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Airway OrthodonticsA lecture series prepared byDr. Barry RaphaelOf theRaphael Center for Integrative OrthodonticsClifton, ...
•Animations are not included in this archive and mayaffect the meaning or intent of the slide•As the information in these ...
Are we developing the wayour genes meant us to be?Are Current Norms based on our developed Genotype?Or on current Phenotyp...
George Catlin• Lawyer, artist, amateur anthropologist•Documented native populations in North andSouth America• Children ha...
James Sim Wallace1869 - 1951ESSAY ON THEIRREGULARITIES OF THETEETH : WITH SPECIALREFERENCE TO A THEORY OFCAUSATION AND THE...
James Sim Wallace1869 - 19516Thursday, June 6, 13
Westin Price•Dentist in Cleveland, OH•Traveled worldwide•“primitives” on their traditional diets•freedom from decay,•stalw...
Before and After “civilization”8Thursday, June 6, 13
Robert Corruccini•Anthropologist•Southern Illinois U• Studies epidemiology of malocclusion•Native populations all over the...
Daniel Lieberman• Harvard• Prof Human Evolutionary Biology•“The Evolution of the Human Head” - 2011Our heads do not necess...
Neese and Williams - 199111Thursday, June 6, 13
12Thursday, June 6, 13
Neese and Williams - 199113Thursday, June 6, 13
ObesityHypertensionCardiovascular DiseaseType 2 DiabetesFatty Liver DiseaseSome CancersOsteoporosisArthritisChronic Non-Co...
• Darwinian Dentistry• Nutritionist, Pedodontist,anthropologist•Indiana U. Northwest•The genetics of our mouths (andbodies...
Peter Gluckman“ …(malocclusion) is a relatively new phenomenon inthe human population and we do not find it in skeletonsun...
Scott Gilbert“… jaw anomalies (malocclusions wherein the teeth cannot fitproperly in the jaw) are relatively new to Europe...
Clark Spencer Larsen• Ohio State U• Bioarcheology• Studying the health, quality of life,adaptation, and lifestyle during t...
19Thursday, June 6, 13
SOFT TISSUE DYSFUNCTIONComparison of Unsupported vs Supported Growth20Thursday, June 6, 13
Angle Orthodontist - 1981James McNamara21Thursday, June 6, 13
49.3% retrusive22Thursday, June 6, 13
James McNamarav23Thursday, June 6, 13
69.6%Vertical Excess24Thursday, June 6, 13
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Airway ortho 3 darwinian orthodontics

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A series of lectures by Dr. Barry Raphael on Airway-focused orthodontics from 2013
Chapter 3: How Evolutionary Medicine and anthropology informs Orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning.

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Airway ortho 3 darwinian orthodontics

  1. 1. Airway OrthodonticsA lecture series prepared byDr. Barry RaphaelOf theRaphael Center for Integrative OrthodonticsClifton, NJ.www.alignmine.comwww.myobracenj.com“Darwinian Orthodontics” - 20131Thursday, June 6, 13
  2. 2. •Animations are not included in this archive and mayaffect the meaning or intent of the slide•As the information in these presentations isconstantly evolving, please consider the date of creationwhen reviewing the material.2Thursday, June 6, 13
  3. 3. Are we developing the wayour genes meant us to be?Are Current Norms based on our developed Genotype?Or on current Phenotype?3Thursday, June 6, 13
  4. 4. George Catlin• Lawyer, artist, amateur anthropologist•Documented native populations in North andSouth America• Children had straight teeth•The health of native tribes deteriorated afterintroduction to modern ways•Whisky and sugar4Thursday, June 6, 13
  5. 5. James Sim Wallace1869 - 1951ESSAY ON THEIRREGULARITIES OF THETEETH : WITH SPECIALREFERENCE TO A THEORY OFCAUSATION AND THEPRINCIPLES OF PREVENTIONAND TREATMENT19045Thursday, June 6, 13
  6. 6. James Sim Wallace1869 - 19516Thursday, June 6, 13
  7. 7. Westin Price•Dentist in Cleveland, OH•Traveled worldwide•“primitives” on their traditional diets•freedom from decay,•stalwart bodies,•resistance to disease•fine characters•beautiful, straight teeth.1870-1948•Malocclusion is a product of thediet of industrialized societies7Thursday, June 6, 13
  8. 8. Before and After “civilization”8Thursday, June 6, 13
  9. 9. Robert Corruccini•Anthropologist•Southern Illinois U• Studies epidemiology of malocclusion•Native populations all over the Earth“Village dwelling Punjabi youths show significantly betterdental occlusion and respiratory allergies than their city-dwelliing counterparts” - Angle Orthodontist 1985Robert S. Corruccini, How Anthropology Informs theOrthodontic Diagnosis of Malocclusion’s Causes. 1999.Edwin Mellen Press, ISBN 0-7734-7980-5.9Thursday, June 6, 13
  10. 10. Daniel Lieberman• Harvard• Prof Human Evolutionary Biology•“The Evolution of the Human Head” - 2011Our heads do not necessarily growthe way genetics alone intends themto grow.Variations in one part or anotherindirectly affects all parts of the finalfacial shape.10Thursday, June 6, 13
  11. 11. Neese and Williams - 199111Thursday, June 6, 13
  12. 12. 12Thursday, June 6, 13
  13. 13. Neese and Williams - 199113Thursday, June 6, 13
  14. 14. ObesityHypertensionCardiovascular DiseaseType 2 DiabetesFatty Liver DiseaseSome CancersOsteoporosisArthritisChronic Non-Communicable Diseases of CivilizationWestern Lifestyle DiseasesMetabolic SyndromeAsthmaAutismAsperger’sAlzheimersADD/ADHDDepressionChronic Back PainCariesMalocclusionSleep Apnea14Thursday, June 6, 13
  15. 15. • Darwinian Dentistry• Nutritionist, Pedodontist,anthropologist•Indiana U. Northwest•The genetics of our mouths (andbodies) were developed in a verydifferent world than the one we livein nowKevin BoydMalocclusion is not genetic15Thursday, June 6, 13
  16. 16. Peter Gluckman“ …(malocclusion) is a relatively new phenomenon inthe human population and we do not find it in skeletonsuntil after the seventeenth century. ”16Thursday, June 6, 13
  17. 17. Scott Gilbert“… jaw anomalies (malocclusions wherein the teeth cannot fitproperly in the jaw) are relatively new to Europeanpopulations. Well-preserved skeletons from the 15th and 16thcenturies show almost no malocclusion in the population….”17Thursday, June 6, 13
  18. 18. Clark Spencer Larsen• Ohio State U• Bioarcheology• Studying the health, quality of life,adaptation, and lifestyle during the last10,000 years of human evolution.“Over the past 10,000 years there has been a trendtoward rounder skulls with smaller faces and jaws.This began with the rise in farming and the increasing useof cooking, which began around 10,000 years ago.”18Thursday, June 6, 13
  19. 19. 19Thursday, June 6, 13
  20. 20. SOFT TISSUE DYSFUNCTIONComparison of Unsupported vs Supported Growth20Thursday, June 6, 13
  21. 21. Angle Orthodontist - 1981James McNamara21Thursday, June 6, 13
  22. 22. 49.3% retrusive22Thursday, June 6, 13
  23. 23. James McNamarav23Thursday, June 6, 13
  24. 24. 69.6%Vertical Excess24Thursday, June 6, 13

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