tim Hutchings
    60. 60. Event Publicity, 2010: “There is a revolution sweeping across the globe, driven by the massive growth of the internet and internet related technologies. Known as the Digital Revolution it is on par with other great global shifts such as the Agrarian Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. And it is completely changing the landscape of how we communicate, how we influence, how we relate. This isn’t simply about coming to grips with a new technology to assist us in our work, but requires of us a fundamental shift in our processes, our structures and approaches. If we don’t respond then as Eric Hoffer states, we will find ourselves, ‘beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists.’”
    61. 61. The electric technology is within the gates, and we are numb, deaf, blind, and mute about its encounter with the Gutenberg technology, on and through which the American way of life was formed... Our conventional response to all media, namely that it is how they are used that counts, is the numb stance of the technological idiot. For the "content" of a medium is like the juicy piece of meat carried by the burglar to distract the watchdog of the mind. Marshall McLuhan (again)
    62. 62. Image Credit: iStockphoto @drbexl @tim_hutchings http://www.slideshare.net/drbexl/

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